Wooroonooran National Park
|Wooroonooran National Park|
|Nearest town or city||Innisfail|
|Area||798 km2 (308.1 sq mi)|
|Managing authorities||Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service|
|Website||Wooroonooran National Park|
|See also||Protected areas of Queensland|
The park is one of the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area series of national parks, and is a gazetted World Heritage site. Declared in 1988, the World Heritage area stretches from Townsville in the south to Cooktown in the north, and contains some of the oldest surviving rainforests in the world.
The national park covers most of Bellenden Ker Range and includes Queensland's two highest mountains, Mount Bartle Frere (1622 m) and Mount Bellenden Ker (1592 m). Walshs Pyramid at 922 m in height, is located just south of Gordonvale and is one of the highest free-standing natural pyramids in the world. It also includes the parts of Australia that on average receive the most rainfall each year.
The Josephine Falls visitor area was developed and opened to the public in the 1970s. The water in Josephine Creek originates from the slopes of Mount Bartle Frere and flows into the Russell River. A 600 m walking track leads through rainforest to recently constructed platforms which allow safe viewing of the falls. Several people have been injured and killed in the falls as the granite rocks are extremely slippery so access to the top pool beyond the platforms is prohibited. Living around the falls area is the endemic Bartle Frere skink.
Thirty kilometres west of the Bruce Highway along the Palmerston Highway, tracks lead to Tchupala Falls and Wallicher Falls. The Tchupala Falls track is approximately 600 metres and the track to Wallicher Falls is approximately 800 metres. Both Falls are part of Henrietta Creek.
Nandroya Falls may be accessed from a walking track originating at Henrietta Creek Campground. The walk is 2.2 km by the shortest route. At Nandroya Falls, the Douglas Creek drops in a narrow, uninterrupted, 50 metre fall from a basalt parapet. There is also a second shorter and wider tumble. Silver Creek Falls is also visible from the track.
Flora and fauna
Rainforests in the park contain more than 500 different tree species. The high-altitude areas contain Australia's only native species of rhododendron. The park forms part of the Wooroonooran Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because it supports populations of a range of bird species endemic to Queensland's Wet Tropics.
Camping is permitted in a campground along Henrietta Creek. Bush camping is allowed along the Mount Bartle Frere Trail but no facilities are provided. Permits are required.
- Explore Queensland's National Parks. Prahran, Victoria: Explore Australia Publishing. 2008. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-1-74117-245-4.
- "Josephine Falls, Wooroonooran National Park". Parks and forests | Department of Environment and Science, Queensland. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
- "Josephine Falls walking track, Wooroonooran National Park". Queensland. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
- "Wet Tropics Management Authority | Wet Tropics Management Authority". www.wettropics.gov.au. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
- "Nandroya Falls". Cairns & Great Barrier Reef. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
- "Palmerston (Doongan), Wooroonooran National Park - About Palmerston". Department of Environment and Science. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
- "Wooroonooran Waterfalls: 8 Waterfalls To Chase". Wooroonooran Safaris. 13 November 2019.
- BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wooroonooran. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2011-12-02.