Word joiner

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The word joiner (WJ) is a Unicode format character which is used to indicate that line breaking should not occur at its position.[1] It does not affect the formation of ligatures or cursive joining and is ignored for the purpose of text segmentation.[1] It is encoded since Unicode version 3.2 (released in 2002) as U+2060 WORD JOINER (⁠).

The word joiner replaces the zero-width no-break space (ZWNBSP, U+FEFF), as a usage of the no-break space of zero width. The ZWNBSP is originally and currently used as the byte order mark (BOM) at the start of a file. However, if encountered elsewhere, it should, according to Unicode, be treated as a word joiner, a no-break space of zero width.

The deliberate use of U+FEFF for this purpose is deprecated as of Unicode 3.2, with the word joiner strongly preferred.[1][2]

See also[edit]

  • Byte order mark, which uses U+FEFF ZERO WIDTH NO-BREAK SPACE (ZWNBSP) character
  • Zero-width space
  • Zero-width joiner, which in scripts such as Arabic or Indic causes two characters to be shown in a connected form, even if they would otherwise not.


  1. ^ a b c "Layout Controls" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 12.0.0. The Unicode Consortium. p. 871.
  2. ^ FAQ - UTF-8, UTF-16, UTF-32 & BOM, ”What should I do with U+FEFF in the middle of a file?“.