Work aversion

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Work aversion (or aversion to work) is the state of avoiding or not wanting to work or be employed, or the extreme preference of leisure as opposed to work. It can be attributed to laziness, boredom or burnout;[1] most underachievers suffer from some work aversion.[citation needed]


Work aversion usually occurs in persons who have previously been employed, and can have a variety of causes. These include:[citation needed]


Since the term work aversion only applies to those with a need to earn income, complications will inevitably arise from lacking the money the subject needs from employment. These may include:

  • Loss of assets, as one lives off their savings and liquidates other assets, including mortgaging their home.
  • Debt and credit problems
  • Self-neglect. This may include malnourishment, since the subject may be unable to afford a sufficient diet, or neglect of one's personal appearance or hygiene in ways that may cost the subject money or may make giving a good impression to a potential employer more difficult.
  • Neglect of dependents, such as spouse and children, who one is expected to support. Work aversion is responsible for many cases of divorce and broken families.[citation needed]
  • Neglect of personal belongings, such as one's home, car, or other possessions requiring maintenance, or loss of services that require payment of a monthly bill, such as utilities, phone service, insurance.
  • Strained relations with family and friends, especially those who are forced to support the unemployed subject, or those who otherwise expect the subject to have money or items of value.
  • Strained marriage, when financial problems hurt marriage
  • Reduced socialization, especially in cases where the subject is in need of money to support such interaction.
  • Homelessness, in most severe cases.
  • Suicide, due to social pressures to work and in many countries, a legal requirement to register for JSA (welfare/unemployment) if unemployed.
  • Imprisonment or community service and a criminal record, in many countries, it is/was a criminal offense to refuse to work and just to live off unearned income.[citation needed]


The mental health community does not recognize work aversion as an illness or disease and therefore no medically recognized treatments exist. Those attempting to treat work aversion as an illness may use psychotherapy, counseling, medication, or some more unusual forms of treatment. Depending on the cause, lengths of treatment and success rates may vary.

In the case where the person has not worked for a while due to a workplace injury, work-hardening can be used to build strength. The person works for a brief period of time in the first week, such as two hours per day and increases the amount of work each week until full-time hours are reached.[3]


Work aversion is not a recognized psychological disorder in the DSM-IV.

The idea that work itself has intrinsic value or is an indicator of health or goodness can be traced to the Protestant Reformation [4] and earlier [5]

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