Worker-Peasant Red Guards
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|Worker-Peasant Red Guards|
Flag of the Worker-Peasant Red Guards
|Size||5 million personnel|
The Worker-Peasant Red Guards (WPRG; Korean: 로농적위군), also translated as Workers and Peasants' Red Militia (WPRM), is a paramilitary force in North Korea. It is the largest civil defense force in North Korea. It was established on January 14, 1959 by Kim Il-sung and is not only under State Affairs Commission (until 2016 National Defense Commission) and Ministry of People's Armed Forces control, but is also attached to the Workers' Party of Korea under its Military Affairs Department.
The militia is organized on a provincial/City and town/village level, and structured on a brigade, battalion, company, and platoon basis. The militia maintains infantry small arms, with some mortars, field guns and anti-aircraft guns and even modernized older equipment such as multiple rocket launchers like the BM-13 and older Ural D-62 motorcycles, although some units are unarmed indicating status as logistics and medical units.
Its strength is estimated at 5 million personnel.
- China Militia (China)
- Combat Groups of the Working Class (East Germany)
- Workers' Militia (Hungary)
- Volunteer reserve of the Citizens' Militia (Poland)
- People's Militias (Czechoslovakia)
- Patriotic Guards (Romania)
- Territorial Defence (SFR Yugoslavia)
- "North Korean military takes oath of loyalty". www.enca.com. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
- Scalapino, Robert A.; Lee, Chong-sik (1972). Communism in Korea: The society. University of California press. p. 948. ISBN 9780520022744.
- "Golden Jubilee of Worker-Peasant Red Guards Marked", KCNA, January 13, 2009
- Bermudez (2001), pg 4–5.
- Oh, Kongdan; Hassig, Ralph C. (2004). North Korea through the Looking Glass. Washington: Brookings Institution Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-8157-9820-0.