Works of Muhammad Iqbal

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Muhammad Iqbal also known as Allama Iqbal (1877–1938), was a Muslim philosopher, poet and politician of early 20th-century. He is particularly known in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal for his Urdu philosophical poetry. Iqbal became prominence since 1899, when he recited Nalay e Yatem at the annual meeting of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, Lahore. The poems he wrote up to 1905, imbibe patriotism that includes the Tarana-e-Hind (popularly known as Saare Jahan Se Achcha). The Bang-e-Dara (1924) is a collection of Urdu poetry written in three distinct phases of Iqbals life, In his early work he also wrote on most of the Indian iconic personalities such as Rama Tirtha, Guru Nanak and Rama.[1][2]


First phase[edit]

The Urdu poetry Iqbal wrote earlier to his visit of Europe in 1905, is considered by critics as the first phase of his poetry that reflects the blend of Persian mysticism and Patriotism.[1][2]


Printed copy of a letter written in Urdu by Muhammad Iqbal to Meher Ali Shah inquiring information about the "Ibn Arabi" concept of Space and Time.


Iqbals Urdu poetry collection is available in four books.[3]

Book Published
Bang E Dara 1924
Baal E Jibrael 1935
Zarb E Kaleem 1936
Armagah E Hijaz 1938

Patriotic poetry[edit]

  • Himalaya
  • Naya Shivala
  • Tarana E Milli
  • Tarana E Hindi


  1. ^ a b Faiz (2009). A Treasury Of Urdu Poetry. Rajpal and sons. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-81-7028-691-2. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b Sisir Kumar Das (2005). A History of Indian Literature: Western impact:Indian response, 1800–1910. Sahitya Akademi. p. 326. ISBN 81-7201-006-0. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  3. ^ K.C.Kanda (2009). Masterpieces of Patriotic Urdu Poetry: Text, Translation, and Transliteration. Sterling Publishers private limited. p. 121. ISBN 978-81-207-2893-6. Retrieved 6 June 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hazrat Sakhi Sult̤ān Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. Faqr-e-Iqbal. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications Regd. ISBN 978-9-699-79519-0.
  • S.M.H.Burney (1987). Iqbal: Poet-Patriot of India. India: Vikas Publication. ISBN 0-7069328-9-7.
  • Annemarie Schimmel (1989). Gabriel’s Wing: Study Into the Religious Ideas of Sir Muhammad Iqbal. Pakistan: Iqbal Academy. ISBN 978-9694160122.