Most livable cities
The world's most livable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on an annual survey of living conditions. In addition to providing clean water, clean air, adequate food and shelter, a ‘livable’ city must also generate a sense of community and offer hospitable settings for all, especially young people, to develop social skills, a sense of autonomy and identity. Regions with cities commonly ranked in the top 50 include Canada, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Three examples of such surveys are Monocle's "Most Liveable Cities Index", the Economist Intelligence Unit's "Global Liveability Ranking", and "Mercer Quality of Living Survey". Numbeo has the largest statistics and survey data based on cities and countries. Deutsche Bank's Liveability Survey is another ranking of cities by quality of life.
Livability rankings may be used by employers assigning hardship allowances as part of job relocation.
The EIU's Global Liveability Ranking
The Economist Intelligence Unit's (EIU) publishes an annual Global Liveability Ranking, which ranks 140 cities for their urban quality of life based on assessments of their stability, healthcare, culture, environment, education and infrastructure.
Melbourne, Australia, had been ranked by the EIU as the world's most livable city for seven years in a row, from 2011 to 2017. Between 2004 and 2010, Vancouver, Canada, was ranked the EIU's most livable city, with Melbourne sharing first place in the inaugural 2002 report. Vancouver has ranked third since 2015, while Vienna, Austria, ranked second until 2018 when it climbed to the top spot.
The EIU also publishes a Worldwide Cost of Living Survey that compares the cost of living in a range of global cities.
Mercer's Quality of Living Ranking
American global human resources and related financial services consulting firm Mercer annually releases its Mercer Quality of Living Survey, comparing 221 cities based on 39 criteria. New York City is given a baseline score of 100 and other cities are rated in comparison. Important criteria are safety, education, hygiene, health care, culture, environment, recreation, political-economic stability, public transport and access to goods and services. The list is intended to help multinational companies decide where to open offices or plants, and how much to pay employees. For nine consecutive years (2009–2017), Mercer ranked Austria's capital Vienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey, a title the city still held in 2016.
Monocle's Quality of Life Survey
Since 2006, the lifestyle magazine Monocle has published an annual list of livable cities. The list in 2008 was named "The Most Liveable Cities Index" and presented 25 top locations for quality of life.
Important criteria in this survey are safety/crime, international connectivity, climate/sunshine, quality of architecture, public transport, tolerance, environmental issues and access to nature, urban design, business conditions, pro-active policy developments and medical care.
The 2018 Monocle Survey determined the world's most livable city was Munich, followed by Tokyo, Vienna and Zurich. A total of four German cities were on the list of the 25 most livable cities, 15 out of the 25 were from Europe, 3 each from Australia and Japan, and one from North America (Vancouver). No cities from Africa, South America, or South Asia made it into the list.
Deutsche Bank Liveability Survey
The 2019 survey showed the following cities to be highest in quality of life, for numerous reasons (e.g. style, affordability, happiness and pollution etc.):
- European Green Capital Award
- List of most expensive cities for expatriate employees
- List of metropolitan areas by population
- Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. p. 434. ISBN 9780415252256.
- "2015 quality of living survey". Mercer. 4 March 2015.
- Numbeo official website
- "Global Liveability Ranking 2016". www.eiu.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Stephanie Chalkley-Rhoden (16 August 2017). "World's most liveable city: Melbourne takes top spot for seventh year running". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- Economist Intelligence Unit (2016). A summary of the liveability ranking and overview.
- "The Worldwide Cost of Living Survey". www.eiu.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Monocle. "Quality of Live Survey 2015". Monocle. Retrieved 24 June 2015.Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna fourth on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within" (up from sixth in 2011 and eighth in 2010).
- "Quality of Life Survey 2012". Monocle. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Monocle's top 25 cities for 2011, on businessinsider.com". Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Monocle's 2011 "Quality of LIfe" summary". Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- "08 Vienna". Monocle.com. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- forbes.com Munich Named The Most Livable City In The World Published: 25 June 2018
- Taylor, Chloe (20 May 2019). "These cities offer the best quality of life in the world, according to Deutsche Bank". CNBC. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Wellington named most liveable city for second year running". Stuff. Retrieved 23 June 2019.