List of busiest passenger air routes

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The following are lists of the world's busiest passenger air routes, based on number of passengers, seat capacity, or aircraft movements.

By number of passengers[edit]

World[edit]

The world's twelve busiest air routes by origin-and-destination passenger volume:[1] [2] [3][4]

Rank City 1 City 2 Distance[5] 2015 Passengers
(in millions)[6]
2014 Passengers
(in millions)[7]
2012 Passengers
(in millions)
2011 Passengers
(in millions)
Note
1 South Korea Seoul-Gimpo Jeju 450 km 11.1 10.5 10.156 9.9 Domestic
2 Japan Tokyo* Sapporo 819 km 7.8 7.0 8.211 7.0+ Domestic
3 Tokyo* Fukuoka 883 km 7.6 8.3 6.640 6.6+ Domestic
4 India Delhi Mumbai 1150 km 7.3 6.8 6.1 5.6 Domestic
5 Australia Sydney Melbourne 706 km 7.2 7.8 6.943 7.5 Domestic
6 China Beijing* Shanghai 1075 km 6.1 5.8 7.246 6.6+ Domestic
7 Brazil São Paulo Rio de Janeiro 366 km 7.716 7.6+ Domestic
8 Tokyo* Osaka 405 km 6.744 7.5 Domestic
9 Hong Kong Hong Kong Taiwan Taipei 780 km 5.1 5.1 5.513 6.2+ Regional
10 Dublin London* 440 km 4.7 International
11 Tokyo* Okinawa 1554 km 4.584 4.1 Domestic
12 Sydney Brisbane 800 km 4.45 Domestic
13 South Africa Johannesburg Cape Town 1271 km 4.407 4.5 Domestic

* (All Airports)

The world's five busiest international air routes by origin-and-destination passenger volume (airport pairs):

Rank City/Airport 1 City/Airport 2 2015 Passengers

(in millions)[8]

1 Hong Kong Taipei 5.1
2 Indonesia Jakarta Singapore Singapore 3.4
3 Thailand Bangkok Hong Kong 3
4 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Singapore 2.7
5 Hong Kong Singapore 2.7

Europe[edit]

Busiest air routes inside the EU, Switzerland, Iceland and Norway *[edit]

Data retrieved from Eurostat[4]
Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 France Toulouse/Blagnac Paris/Orly 2,322,456 2,330,224 2,379,100 2,330,949 2,318,015 2,358,917
2 Spain Madrid/Barajas Barcelona/El Prat 3,102,436 2,550,462 2,213,200 2,204,765 2,253,387 2,328,726
3 Nice/Côte d'Azur Paris/Orly 2,236,436 2,175,773 2,160,300 2,072,138 2,113,506 2,124,792
4 Italy Catania/Fontanarossa Rome/Fiumicino 1,842,940 1,694,400 1,566,800 1,869,881 1,979,648 1,998,352
5 Norway Oslo/Gardermoen Trondheim 1,749,545 1,818,877 1,873,944 1,912,141 1,942,959 1,988,105
6 Germany Berlin/Tegel Munich 1,667,408 1,731,145 1,831,700 1,868,877 1,974,929 1,939,820
7 Frankfurt Berlin/Tegel 1,792,655 1,813,063 1,845,600 1,792,006 1,907,218 1,935,465
8 Oslo/Gardermoen Bergen 1,691,887 1,729,076 1,722,398 1,819,279 1,810,826 1,881,960
9 Munich Hamburg 1,717,734 1,719,351 1,713,200 1,756,990 1,811,425 1,805,211
10 Greece Athens Thessaloniki 997,200 1,543,993 1,633,045 1,803,733
11 Barcelona/El Prat Palma de Mallorca/Son Sant Joan 1,639,423 1,460,684 1,388,900 1,410,172 1,576,063 1,772,613
12 United Kingdom London/Heathrow Republic of Ireland Dublin 1,556,111 1,577,649 1,663,900 1,650,394 1,682,855 1,751,689
13 Madrid/Barajas Palma de Mallorca/Son Sant Joan 1,604,853 1,442,410 1,224,700 1,283,404 1,411,314 1,687,547
14 Netherlands Amsterdam/Schiphol London/Heathrow 1,406,964 1,429,800 1,443,400 1,486,783 1,587,605 1,617,170
15 Munich Düsseldorf 1,569,364 1,553,361 1,558,200 1,527,416 1,557,442 1,565,997
16 Oslo/Gardermoen Stavanger 1,434,043 1,517,195 1,536,032 1,564,631 1,515,870 1,564,127
17 Sweden Stockholm Denmark Copenhagen 1,166,000 1,269,200 1,325,700 1,444,429 1,461,166 1,553,276
18 Rome/Fiumicino Palermo/Falcone Borsellino 1,499,933 1,360,400 1,264,100 1,475,957 1,481,174 1,543,462
19 Madrid/Barajas Gran Canaria 1,438,377 1,301,539 1,152,669 1,181,442 1,305,670 1,508,972
20 Copenhagen Oslo/Gardermoen 1,206,480 1,291,018 1,322,948 1,402,753 1,427,618 1,506,326
21 London/Heathrow Frankfurt 1,459,909 1,482,649 1,488,600 1,506,826 1,530,986 1,486,291
22 Stockholm Oslo/Gardermoen 1,153,232 1,187,164 1,204,351 1,354,730 1,338,163 1,387,885
23 Frankfurt Hamburg 1,587,593 1,385,867 1,362,400 1,343,857 1,361,027 1,372,185
24 London/Gatwick Barcelona/El Prat 517,820 741,735 1,131,350 1,273,850 1,354,193 1,362,488
25 London/Heathrow Madrid/Barajas 1,093,400 1,197,700 1,264,800 1,274,714 1,320,834 1,317,511
26 Barcelona/El Prat Rome/Fiumicino 1,184,506 1,315,868
27 London/Gatwick Dublin 1,086,701 1,309,524
28 Barcelona/El Prat Amsterdam 1,204,814 1,307,902
29 Madrid/Barajas Tenerife North 1,337,050 1,167,731 1,102,701 1,094,815 1,149,450 1,305,110
30 Madrid/Barajas Portugal Lisbon 1,169,714 1,108,931 975,389 1,026,786 1,174,116 1,299,412

* Figures are only available for EU countries, Switzerland, Iceland and Norway. Among other European countries, based on airport statistics, no other country than Russia, Ukraine and Turkey can have domestic routes with more than 1 million passengers.

Based on aircraft movements statistics, Istanbul/Atatürk - Izmir/Adnan Menderes is in 2012 possibly busier than Barcelona/El Prat - Madrid/Barajas route and Istanbul/Atatürk - Antalya route is busier than Toulouse/Blagnac - Paris/Orly route.[9]

The St-Petersburg Pulkovo Airport - Moscow (three airports) route was used by 2,965,331 passengers in 2013.[10]

**Madrid-Barcelona had 4,627,000 passengers in 2007, meaning a reduction by 34% in 2010, partly because of a new high-speed railway. The decline has continued from 560 weekly flights in 2010 to 380 in 2012.[9]

Busiest air routes between an airport in Europe (EU, Switzerland, Iceland and Norway) and outside Europe[edit]

Eurostat[4]
Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 Passengers (2010) 2012 2014 2015 2016
1 London/Heathrow United Arab Emirates Dubai/Intl 1,974,098 2,067,227 2,838,717 2,862,852 3,038,958
2 London/Heathrow United States New York/John F Kennedy 2,551,276 2,881,390 3,002,024 3,078,693 2,960,268
3 London/Heathrow Los Angeles/Intl 1,419,144 1,428,040 1,481,023 1,645,002 1,565,992
4 London/Heathrow Hong Kong Hong Kong/Chek Lap Kok 1,801,520 1,638,834 1,608,980 1,584,486 1,574,741
5 France Paris/Charles De Gaulle New York/John F Kennedy 1,190,914 1,422,259 1,367,882 1,501,416 1,424,611
6 Paris/Orly Guadeloupe Guadeloupe/Pointe-à-Pitre 1,098,322 1,077,254 1,135,945 1,166,850 1,214,916
7 Paris/Charles De Gaulle Canada Montreal/Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1,158,381 1,092,084 1,107,738 1,147,598 1,148,800
8 Paris/Charles De Gaulle Dubai/Intl 716,865 843,205 1,063,559 1,076,875 1,101,546
9 London/Heathrow Chicago/O'Hare 1,138,579 1,188,326 1,161,250 1,060,332 1,073,522
10 London/Heathrow New York/Newark Liberty 1,091,804 1,167,828 1,168,357 1,000,189 952,310
London/Heathrow Singapore Singapore/Changi 1,507,032

Busiest air routes in or from Europe by city pairs[edit]

Eurostat[4]
Rank City 1 City 2 Passengers (2016)
1 United Kingdom London Republic of Ireland Dublin 4,771,614
2 London Netherlands Amsterdam 4,344,935
3 London United States New York 4,243,687
4 London United Arab Emirates Dubai 3,960,389
5 Russia Moscow Saint Petersburg 3,836,588 [11]
6 London Edinburgh 3,393,013
7 France Paris Toulouse 3,260,074
8 London Spain Barcelona 3,125,080
9 Germany Berlin Cologne+Düsseldorf 3,017,845
10 Paris Nice 2,975,405
  • London includes City, Gatwick, Heathrow, Luton, Stansted and Southend airports
  • New York includes Kennedy and Newark airports
  • Paris includes Charles De Gaulle and Orly airports
  • Barcelona includes El Prat and Girona airports
  • Berlin includes Schönefeld and Tegel airports
  • Moscow includes Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo airports

United States (September 2014 - August 2015)[edit]

Busiest air routes by city pairs within the United States [12]
Rank City 1 City 2 Passengers
(Sep 2014-Aug 2015)
1 Illinois Chicago, IL (Metro Area) New York (state) New York, NY (Metro Area) 4,020,000
2 California Los Angeles, CA (Metro Area) California San Francisco, CA (Metro Area) 3,660,000
3 California Los Angeles, CA (Metro Area) New York (state) New York, NY (Metro Area) 3,420,000
4 Illinois Chicago, IL (Metro Area) California Los Angeles, CA (Metro Area) 3,010,000
5 Florida Miami, FL (Metro Area) New York (state) New York, NY (Metro Area) 2,750,000
6 Georgia (U.S. state) Atlanta, GA (Metro Area) Illinois Chicago, IL (Metro Area) 2,720,000
7 Illinois Chicago, IL (Metro Area) Minnesota Minneapolis, MN (Metro Area) 2,720,000
8 Georgia (U.S. state) Atlanta, GA (Metro Area) New York (state) New York, NY (Metro Area) 2,600,000
9 Georgia (U.S. state) Atlanta, GA (Metro Area) Florida Orlando, FL (Metro Area) 2,620,000
10 Illinois Chicago, IL (Metro Area) Washington, D.C. Washington, DC (Metro Area) 2,620,000

Australia (2016-17)[edit]

Busiest domestic air routes in Australia[13] (all passengers including connecting)
Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 Passengers (2016–17)
1 Victoria (Australia) Melbourne New South Wales Sydney 8,974,400
2 Queensland Brisbane New South Wales Sydney 4,695,700
3 Queensland Brisbane Victoria (Australia) Melbourne 3,500,500
4 Queensland Gold Coast New South Wales Sydney 2,712,700
5 South Australia Adelaide Victoria (Australia) Melbourne 2,413,200
6 Victoria (Australia) Melbourne Western Australia Perth 2,048,100
7 Queensland Gold Coast Victoria (Australia) Melbourne 1,992,200
8 South Australia Adelaide New South Wales Sydney 1,886,500
9 Western Australia Perth New South Wales Sydney 1,737,800
10 Victoria (Australia) Melbourne Tasmania Hobart 1,598,700

India (2016-17)[edit]

Busiest domestic air routes in India:[14]

Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 Passengers (2017)
1 Delhi Mumbai 7,198,506
2 Delhi Bangalore 4,395,726
3 Mumbai Bangalore 3,915,738
4 Delhi Kolkata 3,218,976
5 Delhi Pune 2,746,584
6 Mumbai Goa 2,615,778
7 Delhi Hyderabad 2,574,612
8 Delhi Chennai 2,496,752
9 Mumbai Chennai 2,415,672
10 Mumbai Hyderabad 2,330,557

Busiest international air routes from India(2017):[14]

Rank Airport in India Foreign airport Passengers (2016–17)
1 Mumbai United Arab Emirates Dubai 2,432,260
2 Delhi Dubai 2,072,847
3 Chennai Singapore Singapore 1,194,124
4 Delhi United Kingdom London 1,010,439
5 Hyderabad Dubai 993,961
6 Chennai Dubai 976,026
7 Delhi Thailand Bangkok 960,205
8 Mumbai London 957,814
9 Chennai Thailand Bangkok 848,217
10 Mumbai Bangkok 824,751

México (2017)[edit]

Busiest domestic air routes in Mexico
[15]
Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 Passengers (2017)
1 Mexico City Mexico City Quintana Roo Cancun 4,727,000
2 Nuevo León Monterrey Mexico City Mexico City 3,202,000
3 Mexico City Mexico City Jalisco Guadalajara 2,995,000
4 Baja California Tijuana Mexico City Mexico City 1,950,000
5 Baja California Tijuana Jalisco Guadalajara 1,710,000
6 Mexico City Mexico City Yucatán Mérida 1,500,000
7 Nuevo León Monterrey Quintana Roo Cancún 1,103,000
8 Chiapas Tuxtla Gutierrez Mexico City Mexico City 929,000
9 Jalisco Puerto Vallarta Mexico City Mexico City 874,000
10 Tabasco Villahermosa Mexico City Mexico City 791,000
Busiest international air routes from Mexico
Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 Passengers (2017)
1 Mexico City United States Los Angeles 1,243,000
2 Mexico City Houston–Intercontinental 1,013,000
3 Mexico City New York–JFK 878,000
4 Cancun Houston–Intercontinental 855,000
5 Guadalajara Los Angeles 812,000
6 Cancún Chicago–O'Hare 797,000
7 Cancún Canada Toronto–Pearson 744,000
8 Cancún New York–JFK 743,000
9 Cancún Atlanta 742,000
10 Cancún Los Angeles 742,000

By seat capacity[edit]

The following lists the world's top 10 busiest routes based on total number of seats per year flown in each direction.[16][17]

Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 December 2016 Seats
(in millions)
August 2015 Seats
(in millions)
Airlines Serving
1 South Korea Seoul–Gimpo Jeju 6.561 6.8 Air Busan, Asiana Airlines, T'way Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jeju Air, Jin Air, Korean Air
2 Japan Tokyo–Haneda Sapporo–New Chitose 6.209 6.2 Japan Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Air Do, Skymark Airlines
3 Tokyo–Haneda Fukuoka 5.961 5.8 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Skymark Airlines
4 Australia Sydney Melbourne 5.067 5.0 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Tigerair Australia, Virgin Australia
5 Hong Kong Hong Kong Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan 4.146 4.2 Cathay Pacific, Cathay Dragon, China Airlines, EVA Air, Hong Kong Airlines
6 India Delhi Mumbai 4.143 3.9 Air India, Air India Regional, GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, SpiceJet, Vistara
7 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Hanoi 4.141 Vietnam Airlines, Jetstar Pacific, Vietjet Air
8 China Beijing–Capital Shanghai–Hongqiao 3.962 3.8 Air China, China Eastern, China Southern, Hainan Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Juneyao Airlines, Xiamen Airlines
9 Indonesia Surabaya Jakarta Soekarno–Hatta 3.850 Airfast Indonesia, Batik Air, Citilink, Garuda Indonesia, Indonesia AirAsia, Indonesia AirAsia X, Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air
10 Tokyo–Haneda Okinawa 3.785 3.8 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines

The following lists the world's top 10 busiest routes based on total number of seat kilometers per year flown as of 2015.[16]

Rank Airport 1 Airport 2 Seat kilometers
(in billions)
1 United Kingdom London–Heathrow United States New York–JFK 10.92
2 London–Heathrow United Arab Emirates Dubai–International 9.37
3 London–Heathrow Hong Kong Hong Kong 8.75
4 London–Heathrow Los Angeles 8.53
5 London–Heathrow Singapore Singapore 8.21
6 Los Angeles New York–JFK 8.12
7 Los Angeles Australia Sydney 7.68
8 Sydney Dubai–International 6.65
9 Taiwan Taipei–Taoyuan Los Angeles 6.44
10 Los Angeles Seoul–Incheon 6.43

By aircraft movements[edit]

The following is a list of the world's busiest air routes based on the number of scheduled flights in both directions. Note that these statistics do not consider the number of passengers carried.

Domestic[edit]

Rank City 1 City 2 Flights in 2017[18] Top Carriers
1 South Korea Jeju South Korea Seoul–Gimpo 64,991 Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air, Korean Air
2 Australia Melbourne Australia Sydney 54,519 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia, Tigerair Australia
3 India Delhi India Mumbai 49,752 Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, SpiceJet, Vistara
4 Japan Fukuoka Japan Tokyo–Haneda 42,853 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Skymark Airlines
5 Brazil Rio de Janeiro Brazil São Paulo 39,325 Gol Transportes Aéreos, LATAM Airlines Brasil, Avianca Brasil
6 Japan Sapporo Japan Tokyo–Haneda 38,389 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Skymark Airlines
7 United States Los Angeles United States San Francisco 34,897 American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, Alaska Airlines
8 Australia Brisbane Australia Sydney 33,765 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Virgin Australia, Tigerair Australia
9 South Africa Cape Town South Africa Johannesburg 31,914 Comair, Mango, South African Airways, Safair
10 China Beijing China Shanghai-Hongqiao 30,029 Air China, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines, Xiamen Airlines
11 India Delhi India Kolkata 29,427 Air Asia India, Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, SpiceJet, Air Vistara
12 United States Chicago United States New York–LaGuardia 29,163 American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Spirit Airlines, United Airlines
13 Colombia Bogotá Colombia Medellin 27,092 Avianca, LATAM Airlines
14 Australia Brisbane Australia Melbourne 25,709 Jetstar Airways, Qantas, Tigerair Australia, Virgin Australia
15 India Mumbai India Chennai 25,614 Air India, GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, SpiceJet
16 United States Los Angeles United States New York–JFK 25,258 American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue Airways, Alaska Airlines
17 Japan Osaka Japan Tokyo–Haneda 21,900 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines
18 Colombia Bogotá Colombia Cali 21,792 Avianica, LATAM Airlines
19 China Beijing China Shenzhen 21,675 Air China, China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines
20 China Shanghai-Hongqiao China Shenzhen 21,644 Spring Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Xianmen Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines

International[edit]

Rank City 1 City 2 Flights in 2018[19] Flights in 2017[18] Top Carriers
1 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Singapore Singapore 30,537 29,383 AirAsia, Malaysia Airlines, SilkAir, Jetstar Asia, Singapore Airlines, Malindo Airways, Scoot
2 Hong Kong Hong Kong Taiwan Taipei 28,887 29,494 Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, EVA Airlines, Hong Kong Airlines, Cathay Dragon
3 Indonesia Jakarta Singapore Singapore 27,304 26,872 Singapore Airlines, Garuda, Lion Air, Jetstar Asia, Indonesia AirAsia, Scoot, Batik Air
4 Hong Kong Hong Kong China Shanghai-Pudong 21,888 20,818 Cathay Dragon, China Eastern Airlines, Hong Kong Airlines, Cathay Pacific
5 Indonesia Jakarta Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 19.849 20,890 Malaysia Airlines, AirAsia, Lion Air, Indonesia AirAsia, Malindo Aiways, Garuda
6 South Korea Seoul-Incheon Japan Osaka 17,488 Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Jin Air, Jeju Airlines, Peach Aviation, Easter Jet, T'way Air
7 Hong Kong Hong Kong South Korea Seoul-Incheon 17,075 16,366 Cathay Pacific, Korean Air, HK Express, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Airlines, Thai Airways
8 United States New York-LaGuardia Canada Toronto 16,956 17,116 Air Canada, Westjet, American Airlines
9 United Arab Emirates Dubai–International Kuwait Kuwait 15,332 13,297 Emirates, Flydubai, Kuwait Airways, Jazeera Airways
10 Hong Kong Hong Kong Singapore Singapore 15,029 14,162 Cathay Pacific Airways, Singapore Airlines, Scoot, Jetstar Asia
11 Thailand Bangkok Singapore Singapore 14,859 14,455 Singapore Airlines, Thai Airways, Scoot, Jetstar Asia, Cathay Pacific
12 Thailand Bangkok Hong Kong Hong Kong 14,832 14,406 Cathay Pacific, Thai Airways, Hong Kong Airlines, Emirates
13 Hong Kong Hong Kong China Beijing 14,543 14,592 Cathay Dragon, Air China, Hong Kong Airlines, Cathay Pacific, China Southern Airlines
14 Republic of Ireland Dublin United Kingdom London–Heathrow 14,390 14,556 Aer Lingus, British Airways
15 Japan Osaka Taiwan Taipei 14,186 China Airlines, EVA Airways, Peach Aviation, Tigerair Taiwan, Japan Airlines, Cathay Pacific
16 United States New York–JFK United Kingdom London–Heathrow 13,888 14,218 British Airways, Virgin Atlantic, American Airlines, Delta Air
17 Japan Osaka China Shanghai-Pudong 13,576 China Eastern Airlines, Air China, Juneyao Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Spring Airlines
18 South Korea Seoul-Incheon Japan Tokyo-Narita 13,517 Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Jeju Airlines, Eastar Jet, Jin Air, T'way Air, Japan Airlines
19 Netherlands Amsterdam United Kingdom London–Heathrow 13,170 13,220 KLM, British Airways
20 United States Chicago Canada Toronto 13,100 13,595 Air Canada, United Airlines, American Airlines
21 Hong Kong Hong Kong Philippines Manila 13,270 Cebu Pacific Air, Cathay Pacific, Philippine Airlines, Philippine AirAsia
22 Germany Frankfurt United Kingdom London–Heathrow 13,208 British Airways, Lufthansa
23 Egypt Cairo Saudi Arabia Jeddah 12,896 Saudi Arabian Airlines, Egyptair, Flynas
24 Sweden Stockholm Norway Oslo 12,804 Norwegian Air Shuttle, SAS

See also[edit]

1 Includes very detailed statistics regarding busiest passenger air routes to/from and within this region

References[edit]

  1. ^ "300 world 'super routes' attract 20% of all air travel, Amadeus reveals in new analysis of global trends". Amadeus. 16 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Top flights". Daily chart. The Economist. May 14, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-14. Jeju, on the South Korean island of the same name, is not one of the country's 20 biggest cities. Yet the island's allure as a domestic tourist destination resulted in 9.9m passengers flying between Gimpo and Jeju (in either direction) in 2011. This makes it the busiest airline route in the world, according to Amadeus, a company that provides technology to the travel industry. 
  3. ^ url=http://www.iata.org/pressroom/pr/Pages/2015-09-16-01.aspx
  4. ^ a b c d Eurostat>Transport>Data>Database Search the "avia_par_fr", "avia_par_no" etc datasets (accessed Oct 2017)
  5. ^ "Airport Distance Calculator". 
  6. ^ "60th Edition of IATA World Air Transport Statistics". 
  7. ^ "59th Edition of IATA World Air Transport Statistics". 
  8. ^ "60th Edition of IATA World Air Transport Statistics". 
  9. ^ a b West-to-East traffic shift continues for summer 2012 | EUROCONTROL. Eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  10. ^ "Airport Indicators". Pulkovo Airport. 
  11. ^ Airport Indicators (refers to 2016)
  12. ^ "Bureau of Transportation Statistics". United State Department of Transportation. 
  13. ^ "Australian Domestic Airline Activity 2016-2017" (PDF). Aviation Statistics. Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics. 2017. p. 3. Retrieved 2017-10-07. 
  14. ^ a b Statistics - Directorate General of Civil Aviation (India) 8 March 2018
  15. ^ "Estadística mensual por origen - destino 2017" (.exe). Aviation Statistics. Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transporte. 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-29. 
  16. ^ a b "Top 15 routes in relation to capacity, ASKs and frequency revealed". Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  17. ^ Travaller: World's busiest air routes: The busiest route in the world will surprise you
  18. ^ a b OAG Aviation Worldwide Limited (2018-01-03). On-time performance for airlines and airports and Top 20 busiest routes (PDF) (Report). OAG Aviation Worldwide Limited. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-01-09. Retrieved 2018-01-09. 
  19. ^ OAG Aviation Worldwide Limited (2018-05-03). Key facts behind the world’s 20 busiest routes (PDF) (Report). OAG Aviation Worldwide Limited. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-05-24. Retrieved 2018-08-09.