World Channel

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World Channel
PBSworld.png
CountryUnited States
Broadcast areaNationwide
Programming
Language(s)English
Picture format1080i (HDTV)
720p (HDTV)
480i (SDTV) 16:9 widescreen or 4:3 letterbox
Ownership
Owner
Sister channelsCreate
History
Launched2005; 16 years ago (2005) (select cities)
2007; 14 years ago (2007) (nationwide)
Links
WebsiteOfficial website
Availability
Terrestrial
Digital terrestrial televisionChannel slots vary in each city
Cable
Available on some cable systemsChannel slots vary on each provider

World Channel, also branded as World and briefly referred to in its national rollout as PBS World, is an American digital multicast public television network owned and operated by the WGBH Educational Foundation. It is distributed by American Public Television and the National Educational Telecommunications Association and features programming covering topics such as science, nature, news, and public affairs. Programming is supplied by the entities, as well as other partners such as WNET and WGBH. It is primarily carried on the digital subchannels of PBS member stations.

Background[edit]

In 2004, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation granted PBS funds to develop a public affairs network, Public Square, given the change in broadcasting to digital thus allowing stations to broadcast multiple channels. (Public Square was also a name previous given to a proposed civic series in early 2000s.) The Knight Foundation announced a challenge grant to PBS to launch this network on December 14, 2004 at the Digital Futures Initiative Summit. PBS would have to raise double the grant amount to get the foundation's grant. Additional, the foundation made a grant to PBS for the first program's pilot slated for the network. The program, Global Watch, was to be co-produced by KCET and KQED. The pilot aired on PBS' National Program Service, while the series would only continue on Public Square. PBS was also discussing with WGBH and WNET to fold Public Square and World together.[1]

History[edit]

WGBH and WNET were developing World in 2004.[2] By December 2005, Boston's WGBH and WNET were already broadcasting World on a subchannel[1] and added by April 2006's WETA. San Francisco's KQED was already broadcasting its own nonfiction encore channel before April 2005, too. Then, WGBH and WNET teamed up with PBS to roll out a national version of the local channels as World, with KQED continuing on its own. The stations are supposed to program and PBS to distribute the network. Public Square was expected to exist as a two- to three-hours-long hosted weeknight programming block on the channel. The network was launched nationally on August 15, 2007.[3] For the first year, the Ford Foundation granted some funds to cover costs while PBS was contributing some funding from its own revenue-generating activities. As of March 2009, there was no national underwriter for the network as one had not been pursued because the network lacked enough coverage to land one.[4] On July 1, 2009, PBS withdrew from the channel. By September 2009, ITVS's Global Voices was the only original program for the network.[5]

An overhaul of the network was in the works as of September 8, 2009.[5] CPB agreed to fund R&D for the relaunch and cover costs so stations would not have to pay the license until June 2011. The network was relaunched in July 2010 with the revamped website slated for July 1 with more of a roll-out. The relaunch would also draw in stations as digital tier channels are more likely to be picked up by cable subscribers. Nielsen ratings are small but improving, and to are using more of the channel width as to avoid any FCC reduction of the width. The relaunch service, seen more as a multimedia outlet than just a TV channel, was planned to target a more diverse audience with a median age of 36. The revamped World would have a monthly theme for coherence and personality to create online action and buzz. The channel started to reach out to more sources, reviewing archives, film festivals, indie producer hubs (like Bay Area Video Coalition), public radio, Independent Television Service, Link TV, MiND TV, Minority Consortia, New American Media, the Sundance Institute and Youth Media International. With little funding for programs, the channel was using a new low-cost collaborative model by offering distribution, while producers would have to drum up funding.[6] In September 2011, a new general manager, Elizabeth Cheng, for the network was hired.[2]

United States budget sequestration in 2013 caused a cut in Corporation for Public Broadcasting's budget. The CPB then used some fund ($750,000) formerly earmarked for the National Minority Consortia towards the World network.[7]

Operations[edit]

The network is available to stations that are member of APT and NETA (formerly available to PBS's National Program Service subscribers and PBS Plus members). Affiliation fees of 4 levels from $5,500 to $32,000 a year which only cover 50% of the channel's cost. Stations are required to broadcast half of the network's broadcast day in order to retain their affiliation, thus many member stations with limited channel capacity usually carry the network in a 50/50 split with Create (as both networks maintain looping schedules). Cost are kept down as the channel uses rights and content previously available. Programming has come from PBS, NETA, APT and ITVS International.[4]

Programs[edit]

World shows a core three-hour documentary block four times a day with other programs circulate in the other 12 hours. This gives viewers increased chances to see a program, which might be shown from 4 to 8 times a week.[6]

Current programming[edit]

Stations may also choose to place their own programming, such as local government hearings and events, on their subchannel at local discretion.

As of 1 January 2021, the current programming is:

Public Square programming block[3][edit]

  • Global Watch[1]

Affiliates[edit]

World is carried by the following stations:[8]

Channel Station City State
10.4 WBIQ Birmingham Alabama
41.4 WIIQ Demopolis
2.4 WDIQ Dozier
36.4 WFIQ Florence
25.4 WHIQ Huntsville
43.4 WGIQ Louisville
42.4 WEIQ Mobile
26.4 WAIQ Montgomery
7.4 WCIQ Mount Cheaha
9.2 KUAC-TV Fairbanks Alaska
9.4 KETG Arkadelphia Arkansas
12.4 KETZ El Dorado
13.4 KAFT Fayetteville
19.4 KTEJ Jonesboro
2.4 KETS Little Rock
6.4 KEMV Mountain View
8.3 KAET Phoenix Arizona
6.3 KUAT-TV Tucson
13.2 KEET Eureka California
18.4 KVPT Fresno
50.4 KOCE-TV Huntington Beach
9.3 KIXE-TV Redding
6.3 KVIE Sacramento
15.2 KPBS San Diego
9.3 KQED San Francisco
25.3 KQET Watsonville
54.3 KQEH San Jose
26.4 WETA Washington, DC
30.2 WGCU Fort Myers Florida
5.3 WUFT Gainesville
7.3 WJCT Jacksonville
24.5 WUCF-TV Orlando
23.2 WSRE Pensacola
3.3 WEDU Tampa
42.2 WXEL-TV West Palm Beach
8.3 WGTV Athens/Atlanta Georgia
18.3 WNGH-TV Chatsworth
29.3 WMUM-TV Cochran
28.3 WJSP-TV Columbus
25.3 WACS-TV Dawson
14.3 WABW-TV Pelham
9.3 WVAN-TV Savannah
8.3 WXGA-TV Waycross
20.3 WCES-TV Wrens
4.4 KAID Boise Idaho
26.4 KCDT Coeur d'Alene
12.4 KUID-TV Moscow
10.4 KISU-TV Pocatello
13.4 KIPT Twin Falls
8.2 WSIU-TV Carbondale Illinois
11.3 WTTW Chicago
14.2 WSEC Jacksonville
22.2 WMEC Macomb
19.2 WUSI-TV Olney
47.3 WTVP Peoria (pending)
27.2 WQEC Quincy
12.3 WILL-TV Urbana
30.2 WTIU Bloomington Indiana
3.3 KBIN-TV Council Bluffs Iowa
36.3 KQIN Davenport
11.3 KDIN-TV Des Moines
21.3 KTIN Fort Dodge
12.3 KIIN Iowa City
24.3 KYIN Mason City
36.3 KHIN Red Oak
27.3 KSIN-TV Sioux City
32.3 KRIN Waterloo
68.3 WKMJ-TV Louisville Kentucky
11.2 KTWU Topeka Kansas
12.2 WYES-TV New Orleans Louisiana
2.2 WGBH-TV Boston Massachusetts
57.2 WGBY-TV Springfield
10.3 WCBB Augusta Maine
26.3 WMEA-TV Biddeford
13.3 WMED-TV Calais
12.3 WMEB-TV Orono
10.3 WMEM-TV Presque Isle
56.4 WTVS Detroit Michigan
23.2 WKAR-TV East Lansing
19.2 WDCQ-TV East central Michigan
10.4 KWCM-TV Appleton Minnesota
16.2 KCGE-DT Crookston
8.2 WDSE Duluth
31.2 WRPT Hibbing
20.4 KSMN Worthington
9.3 KETC St. Louis Missouri
16.4 KBGS-TV Billings Montana
9.4 KUSM-TV Bozeman
45.2 K45CH-D Fort Peck
10.4 KUHM-TV Helena
46.4 KUKL-TV Kalispell
11.4 KUFM-TV Missoula
13.2 KTNE-TV Alliance Nebraska
7.2 KMNE-TV Bassett
29.2 KHNE-TV Hastings
3.2 KLNE-TV Lexington
12.2 KUON-TV Lincoln
12.2 KRNE-TV Merriman
19.2 KXNE-TV Norfolk
9.2 KPNE-TV North Platte
26.2 KYNE-TV Omaha
11.3 WENH-TV Durham New Hampshire
9.1 KNMD-TV Albuquerque New Mexico
5.4 KNME-TV
22.2 KRWG-TV Las Cruces
46.4 WSKG-TV Binghamton New York
30.4 WSKA Corning
21.3 WLIW Garden City
18.3 WNPI-DT Norwood
21.2 WXXI-TV Rochester
17.3 WMHT Schenectady
16.3 WPBS-TV Watertown
3.2 KBME-TV Bismarck North Dakota
25.2 KMDE Devils Lake
9.2 KDSE Dickinson
19.2 KJRE Ellendale
13.2 KFME Fargo
6.2 KSRE Minot
4.2 KWSE Williston
44.3 WOUC-TV Cambridge Ohio
25.3 WVIZ Cleveland
13.2 KETA-TV Oklahoma City Oklahoma
3.2 KOET Eufaula
11.2 KOED-TV Tulsa
12.2 KWET-TV Cheyenne
22.2 KFTS Klamath Falls Oregon
8.2 KSYS Medford
35.2 WPPT Allentown Pennsylvania
3.3 WPSU-TV Clearfield
54.3 WQLN Erie
13.3 WQED Pittsburgh
16.2 KDSD-TV Aberdeen South Dakota
8.2 KESD-TV Brookings
13.2 KPSD-TV Eagle Butte
11.2 KQSD-TV Lowry
8.2 KZSD-TV Martin
10.2 KTSD-TV Pierre
9.2 KBHE-TV Rapid City
23.2 KCSD-TV Sioux Falls
2.2 KUSD-TV Vermillion
22.2 WCTE Cookeville Tennessee
18.3 KLRU Austin Texas
13.4 KERA-TV Dallas
8.4 KUHT Houston
9.2 KLRN San Antonio
7.2 KUED Salt Lake City Utah
18.2 KUEW St. George, Utah
41.3 WNVC Charlottesville Virginia
15.2 WHRO-TV Hampton-Norfolk
23.3 WNVT Richmond
15.2 WBRA-TV Roanoke
33.2 WETK Burlington Vermont
28.2 WVER Rutland
20.2 WVTB St. Johnsbury
41.2 WVTA Windsor
9.4 KCTS-TV Seattle Washington
7.2 KSPS-TV Spokane
10.2 WMVS Milwaukee Wisconsin
9.2 WSWP-TV Grandview West Virginia
33.2 WVPB-TV Huntington
24.2 WNPB-TV Morgantown

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Knight Foundation backs launch planning for PBS's Public Square". Current. December 19, 2005. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Hearst TV exec to head World channel". Current. American University School of Communication. September 20, 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Egner, Jeremy (April 3, 2006). "World and Go! streams flow into PBS plans". Current. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  4. ^ a b June-Friesen, Katy (March 2, 2009). "Packaged channels for multicasting, 2009". Current. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Dru Sefton (September 8, 2009). "Overhaul of public TV's World channel, 2009". Current. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  6. ^ a b "Relaunch of pubTV's World multicast channel, 2010". Current. 20 July 2010. Archived from the original on July 20, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  7. ^ Sefton, Dru (June 24, 2013). "CPB reduced aid to longtime grantees". Current. American University School of Communication. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  8. ^ "Stations for Network – World Channel". rabbitears.info. Retrieved January 18, 2017.

External links[edit]