World Artistic Gymnastics Championships

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The World Artistic Gymnastics Championships are the world championships for artistic gymnastics. The first edition of the championship was held in 1903, exclusively for male gymnasts. Since the tenth edition of the tournament, in 1934, women's events are held together with men's events. As of 2017, over sixty different editions of the championships have been staged, and over forty different countries have earned medals in both men's and women's artistic gymnastics events. The most successful nation, both in gold medal results and total number of medals, is Soviet Union. China is the second most successful country in total medals earned, and Japan is the third most successful nation at the championships. Russia, Romania, and the United States are also usually among the most dominant nations, especially in women's artistic gymnastics events. Currently, the championship is held annually on non-Olympic years.

Championship details[edit]

Year Edition Host City Country Events
(men/women)
First in the Medal Table Second in the Medal Table Third in the Medal Table
1903 I Antwerp  Belgium 6 / 0  France  Luxembourg  Netherlands
1905 II Bordeaux  France 5 / 0  France  Netherlands  Belgium
1907 III Prague  Austria-Hungary 5 / 0  Bohemia  France  Belgium
1909 IV Luxembourg  Luxembourg 5 / 0  France  Italy  Bohemia
1911 V Turin  Italy 6 / 0  Bohemia  Italy  France
1913 VI Paris  France 6 / 0  Italy  France  Bohemia
1922 VII Ljubljana  Yugoslavia 6 / 0  Yugoslavia  Czechoslovakia  France
1926 VIII Lyon  France 6 / 0  Czechoslovakia  Yugoslavia  France
1930 IX Luxembourg  Luxembourg 7 / 0  Yugoslavia  Czechoslovakia  Hungary
1934 X Budapest  Hungary 8 / 2   Switzerland  Czechoslovakia  Germany
1938 XI Prague  Czechoslovakia 8 / 6  Czechoslovakia   Switzerland  Yugoslavia
1950 XII Basel   Switzerland 8 / 6   Switzerland  Poland  Sweden
1954 XIII Rome  Italy 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1958 XIV Moscow  Soviet Union 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1962 XV Prague  Czechoslovakia 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1966 XVI Dortmund  West Germany 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  Czechoslovakia
1970 XVII Ljubljana  SFR Yugoslavia 8 / 6  Japan  Soviet Union  East Germany
1974 XVIII Varna  Bulgaria 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  East Germany
1978 XIX Strasbourg  France 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Japan  United States
1979 XX Fort Worth  United States 8 / 6  Soviet Union  United States  Romania
1981 XXI Moscow  Soviet Union 8 / 6  Soviet Union  East Germany  China
1983 XXII Budapest  Hungary 8 / 6  Soviet Union  China  Romania
1985 XXIII Montreal  Canada 8 / 6  Soviet Union  China  East Germany
1987 XXIV Rotterdam  Netherlands 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Romania  China
1989 XXV Stuttgart  West Germany 8 / 6  Soviet Union  Romania  China
1991 XXVI Indianapolis  United States 8 / 6  Soviet Union  China  Romania
1992 XXVII Paris  France 6 / 4  CIS  China  United States
1993 XXVIII Birmingham  Great Britain 7 / 5  Belarus  United States  Romania
1994 XXIX Brisbane  Australia 7 / 5  Belarus  Romania  China
 United States
1994 XXX Dortmund  Germany 1 / 1  China
 Romania
N/A  Russia
1995 XXXI Sabae  Japan 8 / 6  China  Ukraine  Romania
1996 XXXII San Juan  Puerto Rico 6 / 4  Russia  Romania  Belarus
1997 XXXIII Lausanne   Switzerland 8 / 6  Romania  Russia  China
1999 XXXIV Tianjin  China 8 / 6  Russia  China  Romania
2001 XXXV Ghent  Belgium 8 / 6  Romania  Russia  Bulgaria
2002 XXXVI Debrecen  Hungary 6 / 4  Romania  China  United States
2003 XXXVII Anaheim  United States 8 / 6  China  United States  Japan
2005 XXXVIII Melbourne  Australia 7 / 5  United States  China  Slovenia
2006 XXXIX Aarhus  Denmark 8 / 6  China  Romania  Australia
2007 XL Stuttgart  Germany 8 / 6  China  United States  Germany
2009 XLI London  Great Britain 7 / 5  China  United States  Romania
2010 XLII Rotterdam  Netherlands 8 / 6  China  Russia  United States
2011 XLIII Tokyo  Japan 8 / 6  China  United States  Russia
2013 XLIV Antwerp  Belgium 7 / 5  Japan  United States  China
2014 XLV Nanning  China 8 / 6  United States  China  North Korea
2015 XLVI Glasgow  Great Britain 8 / 6  United States  Japan  Russia
2017 XLVII Montreal  Canada 7 / 5  China  Japan  Russia
2018 XLVIII Doha  Qatar 8 / 6 Future event
2019 XLIX Stuttgart  Germany 8 / 6 Future event
2021 L Copenhagen  Denmark 7 / 5 Future event
2022 LI Liverpool  Great Britain 8 / 6 Future event
Note

In 1931, an unofficial edition of the World Championships took place in Paris, France, with the participation of 10 different national federations.[1]

All-time medal count[edit]

Last updated after the 2017 World Championships.[2][3][4]

Men's events[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union 61 46 31 138
2  China 59 30 26 115
3  Japan 46 45 54 145
4  France 25 29 19 73
5   Switzerland 19 15 14 48
6  Czechoslovakia 18 16 14 48
7  Yugoslavia 17 9 8 34
8  Italy 13 7 21 41
9  Romania 12 9 5 26
10  Belarus 12 7 11 30
11  Bohemia(1) 10 8 10 28
12  Hungary 9 10 5 24
13  Russia 8 17 11 36
14  United States 8 10 12 30
15  East Germany 6 6 14 26
16  South Korea 6 2 3 11
17  Greece 6 2 2 10
18  Germany 5 8 12 25
19  CIS(3) 5 2 3 10
20  North Korea 5 0 2 7
21  Ukraine 4 7 9 20
22  Bulgaria 4 6 11 21
23  Netherlands 4 5 2 11
24  Slovenia 3 4 0 7
25 Brazil Brazil 3 3 2 8
26  Great Britain 2 9 4 15
27  Finland 2 5 1 8
 West Germany 2 5 1 8
29  Spain 2 3 1 6
30  Australia 1 2 2 5
 Poland 1 2 2 5
32  Croatia 1 1 1 3
33  Luxembourg 1 0 4 5
34  Kazakhstan 1 0 0 1
35  Belgium 0 4 4 8
36  Canada 0 3 4 7
37  Cuba 0 2 2 4
38  Latvia 0 2 1 3
39  Israel 0 1 2 3
40  Austria-Hungary(2) 0 1 1 2
41  Chinese Taipei 0 1 0 1
 Mexico 0 1 0 1
43  Armenia 0 0 1 1
 Azerbaijan 0 0 1 1
 Puerto Rico 0 0 1 1
 Sweden 0 0 1 1
Unattached athlete (UNA)(4) 0 0 1 1
 Uzbekistan 0 0 1 1
Total 381 345 337 1063

Women's events[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union 50 40 28 118
2  United States 41 33 23 97
3  Romania 36 36 37 109
4  Russia 23 20 20 63
5  China 19 20 15 54
6  Czechoslovakia 16 13 6 35
7  East Germany 11 7 15 33
8  Poland 4 0 7 11
9  Ukraine 3 4 5 12
10  Sweden 3 1 1 5
11  Great Britain 3 0 4 7
12  Hungary 2 5 3 10
13  North Korea 2 3 1 6
14  Japan 2 2 8 12
15  Belarus 2 0 0 2
16  Italy 1 2 5 8
17  Australia 1 2 2 5
 Uzbekistan 1 2 2 5
19  Germany 1 1 3 5
20 Brazil Brazil 1 1 2 4
21  Austria 1 1 1 3
22  Bulgaria 1 0 2 3
23  Spain 1 0 1 2
24  Netherlands 0 3 1 4
25  Yugoslavia 0 2 0 2
26  France 0 1 5 6
27  CIS(3) 0 1 2 3
28  Canada 0 1 1 2
  Switzerland 0 1 1 2
30  Belgium 0 0 1 1
 Cuba 0 0 1 1
 Vietnam 0 0 1 1
Total 225 202 204 631

Overall[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union 111 86 59 256
2  China 78 50 41 169
3  United States 49 43 35 127
4  Japan 48 47 62 157
5  Romania 48 45 42 135
6  Czechoslovakia 34 29 20 83
7  Russia 31 37 31 99
8  France 25 30 24 79
9   Switzerland 19 16 15 50
10  East Germany 17 13 29 59
11  Yugoslavia 17 11 8 36
12  Italy 14 9 26 49
13  Belarus 14 7 11 32
14  Hungary 11 15 8 34
15  Bohemia(1) 10 8 10 28
16  Ukraine 7 11 14 32
17  North Korea 7 3 3 13
18  Germany 6 9 15 30
19  South Korea 6 2 3 11
20  Greece 6 2 2 10
21  Great Britain 5 9 8 22
22  Bulgaria 5 6 13 24
23  CIS(3) 5 3 5 13
24  Poland 5 2 9 16
25  Netherlands 4 8 3 15
26 Brazil Brazil 4 4 4 12
27  Slovenia 3 4 0 7
28  Spain 3 3 2 8
29  Sweden 3 1 2 6
30  Finland 2 5 1 8
 West Germany 2 5 1 8
32  Australia 2 4 4 10
33  Uzbekistan 1 2 3 6
34  Austria 1 1 1 3
 Croatia 1 1 1 3
36  Luxembourg 1 0 4 5
37  Kazakhstan 1 0 0 1
38  Belgium 0 4 5 9
 Canada 0 4 5 9
40  Cuba 0 2 3 5
41  Latvia 0 2 1 3
42  Israel 0 1 2 3
43  Austria-Hungary(2) 0 1 1 2
44  Chinese Taipei 0 1 0 1
 Mexico 0 1 0 1
46  Armenia 0 0 1 1
 Azerbaijan 0 0 1 1
 Puerto Rico 0 0 1 1
Unattached athlete (UNA)(4) 0 0 1 1
 Vietnam 0 0 1 1
Total 606 547 541 1694
Notes
(1) Official FIG documents credit medals earned by athletes from Bohemia as medals for Czechoslovakia.
(2) Official FIG documents credit medals earned by athletes from Austria-Hungary as medals for Yugoslavia.
(3) Official documents from the International Gymnastics Federation credit medals earned by athletes from former Soviet Union at the 1992 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Paris, France as medals for CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States).[5][6]
(4) At the 1993 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Birmingham, Great Britain, Azerbaijani-born gymnast Valery Belenky earned a bronze medal competing as an unattached (UNA) athlete because Azerbaijan did not have a gymnastics federation for him to compete. Later, official documents from the International Gymnastics Federation credit his medal as a medal for Germany.[5][6]

Multiple gold medalists[edit]

Boldface denotes active artistic gymnasts and highest medal count among all artistic gymnasts (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Men[edit]

All events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Vitaly Scherbo  Soviet Union
 CIS
 Belarus
1991 1996 12 7 4 23
2 Kōhei Uchimura  Japan 2009 2015 10 5 4 19
3 Joseph Martinez  France 1903 1909 10 1 - 11
4 Yuri Korolyov  Soviet Union 1981 1987 9 3 1 13
5 Dmitry Bilozerchev  Soviet Union 1983 1987 8 4 - 12
6 Li Xiaopeng  China 1997 2005 8 2 1 11
7 Marian Drăgulescu  Romania 2001 2015 8 2 - 10
8 Chen Yibing  China 2006 2011 8 - - 8
9 Eizō Kenmotsu  Japan 1970 1979 7 5 3 15
10 Alexander Dityatin  Soviet Union 1978 1981 7 2 3 12
Akinori Nakayama  Japan 1966 1970 7 2 3 12

Individual events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Vitaly Scherbo  Soviet Union
 CIS
 Belarus
1991 1996 11 7 4 22
2 Kōhei Uchimura  Japan 2009 2015 9 2 4 15
3 Marian Drăgulescu  Romania 2001 2015 8 2 - 10
4 Dmitry Bilozerchev  Soviet Union 1983 1987 7 3 - 10
5 Joseph Martinez  France 1903 1909 7 1 - 8
6 Yuri Korolyov  Soviet Union 1981 1987 6 2 1 9
7 Eugen Mack   Switzerland 1934 1938 5 3 1 9
8 Marco Torrès  France 1909 1913 5 3 - 8
9 Akinori Nakayama  Japan 1966 1970 5 2 3 10
Alexei Nemov  Russia 1995 2003 5 2 3 10

Women[edit]

All events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Simone Biles  United States 2013 2015 10 2 2 14
2 Svetlana Khorkina  Russia 1994 2003 9 8 3 20
3 Larisa Latynina (Diriy)  Soviet Union 1954 1966 9 4 1 14
4 Gina Gogean  Romania 1993 1997 9 2 4 15
5 Ludmilla Tourischeva  Soviet Union 1970 1974 7 2 2 11
6 Daniela Silivaș  Romania 1985 1989 7 2 1 10
7 Vlasta Děkanová  Czechoslovakia 1934 1938 * 7 * - - * 7 *
8 Simona Amânar  Romania 1994 1999 6 4 - 10
9 Nellie Kim  Soviet Union 1974 1979 5 4 2 11
Yelena Shushunova  Soviet Union 1985 1987 5 4 2 11

Individual events[edit]

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Svetlana Khorkina  Russia 1994 2003 9 5 2 16
2 Simone Biles  United States 2013 2015 8 2 2 12
3 Larisa Latynina  Soviet Union 1958 1962 6 3 1 10
4 Gina Gogean  Romania 1993 1997 6 2 4 12
5 Daniela Silivaș  Romania 1985 1989 6 - 1 7
6 Ludmilla Tourischeva  Soviet Union 1970 1974 5 2 2 9
7 Maxi Gnauck  East Germany 1979 1983 5 1 - 6
Shannon Miller  United States 1991 1994 5 1 - 6
9 Vlasta Děkanová  Czechoslovakia 1934 1938 * 5 * - - * 5 *
10 Yelena Shushunova  Soviet Union 1985 1987 4 3 2 9

* including one medal which she presumably won in the parallel bars events at the 1938 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia. At this championship, women's individual apparatus medals were awarded for first time, but there is no clear information about list of medal winners nowadays in the apparatus events as non-primary sources conflict each other by giving contradicting information. Almost all sources confirms that Vlasta Děkanová achieved victory in vault and balance beam events while her compatriot Matylda Pálfyová was first in floor exercise, but the fate of gold medals in parallel bars (this event was replaced with uneven bars in the women's program at all subsequent world championships) remains unclear for now - some sources state that Děkanová and Pálfyová shared victory in this event while other state that Pálfyová shared this victory with Polish gymnast Marta Majowska, not Děkanová.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]