World Championships in Athletics
|No. of teams||200 (2007), 202 (2009), 204 (2011), 206 (2013), 207 (2015)|
|Last winners lists|
|TV partner(s)||SBS Two (Australia)
KBS (South Korea)
NBCUniversal (United States)
The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Originally held every four years, first in 1983, the current two-year cycle began in 1991.
The idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competition's first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics. This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved.
Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, Finland, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (where the 1952 Summer Olympics had been held).
Two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. The 1976 World Championships had just one event – the men's 50 kilometres walk which was dropped from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Summer Olympics and the IAAF responded by setting up their own contest. Four years later, the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved women's events, (400 metres hurdles and 3000 metres), neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
Over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated. By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries.
There has also been a change in composition over the years, with several new events, all for women, being added. By 2005, the only differences were men's competition in the 50 km walk, and equivalent events in women's 100 m hurdles and heptathlon to men's 110 m hurdles and decathlon.
The following list shows when new events were added for the first time.
- 1987, women's 10,000 m and 10 km walk were added.
- 1993, women's triple jump was added.
- 1995, women's 5000 m was added, replacing the 3000 m race.
- 1999, women's pole vault and hammer were added and the women's 20 km walk replaced the 10 km walk.
- 2005, women's 3000 m steeplechase was added.
Medal totals since 1983
Updated after 2015 Championships
|45||Trinidad and Tobago||2||4||5||11|
|59||Saint Kitts and Nevis||1||0||4||5|
|90||Bosnia and Herzegovina||0||0||1||1|
- Note: Germany refers both to the former West Germany (1983–90) and the unified Federal Republic of Germany (1990–present).
The opening and closing ceremonies of the 8th IAAF World Championships held in Edmonton in 2001 were broadcast live to over 200 countries. The event included the men's marathon, and featured a thousand voice choir and original music by The Second City alumni Jan Randall.
There are fifteen athletes who have won at least six medals.
|LaShawn Merritt||United States||8||3||0||11|
|Carl Lewis||United States||8||1||1||10|
|Michael Johnson||United States||8||0||0||8|
|Sergey Bubka||Soviet Union / Ukraine||6||0||0||6|
|Mo Farah||United Kingdom||5||1||0||6|
|Jeremy Wariner||United States||5||1||0||6|
|Hicham El Guerrouj||Morocco||4||2||0||6|
|Butch Reynolds||United States||3||2||1||6|
|Justin Gatlin||United States||2||4||0||6|
|Bernard Lagat||Kenya / United States||2||3||1||6|
There are thirteen athletes who have won at least six medals.
|Allyson Felix||United States||9||3||1||13|
|Jearl Miles Clark||United States||4||3||2||9|
|Gail Devers||United States||5||3||0||8|
|Gwen Torrence||United States||3||4||1||8|
|Sanya Richards-Ross||United States||5||2||0||7|
|Carmelita Jeter||United States||3||1||3||7|
|Heike Daute-Drechsler||East Germany / Germany||2||2||2||6|
|Christine Ohuruogu||United Kingdom||2||0||4||6|
|Grit Breuer||East Germany / Germany||1||2||3||6|
Athletes with most appearances
There are eighteen athletes that competed in at least eight editions.
- IAAF Hall of Fame
- IAAF Athlete of the Year
- International Athletics Championships and Games
- IPC Athletics World Championships
- List of World Championships in Athletics medalists (men)
- List of World Championships in Athletics medalists (women)
Notes and references
- IAAF World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
- Archive of Past Events. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
- "First World Outdoor Championships in Helsinki a landmark for track & field." Usatf.org. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- Statistics book, Moscow 2013
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