World Chess Championship 1960

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The 1960 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Mikhail Tal in Moscow from March 15 to May 7, 1960. Botvinnik was the reigning champion, after winning the World Chess Championship 1958, while Tal qualified by winning the Candidates tournamant. Tal won by a margin of 4 points.

1958 Interzonal tournament[edit]

An interzonal chess tournament was held in Portorož, SR Slovenia, SFR Yugoslavia in August and September 1958. The top six finishers qualified for the Candidates tournament.[1][2]

1958 Interzonal Tournament
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Total Tie break
1  Mikhail Tal (Soviet Union) x ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 13½
2  Svetozar Gligorić (Yugoslavia) ½ x ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 13
3  Tigran Petrosian (Soviet Union) ½ ½ x ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 1 ½ 1 12½ 117.25
4 Pal Benko (stateless) 0 ½ ½ x ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 12½ 115.25
5  Friðrik Ólafsson (Iceland) ½ 1 ½ ½ x 1 0 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 12 115.75
6  Bobby Fischer (United States) ½ ½ ½ 0 0 x ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 12 106.00
7  David Bronstein (Soviet Union) ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ x ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 11½ 112.75
8  Yuri Averbakh (Soviet Union) ½ ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ x 1 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 11½ 105.50
9  Aleksandar Matanović (Yugoslavia) 1 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 x 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 11½ 105.50
10  László Szabó (Hungary) 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 0 x ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 11½ 100.75
11  Ludek Pachman (Czechoslovakia) ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ x ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 11½ 99.75
12  Oscar Panno (Argentina) 0 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ x ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 11 104.25
13  Miroslav Filip (Czechoslovakia) 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ x ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 11 98.00
14  Raúl Sanguineti (Argentina) ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ x 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 10
15  Oleg Neikirch (Bulgaria) ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ 0 0 x 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 1
16  Bent Larsen (Denmark) 0 0 1 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 x 1 1 ½ 0 1
17  James Sherwin (United States) ½ 1 0 ½ 1 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 x 1 0 1 1
18  Héctor Rossetto (Argentina) 0 0 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 0 0 0 x 1 ½ 1 7
19  Rodolfo Cardoso (Philippines) ½ 0 0 0 0 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 x 1 1 6
20  Boris de Greiff (Colombia) 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 0 ½ 0 x 0
21  Géza Füster (Canada) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 1 x 2

1959 Candidates tournament[edit]

The 1959 Candidates Tournament was held in Yugoslavia in Bled, Zagreb, and Belgrade. The top two players from the previous tournament, Smyslov and Keres, were seeded directly into the tournament and joined by the top six from the interzonal. Mikhail Tal won, becoming the challenger in the 1960 championship match.

The tournament was notable in that the two top finishers, Tal and Keres, scored heavily against the bottom of the field. If only scores between the top 4 are taken into account, the results of the top 4 are quite similar (Tal 5½/12, Keres 6½/12, Petrosian and Smyslov both 6/12). But Tal and Keres scored heavily against the bottom 4, with Tal scoring an incredible 14½/16, including winning all 4 of his games against Fischer.

Future World Champion Bobby Fischer was 16 years old at the time. He was the youngest Candidate in history until Magnus Carlsen qualified for the 2007 Candidates under a different system.

1959 Candidates Tournament
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Score Tie break
1  Mikhail Tal (Soviet Union) xxxx 0 0 1 0 = = = = 0 1 = 1 1 = 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 = 1 1 1 = 20
2  Paul Keres (Soviet Union) 1 1 0 1 xxxx 0 = = = 1 = = 0 = = 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 18½
3  Tigran Petrosian (Soviet Union) = = = = 1 = = = xxxx = = 0 = 0 = = 1 1 1 = = 1 0 0 = = 1 1 = 15½
4  Vasily Smyslov (Soviet Union) 1 0 = 0 0 = = 1 = = 1 = xxxx 0 = 1 0 = = 1 0 = 1 = 1 = 0 1 1 15
5  Svetozar Gligorić (Yugoslavia) 0 = 0 0 = = 0 0 1 = = 0 1 = 0 1 xxxx 0 1 = = = = 1 0 = 1 = = 12½ 162.00
6  Bobby Fischer (United States) 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 = = = = 0 1 1 0 = = xxxx 0 1 = 1 = 1 = 1 12½ 156.50
7  Friðrik Ólafsson (Iceland) 0 0 0 = 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 = = 0 = 0 = = 0 1 1 0 = 0 xxxx 0 0 = 1 10
8 Pal Benko (stateless) 0 0 0 = 0 0 0 0 = 0 0 = = 1 0 0 = 0 = = = 0 = 0 1 1 = 0 xxxx 8

1960 Championship match[edit]

The best of 24 game match was held in Moscow. In the event of a 12–12 tie, Botvinnik, the title holder, would retain the Championship.

Due to Tal's less impressive results against the very top players, including his 3 losses to Keres in the Candidates, Botvinnik was the favourite.[3] However Tal won the match decisively, by a margin of 4 points.

World Chess Championship Match 1960
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Points
 Mikhail Tal (Soviet Union) 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 0 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 12½
 Mikhail Botvinnik (Soviet Union) 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 0 1 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½

Highlights[edit]

Game 6 is particularly famous, thanks to a speculative knight sacrifice by Tal on move 21. The audience became so excited that the game was moved to a back room due to the noise.[3]

Botvinnik-Tal, Game 6
abcdefgh
8
Chessboard480.svg
c8 black rook
g8 black king
a7 black pawn
b7 black pawn
g7 black bishop
h7 black pawn
d6 black pawn
g6 black pawn
d5 white pawn
e5 black pawn
f5 black bishop
h5 black knight
b4 black queen
c4 black rook
c3 white knight
e3 white bishop
g3 white pawn
h3 white pawn
a2 white pawn
b2 white pawn
e2 white queen
f2 white pawn
g2 white bishop
h2 white king
a1 white rook
c1 white rook
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
Position after white's 21st move. Tal (black) now sacrificed a knight with the speculative 21...Nf4!?, and won in the ensuing complications.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "World Chess Championship 1958 Interzonal Tournament". mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  2. ^ "Portoroz Interzonal (1958)". Chessgames Services LLC. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b Clash of Champions: Tal vs. Botvinnik, Bryan Smith, chess.com, September 4 2014

References[edit]

External links[edit]