World Covered Court Championships

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World Covered Court Championships
Defunct tennis tournament
Founded1913
Abolished1923
Editions6
LocationVarious
SurfaceWood / Indoor

The World Covered Court Championships were part of a series of three major world championships sanctioned from 1913–1923 by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF).[1] The tournament was played indoors on wood floors, and its venue changed from year to year among several countries. While the World Grass Court Championships (Wimbledon) and World Hard Court Championships (WHCC) could justify their "world championship" titles, the WCCC had trouble attracting top players from outside Europe.[2] At an Annual General Meeting (AGM) held on 16 March 1923 in Paris, France the ILTF issued the ‘Rules of Tennis’ that were adopted with public effect on 1 January 1924. USA became an affiliated member of the ILTF. The World Championship title was also dropped at this meeting and a new category of Official Championship was created for events in Great Britain, France, USA and Australia – today’s Grand Slam events.The WCCC tournament was then disbanded by the ILTF.[3]

1919 World Covered Court Championships at Rue Saussure

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Tournament information[edit]

Year Venue Date
1913 Sweden Royal Lawn Tennis Club, Stockholm 2–8 November
1914-18 No competition (due to World War I)
1919 France Sporting Club de Paris, Paris 15–23 November
1920 United Kingdom Queen's Club, London 11–20 October
1921 Denmark Kjøbenhavns Boldklub, Copenhagen 2–10 April
1922 Switzerland Palace Lawn Tennis Club, St. Moritz 16–25 February
1923 Spain Palacio de la Industria, Barcelona 1–11 February

Champions[edit]

Men's singles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1913 New Zealand Anthony Wilding France Maurice Germot 5–7, 6–2, 6–3, 6–1
1914 No competition (due to World War I)
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919 France Andre Gobert France Max Decugis 6–3, 6–2, 6–2
1920 United Kingdom Gordon Lowe United Kingdom Walter Crawley 6–2, 6–3, 6–1
1921 France William Laurentz United Kingdom Alfred Beamish 6–2, 6–4, 6–2
1922 France Henri Cochet France Jean Borotra 4–6, 2–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–0
1923 France Henri Cochet United Kingdom Brian Gilbert 6–4, 7–5, 6–4

Women's singles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1913 United Kingdom Helen Aitchison France Kate Fenwick 6–4, 6–2
1914 No competition (due to World War I)
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919 United Kingdom Dorothy Holman France Germaine Golding 6–3, 6–4
1920 United Kingdom Winifred Beamish United Kingdom Kitty McKane 6–2, 5–7, 9–7
1921 Denmark Elsebeth Brehm Jørgensen Denmark Ebba Meyer 6–2, 6–4
1922 France Germaine Golding France Jeanne Vaussard 6–2, 7–5
1923 United Kingdom Kathleen McKane United Kingdom Geraldine Beamish 6–3, 4–6, 6–2

Men's doubles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1913 France Max Decugis
France Maurice Germot
Germany Curt Bergmann
Germany Heinrich Kleinschroth
7–5, 2–6, 9–7, 6–3, 6–1
1914 No competition (due to World War I)
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919 France Andre Gobert
France William Laurentz
Romania Nicolae Mișu
United Kingdom H. Portlock
6–1, 6–0, 6–2
1920 United Kingdom Percival Davson
United Kingdom Theodore Mavrogordato
United Kingdom Alfred Beamish
New Zealand Frank Fisher
4–6, 10–8, 13–11, 3–6, 6–3
1921 France Maurice Germot
France William Laurentz
Denmark Paul Henriksen
Denmark Erik Tegner
6–3, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3
1922 France Henri Cochet
France Jean Borotra
Switzerland Charles Martin
France Arman Simon
2–6, 6–2, 6–1, 6–4
1923 France Henri Cochet
France Jean Couiteas
Denmark Leif Rovsing
Denmark Erik Tegner
6–1, 6–1, 7–5

Women's doubles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1913 No women's doubles held
1914 No competition (due to World War I)
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919 United Kingdom Winifred Beamish
United Kingdom Kitty McKane
United Kingdom Dorothy Holman
United Kingdom Phyllis Howkins
6–3, 6–4
1920 United Kingdom Winifred Beamish
United Kingdom Kitty McKane
United Kingdom Doris Craddock
South Africa Irene Peacock
6–3, 7–5
1921 Denmark Elsebeth Brehm Jørgensen
Denmark Ebba Meyer
Denmark Vera Forum
Denmark Jutta Steenberg
6–2, 4–6, 6–2
1922 France Germaine Golding
France Jeanne Vaussard
France Yvonne Bourgeois
France Mme Canivet
walkover
1923 United Kingdom Geraldine Beamish
United Kingdom Kitty McKane
France Germaine Golding
France Jeanne Vaussard
6–1, 6–1

Mixed doubles[edit]

Year Champions Runners-up Score
1913 France Max Decugis
France Kate Fenwick
Sweden Gunnar Setterwall
Sweden Sigrid Fick
7–5, 12–10
1914 No competition (due to World War I)
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919 France Max Decugis
United Kingdom Winifred Beamish
France William Laurentz
France Germaine Golding
6–3, 6–3
1920 New Zealand Frank Fisher
South Africa Irene Peacock
Australia Stanley Doust
United Kingdom Kitty McKane
walkover
1921 Denmark Erik Tegner
Denmark Elsbeth Brehm
Denmark Harald T. Waagepetersen
Denmark Agnete Goldschmidt
6–2, 6–2
1922 France Jean Borotra
France Germaine Golding
France Max Decugis
France Jeanne Vaussard
6–3, 6–4
1923 United Kingdom Walter Crawley
United Kingdom Kitty McKane
United Kingdom Brian Gilbert
United Kingdom Winifred Beamish
4–6, 6–2, 6–3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bensen, Clark (2013–2014). "The World Championships of 1913 to 1923: the Forgotten Majors" (PDF). tenniscollectors.org. Newport, RI, United States: Journal of The Tennis Collectors of America. p. 470. Retrieved 5 September 2018. Number 30
  2. ^ Robertson, Max. Jack Kramer, eds. The Encyclopedia of Tennis: 100 Years of Great Players and Events. pp. 32–34.
  3. ^ "ITF: History". ITF Tennis. London, United Kingdom: International Tennis Federation. 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2018.