World Cup (men's golf)

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The World Cup of Golf is a men's golf tournament contested by teams of two representing their country. Only one team is allowed from each country. The players are selected on the basis of the Official World Golf Ranking, although not all of the first choice players choose to compete. The equivalent event for women was the Women's World Cup of Golf, played from 2005 to 2008.

History[edit]

The tournament was founded by Canadian industrialist John Jay Hopkins, who hoped it would promote international goodwill through golf. It began in 1953 as the Canada Cup and changed its named to the World Cup in 1967.[1] With Fred Corcoran as the Tournament Director and the International Golf Association behind it (1955–77), the World Cup traveled the globe and grew to be one of golf's most prestigious tournaments throughout the 1960s and 1970s, but interest in the event faded to the point that the event was not held in 1981 or 1986.

The tournament was incorporated into the World Golf Championships series from 2000 to 2006. In 2007 it ceased to be a World Golf Championships event, but continued to be sanctioned by the International Federation of PGA Tours.

From 2007 through 2009 the tournament was held at the Mission Hills Golf Club in Shenzhen, China, receiving the name Mission Hills World Cup. There was no tournament in 2010, it having been announced that the event would change from annual to biennial, held in odd-numbered years, to accommodate the 2016 inclusion of golf at the Olympics.[2] The 2011 tournament was at a new venue — Mission Hills Haikou in the Chinese island province of Hainan.[3]

The United States has a clear lead in wins, with 24 as of 2013.[4]

Format[edit]

In 1953, the format was 36 holes of stroke play with the combined score of the two-man team determining the winner. From 1954 to 1999, the format was 72 holes of stroke play. Beginning in 2000, the format became alternating stroke play rounds of bestball (fourball) and alternate shot (foursomes).

The 2013 tournament was primarily an individual event with a team component. The 60-player field was selected based on the Official World Golf Ranking (OWGR) with up to two players per country allowed to qualify (four per country if they are within the top 15 of the OWGR). The format returned to 72 holes of stroke play, with the individuals competing for US$7 million of the $8 million total purse. OWGR points were awarded for the first time. The top two-ranked players from each country competed for the team portion, using combined stroke play scores.[5] The individual portion was similar to what would be used at the 2016 Summer Olympics, except that England, Scotland, and Wales had teams instead of a single Great Britain team in the Olympics.[6][7]

In 2016, the format reverted to that used from 2000 to 2011.

From 1955 to 1999, there was also a separate award, the International Trophy, for the individual with the best 72-hole score.

Team winners[edit]

Year Country Team Location Runners-up
ISPS Handa World Cup of Golf
2016  Denmark Søren Kjeldsen & Thorbjørn Olesen Melbourne, Australia China Li Haotong & Wu Ashun
France Victor Dubuisson & Romain Langasque
United States Rickie Fowler & Jimmy Walker
2013  Australia Jason Day & Adam Scott Melbourne, Australia United States Matt Kuchar & Kevin Streelman
Omega Mission Hills World Cup[8]
2011  United States Matt Kuchar & Gary Woodland Haikou, Hainan Island, China England Ian Poulter & Justin Rose
Germany Martin Kaymer & Alex Čejka
2009  Italy Edoardo Molinari & Francesco Molinari Shenzhen, China Sweden Henrik Stenson & Robert Karlsson
Republic of Ireland Rory McIlroy & Graeme McDowell
2008  Sweden Robert Karlsson & Henrik Stenson Shenzhen, China Spain Miguel Ángel Jiménez & Pablo Larrazábal
2007  Scotland Colin Montgomerie & Marc Warren Shenzhen, China United States Heath Slocum & Boo Weekley
WGC-World Cup
2006  Germany Bernhard Langer & Marcel Siem Sandy Lane Resort, Barbados Scotland Colin Montgomerie & Marc Warren
2005  Wales Stephen Dodd & Bradley Dredge Algarve, Portugal England Luke Donald & David Howell
Sweden Niclas Fasth & Henrik Stenson
2004  England Paul Casey & Luke Donald Seville, Spain Spain Sergio García & Miguel Ángel Jiménez
2003  South Africa Trevor Immelman & Rory Sabbatini Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States England Paul Casey & Justin Rose
2002  Japan Toshimitsu Izawa & Shigeki Maruyama Puerto Vallarta, Mexico United States Phil Mickelson & David Toms
2001  South Africa Ernie Els & Retief Goosen Gotemba, Japan Denmark Thomas Bjørn & Søren Hansen
New Zealand Michael Campbell & David Smail
United States David Duval & Tiger Woods
2000  United States David Duval & Tiger Woods Buenos Aires, Argentina Argentina Eduardo Romero and Ángel Cabrera
World Cup of Golf
1999  United States Mark O'Meara & Tiger Woods Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Spain Santiago Luna & Miguel Ángel Martín
1998  England David Carter & Nick Faldo Auckland, New Zealand Italy Massimo Florioli & Costantino Rocca
1997  Ireland Pádraig Harrington & Paul McGinley Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States Scotland Colin Montgomerie & Raymond Russell
1996  South Africa Ernie Els & Wayne Westner Cape Town, South Africa United States Steve Jones & Tom Lehman
1995  United States Fred Couples & Davis Love III Shenzhen, China Australia Robert Allenby & Steve Elkington
1994  United States Fred Couples & Davis Love III Dorado, Puerto Rico Zimbabwe Tony Johnstone & Mark McNulty
1993  United States Fred Couples & Davis Love III Orlando, Florida, United States Zimbabwe Mark McNulty & Nick Price
World Cup
1992  United States Fred Couples & Davis Love III Madrid, Spain Sweden Anders Forsbrand & Per-Ulrik Johansson
1991  Sweden Anders Forsbrand & Per-Ulrik Johansson Rome, Italy Wales Phillip Price & Ian Woosnam
1990  Germany Torsten Giedeon & Bernhard Langer Orlando, Florida, United States England Richard Boxall & Mark James
Republic of Ireland David Feherty & Ronan Rafferty
1989  Australia Peter Fowler & Wayne Grady Marbella, Spain Spain José Maria Cañizares & José María Olazábal
1988  United States Ben Crenshaw & Mark McCumber Melbourne, Australia Japan Masashi Ozaki & Tateo Ozaki
1987  Wales David Llewellyn & Ian Woosnam Maui, Hawaii, United States Scotland Sandy Lyle & Sam Torrance
1986 No tournament
1985  Canada Dave Barr & Dan Halldorson La Quinta, California, United States England Howard Clark & Paul Way
1984  Spain José Maria Cañizares & José Rivero Rome, Italy Scotland Gordon Brand, Jnr & Sam Torrance
Taiwan Hsieh Min-Nan & Chen Tze-Chung
1983  United States Rex Caldwell & John Cook Jakarta, Indonesia Australia Terry Gale & Wayne Grady
Canada Jerry Anderson & Dave Barr
1982  Spain José Maria Cañizares & Manuel Piñero Acapulco, Mexico United States Bobby Clampett & Bob Gilder
1981 No tournament
1980  Canada Dan Halldorson & Jim Nelford Bogotá, Colombia Scotland Sandy Lyle & Steve Martin
1979  United States Hale Irwin & John Mahaffey Athens, Greece Scotland Sandy Lyle & Ken Brown
1978  United States John Mahaffey & Andy North Hanalei, Hawaii, United States Australia Wayne Grady & Greg Norman
1977  Spain Seve Ballesteros & Antonio Garrido Manila, Philippines Philippines Ben Arda & Rudy Lavares
1976  Spain Seve Ballesteros & Manuel Piñero Palm Springs, California, United States United States Jerry Pate & Dave Stockton
1975  United States Lou Graham & Johnny Miller Bangkok, Thailand Taiwan Hsieh Min-Nan & Kuo Chie-Hsiung
1974  South Africa Bobby Cole & Dale Hayes Caracas, Venezuela Japan Isao Aoki & Masashi Ozaki
1973  United States Johnny Miller & Jack Nicklaus Marbella, Spain South Africa Hugh Baiocchi & Gary Player
1972  Republic of China Hsieh Min-Nan & Lu Liang-Huan Melbourne, Australia Japan Takaaki Kono & Takashi Murakami
1971  United States Jack Nicklaus & Lee Trevino Palm Beach, Florida, United States South Africa Harold Henning & Gary Player
1970  Australia Bruce Devlin & David Graham Buenos Aires, Argentina Argentina Roberto De Vicenzo & Vicente Fernández
1969  United States Orville Moody & Lee Trevino Singapore Japan Takaaki Kono & Haruo Yasuda
1968  Canada Al Balding & George Knudson Rome, Italy United States Julius Boros & Lee Trevino
1967  United States Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer Mexico City, Mexico New Zealand Bob Charles & Walter Godfrey
Canada Cup
1966  United States Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer Tokyo, Japan South Africa Harold Henning & Gary Player
1965  South Africa Harold Henning & Gary Player Madrid, Spain Spain Ángel Miguel & Ramón Sota
1964  United States Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer Maui, Hawaii, United States Argentina Roberto De Vicenzo & Leopoldo Ruiz
1963  United States Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer Paris, France Spain Sebastián Miguel & Ramón Sota
1962  United States Arnold Palmer & Sam Snead Buenos Aires, Argentina Argentina Fidel de Luca & Roberto De Vicenzo
1961  United States Jimmy Demaret & Sam Snead Dorado, Puerto Rico Australia Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson
1960  United States Arnold Palmer & Sam Snead Portmarnock, Dublin, Ireland England Bernard Hunt & Harry Weetman
1959  Australia Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson Melbourne, Australia United States Cary Middlecoff & Sam Snead
1958  Ireland Harry Bradshaw & Christy O'Connor Snr Mexico City, Mexico Spain Ángel Miguel & Sebastián Miguel
1957  Japan Torakichi Nakamura & Koichi Ono Tokyo, Japan United States Jimmy Demaret & Sam Snead
1956  United States Ben Hogan & Sam Snead Wentworth, Surrey, England South Africa Bobby Locke & Gary Player
1955  United States Ed Furgol & Chick Harbert Washington, DC, United States Australia Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson
1954  Australia Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson Montreal, Canada Argentina Antonio Cerdá & Roberto de Vicenzo
1953  Argentina Antonio Cerdá & Roberto De Vicenzo Montreal, Canada Canada Bill Kerr & Stan Leonard

Individual winners[edit]

Year Winner Country Margin of
victory
Runner(s)-up
2016: No individual tournament
2013 Jason Day  Australia 2 strokes Denmark Thomas Bjørn
2000–2011: No individual tournament
1999 Tiger Woods  United States 9 strokes New Zealand Frank Nobilo
1998 Scott Verplank  United States 1 stroke England Nick Faldo, Italy Costantino Rocca
1997 Colin Montgomerie  Scotland 2 strokes Germany Alex Čejka
1996 Ernie Els  South Africa 3 strokes South Africa Wayne Westner
1995 Davis Love III  United States Playoff Japan Hisayuki Sasaki
1994 Fred Couples  United States 5 strokes Italy Costantino Rocca
1993 Bernhard Langer  Germany 3 strokes United States Fred Couples
1992 Brett Ogle  Australia Playoff Wales Ian Woosnam
1991 Ian Woosnam  Wales 3 strokes Germany Bernhard Langer
1990 Payne Stewart  United States 2 strokes Denmark Anders Sørensen
1989 Peter Fowler  Australia 1 stroke Spain José María Cañizares, Denmark Anders Sørensen
1988 Ben Crenshaw  United States 1 stroke Japan Tateo Ozaki
1987 Ian Woosnam  Wales 5 strokes Scotland Sandy Lyle
1986: No tournament
1985 Howard Clark  England 5 strokes Republic of Ireland Christy O'Connor Jnr
1984 José María Cañizares  Spain 2 strokes Scotland Gordon Brand, Jnr
1983 Dave Barr  Canada 3 strokes United States Rex Caldwell
1982 Manuel Piñero  Spain 1 stroke Spain José María Cañizares, United States Bob Gilder
1981: No tournament
1980 Sandy Lyle  Scotland 1 stroke West Germany Bernhard Langer
1979 Hale Irwin  United States 2 strokes West Germany Bernhard Langer, Scotland Sandy Lyle
1978 John Mahaffey  United States 2 strokes United States Andy North
1977 Gary Player  South Africa 3 strokes United States Hubert Green, Philippines Rudy Lavares
1976 Ernesto Acosta  Mexico 3 strokes Scotland Brian Barnes, Spain Manuel Piñero
1975 Johnny Miller  United States 2 strokes Philippines Ben Arda, Taiwan Hsieh Min-Nan, Australia Bob Shearer
1974 Bobby Cole  South Africa 5 strokes Japan Masashi Ozaki
1973 Johnny Miller  United States 3 strokes South Africa Gary Player
1972 Hsieh Min-Nan  Taiwan 2 strokes Japan Takaaki Kono
1971 Jack Nicklaus  United States 7 strokes South Africa Gary Player
1970 Roberto De Vicenzo  Argentina 1 stroke Australia David Graham
1969 Lee Trevino  United States 1 stroke Argentina Roberto De Vicenzo
1968 Al Balding  Canada 5 strokes Italy Roberto Bernardini
1967 Arnold Palmer  United States 5 strokes New Zealand Bob Charles, United States Jack Nicklaus
1966 George Knudson  Canada Playoff Japan Hideyo Sugimoto
1965 Gary Player  South Africa 3 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus
1964 Jack Nicklaus  United States 2 strokes United States Arnold Palmer
1963 Jack Nicklaus  United States 5 strokes Spain Sebastián Miguel, South Africa Gary Player
1962 Roberto De Vicenzo  Argentina 2 strokes England Peter Alliss, United States Arnold Palmer
1961 Sam Snead  United States 8 strokes Australia Peter Thomson
1960 Flory Van Donck  Belgium 2 strokes United States Sam Snead
1959 Stan Leonard  Canada Playoff Australia Peter Thomson
1958 Ángel Miguel  Spain Playoff Republic of Ireland Harry Bradshaw
1957 Torakichi Nakamura  Japan 7 strokes South Africa Gary Player, United States Sam Snead, Wales Dave Thomas
1956 Ben Hogan  United States 5 strokes Argentina Roberto De Vicenzo
1955 Ed Furgol  United States Playoff Australia Peter Thomson
1953–54: No individual award

Performance by nation[edit]

Team Champions Runners-up
 United States 24 11
 Australia 5 5
 South Africa 5 4
 Spain 4 7
 Canada 3 2
 England 2 6
 Japan 2 4
 Sweden 2 3
 Ireland 2 2
 Wales 2 1
 Germany 2 1
 Scotland 1 6
 Argentina 1 5
 Taiwan 1 2
 Denmark 1 1
 Italy 1 1
 New Zealand 0 2
 Zimbabwe 0 2
 China 0 1
 France 0 1
 Philippines 0 1

Multiple winners[edit]

Seve Ballesteros won the title twice as part of the Spanish team.

Teammates[edit]

As part of team[edit]

As individual (International Trophy)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Slow Greens Worry World Cup Golfers". The Age. 9 November 1967. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Jimenez, Tony (15 March 2010). "Golf-Record purse of $7.5 million for new biennial World Cup". Reuters. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Omega Mission Hills World Cup to Become Biennial Event" (Press release). Asian Tour. 15 March 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "US wins golf World Cup". ABC News. 27 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "World Cup of Golf Moves to Australia". PGA Tour. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "McIlroy might play for Northern Ireland in World Cup". PGA Tour. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "N. Ireland, Ireland will team in WCup". ESPN. Associated Press. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Omega Title Sponsor of the Mission Hills World Cup". Asian Tour. 30 January 2007. [dead link]

External links[edit]