World Fantasy Award—Life Achievement

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World Fantasy Award—Life Achievement
Awarded for Outstanding service to the fantasy field
Presented by World Fantasy Convention
First awarded 1975
Currently held by Ramsey Campbell, Sheri S. Tepper
Official website worldfantasy.org/awards/

The World Fantasy Awards are given each year by the World Fantasy Convention for the best fantasy fiction and fantasy art published in English during the preceding calendar year. The awards have been described by sources such as The Guardian as a "prestigious fantasy prize",[1] and as one of the three most renowned speculative fiction awards, along with the Hugo and Nebula Awards (which cover both fantasy and science fiction).[2][3] The World Fantasy Award—Life Achievement is given each year to individuals for their overall career in fields related to fantasy. These have included, for example, authors, editors, and publishers. The specific nomination reasons are not given, and nominees are not required to have retired, though they can only win once. The Life Achievement category has been awarded annually since 1975.[4]

World Fantasy Award nominees are decided by attendees and judges at the annual World Fantasy Convention. A ballot is posted in June for attendees of the current and previous two conferences to determine two of the finalists, and a panel of five judges adds three or more nominees before voting on the overall winner of each category. Unlike the other World Fantasy Award categories, the nominees for the Life Achievement award are not announced; instead, the winner is announced along with the nominees in the other categories.[4][5] The panel of judges is typically made up of fantasy authors,[6] and is chosen each year by the World Fantasy Awards Administration, which has the power to break ties.[4] The final results are presented at the World Fantasy Convention at the end of October.[5] Through 2015, winners were presented with a statuette of H. P. Lovecraft, but at the 2015 ceremony it was announced that the statuette would not be given out in future years. No announcement was made about a replacement award.[7]

During the 42 nomination years, 65 people have been given the Life Achievement Award. Multiple winners have been awarded nineteen times, typically two co-winners, though five were noted in 1984. Since 2000 it has become an unofficial tradition for two winners to be announced, often with one winner primarily an author and the other not.[8] While most winners have been authors and editors, five winners have been primarily artists of fantasy art and book covers, and three winners are best known for founding or running publishing houses that produce fantasy works.

Winners[edit]

In the following table, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony. Items in the Work(s) column are items and companies that the winner created or worked at; they are meant to be representative of the winner's career in the field of fantasy to that point, but the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement is not given for any specific achievement, and no such achievements are listed by the World Fantasy Convention as reasons for the award. In many cases the winner is well known for their non-fantasy works, such as science fiction novels, which are not listed.

Year Winner(s) Work(s) Ref.
1975 Bloch, RobertRobert Bloch Psycho, "That Hell-Bound Train" [9]
1976 Leiber, FritzFritz Leiber "Gonna Roll the Bones", Ill Met in Lankhmar [10]
1977 Bradbury, RayRay Bradbury Dandelion Wine, The Illustrated Man [11]
1978 Long, Frank BelknapFrank Belknap Long The Hounds of Tindalos, The Horror from the Hills [12]
1979 Borges, Jorge LuisJorge Luis Borges "The Garden of Forking Paths", Ficciones [13]
1980 Wellman, Manly WadeManly Wade Wellman Worse Things Waiting, Who Fears the Devil? [14]
1981 Moore, C. L.C. L. Moore Jirel of Joiry, Northwest of Earth [15]
1982 Calvino, ItaloItalo Calvino The Baron in the Trees, The Castle of Crossed Destinies [16]
1983 Dahl, RoaldRoald Dahl James and the Giant Peach, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory [17]
1984 Camp, L. Sprague deL. Sprague de Camp The Goblin Tower, Land of Unreason [18]
Matheson, RichardRichard Matheson Bid Time Return, I Am Legend [18]
Price, E. HoffmannE. Hoffmann Price "Through the Gates of the Silver Key", Far Lands, Other Days [18]
Vance, JackJack Vance The Dying Earth, Lyonesse Trilogy [18]
Wandrei, DonaldDonald Wandrei[Note 1] The Web of Easter Island, Strange Harvest [18]
1985 Sturgeon, TheodoreTheodore Sturgeon Without Sorcery, E Pluribus Unicorn [21]
1986 Davidson, AvramAvram Davidson The Phoenix and the Mirror, Vergil in Averno [22]
1987 Finney, JackJack Finney The Body Snatchers, Marion's Wall [23]
1988 Bleiler, Everett F.Everett F. Bleiler Editing Guide to Supernatural Fiction, A Treasury of Victorian Ghost Stories [24]
1989 Walton, EvangelineEvangeline Walton The Island of the Mighty, The Song of Rhiannon [25]
1990 Lafferty, R. A.R. A. Lafferty Serpent's Egg, The Devil is Dead [26]
1991 Russell, RayRay Russell The Bishop's Daughter, The Devil's Mirror [27]
1992 Cartier, EddEdd Cartier Artwork for Unknown, Fantasy Press [28]
1993 Ellison, HarlanHarlan Ellison Deathbird Stories, Mefisto in Onyx [29]
1994 Williamson, JackJack Williamson "Hocus Pocus Universe", Darker Than You Think [30]
1995 Le Guin, Ursula K.Ursula K. Le Guin A Wizard of Earthsea, Always Coming Home [31]
1996 Wolfe, GeneGene Wolfe The Book of the New Sun, Soldier of the Mist [32]
1997 L'Engle, MadeleineMadeleine L'Engle A Wrinkle in Time, A Swiftly Tilting Planet [33]
1998 Ferman, Edward L.Edward L. Ferman Editing The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, The Best from Fantasy and Science Fiction [34]
Norton, AndreAndre Norton Witch World, The Halfblood Chronicles [34]
1999 Cave, Hugh B.Hugh B. Cave Murgunstrumm and Others, Death Stalks the Night [35]
2000 Bradley, Marion ZimmerMarion Zimmer Bradley The Mists of Avalon, Darkover [36]
Moorcock, MichaelMichael Moorcock Elric of Melniboné, The Knight of Swords [36]
2001 Frazetta, FrankFrank Frazetta Artwork such as Conan the Destroyer, Death Dealer [37]
Farmer, Philip JoséPhilip José Farmer Hadon of Ancient Opar, Inside Outside [37]
2002 Ackerman, Forrest JForrest J Ackerman Editing Famous Monsters of Filmland, work as a literary agent [38]
Scithers, George H.George H. Scithers Editing Weird Tales, Amra [38]
2003 Alexander, LloydLloyd Alexander The Black Cauldron, The High King [39]
Grant, Donald M.Donald M. Grant Founding/running Donald M. Grant, Publisher, Centaur Press [39]
2004 King, StephenStephen King The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger, It [40]
Wilson, GahanGahan Wilson Artwork for The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, The New Yorker [40]
2005 Doherty, TomTom Doherty Founder of Tor Books, publisher for Ace Books [41]
Emshwiller, CarolCarol Emshwiller The Mount, The Start of the End of It All [41]
2006 Crowley, JohnJohn Crowley Little, Big, Great Work of Time [42]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian Artwork for Dungeons & Dragons, Ladies & Legends [42]
2007 Ballantine, BettyBetty Ballantine Co-founded Bantam Books, Ballantine Books [43]
Jones, Diana WynneDiana Wynne Jones Howl's Moving Castle, Charmed Life [43]
2008 Dillon, Leo and DianeLeo and Diane Dillon Artwork for Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears, Ashanti to Zulu [44]
McKillip, Patricia A.Patricia A. McKillip Harpist in the Wind, The Forgotten Beasts of Eld [44]
2009 Asher, EllenEllen Asher Editor of Science Fiction Book Club, New American Library [45]
Yolen, JaneJane Yolen Owl Moon, Lost Girls [45]
2010 Lumley, BrianBrian Lumley Necroscope, Blood Brothers [46]
Pratchett, TerryTerry Pratchett The Colour of Magic, Mort [46]
Straub, PeterPeter Straub Ghost Story, The Talisman [46]
2011 Beagle, Peter S.Peter S. Beagle The Last Unicorn, "Two Hearts" [47]
Gorodischer, AngélicaAngélica Gorodischer Kalpa Imperial, Opus dos [47]
2012 Garner, AlanAlan Garner The Weirdstone of Brisingamen, "The Owl Service" [48]
Martin, George R. R.George R. R. Martin A Song of Ice and Fire, Sandkings [48]
2013 Cooper, SusanSusan Cooper The Dark Is Rising, The Grey King [49]
Lee, TanithTanith Lee Death's Master, The Birthgrave [49]
2014 Datlow, EllenEllen Datlow Editing Omni, Year's Best Fantasy and Horror [50]
Yarbro, Chelsea QuinnChelsea Quinn Yarbro The Palace, Ariosto [50]
2015 Campbell, RamseyRamsey Campbell To Wake the Dead, Alone with the Horrors [51]
Tepper, Sheri S.Sheri S. Tepper The True Game, Beauty [51]
2016 Hartwell, David G.David G. Hartwell Editor of The New York Review of Science Fiction, Tor Books [52]
Sapkowski, AndrzejAndrzej Sapkowski The Witcher Saga [52]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Donald Wandrei refused to accept the 1984 Life Achievement award, as he felt the award bust was a demeaning caricature of Lovecraft, whom he had known personally.[19][20]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]