List of World Heritage Sites in Croatia

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Croatia, following the declaration of independence from Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991, succeeded the convention on 6 July 1992.[2]

Currently, there are ten sites inscribed on the list and five sites on the tentative list and fifteen on the tentative list. The first three sites, Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian, Dubrovnik, and Plitvice Lakes National Park, were inscribed to the list at the 3rd UNESCO session in 1979. Further sites were added in 1997, 2000, 2008, 2016, and 2017.[2] In total, there are eight cultural and two natural sites, as determined by the organization's selection criteria. Three of the sites are shared with other countries.[2]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

In the following table, the UNESCO data includes the site's reference number, the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List, and the criteria it was listed under: criteria i through vi are cultural, whereas vii through x are natural.

Site Image Location UNESCO data Description Shared with Ref(s)
Plitvice Lakes National Park Plitvice-2003.JPG Plitvička Jezera 98; 1979; vii, viii, ix (natural) Over time, water has flown over the natural limestone and chalk, creating natural dams which in turn have created a series of connecting lakes, waterfalls and caves. The nearby forests are home to bears, wolves and many rare bird species. N/A [3]
Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian Peristyle of Diocletian's Palace, Split (11908116224).jpg Split 97; 1979; ii, iii, iv (cultural) The palace was built by the Roman emperor Diocletian at the turn of the fourth century AD, and later served as the basis of the city of Split. A cathedral was built in the Middle Ages inside the ancient mausoleum, along with churches, fortifications, Gothic and Renaissance palaces. The Baroque style makes up the rest of the area. N/A [4]
Old City of Dubrovnik Dubra.JPG Dubrovnik 95; 1979; i, iii, iv (cultural) Dubrovnik became a prosperous Maritime Republic during the Middle Ages, it became the only eastern Adriatic city-state to rival Venice. Supported by its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. N/A [5]
Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of Poreč Croatia Porec Euphrasius Basilika BW 2014-10-08 10-44-45.jpg Poreč 809; 1997; ii, iv (cultural) The episcopal complex, with its striking mosaics dating back to the 6th century, is one of the best examples of early Byzantine art and architecture in the Mediterranean region and the world. It includes the basilica itself, a sacristy, a baptistery and the bell tower of the nearby archbishop's palace. N/A [6]
Historic city of Trogir Trogir Skyline.JPG Trogir 810; 1997; ii, iv (cultural) Trogir's rich culture was created under the influence of old Greeks, Romans, and Venetians. It is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods. N/A [7]
Cathedral of Saint James St. Jacobuskathedraal ; Sibenik.jpg Šibenik 963; 2000; i, ii, iv (cultural) The cathedral is a triple-nave basilica with three apses and a dome (32 m high inside) and is also one of the most important Renaissance architectural monuments in the eastern Adriatic. N/A [8]
Stari Grad Plain Starigradsko polje hvar.jpg Hvar 1240; 2008; ii, iii, v (cultural The Stari Grad Plain is an agricultural landscape that was set up by the ancient Greek colonists in the 4th century BC, and remains in use today. The plain is generally still in its original form. The ancient layout has been preserved by careful maintenance of the stone walls over 24 centuries. N/A [9]
Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards Mramorje 2.JPG Dubravka, Cista Velika 1504; 2016; iii, vi (cultural) Stećak or the medieval tombstones are the monolith stone monuments found in the regions of the present Bosnia and Herzegovina, parts of Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. The elementary tombstone groups are the laid and the upright stone monoliths. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia [10]
The Venetian Works of defence between 15th and 17th centuries Zadar fortification.jpg Zadar, Šibenik 1533; 2017; iii, iv (cultural) This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture. Italy, Montenegro [11]
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe Paklenica Buljma.jpg Paklenica, Northern Velebit National Park 1133; 2017; ix (natural) This transboundary extension of the World Heritage site of the Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany (Germany, Slovakia, Ukraine) stretches over 12 countries. This successful expansion is related to the tree’s flexibility and tolerance of different climatic, geographical and physical conditions. Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Ukraine [12]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to the sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[13] As of 2017, Croatia recorded fifteen sites on its tentative list, all added in the years 2005 and 2007.[14] The sites, along with the year they were included on the tentative list, are listed below. Here, "UNESCO data" refers to the year of inscription on the tentative list and the criteria it was listed under.

Site Image Location UNESCO data Description Shared with Ref(s)
Zadar - Episcopal complex Kathedrale St. Anastasia.jpg Zadar County 157; 2005; i, ii, iii, iv, vi (cultural N/A [15]
Historical-town planning ensemble of Ston with Mali Ston, connecting walls, the Mali Ston Bay nature reserve, Stonsko Polje and the salt pans Mali Ston-04.jpg Dubrovnik-Neretva County 160; 2005; i, iii, iv, v (cultural) N/A [16]
Historical-Town Planning Ensemble Tvrđa (Fort) in Osijek Osijek (tvrđa).JPG Osijek 161; 2005; i, iv, vi (cultural) N/A [17]
Varaždin - Historic Nucleus and Old Town (the Castle) Stari grad Varaždin.JPG Varaždin County 162; 2005;
Cultural; (i)(iii)(iv)(vi)
N/A [18]
Burg - Castle of Veliki Tabor Veliki Tabor.JPG Krapina-Zagorje County 1167; 2005;
Cultural; (iv)
N/A [19]
Lonjsko Polje Nature Park Konji (Lonjsko Polje).jpg Sisak-Moslavina County 2012; 2005;
Mixed
N/A [20]
Velebit Mountain Paklenica3.jpg Lika-Senj County and Zadar County 2013; 2005;
Natural; (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
N/A [21]
Frontiers of the Roman Empire Croatian Limes 2014; 2005;
Cultural; (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
N/A [22]
Diocletian's Palace and the Historical Nucleus of Split (extension) Diocletian's Palace from the air.jpg Split-Dalmatia County 2015; 2005;
Cultural; (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
N/A [23]
Lubenice Lubenice-Cres1.jpg Primorje-Gorski Kotar County 2017; 2005;
Cultural; (v)
N/A [24]
Primošten Vineyards Šibenik-Knin County 5102; 2007;
Cultural; (v)(vi)
N/A [25]
Hermitage Blaca Blaca.jpg Split-Dalmatia County 5103; 2007;
Cultural; (ii)(v)
N/A [26]
City of Motovun Motovun – General view - 01.jpg Istria County 5104; 2007;
Cultural; (ii)(iv)
N/A [27]
The historic town of Korčula Korcula City.jpg Dubrovnik-Neretva County 5105; 2007;
Cultural; (ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
N/A [28]
Kornati National Park and Telašćica Nature Park Kornati.jpg Šibenik-Knin County and Zadar County 5106; 2007;
Natural; (vii)(viii)(x)
N/A [29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]