World Index of Moral Freedom

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The World Index of Moral Freedom[1] is an international index ranking one hundred and sixty countries on their performance on five categories of indicators: religious freedom (taking into account both the freedom to practice any religion or none, and the situation of religious control on the state); bioethical freedom (including the legal status of abortion, euthanasia and other practices pertaining to bioethics, like surrogacy or stem cell research); drugs freedom (including the legal status of cannabis and the country's general policy on hard drugs); sexual freedom (including the legal status of pornography and sex services among consenting adults, and the country's age of sexual consent), and family and gender freedom (including women's freedom of movement, the legal status of cohabitation of unmarried couples, same sex marriage and the situation of transgender people). The index is sponsored and published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, a libertarian think tank based in Madrid, Spain. The WIMF's first edition was published on April 2, 2016, co-authored by Foundation researchers Andreas Kohl and Juan Pina. A second edition was published by the same foundation in July, 2018, this time authored by Juan Pina and Emma Watson.

Purpose[edit]

The World Index of Moral Freedom aims at completing the views presented by other international freedom indices measuring general freedom or aspects thereof (press freedom, economic freedom, etcetera). To do so, the Index aims at responding a simple question: how free from state-imposed moral constraints are human beings depending on their countries of residence? The research conducted tries to determine the degree of individual freedom to take decisions pertaining to the great moral debates of our time. The first edition of the WIMF includes a short note on the comparison between its country ranking and those of the other freedom indices.

Categories studied and classification of countries[edit]

Each category of indicators is worth twenty points (20% of the total score) and aims at responding the following questions:

  • Category A. Religious indicators. How free is the practice of any religion or none, and how religious-controlled is the state.
  • Category B. Bioethical indicators. How free is individual decision making on matters posing bioethical questions.
  • Category C. Drugs indicators. How free is the production, trade and consumption of substances deemed harmful.
  • Category D. Sexuality indicators. How free are sexual intercourse, pornography and sex services among consenting adults.
  • Category E. Gender & family indicators. How free are women, LGBT individuals and unmarried couples living together.

Each category is made up of various indicators (normally one or two leading indicators adjusted by one or two lesser wheighted ones), the weight of which is set in view of their inferred relevance towards the category's overall score. Countries have been classified towards each category according to the information available in the sources reviewed. All category results and the general index itself are presented in a 0-100 point scale. Countries are classified according to the following intervals:

  • 90-100 points – Highest moral freedom
  • 80-90 points – Very high moral freedom
  • 60-80 points – High moral freedom
  • 50-60 points – Acceptable moral freedom
  • 40-50 points – Insufficient moral freedom
  • 20-40 points – Low moral freedom
  • 10-20 points – Very low moral freedom
  • 0-10 points – Lowest moral freedom

Findings of the WIMF's first edition[edit]

State of moral freedom around the world[edit]

Only one country, the Netherlands, is classified as having the "highest" level of moral freedom by scoring slightly over the 90 points required for that label. Just four countries make it into the upper twenty points, and only ten pass the 75 point threshold. Out of the 160 countries considered, only 64 "pass the exam" and score 50 points or more. And around 30% of all countries fall in the "low", "very low" or "lowest" moral freedom areas of the index. Technology and the cultural globalization that it produces are deemed by the authors to be the most powerful driving forces towards acceptance of individual moral freedom.

Netherlands[edit]

With a three-point (three per cent) advantage over their closest competitor and eight points over the third, the Netherlands top the 2016 country ranking. The Dutch score is twenty-one points higher than the average of all countries enjoying "high" or "very high" moral freedom. For many decades, whenever moral freedom was discussed, the Netherlands had the least interventionist policies. The first country to fight human trafficking by legalising sex services performed by consenting adults, or to normalize the use of cannabis, or to acknowledge same sex marriage already in 2001, performs remarkably high in most indicators considered towards the index.

Latin countries[edit]

A trend may be inferred towards international unification of the legal and political approach to moral issues. And that trend favours the Western world's predominant choice for low moral interference by the state. This is particularly noticeable when looking at the index performance of many Southern European and Latin American countries, which seem to reveal a fast cultural evolution from traditional, conservative values into a laissez-faire approach to morality. Four of the top ten countries are Latin American or Iberian, while six other Latin countries in Southern Europe and the Americas make it to the "high moral freedom" region of the index. The particular performance of countries like Portugal or Uruguay is much higher than their recent history would indicate. These and other Latin countries seem to have discarded their traditional background of religiously influenced governance.

Islamic countries and other religious-influenced states[edit]

The fifteen lowest scoring countries at the World Index of Moral Freedom are Islamic and located in the Persian Gulf, North-Eastern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. This is also true for the region's economically free enclaves in the area. Saudi Arabia comes last (160th) in the ranking and doesn't even score ten points out of the one hundred potentially available. Only four predominantly Islamic countries obtain more than fifty points: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Turkey and Kazakhstan. A few non Islamic countries also show low levels of moral freedom which the authors consider likely to be due to a strong political leverage held by another religion.

Russia[edit]

In Russia, moral conservatism, derived from either the Orthodox faith or traditional culture, seems to have replaced Marxism as the basis for an ongoing, though softer, social engineering by the state. Russia's score is just in the middle of the classification, a position shared by some of her cultural and political allies, like Serbia or Moldova, while politically unfree Belarus falls further below. In all of these countries, the freedom of LGBT individuals is a matter of particular concern.

Communist countries[edit]

The remaining communist regimes coerce their citizens into abiding by a moral code based on allegedly scientific views. Freedom of conscience and the practice of any religion are repressed. In the case of the People's Republic of China, decades of limited economic liberalization have not resulted in an equally noticeable moral openness. Two other communist regimes, North Korea and Vietnam, fall further down into the low moral freedom area, while moral freedom is deemed insufficient in Laos and just slightly over the fifty point threshold in socialist Venezuela or in outright communist Cuba.

Other findings[edit]

For different reasons, often including abnormally low scores in a particular set of indicators, a few Western countries which perform reasonably high in other freedom indices rank rather low at the WIMF. Hungary and Norway fail to make it into the "high moral freedom" area, although just for under half a point. The British and Irish performance is particularly low within the moral freedom area. Iceland, Japan, Poland and Romania barely manage to pass the fifty point mark, while Singapore, Israel or South Korea fall in the "insufficient moral freedom" part of the index. While most countries topping the WIMF in its first edition belong to the developed world, some countries with a lesser degree of development have also made their way into the higher classification areas. Cambodia, scoring just over seventy points, obtains the fifteenth place in the global classification and is the first developing country in the index. It is also worth noting that the four European micro-states considered −the principalities of Andorra and Monaco and the republics of San Marino and Malta− score surprisingly low in comparison with their bigger neighbours. In spite of their high living standards and economic freedom, these countries fail to perform similarly when it comes to moral freedom. A similar situation is observed in Caribbean and South Pacific island micro-states, which score poorly in most categories and rank in the lower areas of the WIMF classification. This similarity between very small countries in different regions, in spite of the cultural influence of their neighbours and allies, may lead to the conclusion that moral freedom is affected, among other relevant factors, by country size.

WIMF 2018 ranking[edit]

COUNTRY RANK SCORE CLASSIFICATION RELIGIOUS BIOETHICAL DRUGS SEXUAL GENDER & FAMILY
Netherlands, The 1 91,33 Highest moral freedom 98,13 80,00 98,50 90,00 90,00
Portugal 2 86,93 Very high moral freedom 98,13 62,50 91,00 93,00 90,00
Canada 3 86,58 Very high moral freedom 98,13 75,00 88,75 81,00 90,00
Uruguay 4 84,50 Very high moral freedom 88,75 81,25 67,50 95,00 90,00
Czech Republic 5 83,63 Very high moral freedom 98,13 72,50 89,50 88,00 70,00
Germany 6 83,03 Very high moral freedom 98,13 67,50 62,00 100,00 87,50
Spain 7 81,60 Very high moral freedom 96,25 67,50 71,25 83,00 90,00
Mexico 8 81,33 Very high moral freedom 98,13 77,50 56,00 95,00 80,00
Switzerland 9 80,88 Very high moral freedom 98,13 75,00 71,25 90,00 70,00
United States of America 10 79,15 High moral freedom 97,13 89,38 45,75 73,50 90,00
Belgium 11 78,98 High moral freedom 86,88 85,00 50,00 83,00 90,00
Colombia 12 76,15 High moral freedom 80,00 52,50 80,25 93,00 75,00
Luxembourg 13 72,23 High moral freedom 98,13 75,00 15,00 83,00 90,00
Austria 14 72,13 High moral freedom 98,13 62,50 32,50 100,00 67,50
Argentina 15 71,08 High moral freedom 86,88 62,50 32,50 86,00 87,50
Denmark 16 71,08 High moral freedom 94,38 72,50 22,50 81,00 85,00
Cambodia 17 70,50 High moral freedom 77,50 62,50 85,00 60,00 67,50
Slovenia 18 69,63 High moral freedom 98,13 62,50 57,50 60,00 70,00
Estonia 19 69,03 High moral freedom 98,13 62,50 31,00 86,00 67,50
Brazil 20 68,93 High moral freedom 98,13 31,25 34,75 93,00 87,50
France 21 68,15 High moral freedom 88,75 67,50 13,50 81,00 90,00
Australia 22 66,48 High moral freedom 98,13 43,75 32,50 68,00 90,00
Italy 23 66,38 High moral freedom 89,38 72,50 34,00 86,00 50,00
New Zealand 24 66,38 High moral freedom 98,13 41,25 15,00 87,50 90,00
Sweden 25 65,95 High moral freedom 81,25 82,50 21,00 55,00 90,00
Greece 26 65,88 High moral freedom 71,88 62,50 32,50 95,00 67,50
Finland 27 65,83 High moral freedom 94,38 46,25 22,50 76,00 90,00
Bolivia 28 65,30 High moral freedom 96,25 31,25 51,50 100,00 47,50
Ecuador 29 65,13 High moral freedom 86,88 31,25 40,00 100,00 67,50
Hungary 30 64,75 High moral freedom 81,25 67,50 15,00 100,00 60,00
Ireland 31 64,05 High moral freedom 94,38 51,88 22,50 64,00 87,50
Chile 32 63,28 High moral freedom 81,25 15,63 66,00 86,00 67,50
Norway 33 62,50 High moral freedom 85,00 62,50 22,50 55,00 87,50
Slovakia 34 61,95 High moral freedom 88,75 62,50 13,50 95,00 50,00
South Africa 35 61,33 High moral freedom 96,63 72,50 7,50 40,00 90,00
United Kingdom 36 60,63 High moral freedom 94,38 50,00 18,75 52,00 88,00
Peru 37 60,58 High moral freedom 75,63 31,25 38,50 100,00 57,50
Montenegro 38 59,65 Acceptable moral freedom 88,75 62,50 13,50 86,00 47,50
Croatia 39 59,50 Acceptable moral freedom 85,00 62,50 32,50 60,00 57,50
Latvia 40 59,25 Acceptable moral freedom 88,75 62,50 7,50 90,00 47,50
Romania 41 56,50 Acceptable moral freedom 85,00 62,50 15,00 60,00 60,00
India 42 56,35 Acceptable moral freedom 73,25 77,50 53,75 46,00 31,25
Paraguay 43 55,63 Acceptable moral freedom 85,00 15,63 40,00 100,00 37,50
Malta 44 55,33 Acceptable moral freedom 90,63 0,00 32,50 66,00 87,50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 55,25 Acceptable moral freedom 88,75 62,50 22,50 65,00 37,50
Iceland 46 54,08 Acceptable moral freedom 89,13 31,25 40,00 20,00 90,00
Russia 47 54,00 Acceptable moral freedom 57,50 62,50 67,50 35,00 47,50
Macedonia 48 53,75 Acceptable moral freedom 88,75 62,50 15,00 65,00 37,50
Jamaica 49 53,50 Acceptable moral freedom 88,75 31,25 67,50 55,00 25,00
Costa Rica 50 53,45 Acceptable moral freedom 62,50 31,25 25,00 81,00 67,50
Cyprus 51 53,35 Acceptable moral freedom 82,00 31,25 15,00 71,00 67,50
Albania 52 53,13 Acceptable moral freedom 98,13 62,50 15,00 65,00 25,00
Serbia 53 53,13 Acceptable moral freedom 75,63 62,50 15,00 65,00 47,50
Poland 54 52,70 Acceptable moral freedom 81,25 31,25 15,00 81,00 55,00
Moldova 55 52,50 Acceptable moral freedom 65,00 62,50 32,50 55,00 47,50
Bulgaria 56 52,45 Acceptable moral freedom 66,25 62,50 32,50 66,00 35,00
Lithuania 57 52,25 Acceptable moral freedom 88,75 62,50 7,50 55,00 47,50
Panama 58 51,75 Acceptable moral freedom 92,50 31,25 7,50 80,00 47,50
Guyana 59 51,45 Acceptable moral freedom 88,75 62,50 13,50 55,00 37,50
Japan 60 50,85 Acceptable moral freedom 95,25 52,50 24,00 35,00 47,50
Kazakhstan 61 50,70 Acceptable moral freedom 65,00 67,50 7,50 76,00 37,50
Israel 62 50,53 Acceptable moral freedom 74,13 36,25 15,00 76,00 51,25
Venezuela 63 50,38 Acceptable moral freedom 81,25 15,63 15,00 90,00 50,00
Armenia 64 49,95 Insufficient moral freedom 53,75 67,50 15,00 76,00 37,50
Mozambique 65 49,70 Insufficient moral freedom 88,75 31,25 22,50 81,00 25,00
San Marino 66 49,55 Insufficient moral freedom 90,63 15,63 15,00 79,00 47,50
Georgia 67 49,25 Insufficient moral freedom 81,25 67,50 7,50 55,00 35,00
Cuba 68 49,00 Insufficient moral freedom 41,50 72,50 7,50 76,00 47,50
Guinea 69 49,00 Insufficient moral freedom 88,75 31,25 22,50 65,00 37,50
Monaco 70 48,95 Insufficient moral freedom 62,50 31,25 22,50 81,00 47,50
Nepal 71 48,83 Insufficient moral freedom 85,38 62,50 22,50 55,00 18,75
Ghana 72 48,63 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 31,25 22,50 60,00 31,25
Malawi 73 48,45 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 22,50 81,00 25,00
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 74 48,38 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 31,25 15,00 60,00 37,50
Turkey 75 48,03 Insufficient moral freedom 32,13 72,50 15,00 73,00 47,50
Seychelles 76 47,88 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 31,25 7,50 65,00 37,50
Mongolia 77 47,70 Insufficient moral freedom 70,00 62,50 13,50 55,00 37,50
Ukraine 78 47,58 Insufficient moral freedom 55,38 66,25 60,00 15,00 41,25
Tajikistan 79 47,50 Insufficient moral freedom 70,00 62,50 15,00 55,00 35,00
Senegal 80 47,25 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 15,00 95,00 12,50
Ivory Coast 81 46,70 Insufficient moral freedom 94,38 15,63 22,50 76,00 25,00
Korea, South 82 46,38 Insufficient moral freedom 93,13 41,25 22,50 25,00 50,00
Madagascar 83 46,33 Insufficient moral freedom 70,00 15,63 22,50 86,00 37,50
Kyrgyzstan 84 46,00 Insufficient moral freedom 51,50 62,50 15,00 76,00 25,00
Cameroon 85 45,88 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 31,25 15,00 60,00 25,00
Saint Lucia 86 45,88 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 31,25 7,50 55,00 37,50
Solomon Islands 87 45,75 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 22,50 55,00 37,50
Belarus 88 45,70 Insufficient moral freedom 56,00 62,50 7,50 55,00 47,50
Singapore 89 45,70 Insufficient moral freedom 65,00 72,50 7,50 36,00 47,50
Bahamas, The 90 45,50 Insufficient moral freedom 88,75 31,25 15,00 55,00 37,50
Liberia 91 45,50 Insufficient moral freedom 88,75 31,25 15,00 55,00 37,50
Gambia, The 92 45,43 Insufficient moral freedom 84,63 31,25 15,00 65,00 31,25
Mauritius 93 45,38 Insufficient moral freedom 88,75 15,63 15,00 60,00 47,50
Trinidad and Tobago 94 45,38 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 31,25 15,00 45,00 37,50
Guinea-Bissau 95 45,25 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 15,00 60,00 37,50
Andorra 96 45,00 Insufficient moral freedom 71,88 15,63 22,50 55,00 60,00
Suriname 97 45,00 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 15,00 55,00 41,25
Laos 98 44,25 Insufficient moral freedom 70,00 31,25 22,50 60,00 37,50
Uzbekistan 99 43,93 Insufficient moral freedom 49,63 62,50 15,00 55,00 37,50
Guatemala 100 43,83 Insufficient moral freedom 77,50 15,63 22,50 66,00 37,50
Haiti 101 43,75 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 22,50 45,00 37,50
Zimbabwe 102 43,70 Insufficient moral freedom 88,75 31,25 13,50 60,00 25,00
Papua New Guinea 103 43,25 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 22,50 55,00 25,00
Equatorial Guinea 104 43,13 Insufficient moral freedom 86,88 31,25 15,00 45,00 37,50
Dominica 105 42,75 Insufficient moral freedom 98,13 15,63 7,50 55,00 37,50
Tunisia 106 42,58 Insufficient moral freedom 27,38 62,50 15,00 83,00 25,00
Honduras 107 42,45 Insufficient moral freedom 75,63 15,63 15,00 81,00 25,00
Azerbaijan 108 42,30 Insufficient moral freedom 51,50 62,50 7,50 55,00 35,00
Tuvalu 109 41,93 Insufficient moral freedom 77,50 15,63 15,00 64,00 37,50
Uganda 110 41,88 Insufficient moral freedom 75,63 31,25 22,50 55,00 25,00
Swaziland 111 41,50 Insufficient moral freedom 88,75 31,25 15,00 60,00 12,50
Dominican Republic 112 40,78 Insufficient moral freedom 86,88 0,00 13,50 66,00 37,50
Tonga 113 40,38 Insufficient moral freedom 64,75 15,63 15,00 69,00 37,50
Philippines, The 114 39,63 Low moral freedom 92,50 15,63 15,00 25,00 50,00
Botswana 115 39,50 Low moral freedom 88,75 31,25 32,50 20,00 25,00
China 116 39,30 Low moral freedom 39,00 72,50 15,00 25,00 45,00
Mali 117 39,30 Low moral freedom 84,25 31,25 22,50 46,00 12,50
El Salvador 118 39,20 Low moral freedom 85,00 0,00 7,50 66,00 37,50
Central African Republic 119 37,23 Low moral freedom 59,50 15,63 22,50 76,00 12,50
Kenya 120 36,95 Low moral freedom 87,25 31,25 15,00 20,00 31,25
Turkmenistan 121 36,88 Low moral freedom 15,88 62,50 13,50 55,00 37,50
Nicaragua 122 36,33 Low moral freedom 75,63 0,00 15,00 66,00 25,00
Rwanda 123 36,20 Low moral freedom 68,50 31,25 7,50 55,00 18,75
Angola 124 36,13 Low moral freedom 70,00 15,63 15,00 55,00 25,00
Jordan 125 35,88 Low moral freedom 34,38 31,25 57,50 25,00 31,25
Vietnam 126 35,38 Low moral freedom 59,38 62,50 15,00 5,00 35,00
Korea, North 127 34,50 Low moral freedom 37,50 62,50 15,00 20,00 37,50
Ethiopia 128 34,25 Low moral freedom 70,25 31,25 15,00 36,00 18,75
Lebanon 129 33,90 Low moral freedom 80,13 15,63 15,00 40,00 18,75
Thailand 130 29,38 Low moral freedom 59,75 20,63 1,50 20,00 45,00
Comoros 131 29,25 Low moral freedom 32,50 31,25 11,25 40,00 31,25
Djibouti 132 29,13 Low moral freedom 32,50 15,63 11,25 55,00 31,25
Mauritania 133 28,73 Low moral freedom 20,50 15,63 22,50 60,00 25,00
Bangladesh 134 28,53 Low moral freedom 32,00 15,63 22,50 60,00 12,50
Nigeria 135 27,28 Low moral freedom 57,63 31,25 22,50 15,00 10,00
Eritrea 136 26,80 Low moral freedom 41,50 31,25 15,00 15,00 31,25
Malaysia 137 26,20 Low moral freedom 46,00 31,25 15,00 15,00 23,75
Morocco 138 26,20 Low moral freedom 41,00 31,25 15,00 15,00 28,75
Myanmar 139 26,13 Low moral freedom 10,00 15,63 15,00 65,00 25,00
Maldives 140 25,75 Low moral freedom 25,00 31,25 7,50 40,00 25,00
Syria 141 23,30 Low moral freedom 30,88 15,63 18,75 20,00 31,25
Indonesia 142 22,93 Low moral freedom 28,38 31,25 22,50 0,00 32,50
Somalia 143 22,25 Low moral freedom 34,38 15,63 15,00 15,00 31,25
Sri Lanka 144 21,90 Low moral freedom 38,88 15,63 15,00 15,00 25,00
Sudan 145 21,43 Low moral freedom 13,38 31,25 22,50 15,00 25,00
Bahrain 146 21,25 Low moral freedom 15,00 67,50 11,25 0,00 12,50
Libya 147 21,00 Low moral freedom 25,00 31,25 22,50 0,00 26,25
Oman 148 20,63 Low moral freedom 43,13 31,25 22,50 0,00 6,25
Algeria 149 20,25 Low moral freedom 28,75 31,25 15,00 20,00 6,25
Brunei 150 19,88 Very low moral freedom 32,50 15,63 11,25 15,00 25,00
Pakistan 151 18,05 Very low moral freedom 14,00 31,25 22,50 0,00 22,50
Iran 152 17,75 Very low moral freedom 5,63 35,63 25,00 0,00 22,50
Egypt 153 17,25 Very low moral freedom 26,88 15,63 22,50 15,00 6,25
Afghanistan 154 16,50 Very low moral freedom 23,13 15,63 18,75 0,00 25,00
Kuwait 155 15,93 Very low moral freedom 33,38 31,25 15,00 0,00 0,00
Qatar 156 15,63 Very low moral freedom 31,88 31,25 15,00 0,00 0,00
Iraq 157 12,63 Very low moral freedom 32,50 15,63 15,00 0,00 0,00
United Arab Emirates 158 11,50 Very low moral freedom 22,13 15,63 13,50 0,00 6,25
Yemen 159 11,23 Very low moral freedom 18,00 15,63 22,50 0,00 0,00
Saudi Arabia 160 10,13 Very low moral freedom 5,63 31,25 7,50 0,00 6,25

Reception[edit]

In Portugal and, to a lesser extent, in Spain, many mainstream media and a number of other online media reported on the World Index of Moral Freedom 2016. All in all, just over ninety media carried the story.[2] Generally speaking, reception was positive in Portugal and both positive and negative in Spain. The following are some of the main media carrying the story:

  • Expresso (Portugal, mainstream news magazine), "Portugal é o terceiro país com mais liberdade moral do mundo" (Portugal is the third country in the world with the highest moral freedom). Positive reception.[3] A similar news story, as disseminated by news agencies, was also carried by TVI24 television outlet and regional newspapers like Diário de Notícias de Madeira, Açoriano Oriental, Algarve Notícias and others. Some media in other Portuguese speaking countries also reproduced the story, like Bissau Resiste (Guinea Bissau) or Awure news portal (Brazil). The story was published in Tetum language by East Timor news blog Timor Agora.[4]
  • Cuatro (Spain, mainstream TV outlet), "España, sexto país del mundo en libertad moral" (Spain, sixth country in the world in terms of moral freedom). Positive reception.[5] A similar story, as disseminated by news agencies, was also reproduced by mainstream newspapers La Vanguardia (Barcelona), El Español (Madrid), El Día (Tenerife) or El Economista (Madrid), to mention but a few. The same story was also carried by major TV outlet Telecinco.
  • Actuall (Spain, large catholic online newspaper), "Drogas, prostitución, pornografía… España, a la cabeza mundial en 'corrupción' moral" (Drugs, prostitution, pornography ... Spain is a world leader in moral corruption). Negative reception.[6]
  • Diario de Sevilla (Spain, regional newspaper), "Paradójica España" (Paradoxal Spain). Negative mention.[7]
  • Radio Inter (Spain, nationwide radio station), news report on the World Index of Moral Freedom, broadcast on April 21, 2016.[8]
  • Stiri.com.ro (Romania, news portal), "Indexul Mondial al Libertatii Morale a fost publicat" (World Index of Moral Freedom published).[9]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]

World Index of Moral Freedom 2016 (WIMF) 2016, published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, Madrid, Spain, on April 2, 2016.

World Index of Moral Freedom 2018 (WIMF) 2018, published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, Madrid, Spain, in July, 2018.