World Intellectual Property Indicators

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World Intellectual Property Indicators is an annual report published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), providing a wide range of indicators covering the areas of intellectual property.[1] It draws on data from national and regional IP offices, the WIPO, the World Bank, and UNESCO. The WIPO have published the reports annually since 2009.[2][3]

Patents[edit]

Countries[edit]

Patent applications for the top 20 offices[4][5][6][7][8][edit]

Country 2020 Rank 2020 Patent applications 2019 Rank 2019 Patent applications 2018 Rank 2018 Patent applications
 China 1 1,497,159 1 1,400,661 1 1,542,002
 U.S. 2 597,172 2 621,453 2 597,141
 Japan 3 288,472 3 307,969 3 313,567
 South Korea 4 226,759 4 218,975 4 209,992
European Patent Office 5 180,346 5 181,479 5 174,397
 Germany 6 62,105 6 67,434 6 67,898
 India 7 56,771 7 53,627 7 50,055
 Russian Federation 8 34,984 9 35,511 8 37,957
 Canada 9 34,565 8 36,488 9 36,161
 Australia 10 29,294 10 29,758 10 29,957
 Brazil 11 24,338 11 25,396 11 24,857
 United Kingdom 13 20,649 12 19,250 12 20,941
 Mexico 15 14,312 14 15,941 13 16,424
 France 14 14,313 15 15,869 14 16,222
 Hong Kong SAR, China 12 21,556 13 16,532 15 15,986
 Iran 17 12,030 17 12,147 16 12,823
 Singapore 16 13,265 16 14,136 17 11,845
 Italy 18 11,008 19 10,127 18 9,821
 Indonesia 19 8,160 18 11,481 19 9,754
 Turkey 20 8,158 21 8,088
 Thailand 21 20 8,172 20 8,149

Patent grants for the top 20 offices[9][5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Patent grants 2020 Rank 2019 Patent grants 2019 Rank 2018 Patent grants 2018
 China 1 530127 1 452804 1 432,147
 U.S. 2 351993 2 354430 2 307,759
 Japan 3 179383 3 179910 3 194,525
European Patent Office 5 133706 4 137782 4 127,603
 South Korea 4 134766 5 125661 5 119,012
 Russian Federation 6 28788 6 34008 6 35,774
 Canada 8 21284 8 22009 7 23,499
 Australia 10 17778 10 17010 8 17,065
 Germany 11 17305 9 18255 9 16,367
 India 7 26361 7 23578 10 13,908
 France 12 12874 11 13593 11 12249
 Brazil 9 20407 12 10947 12 9966
 Indonesia 16 7981 13 10514 16 6374
 Mexico 17 7726 14 8702 14 8921
 Italy 14 9152 15 8617 15 6424
 Hong Kong SAR, China 18 7658 16 6780 13 9651
 United Kingdom 13 9772 18 5948 17 5982
 Israel 20 4668 19 4197
 Singapore 19 5386 20 4188 18 5172
 Malaysia 15 8206 21 4106

Resident patent applications per GDP for the top 20 origins[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Patent applications
per GDP 2020
Rank 2019 Patent applications
per GDP 2019
Rank 2018 Patent applications
per GDP 2018
 South Korea 1 8249 1 7779 1 8,561
 China 2 5845 2 5520 2 6,183
 Germany 3 1609 4 1642 4 1,924
  Switzerland 4 1607 5 1634 5 1,831
 U.S. 5 1358 6 1389 6 1,565
 Finland 6 1333 9 1127 7 1,346
 Denmark 8 1123 8 1128 8 1,320
 Sweden 7 1178 7 1130 9 1,225
 Netherlands 11 907 10 935 10 1,078
 Austria 10 956 11 881 12 1052
 France 12 825 12 789 13 934
 Luxembourg 13 750 13 765 11 1059
 Russian Federation 16 625 14 599 15 673
 United Kingdom 14 633 15 583 14 697
 Belgium 17 584 16 557 16 659
 Italy 15 632 17 537 17 617
 Norway 19 446 18 467
 Israel 18 465 20 376
 Iran 9 1091 7 1126
 Poland 20 367 22 347

Resident patent applications per million population for the top 20 origins[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Patent applications
per million population 2020
Rank 2019 Patent applications
per million population 2019
Rank 2018 Patent applications
per million population 2018
 South Korea 1 3485 1 3319 1 3148
 Japan 2 1807 2 1943 2 2005
  Switzerland 3 1099 3 1122 3 1081
 China 4 959 4 890 4 1001
 Germany 5 819 5 884 5 884
 United States 6 818 6 869 6 871
 Denmark 8 628 7 645 7 629
 Sweden 9 597 8 601 8 578
 Finland 7 630 9 548 9 564
 Netherlands 11 492 10 530 10 537
 Austria 10 496 11 496 11 489
 France 12 347 12 363 12 369
 Singapore 13 313 13 303 16 279
 Norway 14 284 14 297 13 318
 Belgium 15 281 15 288 14 285
 North Korea 16 269 16 287
 United Kingdom 17 263 17 272 15 280
 Italy 18 246 18 229 17 220
 Russian Federation 20 168 19 165 18 175
 Israel 19 178 20 151 19 170

Patents in force for the top 20 offices[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Patents in force 2020 Rank 2019 Patents in force 2019 Rank 2018 2018 Patent in force
 United States 1 3348531 1 3131427 1 3,063,494
 China 2 3057844 2 2670784 2 2,366,314
 Japan 3 2039040 3 2053879 3 2,054,276
 South Korea 4 1096721 4 1048079 4 1,001,163
 Germany 5 834734 5 772358 5 703,606
 United Kingdom 6 682245 6 641887 7 572,063
 France 7 674334 7 640883 6 602,084
 Italy 8 348888 8 339072 8 306,768
 Russian Federation 9 266189 9 263688 9 256,419
  Switzerland 10 250143 10 246124 10 244,581
 Spain 11 224455 11 222666
 Ireland 12 217386 12 221884 11 196,707
 Netherlands 13 212855 14 205675
 Belgium 14 209751 13 208313 12 194,393
 Canada 15 192668 15 187928 13 184,559
 Luxembourg 16 165249 18 145728 14 167,594
 Austria 17 159581 16 171654 15 156,244
 Australia 18 159304 17 159244 19 98,245
 Mexico 19 113330 19 113449 17 113,286
 Sweden 20 111789 21 107032 16 115,893

Organizations[edit]

Top patent applicants worldwide 2003–2012[10][5][6][7][edit]

Rank Applicant Country Patent families
1 Panasonic  Japan 111,653
2 Samsung Electronics  South Korea 95,852
3 Canon  Japan 74,193
4 Toyota  Japan 73,220
5 Toshiba  Japan 65,151
6 LG Electronics  South Korea 64,593
7 Seiko Epson  Japan 62,305
8 IBM  United States 45,473
9 Ricoh  Japan 45,306
10 Sony  Japan 44,261

Top patent applicants worldwide 2013 - 2018 [11][12][5][6][7][edit]

2019 Rank 2018 Top applicants 2018 Top applicants 2018 country 2018 Rank 2018 Top applicants 2013 -2015 Applicant country Patent families 2013 -2015
4,411 1 Huawei  China 5,405 1 Canon  Japan 24,006
2,661 2 Mitsubishi Electric  Japan 2,812 2 Samsung Electronics  South Korea 21,836
2,334 3 Samsung Electronics  South Korea 1,997 3 State Grid Corporation of China  China 21,635
2,127 4 Qualcomm  United States 2,404 4 Mitsubishi Electric  Japan 15,277
1,927 5 Oppo  China 1,042 5 IBM  United States 14,972
1,864 6 Boe Technology  China 1,813 6 Toyota  Japan 14,840
1,698 7 Ericsson  Sweden 1,645 7 Huawei  China 14,605
1,691 8 Ping An Technology  China 336 7 Toshiba  Japan 14,567
1,687 9 Robert Bosch GmbH  Germany 1,525 9 LG Electronics  South Korea 14,561
1,646 10 LG Electronics  South Korea 1,697 10 Robert Bosch GmbH  Germany 12,598

Top PCT patent applicants 2019 and 2020 [5][6][7][edit]

Top PCT patent applicants 2019 Country 2020 Rank 2020 PCT applications 2019 Rank 2019 PCT applications
Huawei  China 1 5464 1 4411
Samsung Electronics  South Korea 2 3093 3 2334
Mitsubishi Electric  Japan 3 2810 2 2661
LG Electronics  South Korea 4 2759 10 1646
Qualcomm  U.S. 5 2173 4 2127
Ericsson  Sweden 6 1989 7 1698
BOE Technology  China 7 1892 6 1864
Oppo  China 8 1801 5 1927
Sony  Japan 9 1793 13 1566
Panasonic  Japan 10 1611 12 1567

Trademarks[edit]

Trademark applications (class count) for the top 20 offices[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Total 2020 Rank 2019 Total 2019
 China 1 9345757 1 7833010
 U.S. 2 870306 2 672644
 Japan 6 421166 3 546224
 Iran 3 541750 4 454925
European Patent Office 4 438511 5 407675
 India 5 424583 6 367768
 France 11 290194 7 311647
 Russian Federation 7 398240 8 306982
 South Korea 9 319945 9 284090
 Turkey 8 363708 10 282449
 Brazil 10 297933 11 246244
 Germany 13 264669 12 235937
 United Kingdom 12 278699 13 220369
 Canada 16 147267 14 174287
 Mexico 14 162541 15 160185
 Australia 15 149540 16 140086
 Vietnam 18 108641 17 112381
 Italy 20 100872 18 97096
  Switzerland 19 101121 19 96326
 Indonesia 17 123787 20 85807

Resident trademark applications per GDP for the top origins [6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Trademark applications per GDP 2020 Rank 2019 Trademark applications per GDP 2019
 Iran 1 50406 1 42605
 China 2 39620 2 33711
 Mongolia 3 35656 3 27241
 Paraguay 4 13933 4 12493
 Turkey 5 13846 5 10573
 South Korea 6 12310 7 10345
 Republic of Moldova 7 12119 14 9123
 Jamaica 8 11756 8 10175
 Cyprus 9 10859 13 9203
 France 10 10545 6 10415
 New Zealand 11 10494 18 8469
 Chile 12 10478 24 6956
 Portugal 13 10243 12 9522
 Estonia 14 9769 20 8429
 Vietnam 15 9626 11 9607
 Armenia 16 9297 10 9687
 Japan * 15 9029
 Russian Federation 18 8809 31 6178
 Brazil 19 8723 22 7021
 Bulgaria 20 8572 16 8836

Resident trademark applications per million population for the top 20 origins [5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Trademark Application per million 2020 Rank 2019 Trademark Application per million 2019
 China 1 6502 1 5425
 Iran 2 6267 2 5278
 France 6 4432 3 4774
  Switzerland 3 5214 4 4748
 South Korea 4 5201 5 4419
 Hong Kong SAR, China 7 3964 6 3887
 Japan 15 2725 7 3736
 Germany 9 3835 8 3399
 Portugal 11 3296 9 3321
 Austria 13 3150 10 3154
 Australia 10 3503 11 3087
 Turkey 8 3930 12 2982
 United Kingdom 12 3257 13 2619
 Netherlands 14 2890 14 2533
 Sweden 16 2577 16 2438
 Czech Republic 18 2413 17 2286
 Singapore 20 2252 23 1950
 Chile 17 2444 28 1737
 Russian Federation 19 2369 29 1709
 New Zealand 5 4450 94 0

Trademarks in force for the top 20 offices[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Marks in force 2020 Rank 2019 Marks in force 2019
 China 1 30173085 1 25218516
 U.S. 2 2605916 2 2779113
 India 3 2409005 3 2038798
 Japan 4 1973640 4 1918489
 France 5 1572726 5 1527702
European Patent Office 6 1523465 6 1413406
 Brazil 7 1459790 7 1315878
 South Korea 8 1380625 8 1305260
 Mexico 9 1292538 9 1217805
 Turkey 10 1220050 10 1125914
 Germany 11 968844 11 953153
 Argentina 12 878713 12 857813
 United Kingdom 13 828929 13 782602
 Spain 14 793934 14 767923
 Russian Federation 15 713833 15 664335
Benelux Office for Intellectual Property 16 657764 16 643832
 Australia 17 655595 17 621231
 Canada 18 620860 18 617968
  Switzerland 19 523700 19 514825
 Italy 20 513086 20 505684

Top Madrid trademark applicants (2020 and 2019)[6][7][edit]

The Madrid System for the International Registration of Marks is a protocol to protect trademarks worldwide, in over 120 countries.[13][14] The Madrid System has a centralized trademark registration system through a single application, in one language and with one set of fees (in one currency, the Swiss franc), protection can be obtained in member states and intergovernmental organizations.[15][16] International registrations can then be modified, renewed or expanded, centrally through WIPO (rather than through each separate IP Office).[17] The Madrid System can only be used by a natural person or a legal entity, which is a national, is domiciled or has a company in the territory of a member of the Madrid System.

Applicant Rank 2020 Madrid aplications in 2020 Rank 2019 Madrid applications in 2019
Novartis 1 233 3 129
Huawei 2 197 2 164
Shiseido 3 130 9 70
Adp Gauselmann 4 123 19 39
L'Oreal 5 115 1 193
Nintendo 6 90 26 32
Euro Games Technology 7 84 14 48
Apple 8 80 4 104
Syngenta 9 78 27 30
RIGO Trading SA 10 70 5 102

Industrial designs[edit]

Application design counts for the top 10 offices[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Application
design count 2020
Rank 2019 Application
design count 2019
Rank 2018 Application
design count 2018
 China 1 770362 1 711617 1 536,251
EUIPO 2 113196 2 113319 2 105,116
 South Korea 3 70821 3 69360 3 50,678
 Germany 6 40638 6 44097 4 48,360
 Turkey 5 47653 5 46202 5 45,735
 Italy 10 25364 9 31111 6 37,674
 United States 4 50743 4 49848 7 33,449
 Japan 8 31650 8 32176 8 27,967
 United Kingdom 7 32731 10 29896 9 24,688
 Spain 13 12376 12 16175 10 18853
 France 9 31196 7 37404 13 12495
 Iran 11 14984 11 17622 11 14774
 India 12 12793 13 13723 12 12632
  Switzerland 15 10160 14 12621 14 11640
 Russian Federation 14 10589 15 10928 15 8943
 Australia 17 7359 16 8857 17 8029
 Ukraine 20 5619 17 7624 16 8166
 Canada 16 7530 18 7538 18 6818
 Brazil 18 6263 19 6432 19 6111
 Thailand 19 5818 20 5293

Resident application design counts per GDP for the top 20 origins [5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Designs applications per GDP 2020 Rank 2019 Designs applications per GDP 2019
 China 1 3270 1 3076
 South Korea 2 2926 2 2778
 Mongolia 4 1641 3 2152
 Iran 6 1426 4 1703
 Turkey 3 1757 5 1668
 Italy 5 1515 6 1654
 Cyprus 16 665 7 1573
 France 8 1243 8 1360
 Republic of Moldova 12 843 9 1300
 Morocco 9 1104 10 1296
 Germany 7 1289 11 1260
 Spain 11 904 12 1000
 U.K. 10 978 13 891
 Bulgaria 20 580 14 887
 Ukraine 18 625 15 866
 Portugal 14 739 16 757
 Luxembourg 17 656 17 726
 Jamaica 13 815 19 708
 Denmark 15 682 20 703
 Austria 19 594 22 537

Resident application design counts per million population for the top 20 origins[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Application design count
per million population 2020
Rank 2019 Application design count
per million population 2019
Rank 2018 Application design count
per million population 2018
 South Korea 1 1236 1 1187 1 1163
 Italy 3 591 2 699 2 764
 Germany 2 656 3 676 3 720
 France 5 523 4 625 9 279
 China 4 537 5 495 4 495
 Turkey 6 499 6 470 7 431
 UK 7 407 7 414 6 435
 Spain 10 327 8 408 5 470
  Switzerland 9 338 10 389 8 405
 Netherlands 12 239 12 284 10 233
 Sweden 15 204 14 238 11 211
 Iran 17 177 15 211 13 179
 Japan 16 178 17 182 12 185
 Denmark 8 382 9 406
 Austria 11 309 11 300
 Portugal 13 238 13 264
 Hong Kong, China 19 145 16 197
 Finland 14 218 18 171
 Poland 18 177 19 150
 Czech Republic 20 138 20 142

Industrial design registrations in force for the top 10 offices[5][6][7][edit]

Country Rank 2020 Registrations
in force 2020
Rank 2019 Registrations
in force 2019
Rank 2018 Registrations
in force 2018
 China 1 2187356 1 1789671 1 1610616
 South Korea 3 369526 2 358803 2 344560
 United States 2 371870 3 357959 3 336116
 Japan 4 263307 4 261669 4 257157
EUIPO 5 251692 5 236935 5 223492
 Turkey 7 145656 6 135803 6 127197
 UK 8 120778 7 99592 8 75476
 India 9 89397 8 86923 7 86288
 France 10 76203 9 83707
 Germany 11 52413 10 53958 9 54726
 Australia 12 50559 11 50528 10 50069
 Brazil 13 46972 12 49542 11 46910
 Canada 14 42906 13 41952 12 42277
 Russian Federation 16 41161 14 38550 13 35898
 Iran 15 41509 15 37391 14 28999
 Spain 17 30697 16 29975 15 27305
 Mexico 18 27778 17 28059 16 26866
 Indonesia 19 24573 18 27613
 Hong Kong SAR, China 20 22569 19 21858 17 21707
 Israel 6 219148 125

Hague top applicants in 2020 and 2019[7][edit]

The Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs[18] provides an international mechanism that secures protection of up to 100 designs[18][19] in multiple countries or regions, through a single international application. International design applications are filed directly through WIPO.[20] The domestic legal framework of each designated contracting party governs the design protection provided by the resulting international registrations.[21] The Hague System does not require the applicant to file a national or regional design application.[22]

Applicant Rank 2020 Hague applications 2020 Rank 2019 Hague applications 2019
LG Electronics 1 446 1 449
Xiaomi 2 216 3 111
Samsung 3 170 2 166
Hyundai 4 141 7 57
Philips 5 95 4 85
Volkswagen 6 84 5 73
Hermès 7 68 15 27
Daimler 8 65 10 42
Proctor & Gamble 9 57 6 65
Kärcher 10 47 12 35

Controversies[edit]

Taiwanese patents[edit]

Since Taiwan (ROC) is not a member of the United Nations, the number of patents filed in Taiwan is not reported separately from China in the Indicators. The number of patent applications filed with the Taiwan Intellectual Property Office (TIPO) in 2018 was 73,431,[23] which would place it in 6th place worldwide for that year, or 2nd place per capita. In 2014, Bloomberg ranked Taiwan #1 in Patent Activity, using UN data.[24][25] The last WIPO Indicators report to mention the name Taiwan was in 2017, noting the large number of patents by Foxconn.[26][27][28][29]

China has been criticized for its efforts in the UN to reduce the visibility of Taiwan,[30][31] including via WIPO; in 2020 Beijing reportedly retaliated to the failed election of a Chinese director-general of the organization by preventing the Wikimedia Foundation from gaining observer status at the WIPO, on the grounds that Wikimedia has a Taiwan subsidiary.[32][33][34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Launch of World Intellectual Property Indicators – 2015 Edition". www.wipo.int.
  2. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators". World Intellectual Property Organization. 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  3. ^ "WIPO IP Statistics Data Center". www3.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  4. ^ "Publications: World Intellectual Property Indicators (WIPI)". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o World Intellectual Property Organization (2020). World Intellectual Property Indicators 2020. www.wipo.int. World IP Indicators (WIPI). World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). doi:10.34667/tind.42184. ISBN 9789280532012. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2019". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2021" (PDF). WIPO. Retrieved 30 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.wipo.int. 2019.
  9. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.wipo.int. 2019.
  10. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators" (PDF). World Intellectual Property Indicators. World Intellectual Property Organization. 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  11. ^ "China Becomes Top Filer of International Patents in 2019". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  12. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators" (PDF). World Intellectual Property Indicators. World Intellectual Property Organization. 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Madrid System". International Trademark Association. Retrieved 2021-09-15.
  14. ^ "WIPO | Madrid – The International Trademark System". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-09-15.
  15. ^ "International trademarks: Is the Madrid System right for you? | Novagraaf". www.novagraaf.com. Retrieved 2021-09-15.
  16. ^ Australia, I. P. (2016-03-18). "Getting an international trade mark". www.ipaustralia.gov.au. Retrieved 2021-09-15.
  17. ^ The Madrid Protocol (PDF). ARISE+ ASEAN Intellectual Proprty Rights.
  18. ^ a b "Hague – The International Design System". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  19. ^ Research Handbook on Design Law. 2021-05-18. ISBN 978-1-78195-588-8.
  20. ^ "WIPO Lex". wipolex.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  21. ^ "Hague System Member Profiles". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  22. ^ "WIPO Lex". wipolex.wipo.int. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  23. ^ "TIPO Statistics Report: Patent and Trademark Applications in 2018". Taiwan Intellectual Property Office. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  24. ^ Lu, Wei; Chan, Marcus (6 August 2017). "In Global Innovation Race, Taiwan Is Tops in Patents, Israel Leads in R&D - Bloomberg". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  25. ^ "MOST INNOVATIVE IN THE WORLD 2014: COUNTRIES" (PDF). Bloomberg. 13 March 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-13.
  26. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2017" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  27. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2018" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  28. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2019" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  29. ^ "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2020" (PDF). WIPO. World Intellectual Property Organization.
  30. ^ Horton, Chris (8 May 2017). "Blocked by China, Taiwan Presses to Join U.N. Agency's Meeting". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  31. ^ Lee, Kristine. "It's Not Just the WHO: How China Is Moving on the Whole U.N." POLITICO. Politico. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  32. ^ Glosserman, Brad (9 March 2020). "China loses a skirmish in fight for global influence". The Japan Times. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  33. ^ Hui, Mary (25 September 2020). "Beijing blocked Wikimedia from a UN agency because of "Taiwan-related issues"". Quartz. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  34. ^ Magnier, Mark (30 September 2020). "Beijing blocks Wikipedia from UN agency to resist 'Western values': analysts". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 21 February 2021.

External links[edit]