World Karate Federation

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World Karate Federation
WKF
Sport Karate
Jurisdiction Worldwide
Founded 0ctober 10, 1970[1][2][3]
Affiliation IOC
Regional affiliation World
Headquarters Madrid
Location Spain
President Antonio Espinos of Spain
Official website
www.wkf.net

The World Karate Federation (WKF) is the largest international governing body of sport karate with over 130 member countries. It was formed in 1990 and is the only karate organization recognised by the International Olympic Committee and has more than ten million members.[4][5][6] The WKF organizes the Junior and Senior Karate World Championships, which are each held every other year. The President of the WKF is Antonio Espinos, and the headquarters are located in Madrid, Spain. The styles recognised by the WKF are Gōjū-ryū, Shitō-ryū, Shotokan and Wadō-ryū.[7]

History[edit]

Karate was introduced into Europe around the 1950s by Japanese masters, mainly from the Japan Karate Association (JKA).[8] In 1961, Jacques Delcourt was appointed President of French Karate, which was at that stage an associated member of the Judo Federation. In 1963 he invited the six other known European federations (Italy, Great Britain, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland and Spain) to come to France for the first-ever international karate event, and Great Britain and Belgium accepted the invitation.[9]

In December of that year, six of the seven federations gathered in Paris, in what was to be the first European Karate Congress, with the aim of improving and organising karate tournaments between their countries. It was noted that the unification of the different karate styles was impossible, and so they decided to unify the refereeing.[10][11]

By 1965 the European Karate Union was created, with Jacques Delcourt was voted in as President. The following year the first European Karate Championships were held, in Paris. The event drew roughly three hundred spectators and was shown on live TV; however, it drew criticisms for being too violent as there were many face injuries. The EKU council had differing opinions about the source of the injuries, with opinions ranging from excessive rules violations to lack of conditioning and blocking skill. This problem was addressed in some part at the first referee course, held in Rome. Here, the refereeing rules were harmonised using the JKA rules as a basis.

In 1970, the International Karate Union (IKU) was formed by Jacques Delcourt in an effort to organise karate at world level. Upon hearing this, Ryoichi Sasakawa, President of the Federation of All Japan Karatedo Organization (FAJKO), traveled to France to discuss the creation of an international governing body.[12][13] The IKU was quickly disbanded and a new organisation was formed between the EKU and the Japanese federation, and was called the World Union of Karate-do Organizations (WUKO).[14][15]

In 1985 the World Union of Karate-do Organizations is officially recognised by the International Olympic Committee as the official board for karate.[16]

WUKO tried to unify with the International Traditional Karate Federation (ITKF) in 1990 to form the WKF; however, this attempt failed and the WUKO group left to form the WKF on their own.[17][18][19][20][21]

In the early 1990s, Hidetaka Nishiyama's refusal to align his ITKF organization with the World Union of Karate-Do Organizations (WUKO) caused the International Olympic Committee to suspend its recognition of WUKO as amateur karate's international governing body.[22] The ITKF and WUKO had been due to merge and form a unified karate organization, but this did not eventuate.[23] The WUKO eventually became the World Union of Karate-Do Federations in late 2008.[23]

Competition and events[edit]

Kumite[edit]

Kumite Rule[edit]

The result of a bout is determined by a contestant obtaining a clear lead of eight points, or at time-up, having the highest number of points, obtaining a decision (HANTEI), or by a Accumulation of PROHIBITED BEHAVIOURs, imposed against a contestant.

Scoring

  • IPPON(Three points)
    • Jodan kicks(High kicks)
    • Any scoring technique delivered on a thrown or fallen opponent
  • WAZA-ARI(Two points)
    • Chudan kicks(Middle kicks)
  • YUKO(One point)
    • Tsuki(Punch)
    • Uchi(Strike)

※Jodan(Head,Face,Neck),Chudan(Abdomen,Chest,Back,Side)

  • PROHIBITED BEHAVIOUR
    • CATEGORY 1
      • Techniques which make excessive contact, having regard to the scoring area attacked, and techniques which make contact with the throat.
      • Attacks to the arms or legs, groin, joints, or instep.
      • Attacks to the face with open hand techniques.
      • Dangerous or forbidden throwing techniques.
    • CATEGORY 2
      • Feigning, or exaggerating injury.
      • Exit from the competition area (JOGAI) not caused by the opponent.
      • Self-endangerment by indulging in behaviour, which exposes the contestant to injury by the opponent, or failing to take adequate measures for self-protection, (MUBOBI).
      • Avoiding combat as a means of preventing the opponent having the opportunity to score.
      • Passivity – not attempting to engage in combat. (Cannot be given after less than the last 10 seconds of the match.)
      • Clinching, wrestling, pushing, or standing chest to chest without attempting a a scoring technique or takedown.
      • Grabbing the opponent with both hands for any other reasons than executing a takedown upon catching the opponents kicking leg.
      • Grabbing the opponents arm or karategi with one hand without immediately attempting a scoring technique or takedown.
      • Techniques, which by their nature, cannot be controlled for the safety of the opponent and dangerous and uncontrolled attacks.
      • Simulated attacks with the head, knees, or elbows.
      • Talking to, or goading the opponent, failing to obey the orders of the

※TERMS of WARNINGS & PENALTIES

  • CHUKOKU: CHUKOKU is imposed for the first instance of a minor infraction for the applicable category.
  • KEIKOKU: KEIKOKU is imposed for the second instance of a minor infraction for that category, or for infractions not sufficiently serious to merit HANSOKU-CHUI.
  • HANSOKU-CHUI: This is a warning of disqualification usually imposed for infractions for which a KEIKOKU has previously been given in that bout although it may be imposed directly for serious infringements, which do not merit HANSOKU
  • HANSOKU: This is the penalty of disqualification following a very serious infraction or when a HANSOKU CHUI has already been given. In team matches the fouled competitor’s score will be set at eight points and the offender’s score will be zeroed.

Kata[edit]

team kata with bunkai

WKF / WUKO Karate World Championships[edit]

WKF Karate WC 2012 Paris-Bercy
Gyaku Zuki at the WC 2012 in Paris
Year Host City Country
1970 Tokyo Japan
1972 Paris France
1975 Long Beach, California United States
1977 Tokyo Japan
1980 Madrid Spain
1982 Taipei China Taiwan
1984 Maastricht Netherlands
1986 Sydney Australia
1988 Cairo Egypt
1990 Mexico City Mexico
1992 Granada Spain
1994 Kota Kinabalu Malaysia
1996 Sun City South Africa
1998 Rio de Janeiro Brazil
2000 Munich Germany
2002 Madrid Spain
2004 Monterrey Mexico
2006 Tampere Finland
2008 Tokyo Japan[24]
2010 Belgrade Serbia
2012 Paris France
2014 Bremen Germany

Recognized Karate Federations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://wuko.net/
  2. ^ "Karate’s pitch for the 2020 Olympics - OlympicTalk". Plympictalk.nbcsports.com. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "WORLD KARATE FEDERATION - WKF History". Wkf-web.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Karate". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Final Report on the XXVIIth Olympiad" (PDF). Olympic.org. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Karate's Olympic aspirations likely to get chop". Daily Telegraph (London). 2009-05-21. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  7. ^ Kata and Kumite Competition Rules, on the WKF website
  8. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Arriaza, Rafael. "Chapter 16: Karate". In Kordi, Ramin; Maffulli, Nicola; Wroble, Randall R. et al. Combat Sports Medicine. p. 288. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  10. ^ Arriaza, Rafael. "Chapter 16: Karate". In Kordi, Ramin; Maffulli, Nicola; Wroble, Randall R. et al. Combat Sports Medicine. p. 288. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Sports Shorts". Apnewsarchive.com. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Democracy, Karate & WKF Politics" (PDF). Wado-uk.com. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  14. ^ Evans, J. K. (1988): "The battle for Olympic Karate recognition: WUKO vs. IAKF." Black Belt, 26(2):54–58.
  15. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Japanese Sports". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Hajime". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "The Empty Hand". Fight. Retrieved 2014-11-09. 
  20. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.u. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Karate's History and Traditions". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  22. ^ Coleman, J. (1993): "Watch out, WUKO—Here comes Shotokan Karate's Nishiyama! Noted Instructor claims he is ready to lead Olympic Karate movement if IOC ousts WUKO." Black Belt, 31(4):18–22.
  23. ^ a b World Union of Karate-Do Federations: About us (c. 2009). Retrieved on April 17, 2010.
  24. ^ "World Karate Championships returning to Japan". Japan Today. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 

External links[edit]