World Marathon Majors

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World Marathon Majors
Worldmarathonmajorslogo.png
SportMarathon running
Founded2006
No. of teamsindividual sport
Official websitewww.worldmarathonmajors.com

The Abbott World Marathon Majors (AWMM) is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006. It comprises six annual races for the cities of Tokyo (starting in 2013),[1][2] Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago and New York City (except 2012), a biennial race, the IAAF World Championships Marathon, and a quadrennial race, the Olympic Games Marathon.[3]

History[edit]

Each World Marathon Majors series originally spanned two full calendar years; the second year of a series overlapped with the first year of the next. Starting in 2015, each series began with a defined city race and ended with the following race in the same city. So, series IX started in February 2015 at the 2015 Tokyo Marathon and ended there in February 2016 at the 2016 Tokyo Marathon. Series X started at the 2016 Boston Marathon and finished at the 2017 Boston Marathon. Series XI started at the 2017 London Marathon and finished at the 2018 London Marathon.

It began being sponsored by Abbott in 2015.[4] On April 26, 2017 Dalian Wanda Group Co., Ltd., one of the leading Chinese private conglomerates, announced a ten-year strategic partnership aimed at the continued growth and development of marathon events worldwide.

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.

At the end of each of the first 10 WMM series the leading man and woman each won $500,000, making a total prize of one million U.S. dollars. Beginning with Series XI, the prize structure was revised so that for men and women first place became $250,000, second place $50,000 and third place $25,000. In the wheelchair division the prize money for men and women is $50,000 (first), $25,000 (second) and $10,000 (third).

Scoring system[edit]

Athletes who competed in the marathons originally received points for finishing in any of the top five places (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 15 pts; 3rd place: 10 pts; 4th place: 5 pts; 5th place: 1 pts). Their four highest ranks over the two-year period were counted; if an athlete scored points in more than this number, the athlete's four best races were scored. To be eligible for the jackpot, an athlete had to compete in at least one qualifying race in each calendar year of the series.

In 2015, the scoring was revised (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 16 pts; 3rd place: 9 pts; 4th place: 4 pts; 5th place: 1 pts). The two highest ranks during the scoring period would be counted, with only the best two if more than that number.

For the first three series if there were equal top scores at the end of the competition the tiebreakers were head-to-head competition and, if necessary, a majority vote of the five WMM race directors. This happened in the 2007–08 women's competition.

Beginning in 2009–10 season, following best head-to-head record, the following tie-breakers were implemented, in descending order: the person who achieved his or her points in the fewest races, the person who won the most qualifying races during the period, the person with the fastest average time in their scoring races, and a majority vote of the six race directors. If the final circumstance is necessary, the race directors could award the title jointly.

Major marathons[edit]

The following marathons have been part of the series in each year:

Year Japan Tokyo United States Boston United Kingdom London Germany Berlin United States Chicago United States New York IAAF World Champs Olympic rings Olympics
2006 Not held 17 April 23 April 24 September 22 October 5 November Not held Not held
2007 Was not part of WMM 16 April 22 April 30 September 7 October 4 November 25 August (Osaka) (women) Not held
2008 Was not part of WMM 21 April 13 April 28 September 12 October 2 November Not held 24 August (Beijing) (women)
2009 Was not part of WMM 20 April 26 April 20 September 11 October 1 November 22 August (Berlin) (women) Not held
2010 Was not part of WMM 19 April 25 April 26 September 10 October 7 November Not held Not held
2011 Was not part of WMM 18 April 17 April 25 September 9 October 6 November 4 September (Daegu) (women) Not held
2012 Was not part of WMM 16 April 22 April 30 September 7 October Cancelled (Hurricane Sandy)[5] Not held 12 August (London) (women)
2013 24 February 15 April 21 April 29 September 13 October 3 November 17 August (Moscow) (women) Not held
2014 23 February 21 April 13 April 28 September 12 October 2 November Not held Not held
2015 22 February 20 April 26 April 27 September 11 October 1 November 22 August (Beijing) (women) Not held
2016 28 February 18 April 24 April 25 September 9 October 6 November Not held 21 August (Rio de Janeiro) (women)
2017 28 February 17 April 23 April 24 September 8 October 5 November 6 August (London) (women) Not held
2018 25 February 16 April 22 April 16 September 7 October 4 November Not held Not held

Major champions (city races)[edit]

Men's[edit]

Year Tokyo Boston London Berlin Chicago New York
2006 Not held Kenya Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (1/5) Kenya Felix Limo Ethiopia Haile Gebrselassie (1/4) Kenya Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (2/5) Brazil Marilson Gomes dos Santos (1/2)
2007 Was not part of WMM Kenya Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (3/5) Kenya Martin Lel (1/3) Ethiopia Haile Gebrselassie (2/4) Kenya Patrick Ivuti Kenya Martin Lel (2/3)
2008 Was not part of WMM Kenya Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (4/5) Kenya Martin Lel (3/3) Ethiopia Haile Gebrselassie (3/4) Kenya Evans Cheruiyot Brazil Marilson Gomes dos Santos (2/2)
2009 Was not part of WMM Ethiopia Deriba Merga Kenya Samuel Wanjiru (1/3) Ethiopia Haile Gebrselassie (4/4) Kenya Samuel Wanjiru (2/3) United States Meb Keflezighi (1/2)
2010 Was not part of WMM Kenya Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot (5/5) Ethiopia Tsegaye Kebede (1/3) Kenya Patrick Musyoki (2/2) Kenya Samuel Wanjiru (3/3) Ethiopia Gebregziabher Gebremariam
2011 Was not part of WMM Kenya Geoffrey Mutai (1/4) Kenya Emmanuel Mutai Kenya Patrick Musyoki (2/2) Kenya Moses Mosop Kenya Geoffrey Mutai (2/4)
2012 Was not part of WMM Kenya Wesley Korir Kenya Wilson Kipsang (1/5) Kenya Geoffrey Mutai (3/4) Ethiopia Tsegaye Kebede (2/3) Cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013 Kenya Dennis Kimetto (1/3) Ethiopia Lelisa Desisa (1/3) Ethiopia Tsegaye Kebede (3/3) Kenya Wilson Kipsang (2/5) Kenya Dennis Kimetto (2/3) Kenya Geoffrey Mutai (4/4)
2014 Kenya Dickson Chumba (1/3) United States Meb Keflezighi (2/2) Kenya Wilson Kipsang (3/5) Kenya Dennis Kimetto (3/3) Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (1/7) Kenya Wilson Kipsang (4/5)
2015 Ethiopia Endeshaw Negesse Ethiopia Lelisa Desisa (2/3) Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (2/7) Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (3/7) Kenya Dickson Chumba (2/3) Kenya Stanley Biwott
2016 Ethiopia Feyisa Lilesa Ethiopia Lemi Berhanu Hayle Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (4/7) Ethiopia Kenenisa Bekele Kenya Abel Kirui Eritrea Ghirmay Ghebreslassie
2017 Kenya Wilson Kipsang (5/5) Kenya Geoffrey Kirui Kenya Daniel Wanjiru Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (5/7) United States Galen Rupp Kenya Geoffrey Kamworor
2018 Kenya Dickson Chumba (3/3) Japan Yuki Kawauchi Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (6/7) Kenya Eliud Kipchoge (7/7) United Kingdom Mo Farah Ethiopia Lelisa Desisa (3/3)

Women's[edit]

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2006 Not held Kenya Rita Jeptoo United States Deena Kastor Ethiopia Gete Wami Ethiopia Berhane Adere Latvia Jelena Prokopcuka
2007 Was not part of WMM Russia Lidiya Grigoryeva China Zhou Chunxiu Ethiopia Gete Wami Ethiopia Berhane Adere United Kingdom Paula Radcliffe
2008 Was not part of WMM Ethiopia Dire Tune Germany Irina Mikitenko Germany Irina Mikitenko Russia Lidiya Grigoryeva United Kingdom Paula Radcliffe
2009 Was not part of WMM Kenya Salina Kosgei Germany Irina Mikitenko Ethiopia Atsede Habtamu Germany Irina Mikitenko Ethiopia Derartu Tulu
2010 Was not part of WMM Ethiopia Teyba Erkesso Ethiopia Aselefech Mergia Ethiopia Aberu Kebede Ethiopia Atsede Baysa Kenya Edna Kiplagat
2011 Was not part of WMM Kenya Caroline Kilel Kenya Mary Keitany Kenya Florence Kiplagat Ethiopia Ejegayehu Dibaba Ethiopia Firehiwot Dado
2012 Was not part of WMM Kenya Sharon Cherop Kenya Mary Keitany Ethiopia Aberu Kebede Ethiopia Atsede Baysa Cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013 Ethiopia Aberu Kebede Kenya Rita Jeptoo Kenya Priscah Jeptoo Kenya Florence Kiplagat Kenya Rita Jeptoo Kenya Priscah Jeptoo
2014 Ethiopia Tirfi Tsegaye Ethiopia Bizunesh Deba Kenya Edna Kiplagat Ethiopia Tirfi Tsegaye Ethiopia Mare Dibaba Kenya Mary Keitany
2015 Ethiopia Birhane Dibaba Kenya Caroline Rotich Ethiopia Tigist Tufa Kenya Gladys Cherono Kenya Florence Kiplagat Kenya Mary Keitany
2016 Kenya Helah Kiprop Ethiopia Atsede Baysa Kenya Jemima Sumgong Ethiopia Aberu Kebede Kenya Florence Kiplagat Kenya Mary Keitany
2017 Kenya Sarah Chepchirchir Kenya Edna Kiplagat Kenya Mary Keitany Kenya Gladys Cherono Ethiopia Tirunesh Dibaba United States Shalane Flanagan
2018 Ethiopia Birhane Dibaba United States Desiree Linden Kenya Vivian Cheruiyot Kenya Gladys Cherono Kenya Brigid Kosgei Kenya Mary Keitany

Men's wheelchair[edit]

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Was not part of WMM Switzerland Marcel Hug Switzerland Marcel Hug Switzerland Marcel Hug Switzerland Marcel Hug Switzerland Marcel Hug
2017 Japan Sho Watanabe Switzerland Marcel Hug United Kingdom David Weir Switzerland Marcel Hug Switzerland Marcel Hug Switzerland Marcel Hug
2018 Japan Hiroyuki Yamamoto Switzerland Marcel Hug United Kingdom David Weir Canada Brent Lakatos United States Daniel Romanchuk United States Daniel Romanchuk

Women's wheelchair[edit]

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Was not part of WMM United States Tatyana McFadden United States Tatyana McFadden Switzerland Manuela Schar United States Tatyana McFadden United States Tatyana McFadden
2017 United States Amanda McGrory Switzerland Manuela Schar Switzerland Manuela Schar Switzerland Manuela Schar United States Tatyana McFadden Switzerland Manuela Schar
2018 Switzerland Manuela Schar United States Tatyana McFadden Australia Madison de Rozario Switzerland Manuela Schar Switzerland Manuela Schar Switzerland Manuela Schar

Winners by season[edit]

The winners by season listed below.[6]

Men's series winners[edit]

Seasons No. Start event Final event Winner Country Points Notes Refs
2006–07 I 2006 Boston 2007 New York City Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot  Kenya 80 pts [7]
2007–08 II 2007 Boston 2008 New York City Martin Lel  Kenya 76 pts [8]
2008–09 III 2008 Boston 2009 New York City Samuel Wanjiru  Kenya 80 pts [9]
2009–10 IV 2009 Boston 2010 New York City Samuel Wanjiru (2)  Kenya 75 pts Second win [9]
2010–11 V 2010 Boston 2011 New York City Emmanuel Mutai  Kenya 70 pts [10]
2011–12 VI 2011 Boston 2012 Chicago Geoffrey Mutai  Kenya 75 pts [10]
2012–13 VII 2012 Boston 2013 New York City Tsegaye Kebede  Ethiopia 75 pts [11]
2013–14 VIII 2013 Tokyo 2014 New York City Wilson Kipsang  Kenya 76 pts [12]
2015–16 IX 2015 Tokyo 2016 Tokyo Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya 50 pts [6]
2016–17 X 2016 Boston 2017 Boston Eliud Kipchoge (2)  Kenya 50 pts Second win [6]
2017–18 XI 2017 London 2018 London Eliud Kipchoge (3)  Kenya 50 pts Third win [13]

Women's series winners[edit]

Seasons No. Start event Final event Winner Country Points Notes Refs
2006–07 I 2006 Boston 2007 New York City Gete Wami  Ethiopia 80 pts
2007–08 II 2007 Boston 2008 New York City Irina Mikitenko  Germany 65 pts Tied with Gete Wami originally but deemed winner by a vote of WMM race directors [8]
2008–09 III 2008 Boston 2009 New York City Irina Mikitenko (2)  Germany 90 pts Second win [8]
2009–10 IV 2009 Boston 2010 New York City Irina Mikitenko (3)  Germany 55 pts Third win; named on August 6, 2015 (see notes) [8]
2010–11 V 2010 Boston 2011 New York City Edna Kiplagat  Kenya 60 pts Awarded win on August 6, 2015 (see notes) [14]
2011–12 VI 2011 Boston 2012 Chicago Mary Keitany  Kenya 65 pts [10]
2012–13 VII 2012 Boston 2013 New York City Priscah Jeptoo  Kenya 75 pts [11]
2013–14 VIII 2013 Tokyo 2014 New York City Edna Kiplagat (2)  Kenya 65 pts Awarded after doping case of original winner (see notes) [6]
2015–16 IX 2015 Tokyo 2016 Tokyo Mary Keitany (2)  Kenya 41 pts Tied with Mare Dibaba and Helah Kiprop; deemed winner by vote of WMM race directors [6]
2016–17 X 2016 Boston 2017 Boston Edna Kiplagat (3)  Kenya 41 pts Awarded after doping case of original winner (see notes) [6]
2017–18 XI 2017 London 2018 London Mary Keitany (3)  Kenya 41 pts Awarded first due to better head-to-head record against Tirunesh Dibaba [13]
Notes
  • Liliya Shobukhova (Russia) was the original winner in 2009–10 and 2010–11 (series IV and V), but she was disqualified from competition for a doping violation in April 2014 and all her results from 9 October 2009 have been annulled.[6][15]
  • Rita Jeptoo (Kenya) won four races in the 2013–14 series but gave positive A and B samples in an out-of-competition test in September 2014. Her standings and the final results of the 2013–14 series have been determined at the completion of the due legal process and the outcome of an appeal. As a result, the Series VIII title has been awarded to Edna Kiplagat.[6]
  • Edna Kiplagat (Kenya) was crowned women's Series X champion of the 2016–17 season following the doping investigation and legal process against Jemima Sumgong (Kenya), who won two races in 2016 but gave a positive sample in an out-of-competition test in February 2017.[6]

Wheelchair series winners[edit]

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.[6]

Majors milestones[edit]

Six star finishers[edit]

Six star finishers are marathoners who have completed all 6 of the World Marathon Majors. In 2016 following the Tokyo Marathon a Six Star Finisher Medal was introduced[16] In July 2018 a “Reach for the Stars” campaign was launched wherein a runner could claim a star for each WMM race completed. The system allows runners to create a profile, search for their ‘stars’ and add them to their page. [17]

Following the WMM Series XI in April 2018, the verified total of Six Star Finishers was 3,786.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCracken, Amanda. "World Marathon Majors 2014 Season Kicks Off in Japan". Running Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  2. ^ Belson, Ken. "Tokyo Will Be Added as Sixth Major Marathon". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. ^ How It Works. World Marathon Majors. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
  4. ^ "ABBOTT CELEBRATES THE POWER OF HEALTH AND ACHIEVEMENT AS FIRST-EVER TITLE SPONSOR OF WORLD MARATHON MAJORS". World Marathon Majors. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  5. ^ Belson, Ken. "After Days of Pressure, Marathon Is Off". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/champions/previous-champions/
  7. ^ Ekstrom, Sharon. "UP CLOSE & PERSONAL --". Marathon Guide. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d Musumba, Chris. "Wanjiru on course to win World Marathon Majors". The East African. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  9. ^ a b Larkin, Duncan. "Wanjiru and Shobukhova Win World Marathon Majors". Competitor. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  10. ^ a b c Komen, Jonathan (15 April 2014). "Hunt on for WMM cash: Kenya dominate quest for Marathon Majors jackpot". The Standard. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  11. ^ a b Lotsbom, Chris. "Man Among Boys Geoffrey Mutai Wins 2013 ING NYC Marathon, Kebede Wins $500,000 World Marathon Majors Title". Letsrun.com. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  12. ^ "Wilson Kipsang Wins 2013-2014 World Marathon Majors Series Title". World Marathon Majors. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  13. ^ a b https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/champions/leaderboard/
  14. ^ World Marathon Majors statement
  15. ^ http://www.athleticsweekly.com/featured/liliya-shobukhova-to-be-stripped-of-world-marathon-majors-titles-30415
  16. ^ http://running.competitor.com/2016/02/news/the-crown-jewel-of-race-medals-world-marathon-majors-debuts-six-star-finisher-medal_146296
  17. ^ https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/news-media/latest-news/runners-invited-to-reachforthestars/

External links[edit]