World Masterpiece Theater

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Anne of Green Gables (1979), the first release under the World Masterpiece Theater title.

World Masterpiece Theater (世界名作劇場, Sekai Meisaku Gekijō) was a Japanese TV anime staple that showcased an animated version of a different classical book or story each year from 19:30 to 20:00 on Sunday on Fuji TV. It originally aired from 1969 to 1997 and from 2007 to 2009. Commonly abbreviated to Meigeki (名劇, Meigeki).[1][2]

History[edit]

The first several series were produced by Mushi Production and then by Zuiyo Eizo, and then by Zuiyo's successor Nippon Animation, which was officially established in June 1975 during the run of A Dog of Flanders. In both cases, the series originally aired primarily on Fuji TV. Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata both worked on several of the series. World Masterpiece Theater as produced by Nippon Animation lasted for 23 seasons, from A Dog of Flanders in 1975 to Remi, Nobody's Girl (家なき子レミ, Ie Naki Ko Remi, Sans Famille) in 1997. Nippon Animation restarted the series in 2007 with the release of Les Misérables: Shōjo Cosette, which premiered on BS Fuji on 7 January 2007, with Porufi no Nagai Tabi (The Long Journey of Porphy) subsequently airing on the same network beginning on 6 January 2008, making it the 25th World Masterpiece Theater series. The most recent and 26th series is Kon'nichiwa Anne: Before Green Gables (lit. Hello Anne ~ Before Green Gables).

To date, only seven series were ever dubbed in English for the North American market: Fables of the Green Forest (1973), Tom Sawyer (1980), Swiss Family Robinson (1981), Little Women (1987), The Adventures of Peter Pan (1989), The Bush Baby (1992), and Tico & Friends (1994). The anime satellite television network, Animax, who also aired numerous installments of the series across Japan, later translated and dubbed many of the series' installments into English for broadcast across its English-language networks in Southeast Asia and South Asia, such as Princess Sarah (小公女セーラ, Shōkōjo Sēra), Remi, Nobody's Girl (家なき子レミ, Ie Naki Ko Remi), Little Women (愛の若草物語, Ai no Wakakusa Monogatari), and others. The serials also found success in Europe, with Anne of Green Gables (1979), Miyazaki's last work for Nippon Animation before leaving the studio), Heidi, Girl of the Alps, as well as the aforementioned Princess Sarah.

The series has been known by various names over the years (as shown below), but "the World Masterpiece Theater" is the name most commonly used by viewers. Nippon Animation's official English name for the series is "The Classic Family Theater Series".[3]

The sponsorship of this series has changed several times, the first was Calpis alone (1969–1978), the second was House Foods alone (1986–1993).

Starting in 2017 Amazon Prime Video made various series available in HD quality, but cropped for 16:9 displays[4][5][6] in the US and UK markets. However Amazon did not use the "World Masterpiece Theater" label and only kept the subtitle for each series.

Features[edit]

The World Masterpiece Theater has the following features.

  1. The main character's family environment is an orphan or a single-parent family. The main character loses either or both father and mother.
  2. The main theme is family, and the influence of a deceased parent remains until the end.
  3. An animal character appears.
  4. The stage is set in a real city.
  5. The era is set between the 19th century and the end of World War II.

As these backgrounds, the time when this series was broadcast (1975–1997), it was common that TV was possessed by "one per a family", animes which are easy to put regardless of age were preferred, and were oriented for family. Videos became widespread in Japan in the late 1980s, and the time that TV was possessed by "one per a person" became common is after the Cold War (since 1992).

As an exception to the above, the double-parents family is Tales of Little Women (1987), the fictional world is the Adventures of Peter Pan (1989), and the work set after the World War II and without the original novel is Tico of the Seven Seas (1994).

Companion volume[edit]

Apart from Fuji TV, there was also a companion volume of the World Masterpiece Theater, which was broadcast on TV Tokyo from 19:30 to 20:00 on Thursday. This is sponsored by Sumitomo Electric Industries alone, but it is characterized by the theme of a specific field rather than the family. Moero! Top Striker (1991) and Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair (1992) are works of this companion volume.

Recurring casts[edit]

The following people frequently appeared in the World Masterpiece Theater, including the companion volume on TV Tokyo.

Director
Sound director
Voice actor

Productions[edit]

Before Nippon Animation – Calpis Comic Theater (1969–1974)[edit]

Nippon Animation – Calpis Children's Theater (1975–1977)[edit]

Calpis Family Theater (1978)[edit]

World Masterpiece Theater (1979–1985; no title sponsor)[edit]

House Foods World Masterpiece Theater (1986–1993)[edit]

World Masterpiece Theater (1994–1997; no title sponsor)[edit]

House Foods World Masterpiece Theater (2007–2009)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elemental Note: Chronological settings of the World Masterpiece Theater
  2. ^ The Room of links: Links of the World Masterpiece Theater
  3. ^ "Program|NIPPON ANIMATION CO., LTD". www.nipponanimation.com. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  4. ^ "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Tales of Little Women". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Swiss Family Robinson". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 16 May 2020.

External links[edit]