World Orienteering Championships

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World Orienteering Championships
Statusactive
Genresporting event
Date(s)July–August
Frequencyannual
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1966 (1966)
Organised byIOF

The World Orienteering Championships (or WOC for short) is an annual orienteering event organized by the International Orienteering Federation. The first World Championships was held in Fiskars, Finland in 1966. They were held biennially up to 2003 (with the exception of 1978 and 1979). Since 2003, competitions have been held annually. Participating nations have to be members of the International Orienteering Federation (IOF).

Originally, there were only two competitions: an individual race and a relay. In 1991, a short distance race (roughly 20–25 minutes) was added and a sprint race was added in 2001. The middle distance (roughly 30–35 minutes) replaced the short distance in 2003. In 2014, a sprint relay was added with two men and two women participating and with starting order woman-man-man-woman.

History[edit]

The IOF was founded on 21 May 1961 at a Congress held in Copenhagen, Denmark by the orienteering national federations of Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Finland, Hungary, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland.[1] Their main goal was to standardize the sport and streamline international competition rules. A group of people work with these tasks, and at the 1963 IOF Congress, the work was approved and a technical committee was created. This led to the first international orienteering competition; the 1962 European Championships in Løten, Norway. The first European Orienteering Championships (EOC) consisted of only one competition; individual. In the following EOC, in Le Brassus, Switzerland, the relay event was added to the competition program. These two EOCs are considered forerunners to the first World Orienteering Championships in 1966.

Change of concept[edit]

Starting from 2019, the World Orienteering Championships will be split into two events: Urban WOC in even-numbered years (consisting of sprint events only) and Forest WOC in odd-numbered years (consisting of forest events only).

Format[edit]

The competition format has changed several times. From the beginning in 1966, the World Championships consisted of only two competitions: an individual race and a relay. In 1991, a short distance race (roughly 20–25 minutes) was added and a sprint race was added in 2001. The middle distance (roughly 30–35 minutes) replaced the short distance in 2003. On IOF's 23rd congress in Lausanne in 2012, it was decided that a sprint relay event would be added in the 2014 World Championships in Italy.[2] The sprint relay is competed in urban areas and consists of four-orienteer mixed-gender teams with starting order woman-man-man-woman.

Current competition format[edit]

The current championship events are:

Forest WOC (odd years)
Distance Winning Time Notes
Long distance 90–100 min Previously called classic distance
Middle distance 30–35 min Replaced short distance (20–25 min) in 2003
Relay 3 × 40 min Three-person teams
Urban WOC (even years)
Distance Winning Time Notes
Sprint 12–15 min
Knock-out sprint 5–8 min First held in 2020
Sprint relay 4 × 12–15 min Four-person teams, two men and two women.

Event timeline[edit]

Venues[edit]

Year Days Location[3]
1966 October 1–2 Finland Fiskars, Finland[4]
1968 September 28–29 Sweden Linköping, Sweden[5]
1970 September 27–29 East Germany Friedrichroda, German Democratic Republic[6]
1972 September 14–16 Czechoslovakia Staré Splavy, Czechoslovakia[7]
1974 September 20–22 Denmark Viborg, Denmark[8]
1976 September 24–26 United Kingdom Aviemore, Great Britain[9]
1978 September 15–17 Norway Kongsberg, Norway[10]
1979 September 2–4 Finland Tampere, Finland[11]
1981 September 4–6 Switzerland Thun, Switzerland[12]
1983 September 1–4 Hungary Zalaegerszeg, Hungary[13]
1985 September 4–6 Australia Bendigo, Australia[14]
1987 September 3–5 France Gérardmer, France[15]
1989 August 17–20 Sweden Skövde, Sweden[16]
1991 August 21–25 Czechoslovakia Mariánské Lázně, Czechoslovakia[17]
1993 October 9–14 United States West Point, United States[18]
1995 August 15–20 Germany Detmold, Germany[19]
1997 August 11–16 Norway Grimstad, Norway[20]
1999 August 1–8 United Kingdom Inverness, Scotland, Great Britain[21]
2001 July 29 – August 4 Finland Tampere, Finland[22]
2003 August 3–9 Switzerland Rapperswil/Jona, Switzerland[23]
2004 September 11–19 Sweden Västerås, Sweden[24]
2005 August 9–15 Japan Aichi, Japan[25]
2006 August 1–5 Denmark Århus, Denmark[26]
2007 August 18–26 Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine[27]
2008 July 10–20 Czech Republic Olomouc, Czech Republic[28]
2009 August 16–23 Hungary Miskolc, Hungary[29]
2010 August 8–15 Norway Trondheim, Norway[30]
2011 August 13–20 France Savoie, France[31]
2012 July 14–22 Switzerland Lausanne, Switzerland[32]
2013 July 6–14 Finland Vuokatti, Finland[33]
2014 July 5–13 Italy Trentino-Veneto, Italy[34]
2015 August 1–7 United Kingdom Inverness, Scotland, Great Britain[35]
2016 August 20–28 Sweden Strömstad-Tanum, Sweden[36]
2017 July 1–7 Estonia Tartu, Estonia[37]
2018 August 4–11 Latvia Riga, Latvia[38]
2019 August 13–18 Norway Østfold, Norway
2020 July 7–11 Denmark Vejle/Kolding, Denmark
2021 July 4–8 Czech Republic Doksy, Czech Republic
2022 TBA United Kingdom Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

Multiple winners[edit]

Men[edit]

Boldface denotes active athletes and highest medal count among all athletes (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Rank Athlete From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 France Thierry Gueorgiou 2003 2017 14 5 4 23
2 Switzerland Daniel Hubmann 2005 2018 8 11 8 27
3 Norway Olav Lundanes 2010 2018 8 4 3 15
4 Norway Øyvin Thon 1979 1989 7 1 0 8
5 Russia Andrey Khramov 2005 2015 6 3 3 12
6 Norway Petter Thoresen 1989 1997 5 1 2 8
7 Russia Valentin Novikov 2004 2013 4 5 2 11
8 Switzerland Matthias Kyburz 2012 2018 4 4 0 8
9 Norway Bjørnar Valstad 1991 2004 4 3 3 10
10 Norway Tore Sagvolden 1979 1987 4 3 1 8
11 Sweden Rolf Pettersson 1972 1979 4 2 0 6
12 Sweden Jonas Leandersson 2012 2018 4 0 3 7
13 Norway Morten Berglia 1981 1987 4 0 1 5
Norway Jørgen Rostrup 1999 2005 4 0 1 5
15 Switzerland Thomas Bührer 1991 2003 4 0 0 4
16 Norway Egil Johansen 1976 1979 3 2 0 5
Norway Magne Dæhli 2012 2018 3 2 0 5
18 Sweden Emil Wingstedt 2003 2007 3 1 3 7
19 Sweden Bernt Frilén 1970 1974 3 1 1 5
20 Denmark Søren Bobach 2014 2016 3 1 0 4
21 Norway Åge Hadler 1966 1972 3 0 3 6
22 Switzerland Christian Aebersold 1991 1995 3 0 0 3
Sweden Arne Johansson 1972 1976 3 0 0 3
Sweden Karl Johansson 1966 1970 3 0 0 3
Norway Eskil Kinneberg 2017 2018 3 0 0 3
26 Sweden Jörgen Mårtensson 1981 1997 2 6 2 10
27 Finland Jani Lakanen 1999 2013 2 5 1 8
28 Finland Janne Salmi 1995 2001 2 4 1 7
29 Norway Carl Godager Kaas 2010 2016 2 4 0 6
30 Switzerland Matthias Merz 2005 2012 2 3 4 9

Women[edit]

Boldface denotes active athletes and highest medal count among all athletes (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Rank Athlete From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Switzerland Simone Niggli 2001 2013 23 2 6 31
2 Finland Minna Kauppi 2004 2013 9 5 3 17
3 Sweden Tove Alexandersson 2011 2018 7 8 3 18
4 Denmark Maja Alm 2012 2018 7 7 2 16
5 Sweden Marita Skogum 1983 1993 6 3 1 10
6 Sweden Annichen Kringstad 1981 1985 6 0 0 6
7 Switzerland Judith Wyder 2011 2018 5 3 4 12
8 Sweden Helena Bergman 2012 2018 4 6 8 18
9 Norway Hanne Staff 1997 2004 4 4 4 12
10 Finland Liisa Veijalainen 1972 1981 4 4 0 8
11 Sweden Karin Rabe 1978 1989 4 3 2 9
12 Sweden Arja Hannus 1981 1991 4 1 0 5
13 Norway Anne Margrethe Hausken Nordberg 2005 2016 3 5 3 11
14 Sweden Annika Billstam 2007 2015 3 3 8 14
15 Finland Heli Jukkola 2003 2007 3 3 2 8
16 Sweden Ulla Lindkvist 1966 1972 3 3 0 6
17 Finland Merja Rantanen 2008 2017 3 1 4 8
18 Switzerland Vroni König-Salmi 1997 2008 3 1 3 7
19 Sweden Marlena Jansson 1991 1999 3 1 2 6
20 Sweden Anna Bogren 1993 1997 3 1 1 5
21 Sweden Karolina A. Højsgaard 2003 2009 2 5 1 8
22 Denmark Ida Bobach 2011 2016 2 4 0 6
23 Russia Natalia Gemperle 2016 2018 2 3 3 8
24 Sweden Kristin Cullman 1974 1978 2 3 0 5
25 Sweden Gunilla Svärd 1997 2004 2 2 2 6
26 Finland Outi Borgenström 1974 1981 2 2 1 5
Czech Republic Dana Brožková 2006 2011 2 2 1 5
Norway Ingrid Hadler 1966 1974 2 2 1 5
29 Finland Kirsi Boström (Tiira) 1993 1999 2 2 0 4
Denmark Emma Klingenberg 2014 2015 2 2 0 4

Mixed[edit]

Sprint Relay
Year Gold Silver Bronze
2014   Switzerland  Denmark  Russia
2015  Denmark  Norway  Russia
2016  Denmark   Switzerland  Sweden
2017  Sweden  Denmark   Switzerland
2018  Sweden   Switzerland  Denmark

All-time medal table[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Sweden (SWE)515452157
2 Norway (NOR)454542132
3  Switzerland (SUI)443235111
4 Finland (FIN)24422995
5 France (FRA)135927
6 Russia (RUS)1191131
7 Denmark (DEN)118625
8 Czech Republic (CZE)57820
9 Great Britain (GBR)34411
10 Hungary (HUN)3126
11 Ukraine (UKR)1337
12 Austria (AUT)1102
13 Latvia (LAT)1023
14 Australia (AUS)1001
15 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0257
16 New Zealand (NZL)0101
17 Soviet Union (URS)0022
18 Belarus (BLR)0011
 Germany (GER)0011
 Italy (ITA)0011
Totals (20 nations)214214213641

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2011-08-02.
  2. ^ "Sprint Relay in the World Orienteering Championships from 2014". International Orienteering Federation. 19 November 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  3. ^ "World Orienteering Championships". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  4. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1966". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  5. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1968". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  6. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1970". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  7. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1972". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  8. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1974". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  9. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1976". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  10. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1978". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  11. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1979". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  12. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1981". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  13. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1983". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  14. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1985". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  15. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1987". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  16. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1989". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  17. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1991". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  18. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1993". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  19. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1995". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  20. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1997". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  21. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 1999". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  22. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2001". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  23. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2003". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  24. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2004". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  25. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2005". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  26. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2006". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  27. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2007". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  28. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2008". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  29. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2009". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  30. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2010". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  31. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2011". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  32. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2012". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  33. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2013". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  34. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2014". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  35. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2015". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  36. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2016". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  37. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2017". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  38. ^ "World Orienteering Championships 2018". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2016-10-12.

External links[edit]

WOC