World Robot Olympiad
|Current season, competition or edition:
Rap The Scrap! (2016, India)
|Formerly||International Robot Olympiad|
|Motto||To bring together young people all over the world to develop their creativity, design & problem solving skills through challenging & educational robot competitions and activities|
|No. of teams||18,450+(2013)|
|Most titles||Unknown (Possibly Malaysia or Thailand)|
|Qualification||By winning the national/state competition|
The World Robot Olympiad is a global robotics competition for young people. The World Robot Olympiad competition uses Lego Mindstorms manufactured by LEGO Education. First held in 2004 in Singapore, it now attracts more than 20,000 teams from nearly 60 countries.
The competition consists of 4 different categories, Regular, College, Open and Soccer and for the Regular and Open categories, it consists of three different age groups: Elementary, Junior High and Senior High. Participants below the age of 13 are considered as Elementary, participants from ages 13 until 16 years old are considered Junior High and participants between 17–19 are considered Senior High. Participants can also compete outside their age group, but they must be younger than the specified age range and must partner up with someone in that age range. For example, a 12-year-old participant can join the Junior High sub-category only if teamed up with someone between 14 and 16.
- 1 History
- 2 Gameplay
- 3 Hosts
- 4 Countries participating
- 5 Winners
- 6 Notable sponsors
- 7 References
- 8 External links
WRO was formally established in 2003, with the first international WRO final being organized in 2004. Organizations from China, Japan, Singapore and Korea are considered the founding countries. In 2004 teams from China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Russia, Singapore and Thailand took part in the first international final, held in Singapore.
In 2003 the four founding countries established the international WRO Committee (now known as the WRO Advisory Council), which decided to establish a new and permanent robotics organisation, based on the idea that students from all over the world should have the opportunity to meet with other students to fulfil the new mission statement:
"To bring together young people all over the world to develop their creativity, design & problem solving skills through challenging & educational robot competitions and activities"
The WRO Committee decided on the new name WORLD ROBOT OLYMPIAD, and new WRO logos were developed.
Finally the WRO Statutes and a set of General Rules were worked out to ensure a sound and safe future for WRO. One of the major decisions, which appears in the Statutes, was that the international WRO event should be hosted by a new country each year and the WRO Committee should elect a Chairman.
Teams must create a robot which can complete a specified mission determined by the organiser and usually based on the Open Category theme. Before the competition begins, the robot must be fully dismantled: for example, the batteries must be taken out of the brick or the tyres must be taken out from the wheels. It must be built in a specified time (150 minutes) before the first qualification round begins. If a team finishes building their robot before the 150 minutes finish, the team can practice on the competition fields. Each robot is restricted to be 25 × 25 × 25 cm (9.8 × 9.8 × 9.8 in) before the round begins, and may consist of only LEGO certified parts, with specified motors and sensors depending on each competition. It must finish the mission autonomously, within a maximum time of two minutes. Teams are judged on their scores. If two teams' scores are equal, they are judged by their time to the nearest millisecond. The top 8 or the top 16 performers then proceed to the final two or three rounds.
Starting from the 2014 competition, the final round teams were first asked to test their robots for 30 minutes before the first judging rounds, then were given another 10 minutes for testing before being judged again.
Advanced Robotics Challenge (University/College)
Teams compete on a set challenge. Robots may be pre-built and may use certain TETRIX and MATRIX elements. Teams may use either one MyRIO or KNR controller, or two EV3/NXT controllers; there are no restrictions on choice and number of sensors, motors and servos. The size of the robot before it begins must be within 45 × 45 × 45 cm (17.7 × 17.7 × 17.7 in). The maximum time differs depending on each competition.
Teams are required to present their robot with a designated theme. They are judged by their presentation and the functionality of the robot. Robots which are unrelated to the theme score zero points.
Introduced in the Manila competition in 2010, the Soccer competition allows teams to create soccer playing robots with a special infrared sensor. The participants must be age 10–19. The mat was used in the early RoboCup Junior competitions before being adopted by the Australian competition. Robots must fit in a 22 cm (8.7 in) diameter cylinder with a height of 22 cm (8.7 in).
Starting from 2015, robots are not allowed to 'dribble', which means that robots will not have the ability to manipulate the ball. The sensor-guiding field will be replaced with a completely green field starting from 2016.
Changes to the Gameplay
As the missions of the Regular, WRO Football and College Category get tougher and more teams in the Open Category are willing to present more creative-looking robots, organisers have to make changes to the list of eligible sensors, motors and bricks to be used in the competition. Initially only RCX bricks, motors and sensors were allowed. In the 2007 competition NXT bricks, motors and sensors were allowed as well. In 2011 the NXT colour sensor was added; in 2012, the HiTechnic colour sensor. In 2013 an EV3 robot was exhibited that used all four motors. In 2014, however, EV3 bricks, motors and sensors were allowed, but the number of motor ports was limited to three, and the EV3 Gyro sensor was not allowed. The 2015 competition allowed four motor ports and the gyro sensor, but not RCX bricks, motors, or sensors.
There are also a few changes to the number of categories. The earlier versions of this competition, before 2006, consists of only Regular and Open and that further sub-divides to only two age groups, Primary and High School.
|Year||Host city||Host venue||Competition Theme||National Organiser||Description of Regular Category challenges||Notes|
|2004||Singapore City, Singapore||Singapore Science Centre||Robolympics||Science Centre|
|2005||Bangkok, Thailand||Bangkok Science Center||Sensitive robots||Gammaco|
|2007||Taipei, Taiwan||National Taiwan University||Robot for Rescue|
|2008||Yokohama, Japan||Pacifico Yokohama||Saving the Global Environment|
|2009||Pohang, South Korea||Postech||Artistic Robots||For the elementary category, the robot has to shoot a ping-pong ball into an allocated cup. For the Junior High category, the robot must collect 100 ping-pong balls and bring it back to the base. For Senior High, the robot place coloured balls into a compartment depending on its colour.|
|2010||Manila, Philippines||SMX Convention Center||Robots promote tourism||Felta Multimedia|
|2011||Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre||Robots for life improvement||Abu Dhabi Education Council ADEC||For elementary, the robot has to solve a labyrinth while taking three ping-pong balls along the way. For Junior High, the robot has to climb a flight of stairs while trying carrying an egg. For Senior High, the robot has to place lego blocks into a certain area depending its size and colour.|
|2012||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||Sunway Pyramid Convention Center||Robot Connecting People||Sasbadi Sdn Bhd||In the elementary category, the robot has to disposed a number of ping-pong balls depending on the colour of a square cell that it is on. In the junior High category, the robot has to move a series of cylinder over hurdles before sorting them out based on their colours. In Senior high, robots have to pick up a hollow brick and slot in on a coloured pole of the same colour.|
|2013||Jakarta, Indonesia||Ecovention Hall||World Heritage||Mikroskil/Mikrobot||For Elementary, the robot has to sort out batik cubes by colour in a pattern. For Junior high, robots have to restore Borobudur by removing the stupas from 4 different relic statues and determine which one is broken (it is different as for having no minifigures placed on the statue and black in colour) which it has to bring to the finishing area. For Senior High, the robot has to pick up eggs of a Komodo Dragon (represented by a red ball) and leave the other eggs alone (represented by a blue ball).|
|2014||Sochi, Russia||Sochi Main Media Centre||Robots And Space||Association Of Children’s Goods Industry Enterprises||For Elementary, robots have to build a rocket with the colours of the Russian Flag (In order, white, blue and red). For Junior High, the robot has to pick up space debris (bricks) and failed satellites (balls (both red) and leave the working satellites (blue balls). For Senior High, the robot must activate solar panels (blue and red in colour) and replace the solar panels which are not working (red) with the good ones).|
|2015||Doha, Qatar||Al Shaqab||Robot Explorers||For elementary, robots must push nine cubes and dispose a number of ping-pong balls depending on the cubes' colour. For Junior High, the robot must first scan a colour key to determine a location of an artefact (blocks) before it leading to one other artefact. There are five artefacts in total but there are some artefacts which the robot can't pick up. For senior high, the robots must place a block on top of a mountain depending on the mountain and the block's colour.|
|2016||New Delhi, India||India Expo Center||Rap the Scrap||India STEM Foundation||This year WRO India 2016 will engage students to Rap (talk) about waste – an important social issue. Students are expected to come up with innovative solutions using robotics technology to Rap the Scrap i.e. to reduce, manage and recycle waste!|
|2018||Thailand||Thailand will be the first country to host the Olympiad twice.|
Previous host countries are italicised while future host countries are bolded. Countries which are both previous and future hosts will have an asterisks (*).
|Armenia||2014||Ayb Educational Foundation||Competition Website|
|Australia||2011||RoboCup Junior Australia|
|Bahrain||2011||AMA International School|
|Belarus||2014||School of Robotics|
|Bolivia||2009||Centro de Tecnologia Aplicada|
|Brunei||2012||STEP Centre, Ministry of Education|
|Canada||2014||Robotique Zone 01 Robotics|
|/Chinese Taipei/Taiwan||2004||ESUN Robot Association in Taiwan||Both Chinese Taipei and Taiwan are used in this Olympiad although the name Chinese Taipei is more favourable by the WRO committee. Both Chinese Taipei and Taiwanese flags are used during the competition but the Chinese Taipei flag is preferable.|
|Costa Rica||2009||Aprender Haciendo Costa Rica S.A.|
|Denmark||2006||Dept. of Computer Science at Aarhus University / DITEK||Was previously organised by FIRST Scandinavia along with Sweden and Norway|
|Germany||2009||Technik Begeistert e.V.|
|Ghana||2012||Ghana Robotics Academy Foundation|
|Greece||2009||Knowledge Research SA|
|Hungary||2015||Edutus School of Further Studies|
|Hong Kong||2004||Semia||Organised by the Organiser of China as Hong Kong is part of China|
|India||2004||India STEM Foundation (ISF) and National Council of Science Museums (NCSM)||Competition Website|
|Iran||2006||Global Brand Toys|
|Kazakhstan||2014||VTSH in partnership with Nazarbayev Intellectual School|
|Kuwait||2011||MILSET Regional office for Asia|
|Mexico||2010||Fundación Care and Share for Education, A.C.|
|Nigeria||2011||ARC Lights Limited|
|Norway†||2006||FIRST Scandinavia||Despite having an organiser, Norway sent no teams to compete.|
|Oman||2010||Edutech Middle East|
|Peru||2009||IEP W. von Braun SRL|
|Qatar||2007||College of the North Atlantic|
|Russia||2004||Moscow Department of Education|
|Saudi Arabia||2008||Royal Commission Robot Club|
|South Africa||2009||Hands On Technologies|
|South Korea||2004||Advanced Learning Co. Ltd|
|Singapore||2004||Science Centre Singapore||Hosted the first Olympiad|
|Sri Lanka||2004||See below.|
|Sweden†||2007||FIRST Scandinavia||Stopped competing by 2009|
|Switzerland||2013||IngCH - Engineers Shape Our Future|
|Syria||2011||Syrian Computer Society SCS|
|Thailand*||2004||Gammaco||Thailand will be the first country to host the Olympiad twice.|
|Turkey||2015||Bilim Kahramanları Derneği|
|United Arab Emirates||2006||Abu Dhabi Education Council|
|United States of America||2014||Lawrence Technological University||Competition Website|
Guest countries are countries who send less than 20 teams to compete. Their teams are not ranked.
|Jamaica†||2008||Joined only the 2008 Olympiad.|
|Elementary||South Korea||Malaysia||South Korea|
|Junior High||South Korea||Russia||Singapore|
|Senior High||Sweden||Singapore||South Korea|
|Senior High||Malaysia||South Korea||Taiwan|
|Senior High||Malaysia||Malaysia||Hong Kong|
- "WRO-Robotic Solution". Retrieved 2011-03-07.
- "About WRO". Archived from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
- "Students compete in international Robot Olympiad". Taipei Times. 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
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