World Rowing Championships
|World Rowing Championships|
|Genre||Rowing World championship|
The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). It is a week-long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.
The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1962. The event then was held every four years until 1974, when it became an annual competition. Also in 1974, Men's lightweight and Women's open weight events were added to the championships. In 1985 Women's lightweight events were added to the schedule.
Since 1996, during (Summer) Olympic years, the World Rowing Junior Championships are held at the same time.
In 2002 adaptive rowing events were introduced for the following classes of disability: LTA (legs, trunk and arms), TA (trunk, arms), and A (arms-only). In 2009 the A category was replaced by AS (arms and shoulders), and an ID (intellectually disabled) category was added (but then removed after the 2011 Championships). From 2017 the designations AS, TA, and LTA have been changed to PR1, PR2, and PR3.
Rowing takes place in 21 different boat classes, apart from during Olympic years when only non-Olympic boat classes race. National teams generally take less interest in the non-Olympic events, as the Olympic events are considered the "premier" events.
The table below shows the boat classes, "O" indicates the boat races at both the Olympics and World Championships. "WC" indicates this is only a World Championship event. After 2007, the coxed fours (4+) no longer runs as a world championship event. Similarly after 2011 the women's coxless four was no longer included, but it was reintroduced in 2013. Lightweight men's eight was removed after 2015.
As a result of the IOC's aim for gender parity, it has been agreed that for 2020 onwards the lightweight men's coxless four will be removed from the Olympics and replaced by women's coxless four.
At the 2017 FISA Ordinary Congress there were further revisions, removing M2+ and LM4- from the World Championships, and reinstating LW2-.
|Boat||Men||Lwt Men||Women||Lwt Women|
|Times hosted||Host country|
|4||Switzerland, Canada, Great Britain, Germany|
|3||Yugoslavia, Austria, Netherlands|
|2||New Zealand, Belgium, Italy, Spain, France, Bulgaria, United States|
|1||South Korea, Denmark, Australia, Czech Republic, Finland, Croatia, Japan, Poland, Slovenia|
All-time medal table
|1||East Germany (East Germany)||94||45||25||164|
|4||Great Britain (GBR)||68||72||55||195|
|5||United States (USA)||64||71||85||220|
|7||New Zealand (NZL)||46||29||26||101|
|8||Soviet Union (Soviet Union)||35||44||29||108|
|13||West Germany (West Germany)||21||23||25||69|
|23||Czech Republic (CZE)||7||15||11||33|
|35||South Africa (SAF)||2||2||4||8|
|40||Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia and Montenegro)||1||1||1||3|
|Totals (50 nations)||835||839||828||2502|
|Matthew Pinsent||Great Britain||1970||10||0||2||12|
|Steve Redgrave||Great Britain||1962||9||2||1||12|
|Giuseppe Di Capua||Italy||1958||8||3||1||12|
Scull and Sweep medalists
|Katherine Grainger||5||8||3||6||2||2||W1x, W2x, W4x||W2-, W8+|
|Elisabeta Lipă||5||13||3||9||2||4||W1x, W2x, W4x||W2-, W8+|
|Franco Sancassani||3||12||1||10||2||2||LM4x||LM2-, LM8+|
|Greg Searle||4||7||1||1||3||6||M1x||M2+, M4-, M8+|
|Martin Sinković||3||7||2||5||1||2||M2x, M4x||M2-|
|Valent Sinković||3||7||2||5||1||2||M2x, M4x||M2-|
- The Origins of the Championships, Rowing History, Australia.
- Previous Venues Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine., 2010 World Rowing Championships, New Zealand.
- "Summary of proposed changes to the FISA Rules of Racing, related Bye-Laws and Event Regulations" (PDF). FISA. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "2017 FISA Extraordinary Congress concludes". FISA. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "Rule 36 – World Rowing Championship Programmes" (PDF). FISA. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- Medal table