World Rowing Championships

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World Rowing Championships
Statusactive
GenreRowing World championship
Date(s)varying
Frequencyannual
Countryvarying
Inaugurated1962 (1962)
Most recent2018
Next event2019
Organised byFISA
Websitewww.worldrowing.com

The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). It is a week-long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.

History[edit]

The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1962.[1][2] The event then was held every four years until 1974, when it became an annual competition. Also in 1974, Men's lightweight and Women's open weight events were added to the championships. In 1985 Women's lightweight events were added to the schedule.

Since 1996, during (Summer) Olympic years, the World Rowing Junior Championships are held at the same time.

In 2002 adaptive rowing events were introduced for the following classes of disability: LTA (legs, trunk and arms), TA (trunk, arms), and A (arms-only). In 2009 the A category was replaced by AS (arms and shoulders), and an ID (intellectually disabled) category was added (but then removed after the 2011 Championships). From 2017 the designations AS, TA, and LTA have been changed to PR1, PR2, and PR3.[3]

Boats[edit]

Rowing takes place in 21 different boat classes, apart from during Olympic years when only non-Olympic boat classes race. National teams generally take less interest in the non-Olympic events, as the Olympic events are considered the "premier" events.

The table below shows the boat classes, "O" indicates the boat races at both the Olympics and World Championships. "WC" indicates this is only a World Championship event. After 2007, the coxed fours (4+) no longer runs as a world championship event. Similarly after 2011 the women's coxless four was no longer included, but it was reintroduced in 2013. Lightweight men's eight was removed after 2015.

As a result of the IOC's aim for gender parity, it has been agreed that for 2020 onwards the lightweight men's coxless four will be removed from the Olympics and replaced by women's coxless four.[4]

At the 2017 FISA Ordinary Congress there were further revisions, removing M2+ and LM4- from the World Championships, and reinstating LW2-.[5]

Boat Men Lwt Men Women Lwt Women
1x Single sculls O WC O WC
2x Double sculls O O O O
2- Coxless pairs O WC O WC
2+ Coxed pairs
4x Quad sculls O WC O WC
4- Coxless fours O O
4+ Coxed fours
8+ Eights O O

Venues[edit]

Ed. Year City/Town Country Date
1. 1962 Lucerne
Rotsee
  Switzerland
2. 1966 Bled
Lake Bled
 Yugoslavia
3. 1970 St. Catharines
Royal Canadian Henley Rowing Course
 Canada
4. 1974 Lucerne
Rotsee
  Switzerland
5. 1975 Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
 Great Britain
6. 1976 Villach
Lake Ossiach
 Austria
7. 1977 Amsterdam
Bosbaan
 Netherlands
8. 1978 Cambridge (openweight events)
Lake Karapiro
 New Zealand
Copenhagen (lightweight events)
Lake Bagsværd
 Denmark
9. 1979 Bled
Lake Bled
 Yugoslavia 3 – 9 September
10. 1980 Hazewinkel  Belgium
11. 1981 Munich
Oberschleißheim
 West Germany
12. 1982 Lucerne
Rotsee
  Switzerland
13. 1983 Duisburg  West Germany
14. 1984 Montreal
Notre Dame Island
 Canada
15. 1985 Hazewinkel  Belgium 26 August – 1 September
16. 1986 Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
 Great Britain 16 – 24 August
17. 1987 Copenhagen  Denmark 29 – 30 August
18. 1988 Milan  Italy 6 August
19. 1989 Bled
Lake Bled
 Yugoslavia 3 – 10 September
20. 1990 Tasmania
Lake Barrington
 Australia 24 October – 4 November
21. 1991 Vienna  Austria 19 – 25 August
22. 1992 Montreal
Notre Dame Island
 Canada 13 – 16 August
23. 1993 Račice
Roudnice
 Czech Republic 8 – 9 May
24. 1994 Indianapolis
Eagle Creek Park
 United States 17 – 18 September
25. 1995 Tampere
Kaukajärvi
 Finland 25 – 27 August
26. 1996 Motherwell
Strathclyde Country Park
 Great Britain 5 – 11 August
27. 1997 Aiguebelette  France 31 August – 7 September
28. 1998 Cologne
Fühlingen
 Germany 6 – 13 September
29. 1999 St. Catharines
Royal Canadian Henley Rowing Course
 Canada 22 – 29 August
30. 2000 Zagreb
Jarun
 Croatia 1 – 6 August
31. 2001 Lucerne
Rotsee
  Switzerland 19 – 26 August
32. 2002 Seville
Guadalquivir
 Spain 15 – 22 September
33. 2003 Milan
Idroscalo
 Italy 24 – 31 August
34. 2004 Banyoles
Lake of Banyoles
 Spain 27 July – 1 August
35. 2005 Kaizu, Gifu
Nagaragawa International Regatta Course
 Japan 29 August – 4 September
36. 2006 Dorney
Dorney Lake
 Great Britain 20 – 27 August
37. 2007 Munich
Oberschleißheim
 Germany 26 August – 2 September
38. 2008 Ottensheim  Austria 20 – 27 July
39. 2009 Poznań
Lake Malta
 Poland 23 – 30 August
40. 2010 Cambridge
Lake Karapiro
 New Zealand 29 October – 7 November
41. 2011 Bled
Lake Bled
 Slovenia 28 August – 4 September
42. 2012 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 15 – 19 August
43. 2013 Chungju
Tangeum Lake
 South Korea 25 August – 1 September
44. 2014 Amsterdam
Bosbaan
 Netherlands 24 – 31 August
45. 2015 Aiguebelette
Lac d'Aiguebelette
 France 30 August – 6 September
46. 2016 Rotterdam
Willem-Alexander Baan
 Netherlands 21 – 28 August
47. 2017 Sarasota
Nathan Benderson Park
 United States

24 September – 1 October

48. 2018 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 9 – 16 September
49. 2019 Ottensheim  Austria 25 August – 1 September
50. 2020 Bled  Slovenia 16 – 23 August
51. 2021 Shanghai  China
52. 2022 Račice  Czech Republic

Multiple venues[edit]

Times hosted Host country
4 Switzerland Switzerland, Canada Canada, United Kingdom Great Britain, Germany Germany
3 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Austria Austria, Netherlands Netherlands
2 New Zealand New Zealand, Belgium Belgium, Italy Italy, Spain Spain, France France, Bulgaria Bulgaria, United States United States
1 South Korea South Korea, Denmark Denmark, Australia Australia, Czech Republic Czech Republic, Finland Finland, Croatia Croatia, Japan Japan, Poland Poland, Slovenia Slovenia

All-time medal table[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 East Germany (East Germany)944525164
2 Italy (ITA)826453199
3 Germany (GER)807269221
4 Great Britain (GBR)687255195
5 United States (USA)647185220
6 Australia (AUS)474237126
7 New Zealand (NZL)462926101
8 Soviet Union (Soviet Union)354429108
9 Romania (ROU)344540119
10 Denmark (DEN)33263291
11 France (FRA)324528105
12 Canada (CAN)293541105
13 West Germany (West Germany)21232569
14 Netherlands (NED)20383997
15 Norway (NOR)1671134
16  Switzerland (SUI)15151545
17 China (CHN)1382243
18 Poland (POL)11201647
19 Belarus (BLR)1161027
20 Ireland (IRL)107724
21 Bulgaria (BUL)9121435
22 Austria (AUT)881026
23 Czech Republic (CZE)7151133
24 Greece (GRE)7101027
25 Spain (ESP)671629
26 Croatia (CRO)65516
27 Slovenia (SLO)45514
28 Hungary (HUN)43613
29 Ukraine (UKR)39618
30 Finland (FIN)34411
31 Lithuania (LTU)3227
32 Brazil (BRA)3014
33 Belgium (BEL)27817
34 Sweden (SWE)24612
35 South Africa (SAF)2248
36 Russia (RUS)171321
37 Chile (CHI)1315
38 Argentina (ARG)1157
39 Japan (JPN)1124
40 Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia and Montenegro)1113
41 Czechoslovakia (Czechoslovakia)0111122
42 Cuba (CUB)0213
43 Israel (ISR)0202
44 Estonia (EST)0167
45 Serbia (SRB)0156
46 Yugoslavia (Yugoslavia)0145
47 Slovakia (SVK)0123
48 Turkey (TUR)0022
49 Portugal (POR)0011
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)0011
Totals (50 nations)8358398282502


Multiple medallists[edit]

Athlete Nation Born Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Tot.
Daniele Gilardoni  Italy 1976 11 1 1 13
Matthew Pinsent  Great Britain 1970 10 0 2 12
Steve Redgrave  Great Britain 1962 9 2 1 12
Franco Sancassani  Italy 1974 9 2 1 12
Francesco Esposito  Italy 1955 9 1 1 11
Giuseppe Di Capua  Italy 1958 8 3 1 12
Andrea Re  Italy 1963 8 1 2 11

Scull and Sweep medalists[edit]

incomplete list

  Scull and Sweep World Champions
Rower Total Scull Sweep Disciplines
# of
disciplines
Med 1.pngMed 2.pngMed 3.png # of
disciplines
Med 1.pngMed 2.pngMed 3.png # of
disciplines
Med 1.pngMed 2.pngMed 3.png Scull Sweep
Daniele Gilardoni 2 13 1 12 1 1 LM4x LM8+
Katherine Grainger 5 8 3 6 2 2 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Elisabeta Lipă 5 13 3 9 2 4 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Franco Sancassani 3 12 1 10 2 2 LM4x LM2-, LM8+
Greg Searle 4 7 1 1 3 6 M1x M2+, M4-, M8+
Martin Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
Valent Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Origins of the Championships, Rowing History, Australia.
  2. ^ Previous Venues Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine., 2010 World Rowing Championships, New Zealand.
  3. ^ "Summary of proposed changes to the FISA Rules of Racing, related Bye-Laws and Event Regulations" (PDF). FISA. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. ^ "2017 FISA Extraordinary Congress concludes". FISA. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Rule 36 – World Rowing Championship Programmes" (PDF). FISA. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  6. ^ Medal table

External links[edit]