NEC World Series of Golf
|Course(s)||Firestone Country Club
|Length||7,139 yards (6,528 m)|
|Format||Stroke play – (no cut)
72 holes (1976–1998)
36 holes (1962–1975)
|Tournament record score|
|Aggregate||262 José María Olazábal (1990)|
|To par||−18 as above|
The World Series of Golf was a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour, played at Firestone Country Club in Akron, Ohio. From its inception in 1962 through 1975, it was an unofficial 36-hole event matching the winners of the four major championships. In 1976 it became an official PGA Tour event; the field expanded to 20 players and the event was lengthened to 72 holes. the victory and $100,000 winner's share went to Nicklaus. The field was increased to over 40 players in 1983, though it never exceeded 50; NEC began sponsoring the event in 1984.
The tournament was last played in 1998, but was replaced by the newly created WGC-NEC Invitational in 1999. Firestone Country Club has hosted that tournament (now known as the WGC-Bridgestone Invitational) every year, except for 2002.
The World Series of Golf was founded as a four-man invitational event in 1962, comprising the winners of the four major championships in a 36-hole event. A made-for-television exhibition, the competitors played in one group for $75,000 in unofficial prize money, televised by NBC.
The inaugural edition in September 1962 included only the "Big Three" of Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, and Gary Player. Palmer had won two majors that year and a fourth competitor was not added. Palmer shot a course record 65 in the first round on Saturday, but fell back with a 74 on Sunday. Nicklaus won with 135, four strokes ahead of Palmer and Player. Nicklaus, age 22, won a then-staggering $50,000, with $15,000 for second and $5,000 each for third and fourth, split between the other two for $12,500 each. Opposite this competition was the regular tour event in Denver, which had a winner's share of $4,300. The highest paying major at the time was the Masters with a winner's share of $20,000; Nicklaus had won $17,500 at the U.S. Open at Oakmont, which included a sizable $2,500 playoff bonus from the extra day's gate receipts, well-attended due to the presence of favorite son Palmer. At the time of his big Akron payday, the U.S. Open was Nicklaus' only tour victory as a rookie, but he won the next two events at Seattle ($4,300) and Portland ($3,500).
In 1963, Nicklaus won two majors, so a fourth player was added to the World Series via an 18-hole playoff between the three men who had lost playoffs in that year's majors; Palmer and Jacky Cupit in the U.S. Open and Phil Rodgers in the Open Championship. Palmer prevailed by five strokes in the August playoff. Nicklaus repeated as the World Series winner in September, one stroke ahead of Julius Boros, with Palmer in third and Bob Charles in fourth. The opposite tour event in 1963 was the Utah Open in Salt Lake City, with a winner's share of $6,400.
The first year with four players as reigning major champions was 1964, the first without Nicklaus. Tony Lema took the top spot, followed by Ken Venturi, Bobby Nichols, and Palmer. This was also the first year without a concurrent PGA Tour event.
In the final year of the four-man format in 1975, Tom Watson won with a two-stroke advantage over runner-up Nicklaus. The money was the same as in 1962, except that third place received $7,500, claimed by Tom Weiskopf. Nicklaus had won his second major of the year, the PGA Championship, at the same course a month earlier. In the fourteen editions of the event, Nicklaus played in ten, won four, and finished as runner-up in six.
From 1961 through 1976, Firestone also hosted the American Golf Classic on the South course. It was not played in the years of the PGA Championship (1960, 1966, 1975), and the final edition in 1976 was played on the par-72 North course, with the World Series on the South course the following week.
In 1976, it became a 72-hole, $300,000 PGA Tour event and its field was initially expanded to twenty; the victory and $100,000 winner's share went to Nicklaus. The largest first prize at a major that year was $45,000 at the PGA Championship.
The World Series of Golf quickly became a leading event on the tour. For many years a victory in it gave a 10-year exemption on the PGA Tour, the same as was granted for a victory in a major championship at that time, and twice as long as is given even for winning a major now. The field consisted of the winners of all the high status men's professional golf tournaments around the world in the previous twelve months.
The field was expanded in 1984 to include some international players, all tour event winners, and the top fifteen on the current money list, with 47 players eligible. The expansion wasn't well-received by all players, and a notable absence was Seve Ballesteros of Spain, who opted out.
- PGA Tour event (1976–1998)
- Unofficial money event (1962–1975)
- Palmer won an 18-hole playoff between the three runners-up of the two majors' playoffs in 1963.
^ Third place was $5,000 in the first three editions (1962–64)
- "World Series of Golf". Wilmington Morning Star. (North Carolina). August 31, 1998. p. 4C.
- "World Series of Golf back for final time". Augusta Chronicle. (Georgia). Associated Press. August 27, 1998. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- "Now golf has a real World Series". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. August 29, 1976. p. 7B.
- "Nicklaus silences his doubters". Palm Beach Post. (Florida). wire services. September 6, 1976. p. D1.
- "Golf tournament expands". Gadsden Times. (Alabama). Associated Press. August 24, 1983. p. B3.
- Gilpin, Del (May 6, 1983). "World Series expands field". Ocala Star-Banner. (Florida). p. 8C.
- "Firestone to switch its format". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. August 27, 1998. p. D6.
- "While Palmer fades, Jack blooms to win golf's first World Series". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 10, 1962. p. 12.
- "Nicklaus is winner in golf World Series". Milwaukee Journal. press dispatches. September 10, 1962. p. 11.
- "World Series won by Jack". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. September 10, 1962. p. 3B.
- "Nicklaus wins $75,000 exhibition; Palmer fades". Chicago Daily Tribune. Associated Press. September 10, 1962. p. 1, sec. 4.
- "Goalby Denver king". Deseret News. (Salt Lake City, Utah). UPI. September 10, 1962. p. 2B.
- "Goalby wins Denver golf; Duden's 2nd". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 10, 1962. p. 12.
- "Nicklaus wins Seattle Open". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. September 17, 1962. p. 3B.
- "Nicklaus wins Seattle Open by 2 strokes". Chicago Daily Tribune. UPI. September 17, 1962. p. 4, sec. 4.
- "Open won in Portland by Nicklaus". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). UPI. September 24, 1962. p. 2B.
- "Palmer, Cupit, Rodgers in Series playoff". Lodi News-Sentinel. (California). UPI. August 17, 1963. p. 8.
- "Palmer's 69 beats Cupit and Rodgers". Chicago Tribune. UPI. August 21, 1963. p. 3, sec. 3.
- Mooshil, Joe (August 21, 1963). "Palmer golf win adds glitter to 'World Series'". Ellensburg Daily Record. (Washington). Associated Press. p. 8.
- "Nicklaus wins $50,000 in 'World Series' repeat". Deseret News. (Salt Lake City, Utah). UPI. September 9, 1963. p. 4B.
- "It's Nicklaus by 1-for $50,000". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. September 9, 1963. p. 3, sec. 3.
- "$50,000 win for Nicklaus over Boros". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 9, 1963. p. 11.
- Ferguson, George (September 9, 1963). "Jacobs nabs prize in richest Utah Open". Deseret News. (Salt Lake City, Utah). p. 2B.
- "Tom Jacobs "hangs on" for Utah win". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 9, 1963. p. 11.
- "World Series of golf to start". St. Petersburg Times. (Florida). Associated Press. September 11, 1964. p. 1-C.
- "Tony beats holes, beds, saves title". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 14, 1964. p. 12.
- "Tony Lema victor in World Series". Eugene-Register Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. September 14, 1964. p. 3B.
- "Tom Watson easy victor as Jack, others foozle". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. September 8, 1975.
- "Littler Has Many Thanks". The Dispatch. (Lexington, North Carolina). UPI. September 12, 1966.
- "Coody in front by three strokes". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). Associated Press. September 12, 1971. p. 60.
- "Player, Trevino, Brewer face Nicklaus in Series". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. September 8, 1972. p. 14.
- "Player Favored, Nicklaus favorite in prestigious golf World Series". Lakeland Ledger. (Florida). Associated Press. September 7, 1974. p. 3B.
- "Nicklaus has ax to grind". Evening Independent. (St. Petersburg, Florida). Associated Press. September 5, 1975. p. 5-C.
- "Akron ready to play host to 2 in a row". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. August 25, 1976. p. 45.
- Achenbach, Jim (March 27, 1976). "World Series of Golf still has its problems". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. (Florida). p. 3C.
- Valerino, John (September 5, 1976). "Beman accomplished his goal of upgrading Series". Lakeland Ledger. (Florida). p. 4C.
- "Beman wants to make Series 'major' tourney". Florence Times. (Alabama). UPI. October 5, 1978. p. 24.
- "Golf Series revises format". Nashua Telegraph. (New Hampshire). Associated Press. August 25, 1983. p. 27.