World Union of National Socialists
|World Union of National Socialists
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The World Union of National Socialists (WUNS) is an organisation founded in 1962 as an umbrella group for neo-Nazi organisations across the globe.
The movement came about when the leader of the American Nazi Party, George Lincoln Rockwell, visited England and met with National Socialist Movement chief Colin Jordan and the two agreed to work towards developing an international link-up between movements. This resulted in the 1962 Cotswold Declaration which was signed by neo-Nazis from the United States, United Kingdom, France (Savitri Devi), West Germany (Bruno Ludtke), Austria and Belgium. More member nations would join later throughout the decade including Argentina, Australia, Chile, Ireland, South Africa, and Japan.
Following Rockwell's assassination in 1967, control of the WUNS passed to Matt Koehl, who attempted to extend the influence of the group by appointing Danish neo-Nazi Povl Riis-Knudsen as general secretary. However a split began to develop over the insistence of Koehl that Nazism should also serve as a religion, and eventually he broke away from the WUNS to lead his own version of Nazi mysticism. The split fundamentally weakened the WUNS and its influence declined strongly, despite attempts by Jordan to reinvigorate it. Jordan remained the nominal leader of the organization until his death in 2009, when he was succeeded by Koehl, who was the titular leader until his own death in 2014.
A number of groups have become members of the WUNS or accepted association to the group down the years.
Given the leadership of Rockwell and Koehl, the American Nazi Party and its successor the National Socialist White People's Party were the main constituent groups of the WUNS.
It was also active in South America through the Partido Nacionalsocialista Chileno, a group set up in Chile by former 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler Standartenführer Franz Pfeiffer  and the Frente Nacional Socialista Argentino of Argentina was an affiliate group.
The National Socialist Movement and its successor British Movement were members.
WUNS was represented in Denmark by the National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark, a rump group of the old pre-war movement affiliated under Sven Salicath, a close follower of Rockwell, and by its replacement, the National Socialist Movement of Denmark.
The group claims the affiliation of a number of minor movements, many of which appear to exist only on the internet. Those claimed by the WUNS are:
- Bolivia - Frente de Accion Patriota
- Brazil - Partido Nacional-Socialista Brasileiro
- Bulgaria - The Great Sarmatian Brotherhood
- Canada - National-Socialist Party of Canada
- Chile - Movimiento Nacionalsocialista del os Trabajadores Chilenos, Movimiento Gancho del Lobo, IMNS, Troops of Tomorrow Chile Division
- Costa Rica - Resistencia Ideologica Nacional Socialista de Costa Rica
- Estonia - Estland88
- Finland - Suomen Kansallissosialistinen Työväenpuolue, SKSTP-NSFAP
- France - Mouvement National-Socialiste Français, PHENIX
- Greece - European Nationalism and Hellenic Nationalism
- Guatemala - Frente Nacional Socialista de Guatemala
- Iran - Naska Party
- Italy - Comunità politica di Avanguardia, Movimento Fascismo e LIbertà
- Japan - National Socialist Japanese Workers Party
- Mexico - Mexico National-Socialist Party, Sol Negro
- Norway - National Socialist Movement of Norway
- Peru - Tercios Nacional Socialistas, MNSDP
- Romania - Romanian National Vanguard, Front 14 Romania, Victoria Finala
- Russia - Russian National Unity
- Serbia - Rasonalisti Serbia
- Spain - National Alliance, NuevOrden España
- Sweden - National Socialist Movement Nordic-Scandinavia Unit, Sveriges Nationella Förbund
- Ukraine - National Alliance for Freedom Ukrainian Falange, Ukrainian Falange Blog
- United Kingdom - November 9th Society, British Free Corps, British Peoples Party
- United States - National Socialist Movement, Final Solution 88
- Venezuela - Partido NS Venezolano.
- Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (2003). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism, and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. p. 88. ISBN 0-8147-3155-4. OCLC 47665567.
- Jeffrey Kaplan, Encyclopedia of White Power, 2000, pp. 94-95
- Kaplan, op cit, pp. 355-356
- Kaplan, op cit, p. 354
- Jim Saleam, The Post-Rockwell Period 1967-1978
- Kaplan, op cit, p. 356
- Participating members from WUNS site