World Vision United States

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World Vision
Type Non-governmental organization
Founded 1950
Founder(s) Robert Pierce
Headquarters
Key people Richard Stearns (president)
Area served USA
Focus(es) Well being of all people, especially children.
Method(s) Emergency relief, community development, policy and advocacy
Revenue US$1.6 billion (2007)
Motto Our vision for every child, life in all its fullness; our prayer for every heart, the will to make it so.
Website www.worldvision.org

World Vision United States is a member and founding organization of World Vision International. Founded in the USA in 1950, it is an evangelical[1] relief and development organization whose stated goal is "to follow our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ in working with the poor and oppressed to promote human transformation, seek justice and bear witness to the good news of the Kingdom of God."[2] It is one of the largest relief and development organizations in the USA with a 1.6 billion dollar budget (2007).

History[edit]

World Vision was founded in 1950 by Dr. Robert Pierce ("Bob"), a young American evangelist pastor, who had first been sent to China and South Korea in 1947 by the Youth for Christ missionary organization. Pierce remained at the head of World Vision for nearly two decades, but resigned from the organization in 1967.

On his trip he was inspired by the poverty of one little girl to pledge a monthly amount to the girl's local church to ensure her care. This generated the idea of child sponsorship and World Vision.[3]

At first the organization focused on orphans and other children in need, beginning in South Korea, then expanding throughout Asia. The program soon spread throughout Latin America, eastern Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. In the 1960s, the group started providing food, clothing, and medical care to citizens of impoverished countries after natural disasters by soliciting donations from major corporations.[3]

From 1966 onward, the organization used in business also the name "World Vision International"[4] but from 1977 on this name was reserved for the umbrella organisation World Vision International.[5][6] and the founding organization as a member of World Vision International is called World Vision United States whenever a distinction is necessary.

Later, Richard Stearns became president of World Vision US.

Organizational structure[edit]

main office in the World Vision US headquarters office complex in Federal Way, Washington

World Vision US is an independently registered interdependent national member office of the federal umbrella organization World Vision International. The relationship with the central organization is governed by the "Covenant of Partnership", that all national members sign. It provides that the national organizations must accept policies and decisions of the umbrella organization. and must not establish an office or program outside the US without the consent of the central group and the host country. Furthermore, except for direct project founding, all funds used outside the US have to be remitted through the central organization, and its financial and budget principles must be accepted.[7] Additionally, the national group must also subscribes to the core values, the mission statement, and the Statement of Faith of World Vision.[8]

Spirituality[edit]

World Vision aims to incorporate Christian belief into their development work as well as their organization. US president Richard Stearns stated that the group has a strict policy against proselytizing, which he describes as "... - using any kind of coercion or inducement to listen to a religious message before helping someone."[9] Like all other national members of the World Vision Partnership, World Vision US is committed to the concept of transformational development,[10] which is cast in a biblical framework and in which evangelization is an inseparable integral part of development work.[11]

Stearns stated that "hope" is World Vision's most lasting impression. He believes that if hope can be restored in a community it is more beneficial than adding a water well. He emphasizes that everyone lives in a religious world where more than 90% of the population believes in some faith. He claims that World Vision's understanding of faith is essential for development.[9]

Funding[edit]

Approximately half of World Vision's programs are funded through child sponsorship. Individuals, families, churches, schools, and other groups sponsor specific children or specific community projects in their own country or abroad. Sponsors send funds each month to provide support for the sponsored children or projects.

According to its annual report, in 2008 87% of its funding was spent on programs, 8% on fundraising and 5% on management and general overhead.[12][13]

Activities[edit]

World Vision provides emergency relief to people whose lives are endangered by disasters or conflict and who need immediate assistance. It attempts to respond to all major emergencies around the world themselves or in cooperation with partner agencies. For example, World Vision responded to famine[14] in Ethiopia and North Korea, hurricanes in Central America, the tsunami in the Indian Ocean nations, earthquakes in El Salvador, India, Taiwan, Turkey and the Sichuan earthquake in China, Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar and war refugees in Kosovo, Chechnya, Sierra Leone, Angola, and East Timor.

The organization encourages public awareness about the needs of others, the causes of poverty, and the nature of compassionate response.[15] These efforts include collaboration with media and community participation in fundraising.[16] I

The organization devotes considerable effort to advocating to the US government. On March 1, 2011, along with 29 other faith-based groups, it sent a letter to the senate petitioning for the restoration of cuts made to foreign disaster assistance, global health, and food aid in the 2011 budget. [17]

World Vision is a leading member of the U.S. Global Leadership Coalition, a Washington D.C.-based coalition of over 400 major companies and NGOs that advocates for a larger international affairs budget, which funds American diplomatic and development efforts abroad.[18] World Vision is also a member of the Global Coalition Against Pneumonia and supports World Pneumonia Day on November 2, 2009.

Criticism[edit]

In 1999, the academic journal Development in Practice published an overview of World Vision's history focusing on the evolution of its global architecture. The document, "Pursuing Partnership: World Vision and the Ideology of Development" was written by then World Vision staff person Alan Whaites, who went on to become a political scientist concerned with international development. He offered a picture of an organization that was often spurred to innovate and change as a result of internal reflection on external criticism.[19]

In August 2010, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled that "World Vision is a 'religious corporation' and therefore exempt from federal law barring faith-based discrimination, and thus was permitted to dismiss two employees who were fired because they did not believe in the "divinity of Jesus or the doctrine of the Trinity." Judge Marsha S. Berzon of that circuit dissented, arguing that "Congress did not intend to allow all religiously motivated nonprofits to be exempt from the law." She believes that the decision discriminates against employees who have the ability to do the assigned work just because of their religious views.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ D. Michael Lindsay (2007): Faith in the halls of power: how evangelicals joined the American elite. New York: Oxford University Press. S. 44f.
  2. ^ Our Mission, World Vision, Retrieved July 21st, 2009
  3. ^ a b World Vision History, retrieved April 26, 2011
  4. ^ United States Patent Office 3. Okt. 1972, no. #944238.
  5. ^ www.manta.com
  6. ^ http://www.wvi.org/wvi/wviweb.nsf/maindocs/39F905AE21E265C1882573750075074B?opendocument
  7. ^ Appendix D, "A Covenant of Partnership" in Greame Irvine: "Best Things in the Worst Times: An Insiders View of World Vision" BookPartners, Inc. (1996) ISBN 1-885221-37-1
  8. ^ The Statement of Faith of World Vision [1] corresponds to the Statement of Faith put forward by the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE)[2] as standard for their evangelical convictions [3]
  9. ^ a b Stearns, Richard. "World Vision CEO Richard Stearns Charts Course, Spirit For Nonprofit Sector ." Huffington Post 3 Mar. 2011: 1-2. Print.
  10. ^ "World Vision Mission Statement." In: Greame Irvine: "Best Things in the Worst Times: An Insiders View of World Vision", BookPartners, Inc. (1996) ISBN 1-885221-37-1, Appendix C.
  11. ^ see e.g. Bryant L. Myer: "Walking with the Poor: Principles and Practice of Transformational Development" ISBN 1-57075-275-3 (1999)
  12. ^ "World Vision - Full 2008 Annual Financial Statement in PDF" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  13. ^ P.O. Box 9716 (2008). "2008 Annual Review". World Vision. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  14. ^ Costello, Tim, et al., Freedom from hunger: the most basic of human rights, Opinion Piece - World Vision Australia, posted: 10 Dec 2008, Authors: Tim Costello (World Vision), Julia Newton-Howes (CARE), Paul O’Callaghan (ACFID), Jack de Groot (Caritas), Andrew Hewett (Oxfam), and Robert Tickner (Red Cross).
  15. ^ Advocacy action center, World Vision, Retrieved July 21st, 2009
  16. ^ - Amnesty International Press Center, Document of Public Statement Issued by CEOs of INGOs on the impact of the global economic downturn – October 2008, Authors: Irene Khan, Secretary General, Amnesty International, Jeremy Hobbs, Executive Director, Oxfam International, Dr. Dean Hirsch, Chief Executive Officer, World Vision International, Tom Miller, Chief Executive Officer, PLAN International, Gerd Leipold, International Executive Director, Greenpeace, Dr Robert Glasser, Secretary General, CARE International
  17. ^ [4] - ONE Press Release
  18. ^ U.S. Global Leadership Coalition, Global Trust members
  19. ^ http://www.developmentinpractice.org/journals/pursuing-partnership-world-vision-and-ideology-development-case-study
  20. ^ The Christian Century: World Vision wins right to hire and fire on faith basis, August 31, 2010


Further reading[edit]

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