World record progression 200 metres backstroke

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Graphs of the progression of the World Records in all four strokes (50 m, 100 m and 200 m distances).

This is a history of the progression of the world record for the 200-meter backstroke event. It is a listing of the fastest-time-ever swum in the event, in both long course (50-meter) and short course (25-meter) swimming pools. These records are maintained/recognized by FINA, which oversees international competitive swimming and aquatics.

The long course records are historically older than the short course records; the latter having only been recognized since the early 1990s.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

Old regulations[edit]

No Time Name Nationality Date Location
1 3'04"4 Oscar Schiele Germany Germany 27 June 1909 Berlin, Germany[1]
2 2'59"8 George Arnold Germany Germany 3 January 1910 Magdeburg, Germany
3 2'56"4 Maurice Wechesser  Belgium 18 October 1910 Schaerbeek, Belgium
4 2'50"6 Hermann Pentz Germany Germany 11 March 1911 Magdeburg, Germany
5 2'48"4 Otto Fahr Germany Germany 3 April 1912 Magdeburg, Germany
6 2'47"1 Walter Laufer  United States 24 June 1926 Bremen, Germany[2]
7 2'44"9 Walter Laufer  United States 11 July 1926 Nuremberg, Germany
8 2'38"8 Walter Laufer  United States 13 July 1926 Magdeburg, Germany[3][4]
9 2'37"8 Toshio Irie  Japan 14 October 1928 Tamagawa, Japan[5]
10 2'32"2 George Kojac  United States 16 June 1930 New Haven, United States
11 2'27"8 Al Vande Weghe  United States 30 August 1934 Honolulu, Hawaii
12 2'24"0 Adolph Kiefer  United States 11 April 1935 Chicago, United States
13 2'23"0 Adolph Kiefer  United States 23 May 1941 Honolulu, Hawaii
14 2'22"9 Harry Holiday  United States 18 May 1943 Detroit, United States
15 2'19"3 Adolph Kiefer  United States 4 March 1944 Annapolis, United States
16 2'18"5 Allen Stack  United States 4 May 1949 New Haven, United States
17 2'18"3 Gilbert Bozon  France 26 June 1953 Algiers, Algeria

New regulations[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
2:18.5 Allen Stack United States United States 4 May 1949 - New Haven, United States [6][7]
2:18.3 Gilbert Bozon France France 26 June 1953 - Algiers, Algeria [6]
2:18.8 John Monckton Australia Australia 15 January 1958 - Sydney, Australia [6]
2:18.4 John Monckton Australia Australia 18 February 1958 - Melbourne, Australia [6]
2:17.9 Frank McKinney United States United States 12 July 1959 - Los Altos, United States [6][8]
2:17.8 Frank McKinney United States United States 25 July 1959 - Osaka, Japan [6][9]
2:17.6 Chuck Bittick United States United States 26 June 1960 - Los Angeles, United States [6]
2:16.0 Tom Stock United States United States 24 July 1960 - Toledo, United States [6]
2:13.2 Tom Stock United States United States 2 July 1961 - Chicago, United States [6]
2:11.5 Tom Stock United States United States 20 August 1961 - Los Angeles, United States [6]
2:10.9 Tom Stock United States United States 10 August 1962 - Cuyahoga Falls, United States [6]
2:10.3 Jed Graef United States United States 13 October 1964 1964 Summer Olympics Tokyo, Japan [6]
2:09.4 Charles Hickcox United States United States 29 August 1967 1967 Summer Universiade Tokyo, Japan [6]
2:07.9 Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 8 November 1967 - Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:07.5 Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 14 August 1968 GDR Olympic Trials Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:07.4 Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 12 July 1969 Santa Clara Invitational Santa Clara, United States [6][10]
2:06.6 Gary Hall United States United States 14 August 1969 AAU Nationals Louisville, United States [6]
2:06.6 = Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 29 August 1969 - Berlin, West Germany [6]
2:06.3 Mike Stamm United States United States 20 August 1970 AAU Nationals Los Angeles, United States [6]
2:06.1 Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 11 September 1970 European Championships Barcelona, Spain [6]
2:05.6 Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 3 September 1971 GDR vs USA Duel Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:02.8 Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 10 July 1972 GDR Olympic Trials Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:02.82 = Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 2 September 1972 1972 Summer Olympics Munich, West Germany [6]
2:01.87 Roland Matthes East Germany East Germany 6 September 1973 World Championships Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia [6]
2:00.64 John Naber United States United States 19 June 1976 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, United States [6]
1:59.19 John Naber United States United States 27 July 1976 1976 Summer Olympics Montreal, Canada [6]
1:58.93 Rick Carey United States United States 3 August 1983 1983 U.S. Summer Nationals Clovis, United States [6][11]
1:58.86 Rick Carey United States United States 27 June 1984 1984 U.S. Olympic Trials Indianapolis, United States [6]
1:58.41 Sergei Zabolotnov Soviet Union Soviet Union 21 August 1984 Friendship Games Moscow, Soviet Union [6]
1:58.14 Igor Polyansky Soviet Union Soviet Union 3 March 1985 GDR vs URS Duel Erfurt, East Germany [6]
1:57.30 Martin Zubero Spain Spain 13 August 1991 1991 U.S. Summer Nationals Fort Lauderdale, United States [6][12]
1:56.57 Martin Zubero Spain Spain 23 November 1991 Alabama LC Invitational Tuscaloosa, United States [6][13]
1:55.87 Lenny Krayzelburg United States United States 27 August 1999 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia [6]
1:55.15 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 20 March 2002 U.S. Spring Nationals Minneapolis, United States [6]
1:54.74 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 12 July 2004 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, United States [6]
1:54.66 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 29 July 2005 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada [6]
1:54.44 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 19 August 2006 2006 Pan Pacific Championships Victoria, Canada
1:54.32 Ryan Lochte United States United States 30 March 2007 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia
1:54.32 = Aaron Peirsol United States United States 4 July 2008 2008 U.S. Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
1:53.94 Ryan Lochte United States United States 15 August 2008 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing, China
1:53.08 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 11 July 2009 2009 U.S. Summer Nationals Indianapolis, United States
1:51.92 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 31 July 2009 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT ? ? ? ? 1 March 1991
01 1:52.51 Martin Lopez-Zubero Spain Spain 10 April 1991 ? [14]
02 1:52.47 Lenny Krayzelburg United States United States 18 November 1999 World Cup meet College Park, United States [15]
03 1:52.43 Lenny Krayzelburg United States United States 6 February 2000 World Cup meet Berlin, Germany [16]
04 1:51.62 Matt Welsh Australia Australia 13 October 2000 ? Melbourne, Australia
05 1:51.62 = Gordan Kožulj Croatia Croatia 21 January 2001 ? Berlin, Germany
06 1:51.17 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 7 April 2002 Short Course Worlds Moscow, Russia
07 1:50.52 Aaron Peirsol United States United States 11 October 2004 Short Course Worlds Indianapolis, United States
08 1:50.43 Markus Rogan Austria Austria 8 December 2005 Short Course Europeans Trieste, Italy
09 1:49.05 Ryan Lochte United States United States 9 April 2006 Short Course Worlds Shanghai, China
10 1:47.84 Markus Rogan Austria Austria 13 April 2008 Short Course Worlds Manchester, United Kingdom
11 1:47.08 George Du Rand South Africa South Africa 7 November 2009 World Cup meet Moscow, Russia
12 1:46.11 Arkady Vyatchanin Russia Russia 15 November 2009 World Cup meet Berlin, Germany
13 1:45.63 Mitch Larkin Australia Australia 27 November 2015 Australian Championships Sydney, Australia [17]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

Old Regulations[edit]

No Time Name Nationality Date Location
1 3'06"8 Sybil Bauer  United States 4 July 1922 Brighton Beach, United States
2 3'03"8 Sybil Bauer  United States 9 February 1924 Miami, United States
3 2'59"2 Marie Braun  Netherlands 24 November 1928 Brussels, Belgium
4 2'58"8 Eleanor Holm  United States 1 February 1930 Buffalo, United States
5 2'58"2 Eleanor Holm  United States 1 March 1930 New York City, United States
6 2'50"4 Phyllis Harding  United Kingdom 19 September 1932 Wallasey, United Kingdom
7 2'49"6 Rie Mastenbroek  Netherlands 20 January 1935 Amsterdam, Netherlands
8 2'48"7 Eleanor Holm  United States 3 March 1936 Toledo, United States
9 2'44"6 Nida Senff  Netherlands 2 February 1937 Amsterdam, Netherlands
10 2'41"3 Ragnhild Hveger  Denmark 14 February 1937 Århus, Denmark
11 2'41"0 Cor Kint  Netherlands 17 April 1938 Århus, Denmark
12 2'40"6 Iet van Feggelen  Netherlands 26 October 1938 Düsseldorf, Germany
13 2'39"0 Iet van Feggelen  Netherlands 18 December 1938 Amsterdam, Netherlands
14 2'38"8 Cor Kint  Netherlands 29 November 1939 Rotterdam, Netherlands
15 2'35"3 Geertje Wielema  Netherlands 2 April 1950 Hilversum, Netherlands

New Regulations[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
01 2:39.9 Philippa Gould New Zealand New Zealand 16 Jan 1957 ? Auckland, New Zealand [18]
02 2:38.5 Lenie de Nijs Netherlands Netherlands 17 May 1957 ? Blackpool, United Kingdom
03 2:37.4 Chris von Saltza United States USA 1 Aug 1958 ? Topeka, United States
04 2:37.1 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 12 Jul 1959 ? Tokyo, Japan
05 2:34.8 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 2 Apr 1960 ? Tokyo, Japan
06 2:33.5 Lynn Burke United States USA 15 Jul 1960 ? Indianapolis, United States
07 2:33.3 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 23 Jul 1960 ? Tokyo, Japan
08 2:33.2 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 30 Jul 1961 ? Tokyo, Japan
09 2:32.1 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 3 Jun 1962 ? Beppu, Japan
10 2:31.6 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 29 Jul 1962 ? Osaka, Japan
11 2:29.6 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 10 Feb 1963 ? Sydney, Australia
12 2:28.9 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 18 Feb 1963 ? Perth, Australia
13 2:28.5 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 21 Feb 1963 ? Perth, Australia
14 2:28.2 Satoko Tanaka Japan Japan 4 Aug 1963 ? Tokyo, Japan
15 2:27.4 Cathy Ferguson United States USA 28 Sep 1964 ? Los Angeles, United States
16 2:27.1 Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 25 Jul 1966 ? Béziers, France
17 2:26.4 Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 18 Aug 1966 ? Lincoln, United States
18 2:24.4 Elaine Tanner Canada Canada 26 Jul 1967 Pan American Games Winnipeg, Canada
19 2:24.1 Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 6 Jan 1968 ? Kimberley, South Africa
20 2:23.8 Karen Muir South Africa South Africa 21 Jul 1968 ? Los Angeles, United States
21 2:21.5 Susie Atwood United States USA 14 Aug 1969 AAU Nationals Louisville, United States
22 2:20.64 Melissa Belote United States USA 5 Aug 1972 USA Olympic Trials Chicago, United States
23 2:20.58 Melissa Belote United States USA 4 Sep 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
24 2:19.19 Melissa Belote United States USA 4 Sep 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
25 2:18.41 Ulrike Richter East Germany East Germany 7 Jul 1974 GDR Nationals/ECTs Rostock, East Germany
26 2:17.35 Ulrike Richter East Germany East Germany 25 Aug 1974 European Championships Vienna, Austria
27 2:16.33 Nancy Garapick Canada Canada 27 Apr 1975 Eastern Championships Brantford, Canada
28 2:16.10 Birgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 6 Jun 1975 GDR Nationals/WCTs Wittenberg, East Germany
29 2:15.46 Birgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 27 Jul 1975 World Championships Cali, Colombia
30 2:14.41 Antje Stille East Germany East Germany 29 Feb 1976 GDR Winter Nationals East Berlin, East Germany
31 2:13.50 Antje Stille East Germany East Germany 13 Mar 1976 URS vs GDR Duel Tallinn, Soviet Union
32 2:12.47 Birgit Treiber East Germany East Germany 4 Jun 1976 GDR Olympic Trials East Berlin, East Germany
33 2:11.93 Linda Jezek United States USA 28 Aug 1978 World Championships West Berlin, West Germany
34 2:11.77 Rica Reinisch East Germany East Germany 27 Jul 1980 Olympic Games Moscow, Soviet Union
35 2:09.91 Cornelia Sirch East Germany East Germany 8 Aug 1982 World Championships Guayaquil, Ecuador
36 2:08.60 Betsy Mitchell United States USA 27 Jun 1986 U.S. Swimming World Championship Trials Orlando, United States
37 2:06.62 Krisztina Egerszegi Hungary Hungary 25 Aug 1991 European Championships Athens, Greece
38 2:06.39 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 16 Feb 2008 USA Grand Prix meet-Missouri Columbia, United States
39 2:06.09 Margaret Hoelzer United States USA 5 Jul 2008 USA Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
40 2:05.24 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 16 Aug 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [19]
41 2:04.81 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
42 2:04.06 Missy Franklin United States USA 3 Aug 2012 2012 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT ? ? ? ? 1 Mar 1991 World Cup Berlin, Germany
01 2:07.11 Anna Simcic New Zealand New Zealand 1 Feb 1992 World Cup Paris, France [1]
02 2:06.09 Cihong He China China 5 Dec 1993 World Championships Palma de Mallorca, Spain [20]
03 2:05.83 Clementine Stoney Australia Australia 4 Aug 2001 Australia Championships Perth, Australia [20]
04 2:04.44 Sara Price United Kingdom Great Britain 5 Aug 2001 Australia Championships Perth, Australia [20]
05 2:03.62 Natalie Coughlin United States USA 27 Nov 2001 World Cup East Meadow, United States
06 2:03.24 Reiko Nakamura Japan Japan 23 Feb 2008 Japan Open 2008 Tokyo, Japan
07 2:00.91 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 11 Apr 2008 World Championships Manchester, United Kingdom
08 2:00.18 Shiho Sakai Japan Japan 14 Nov 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany
09 2:00.03 Missy Franklin United States USA 22 Oct 2011 World Cup Berlin, Germany
10 1:59.23 Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [21]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schwimmen im Kochsee; Berliner Volkszeitung; 29 June 1909; via the European Library
  2. ^ "New World Record". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. 25 June 1926. p. 6. Retrieved June 19, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  3. ^ Uued ilmarekordid; Waba Maa; 16 July 1926; via the European Library
  4. ^ "LAUFER BREAKS FOURTH SWIM MARK IN GERMANY". The Indianapolis News. 14 July 1926. p. 20. Retrieved June 19, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  5. ^ Toshio Irie at sports-reference.com
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj International Swimming Hall of Fame, Current Exhibits, World Records: Men - 200m Backstroke. Archived July 16, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  7. ^ Associated Press, "Sets Swim Record," The Ottawa Journal (May 5, 1949).|Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  8. ^ United Press International, "Paddler Sets Record in Back Event," The Salt Lake Tribune, p. 26 (July 13, 1959). Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  9. ^ Associated Press, "U.S. Swimmers Take Early Lead in Jap Swimming Meet," The Ogden Standard-Examiner, p. 2B (July 26, 1959). Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  10. ^ "Roland Matthes Being Embraced by Opponent in Pool". Corbis Images. July 12, 1969. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Rick Carey replaces John Naber as 200-meter back record holder," The Tuscaloosa News (August 3, 1983).
  12. ^ Associated Press, "Swimming National Meet: Barrowman, Zubero get world marks," Los Angeles Times (August 14, 1991). Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  13. ^ "200-meter Backstroke record falls to former UF swimmer," Orlando Sentinel (November 25, 1991). Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  14. ^ (scm-m) This Day in Sports History April 10; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  15. ^ (scm-m) Three World Records set at World Cup. Published by Swimming World Magazine on 1999-11-20; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  16. ^ (scm-m) Krayzelburg sets another swim record, Associated Press. Published by the Los Angeles Times on 2000-02-07; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  17. ^ Lord, Craig (November 27, 2015). "Dolphin Mitch Larkin Leaps To 1:45.6 WR 200 Back Not Far Off Free Pace Of The Albatross". Swimvortex. Retrieved November 27, 2015. 
  18. ^ International Swimming Hall of Fame, Current Exhibits, World Records: Women - 200m Backstroke. Archived July 16, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  19. ^ (lcm-w) "Women's 200m Backstroke: Coventry finally wins gold". Beijing 2008. 2008-08-16. Archived from the original on 2008-08-17. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  20. ^ a b c (scm-w) Swimming: Price breaks short-course world record, by Astrid Andersson, The Telegraph. Published 2011-08-05; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  21. ^ "Women's 200m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014.