World record progression 200 metres breaststroke

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The first world record in the men's 200 metres breaststroke in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1908 and the first world record in the women's 200 metres breaststroke was recognised in 1921. In the short course (25 metres) swimming events the world's governing body recognizes world records since March 3, 1991.

There have been two rule changes enacted by FINA for this event that have resulted in the nullification of world records.

In the mid-1930s, many breaststroke swimmers began practicing an early variant of the butterfly stroke that involved recovering the arms above the water in an effort to reduce drag. This technique was disallowed when the butterfly stroke was established as a distinct stroke with its own rules in 1952, and world records set using the technique were nullified.

Another style was developed by the Japanese swimmer Masaru Furukawa shortly after this rule change. It involved swimming underwater for as much of each pool length as possible without surfacing, as the act of breaking the water's surface created resistance, slowing a swimmer. This method of swimming the breaststroke was disallowed by FINA in 1956 and records set with the technique were nullified.

(see History of swimming)

Graphic data for World Record Progression in Men and Women Swimming 50m-100m-200m Long and Short Course Butterfly-Backstroke-Breaststroke-Freestyle

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
3:09.2 United Kingdom Frederick Holman July 18, 1908 London, United Kingdom
3:08.3 Sweden Robert Andersson April 18, 1909 Stockholm, Sweden
3:00.8 Belgium Félicien Courbet October 2, 1910 Schaarbeek, Belgium
2:56.6 United Kingdom Percy Courtman July 28, 1914 Garston, United Kingdom
2:54.4 Germany Erich Rademacher November 12, 1922 Amsterdam, Netherlands
2:52.6 United States Bob Skelton March 21, 1924 Milwaukee, United States
2:50.4 Germany Erich Rademacher April 7, 1924 Magdeburg, Germany
2:48.0 Germany Erich Rademacher March 11, 1927 Brussels, Belgium
2:45.0 Japan Yoshiyuki Tsuruta July 27, 1929 Kyoto, Japan
2:44.6 United States Lionel Spence April 2, 1931 Chicago, United States
2:44.0 United States Lionel Spence April 1, 1932 New Haven, United States
2:42.6 France Jacques Cartonnet February 8, 1933 Paris, France
2:42.4 Germany Erwin Sietas March 16, 1935 Düsseldorf, Germany
2:39.6 France Jacques Cartonnet May 4, 1935 Paris, France
2:37.2 United States Jack Kasley March 28, 1936 New Haven, United States
2:36.8 France Alfred Nakache July 6, 1941 Marseille, France
2:35.6 United States Joe Verdeur April 5, 1946 Bainbridge, United States
2:35.0 United States Joe Verdeur February 15, 1947 New Haven, United States
2:32.0 United States Joe Verdeur February 14, 1948 New Haven, United States
2:30.5 United States Joe Verdeur April 2, 1948 New Haven, United States
2:30.0 United States Joe Verdeur June 28, 1948 New Haven, United States
2:28.3 United States Joe Verdeur March 31, 1950 New Haven, United States
2:27.3 Germany Herbert Klein June 9, 1951 Munich, West Germany
2:37.4 Denmark Knud Gleie March 14, 1952 Copenhagen, Denmark
2:36.6 Japan Masaru Furukawa April 10, 1954 Tokyo, Japan
2:35.4 Japan Masaru Furukawa April 10, 1954 Tokyo, Japan
2:35.2 Japan Mamoru Tanaka September 17, 1954 Tokyo, Japan
2:33.7 Japan Masaru Furukawa August 5, 1955 Tokyo, Japan
2:31.0 Japan Masaru Furukawa October 1, 1955 Tokyo, Japan
2:36.5 Australia Terence Gathercole June 28, 1958 Townsville, Australia
2:33.6 United States Chet Jastremski July 28, 1961 Tokyo, Japan
2:29.6 United States Chet Jastremski August 19, 1961 Los Angeles, United States
2:28.2 United States Chet Jastremski August 30, 1964 New York City, United States
2:27.8 Australia Ian O'Brien October 15, 1964 Tokyo, Japan
2:27.4 Soviet Union Vladimir Kosinsky April 3, 1968 Tallinn, USSR
2:26.5 Soviet Union Nikolai Pankin March 22, 1969 Minsk, USSR
2:25.4 Soviet Union Nikolai Pankin April 19, 1969 Magdeburg, East Germany
2:23.5 United States Brian Job August 22, 1970 Los Angeles, United States
2:22.79 United States John Hencken August 5, 1972 Chicago, United States
2:21.55 United States John Hencken September 2, 1972 Munich, West Germany
2:20.52 United States John Hencken August 24, 1973 Louisville, United States
2:19.28 United Kingdom David Wilkie September 6, 1973 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
2:18.93 United States John Hencken August 24, 1974 Concord, United States
2:18.21 United States John Hencken September 1, 1974 Concord, United States
2:15.11 United Kingdom David Wilkie July 24, 1976 Montreal, Canada
2:14.77 Canada Victor Davis August 5, 1982 Guayaquil, Ecuador
2:14.58 Canada Victor Davis June 17, 1984 Etobicoke, Canada
2:13.34 Canada Victor Davis August 2, 1984 Los Angeles, United States
2:12.90 United States Mike Barrowman August 4, 1989 Los Angeles, United States
2:12.90e United Kingdom Nick Gillingham August 19, 1989 Bonn, West Germany
2:12.89 United States Mike Barrowman August 20, 1989 Tokyo, Japan
2:11.53 United States Mike Barrowman July 20, 1990 Seattle, United States
2:11.23 United States Mike Barrowman January 11, 1991 Perth, Australia
2:10.60 United States Mike Barrowman August 13, 1991 Fort Lauderdale, United States
2:10.16 United States Mike Barrowman July 29, 1992 Barcelona, Spain
2:09.97 Japan Kosuke Kitajima October 2, 2002 Busan, South Korea
2:09.52 Russia Dimitri Komornikov June 15, 2003 Barcelona, Spain
2:09.42 Japan Kosuke Kitajima July 24, 2003 Barcelona, Spain
2:09.04 United States Brendan Hansen July 11, 2004 Long Beach, United States
2:08.74 United States Brendan Hansen August 5, 2006 Irvine, United States
2:08.50 United States Brendan Hansen August 21, 2006 Victoria, Canada
2:07.51 Japan Kosuke Kitajima June 8, 2008 Tokyo, Japan
2:07.31 Australia Christian Sprenger July 30, 2009 Rome, Italy
2:07.28 Hungary Dániel Gyurta August 1, 2012 London, United Kingdom
2:07.01 Japan Akihiro Yamaguchi September 15, 2012 Gifu, Japan
2:06.67 Japan Ippei Watanabe January 29, 2017 Tokyo, Japan

Short course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
2:07.93 United Kingdom Nick Gillingham October 20, 1991 Birmingham, United Kingdom
2:07.80 Australia Philip Rogers August 28, 1993 Melbourne, Australia
2:07.79 Russia Andrey Korneyev March 28, 1998 Paris, France
2:07.59 Russia Roman Sloudnov March 19, 2000 Athens, Greece
2:06.40 United States Ed Moses March 25, 2000 Minneapolis, United States
2:04.37 United States Ed Moses January 18, 2002 Paris, France
2:03.28 United States Ed Moses January 22, 2002 Stockholm, Sweden
2:03.17 United States Ed Moses January 26, 2002 Berlin, Germany
2:02.92 United States Ed Moses January 17, 2004 Berlin, Germany
2:01.98 Australia Christian Sprenger August 10, 2009 Hobart, Australia
2:00.67 Hungary Dániel Gyurta December 13, 2009 Istanbul, Turkey
2:00.48 Hungary Dániel Gyurta August 31, 2014 Dubai, United Arab Emirates
2:00.44[1] Germany Marco Koch November 20, 2016 Berlin, Germany

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
3:38.2 Belgium E. Van Den Bogaert August 7, 1921 Antwerp, Belgium
3:34.6 Belgium E. Van Den Bogaert May 6, 1922 Brussels, Belgium
3:31.4 Belgium E. Van Den Bogaert October 4, 1922 Antwerp, Belgium
3:20.4 United Kingdom Irene Gilbert June 18, 1923 Rotherham, United Kingdom
3:20.2 Germany Erna Murray April 5, 1925 Leipzig, Germany
3:19.1 Sweden Brita Hazelius August 11, 1926 Stockholm, Sweden
3:18.4 Netherlands Mietje Baron October 24, 1926 Brussels, Belgium
3:16.6 Denmark Else Jacobsen August 20, 1927 Oslo, Norway
3:15.8 Germany Charlotte Mühe April 15, 1928 Magdeburg, Germany
3:11.2 Netherlands Mietje Baron April 22, 1928 Rotterdam, Netherlands
3:11.2 Germany Charlotte Mühe July 15, 1928 Berlin, Germany
3:10.6 United Kingdom Margery Hinton July 20, 1931 Manchester, United Kingdom
3:08.4 Australia Clare Dennis January 18, 1932 Sydney, Australia
3:08.2 Germany Lisa Rocke April 21, 1932 Leipzig, Germany
3:03.4 Denmark Else Jacobsen May 11, 1932 Stockholm, Sweden
3:00.4 Japan Hideko Maehata September 30, 1933 Tokyo, Japan
3:00.2 Netherlands Jopie Waalberg May 11, 1937 Amsterdam, Netherlands
2:58.0 Netherlands Jopie Waalberg June 27, 1937 Zaandijk, Netherlands
2:56.9 Netherlands Jopie Waalberg October 2, 1937 Ghent, Belgium
2:56.0 Brazil Maria Lenk November 8, 1939 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2:55.5 Germany Anni Kapell March 19, 1941 Düsseldorf, Germany
2:52.6 Netherlands Nel van Vliet August 17, 1946 Bilthoven, Netherlands
2:51.9 Netherlands Nel van Vliet March 29, 1947 Amsterdam, Netherlands
2:49.2 Netherlands Nel van Vliet July 20, 1947 Hilversum, Netherlands
2:48.8 Hungary Eva Novak October 21, 1950 Székesfehérvár, Hungary
2:48.5 Hungary Eva Novak May 5, 1951 Moscow, USSR
2:46.4 Netherlands Ada den Haan November 13, 1956 Naarden, Netherlands
2:52.6 Netherlands Ada den Haan May 18, 1957 Blackpool, United Kingdom
2:51.9 Netherlands Ada den Haan August 3, 1957 Rhenen, Netherlands
2:51.3 Netherlands Ada den Haan August 4, 1957 Rhenen, Netherlands
2:50.3 United Kingdom Anita Lonsbrough July 25, 1959 Waalwijk, Netherlands
2:50.2 Germany Wiltrud Urselmann June 6, 1960 Aachen, West Germany
2:49.5 United Kingdom Anita Lonsbrough August 27, 1960 Rome, Italy
2:48.9 East Germany Karin Breyer August 5, 1961 Budapest, Hungary
2:47.7 Soviet Union Galina Prozumenshchikova April 11, 1964 Blackpool, United Kingdom
2:45.4 Soviet Union Galina Prozumenshchikova May 17, 1964 East Berlin, East Germany
2:45.3 Soviet Union Galina Prozumenshchikova September 12, 1965 Groningen, Netherlands
2:40.8 Soviet Union Galina Prozumenshchikova August 22, 1966 Utrecht, Netherlands
2:40.5 United States Catie Ball July 9, 1967 Santa Clara, California
2:39.5 United States Catie Ball August 20, 1967 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
2:38.5 United States Catie Ball August 26, 1968 Los Angeles, California
2:37.89 East Germany Anne-Katrin Schott July 6, 1974 Rostock, East Germany
2:37.44 East Germany Karla Linke August 19, 1974 Vienna, Austria
2:34.99 East Germany Karla Linke August 19, 1974 Vienna, Austria
2:33.35 Soviet Union Marina Koshevaia July 21, 1976 Montreal, Quebec
2:33.32 Soviet Union Yuliya Bogdanova April 7, 1978 Leningrad, USSR
2:33.11 Soviet Union Lina Kačiušytė August 24, 1978 West Berlin
2:31.42 Soviet Union Lina Kačiušytė August 24, 1978 West Berlin
2:31.09 Soviet Union Svetlana Varganova March 30, 1979 Minsk, USSR
2:28.36 Soviet Union Lina Kačiušytė April 6, 1979 Potsdam, East Germany
2:28.33 East Germany Silke Hörner June 5, 1985 Leipzig, East Germany
2:28.20 East Germany Sylvia Gerasch March 1, 1986 Leningrad, USSR
2:27.40 East Germany Silke Hörner August 18, 1986 Madrid, Spain
2:27.27 Canada Allison Higson May 28, 1988 Montreal, Quebec
2:26.71 East Germany Silke Hörner September 21, 1988 Seoul, South Korea
2:25.92 United States Anita Nall March 2, 1992 Indianapolis, Indiana
2:25.35 United States Anita Nall March 2, 1992 Indianapolis, Indiana
2:24.76 Australia Rebecca Brown March 15, 1994 Brisbane, Australia
2:24.69 South Africa Penelope Heyns July 17, 1999 Los Angeles, California
2:24.51 South Africa Penelope Heyns July 17, 1999 Los Angeles, California
2:24.42 South Africa Penelope Heyns August 26, 1999 Sydney, Australia
2:23.64 South Africa Penelope Heyns August 27, 1999 Sydney, Australia
2:22.99 China Qi Hui April 13, 2001 Hangzhou, China
2:22.99e United States Amanda Beard July 25, 2003 Barcelona, Spain
2:22.96 Australia Leisel Jones July 10, 2004 Brisbane, Australia
2:22.44 United States Amanda Beard July 12, 2004 Long Beach, California
2:21.72 Australia Leisel Jones July 29, 2005 Montreal, Quebec
2:20.54 Australia Leisel Jones February 1, 2006 Melbourne, Australia
2:20.22 United States Rebecca Soni August 15, 2008 Beijing, China
2:20.12 Canada Annamay Pierse July 30, 2009 Rome, Italy
2:20.00 United States Rebecca Soni August 1, 2012 London, United Kingdom
2:19.59 United States Rebecca Soni August 2, 2012 London, United Kingdom
2:19.11 Denmark Rikke Møller Pedersen August 1, 2013 Barcelona, Spain

Short course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
2:22.89 China Dai Guohong December 3, 1993 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
2:21.99 China Dai Guohong December 3, 1993 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
2:20.85 Australia Samantha Riley December 1, 1995 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2:20.22 Japan Masami Tanaka April 2, 1999 Hong Kong
2:19.25 China Qi Hui January 28, 2001 Paris, France
2:18.86 China Qi Hui December 2, 2002 Shanghai, China
2:17.75 Australia Leisel Jones November 29, 2003 Melbourne, Australia
2:17.50 Canada Annamay Pierse March 14, 2009 Toronto, Canada
2:16.83 Canada Annamay Pierse August 7, 2009 Leeds, United Kingdom
2:15.42 Australia Leisel Jones November 15, 2009 Berlin, Germany
2:14.57 United States Rebecca Soni December 18, 2009 Manchester, United Kingdom
2:14.39 [2] Russia Yuliya Efimova December 14, 2013 Herning, Denmark

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kapser, Daniela (November 20, 2016). "Marco Koch breaks 200 SCM breast world record at German nationals". Swimswam. Retrieved November 20, 2016. 
  2. ^ unratified due to doping violation