World record progression 200 metres freestyle

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Graphs of the progression of the World Records in all four strokes (50m, 100m and 200m distances).

This is a history of the progression of the World Record for the Swimming event: the 200 Freestyle. It is a listing of the fastest-time-ever swum in the event, in both long course (50m) and short course (25m) swimming pool. These records are maintained/recognized by FINA, which oversees international competitive swimming and Aquatics.

The drop in world record times in the 2008/2009 coincided with the introduction of polyurethane suits from Speedo (LZR, 50% polyurethane) in 2008 and by Arena (X-Glide), Adidas (Hydrofoil) and Italian swimming suit manufacturer Jaked (all 100% polyurethane) in 2009. FINA's ban on non-textile suit came into effect on January 2010.[1] FINA also release a list of approved suits.

The long course records are historically older than the short course records; the latter having only been recognized since the early 1990s.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Swimmer Date Event Place
000 2:28.62:28.6 Lane, FreddyAustralia Freddy Lane August 18, 1902 ? Weston-super-Mare, United Kingdom [2]
000 2:26.82:26.8 Halmay, ZoltanHungary Zoltan Halmay June 28, 1908 ? Budapest, Hungary ?
011 2:31.62:31.6 Scheff, OttoAustria Otto Scheff November 11, 1908 ? Vienna, Austria ?
022 2:30.02:30.0 Beaurepaire, FrankAustralia Frank Beaurepaire September 9, 1910 ? Exeter, United Kingdom ?
033 2:25.42:25.4 Daniels, CharlesUnited States Charles Daniels March 28, 1911 ? Pittsburgh, United States ?
044 2:21.62:21.6 Ross, NormanUnited States Norman Ross November 24, 1916 ? San Francisco, United States ?
055 2:19.82:19.8 Cann, TedfordUnited States Tedford Cann April 10, 1920 ? Detroit, United States ?
066 2:15.62:15.6 Weissmuller, JohnnyUnited States Johnny Weissmuller May 26, 1922 ? Honolulu, United States ?
077 2:15.22:15.2 Weissmuller, JohnnyUnited States Johnny Weissmuller December 9, 1925 ? McKeesport, United States ?
088 2:08.02:08.0 Weissmuller, JohnnyUnited States Johnny Weissmuller April 5, 1927 ? Ann Arbor, United States ?
099 2:07.22:07.2 Medica, JackUnited States Jack Medica April 12, 1935 ? Chicago, United States ?
1010 2:06.22:06.2 Smith, BillUnited States Bill Smith February 12, 1944 ? Columbus, United States ?
1111 2:05.42:05.4 Jany, AlexFrance Alex Jany September 20, 1946 ? Marseille, France ?
1212 2:04.62:04.6 Marshall, JohnAustralia John Marshall March 31, 1950 Yale (?) New Haven, United States ?
1313 2:03.92:03.9 Konno, FordUnited States Ford Konno February 27, 1954 ? Columbus, United States ?
1414 2:03.42:03.4 Wardrop, JohnUnited Kingdom Jack Wardrop March 4, 1955 ? Columbus, United States ?
1515 2:01.52:01.5 Hanley, RichardUnited States Dick Hanley March 8, 1957 ? Minneapolis, United States ?
1616 2:04.82:04.8 Konrads, JohnAustralia John Konrads January 18, 1958 ? Sydney, Australia ?
1717 2:03.22:03.2 Konrads, JohnAustralia John Konrads May 5, 1958 ? Sydney, Australia ?
1818 2:03.02:03.0 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka August 22, 1958 ? Osaka, Japan ?
1919 2:02.22:02.2 Konrads, JohnAustralia John Konrads January 16, 1959 ? Sydney, Australia ?
2020 2:01.52:01.5 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka July 26, 1959 ? Osaka, Japan ?
2121 2:01.22:01.2 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka June 24, 1961 ? Osaka, Japan ?
2222 2:01.12:01.1 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka August 6, 1961 ? Tokyo, Japan ?
2323 2:00.42:00.4 Yamanaka, TsuyoshiJapan Tsuyoshi Yamanaka August 20, 1961 ? Los Angeles, United States ?
2423= 2:00.42:00.4 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 11, 1962 ? ? ?
2424 2:00.32:00.3 Windle, BobAustralia Bob Windle April 21, 1963 ? Tokyo, Japan ?
2525 1:58.81:58.8 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander July 27, 1963 5th Annual Los Angeles Invitiational Los Angeles, United States [3]
2626 1:58.51:58.5 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 17, 1963 6th US-Japan swimming and diving meet Tokyo, Japan [4]
2727 1:58.41:58.4 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 24, 1963 ? Osaka, Japan ?
2828 1:58.21:58.2 Klein, Hans-JoachimWest Germany Hans-Joachim Klein May 24, 1964 ? Dortmund, West Germany ?
2929 1:57.61:57.6 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 1, 1964 ? Los Altos, United States ?
3030 1:57.21:57.2 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander July 29, 1966 ? Los Angeles, United States ?
3131 1:56.21:56.2 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 19, 1966 ? Lincoln, United States ?
3232 1:56.01:56.0 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander July 29, 1967 Pan-American Games Winnipeg, Canada ?
3333 1:55.71:55.7 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 12, 1967 AAU Nationals Oak Park, United States ?
3434 1:54.81:54.8 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 30, 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 1:54.89) Long Beach, United States ?
3435 1:54.31:54.3 Schollander, DonUnited States Don Schollander August 30, 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 1:54.28) Long Beach, United States ?
3535= 1:54.31:54.3 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz July 12, 1969 Santa Clara Invitational Santa Clara, United States ?
3536 1:54.21:54.2 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz September 4, 1971 USAvGDR Duel Leipzig, East Germany ?
3637 1:53.51:53.5 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz September 10, 1971 USAvUSSRvGBR Meet (1st leg relay) Minsk, Belorussian SSR, Soviet Union ?
3738 1:52.781:52.78 Spitz, MarkUnited States Mark Spitz August 29, 1972 1972 Summer Olympics Munich, West Germany ?
3839 1:51.661:51.66 Shaw, TimUnited States Tim Shaw August 23, 1974 AAU Senior National Outdoor Swimming Championships Concord, United States ?
3940 1:51.411:51.41 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss June 18, 1975 USA World Championship Trials Long Beach, United States ?
4041 1:50.891:50.89 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss June 18, 1975 USA World Championship Trials Long Beach, United States ?
4142 1:50.321:50.32 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss August 21, 1975 AAU Senior National Outdoor Swimming Championships Kansas City, United States ?
4243 1:50.291:50.29 Furniss, BruceUnited States Bruce Furniss July 19, 1976 1976 Summer Olympics Montreal, Canada ?
4344 1:49.831:49.83 Kopliakov, SergeySoviet Union Sergey Kopliakov April 7, 1979 URSvGDR Junior meet Potsdam, East Germany ?
4445 1:49.161:49.16 Gaines, RowdyUnited States Rowdy Gaines April 11, 1980 AAU Senior National Indoor Championships Austin, United States ?
4546 1:48.931:48.93 Gaines, RowdyUnited States Rowdy Gaines July 19, 1982 USA World Championship Trials Mission Viejo, United States ?
4647 1:48.281:48.28 Gross, MichaelWest Germany Michael Gross June 21, 1983 FRG Nationals & European Championship Trials Hanover, West Germany ?
4748 1:47.871:47.87 Gross, MichaelWest Germany Michael Gross August 22, 1983 European Swimming Championships Rome, Italy ?
4849 1:47.551:47.55 Gross, MichaelWest Germany Michael Gross June 8, 1984 FRG Olympic Trials Munich, West Germany ?
4950 1:47.441:47.44 Gross, MichaelWest Germany Michael Gross July 29, 1984 1984 Summer Olympics Los Angeles, United States ?
5051 1:47.251:47.25 Armstrong, DuncanAustralia Duncan Armstrong September 19, 1988 1988 Summer Olympics Seoul, South Korea ?
5152 1:46.691:46.69 Lamberti, GiorgioItaly Giorgio Lamberti August 15, 1989 European Swimming Championships Bonn, West Germany ?
5253 1:46.671:46.67 Hackett, GrantAustralia Grant Hackett March 23, 1999 Australian Championships (1st leg relay) Brisbane, Australia ?
5354 1:46.341:46.34 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe August 23, 1999 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia ?
5455 1:46.001:46.00 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe August 24, 1999 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia ?
5556 1:45.691:45.69 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe May 14, 2000 2000 Australian Olympic Swimming Trials Sydney, Australia ?
5657 1:45.511:45.51 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe May 15, 2000 2000 Australian Olympic Swimming Trials Sydney, Australia ?
5758 1:45.351:45.35 Van den Hoogenband, PieterNetherlands Pieter van den Hoogenband September 17, 2000 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney, Australia ?
5858= 1:45.351:45.35 Van den Hoogenband, PieterNetherlands Pieter van den Hoogenband September 18, 2000 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney, Australia ?
5959 1:44.691:44.69 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe March 27, 2001 2001 Australian Championships & World Championship Trials Hobart, Australia [5]
6060 1:44.061:44.06 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe July 25, 2001 2001 FINA World Championships Fukuoka, Japan ?
6161 1:43.861:43.86 Phelps, MichaelUnited States Michael Phelps March 27, 2007 2007 FINA World Championships Melbourne, Australia [6]
6262 1:42.961:42.96 Phelps, MichaelUnited States Michael Phelps August 12, 2008 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing, China [7]
6363 1:42.001:42.00 Biedermann, PaulGermany Paul Biedermann July 28, 2009 2009 FINA World Championships Rome, Italy

Short course[edit]

# Time Swimmer Date Event Place
011 1:43.641:44.50 Gross, MichaelGermany Michael Gross December 1, 1981 German Nationals Bremen ?
012 1:43.641:44.14 Gross, MichaelGermany Michael Gross February 5, 1988 Coca-Cola Sponsored Meet Boulogne-Billancourt ?
013 1:43.641:43.64 Lamberti, GiorgioItaly Giorgio Lamberti February 11, 1990 World Cup Bonn, Germany ?
024 1:43.281:43.28 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe April 1, 1999 World SC Championships Hong Kong ?
035 1:42.541:42.54 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe January 17, 2000 FINA World Cup Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
046 1:41.101:41.10 Thorpe, IanAustralia Ian Thorpe February 6, 2000 FINA World Cup Berlin, Germany ?
057 1:40.831:40.83 Biedermann, PaulGermany Paul Biedermann Nov 16, 2008 FINA World Cup Berlin, Germany ?
068 1:39.371:39.37 Biedermann, PaulGermany Paul Biedermann Nov 15, 2009 FINA World Cup Berlin, Germany [8]

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Swimmer Date Event Place
011 2:56.02:56.0 Durack, FannyAustralia Fanny Durack March 4, 1915 ? Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
022 2:47.62:47.6 Boyle, CharlotteUnited States Charlotte Boyle August 25, 1921 ? New Brighton, Minnesota, United States ?
033 2:45.22:45.2 Ederle, GertrudeUnited States Gertrude Ederle April 4, 1923 ? Brooklyn, New York, United States ?
044 2:40.62:40.6 Norelius, MarthaUnited States Martha Norelius February 28, 1926 ? Miami, Florida, United States ?
055 2:34.62:34.6 Madison, HeleneUnited States Helene Madison March 6, 1930 ? St. Augustine, Florida, United States ?
066 2:28.62:28.6 Den Ouden, WillyNetherlands Willy den Ouden May 3, 1933 ? Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands ?
077 2:27.62:27.6 Den Ouden, WillyNetherlands Willy den Ouden May 5, 1934 ? Dundee, United Kingdom ?
088 2:25.32:25.3 Den Ouden, WillyNetherlands Willy den Ouden September 8, 1935 ? Copenhagen, Denmark ?
099 2:24.62:24.6 Van Veen, RieNetherlands Rie van Veen February 26, 1938 ? Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands ?
1010 2:21.72:21.7 Hveger, RagnhildDenmark Ragnhild Hveger September 11, 1938 ? Aarhus, Aarhus County, Denmark ?
1111 2:20.72:20.7 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser February 25, 1956 ? Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
1212 2:19.32:19.3 Crapp, LorraineAustralia Lorraine Crapp August 25, 1956 ? Townsville, Queensland, Australia ?
1313 2:18.52:18.5 Crapp, LorraineAustralia Lorraine Crapp October 20, 1956 ? Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
1414 2:17.72:17.7 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser February 10, 1958 ? Adelaide, South Australia, Australia ?
1515 2:14.72:14.7 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser February 22, 1958 ? Melbourne, Australia ?
1616 2:11.62:11.6 Fraser, DawnAustralia Dawn Fraser February 27, 1960 ? Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
1717 2:10.52:10.5 Watson, LillianUnited States Lillian Watson August 19, 1966 ? Lincoln, Nebraska, United States ?
1818 2:09.72:09.7 Kruse, PamUnited States Pam Kruse August 19, 1967 AAU Nationals Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States ?
1919 2:09.52:09.5 Pedersen, SusanUnited States Susan Pedersen July 6, 1968 Santa Clara Invitational Santa Clara, California, United States ?
2020 2:08.82:08.8 Wetzel, EdithUnited States Edith Wetzel August 2, 1968 AAU Nationals Lincoln, Nebraska, United States ?
2121 2:07.92:07.9 Gustavson, LindaUnited States Linda Gustavson August 24, 1968 USA Olympic Trials Los Angeles, United States [9]
2222 2:06.72:06.7 Meyer, DebbieUnited States Debbie Meyer August 24, 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 2:06.86) Los Angeles, United States [9]
2323 2:06.52:06.5 Gould, ShaneAustralia Shane Gould May 1, 1971 Coca Cola International London, United Kingdom ?
2424 2:05.82:05.8 Gould, ShaneAustralia Shane Gould November 26, 1971 ? Sydney, New South Wales, Australia ?
2525 2:05.212:05.21 Babashoff, ShirleyUnited States Shirley Babashoff August 4, 1972 USA Olympic Trials Chicago, Illinois, United States ?
2626 2:03.562:03.56 Gould, ShaneAustralia Shane Gould September 1, 1972 1972 Summer Olympics Munich, Bavaria, West Germany ?
2727 2:03.222:03.22 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender August 22, 1974 European Swimming Championships Vienna, Austria ?
2828 2:02.942:02.94 Babashoff, ShirleyUnited States Shirley Babashoff August 23, 1974 AAU Senior National Outdoor Championships Concord, California, United States ?
2928= 2:02.942:02.94 Babashoff, ShirleyUnited States Shirley Babashoff August 31, 1974 USAvGDR Dual Meet Concord, California, United States ?
3029 2:02.272:02.27 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender March 15, 1975 GDRvURS Duel Dresden, Dresden, East Germany ?
3130 1:59.781:59.78 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender June 2, 1976 GDR Olympic Trials East Berlin, East Germany ?
3231 1:59.261:59.26 Ender, KorneliaEast Germany Kornelia Ender July 22, 1976 1976 Summer Olympics Montreal, Quebec, Canada ?
3332 1:59.041:59.04 Krause, BarbaraEast Germany Barbara Krause July 2, 1978 GDR Nationals & World Championship Trials East Berlin, East Germany ?
3433 1:58.531:58.53 Woodhead, CynthiaUnited States Cynthia Woodhead August 22, 1978 FINA World Championships West Berlin ?
3534 1:58.431:58.43 Woodhead, CynthiaUnited States Cynthia Woodhead July 3, 1979 Pan-American Games San Juan, Puerto Rico ?
3635 1:58.231:58.23 Woodhead, CynthiaUnited States Cynthia Woodhead September 3, 1979 FINA World Cup Tokyo, Japan ?
3736 1:57.751:57.75 Otto, KristinEast Germany Kristin Otto May 23, 1984 GDR Nationals Magdeburg, Magdeburg, East Germany ?
3837 1:57.551:57.55 Friedrich, HeikeEast Germany Heike Friedrich June 18, 1986 GDR Nationals & World Championship Trials East Berlin, East Germany ?
3938 1:56.781:56.78 Van Almsick, FranziskaGermany Franziska van Almsick September 6, 1994 1994 World Championships Rome, Lazio, Italy ?
4039 1:56.641:56.64 Van Almsick, FranziskaGermany Franziska van Almsick August 3, 2002 2002 European Championships Berlin, Germany ?
4140 1:56.471:56.47 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini March 27, 2007 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [6]
4241 1:55.521:55.52 Manaudou, LaureFrance Laure Manaudou March 28, 2007 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia [10]
4342 1:55.451:55.45 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini August 11, 2008 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing, China
4443 1:54.821:54.82 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini August 13, 2008 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing, China
4544 1:54.471:54.47 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini March 8, 2009 Italian Championships Riccione, Italy [11]
4645 1:53.671:53.67 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini July 28, 2009 2009 World Championships Roma, Italy
4646 1:52.981:52.98 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini July 29, 2009 2009 World Championships Roma, Italy

Short course[edit]

# Time Swimmer Date Event Place
011 1:55.841:55.84 Van Almsick, FranziskaGermany Franziska van Almsick January 9, 1993 World Cup Beijing, PR China ?
022 1:55.421:55.42 Poll, ClaudiaCosta Rica Claudia Poll December 1, 1995 World Championships Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ?
033 1:54.171:54.17 Poll, ClaudiaCosta Rica Claudia Poll April 18, 1997 World Championships Gothenburg, Västergötland, Sweden ?
044 1:54.041:54.04 Benko, LindsayUnited States Lindsay Benko April 7, 2002 World Championships Moscow, Central Federal District, Russia ?
055 1:53.291:53.29 Benko, LindseyAustralia Libby Lenton November 19, 2005 World Cup Sydney, New South Wales, Australia [12]
066 1:53.181:53.18 Balmy, CoralieFrance Coralie Balmy December 6, 2008 2008 French Championships Angers, France [13]
077 1:51.851:51.85 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini December 14, 2008 European Championships Rijeka, Croatia [14]
088 1:51.171:51.17 Pellegrini, FedericaItaly Federica Pellegrini December 13, 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [15]
089 1:50.781:50.78 Sjöström, SarahSweden Sarah Sjöström December 7, 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hi-tech suits banned from January". BBC News/BBC Sport. 2009-07-31. Archived from the original on July 31, 2010. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ "World Record Progression". Ishof.org. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  3. ^ "Schollander sets world swim mark". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 28, 1963. p. 16 of sports. 
  4. ^ "U.S. swimmers set 2 world records". The New York Times (UPI). August 18, 1963. pp. 1 and 12 of sports. 
  5. ^ Hanson, Ian (March 27, 2001). "1:44.69 – 200m world record to Ian Thorpe". Swimming Australia. Archived from the original on September 16, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  6. ^ a b Paxinos, Stathi; Cowley, Michael (March 28, 2007). "Jones and Phelps lead the way in records deluge". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2007-05-26. 
  7. ^ The Sydney Morning Herald. August 12, 2008 http://www.smh.com.au/news/swimming/three-down-five-to-go-for-us-superfish/2008/08/12/1218306830824.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Word Cup 2009 Berlin Results Men's 200m Freestyle" (PDF). omegatiming.com. November 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  9. ^ a b "Two U.S. women set swim marks in Olympic Trials". The New York Times. August 25, 1968. pp. 1 and 11 of sports. 
  10. ^ Paxinos, Stathi (March 29, 2007). "King of the pool does it again". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2007-05-26. 
  11. ^ "Pellegrini improves her 200 free world record". Associated Press. March 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-08. [dead link]
  12. ^ Hanson, Ian (November 19, 2005). "Lenton's slashing world record swim in Sydney". Swimming Australia. Archived from the original on September 8, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-26. 
  13. ^ "Lane 9 News Archive: French Short Course Nationals: Pair of World Records Fall During Second Night". Swimmingworldmagazine.com. Retrieved 2012-08-11. 
  14. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/swimming/racearchives/2008/rijeka2008/C73A1_Res1Heat_135_Finals_1_Women_200_Free.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/swimming/racearchives/2009/Istanbul/C73A1_Res1Heat_135_Finals_1_Women_200_Free.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.omegatiming.com/File/Download?id=00010E010D01001602FFFFFFFFFFFF02