World record progression 400 metres individual medley

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The first world record in the 400 metres individual medley in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognized by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1957, followed by the women a year later. In the short course (25 metres) swimming events the world's governing body recognizes world records since March 3, 1991.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
5:15.6 United States Gary Heinrich 27 August 1957 Philadelphia, United States
5:12.9 Soviet Union Vladimir Strushanov 20 October 1957 Moscow, Soviet Union
5:08.8 United Kingdom Ian Black 6 June 1959 Cardiff, United Kingdom
5:07.8 United States George Harrison 24 June 1960 Los Angeles, United States
5:05.3 United States George Harrison 24 June 1960 Los Angeles, United States
5:04.5 United States Dennis Rounsaville 22 July 1960 Toledo, United States
5:04.3 United States Ted Stickles 1 July 1961 Chicago, United States
4:55.6 United States Ted Stickles 18 August 1961 Los Angeles, United States
4:53.8 Germany Gerhard Hetz 24 May 1962 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:51.4 United States Ted Stickles 30 June 1962 Chicago, United States
4:51.0 United States Ted Stickles 12 July 1962 Louisville, United States
4:50.2 Germany Gerhard Hetz 12 October 1963 Tokyo, Japan
4:48.6 United States Dick Roth 31 July 1964 Los Altos, United States
4:45.4 United States Dick Roth 14 October 1964 Tokyo, Japan
4:45.3 Soviet Union Andrei Dunayev 3 April 1968 Tallinn, Soviet Union
4:45.1 United States Greg Buckingham 6 July 1968 Santa Clara, United States
4:43.4 United States Gary Hall, Sr. 20 July 1968 Los Angeles, United States
4:43.3 United States Charlie Hickcox 30 August 1968 Long Beach, United States
4:39.0 United States Charlie Hickcox 30 August 1968 Long Beach, United States
4:38.7 United States Gary Hall, Sr. 11 July 1969 Santa Clara, United States
4:33.9 United States Gary Hall, Sr. 15 August 1969 Louisville, United States
4:31.0 United States Gary Hall, Sr. 21 August 1970 Los Angeles, United States
4:30.81 United States Gary Hall, Sr. 3 August 1972 Chicago, United States
4:28.89 Hungary András Hargitay 20 August 1974 Vienna, Austria
4:26.00 Hungary Zoltán Verrasztó 2 April 1976 Long Beach, United States
4:23.68 United States Rod Strachan 25 July 1976 Montreal, Canada
4:23.39 United States Jesse Vassallo 4 August 1978 The Woodlands, United States
4:20.05 United States Jesse Vassallo 28 August 1978 West Berlin, West Germany
4:19.78 Brazil Ricardo Prado 8 August 1982 Guayaquil, Ecuador
4:19.61 East Germany Jens-Peter Berndt 23 May 1984 Magdeburg, East Germany
4:17.53 Canada Alex Baumann 17 June 1984 Etobicoke, Canada
4:17.41 Canada Alex Baumann 30 July 1984 Los Angeles, United States
4:16.12 United States David Wharton 14 August 1987 Brisbane, Australia
4:15.42 Hungary Tamás Darnyi 19 August 1987 Strasbourg, France
4:14.75 Hungary Tamás Darnyi 21 September 1988 Seoul, South Korea
4:12.36 Hungary Tamás Darnyi 8 January 1991 Perth, Australia
4:12.30 United States Tom Dolan 11 September 1994 Rome, Italy
4:11.76 United States Tom Dolan 17 September 2000 Sydney, Australia
4:11.09 United States Michael Phelps 15 August 2002 Fort Lauderdale, United States
4:10.73 United States Michael Phelps 7 April 2003 Indianapolis, United States
4:09.09 United States Michael Phelps 27 July 2003 Barcelona, Spain
4:08.41 United States Michael Phelps 7 July 2004 Long Beach, United States
4:08.26 United States Michael Phelps 14 August 2004 Athens, Greece
4:06.22 United States Michael Phelps 1 April 2007 Melbourne, Australia
4:05.25 United States Michael Phelps 29 June 2008 Omaha, United States
4:03.84[1] United States Michael Phelps 10 August 2008 Beijing, China

Short course[edit]

Time Swimmer Nationality Date Location
4:08.77 Sacchi, LucaLuca Sacchi  Italy 28 February 1992 Sheffield, United Kingdom
4:07.10 Sievinen, JaniJani Sievinen  Finland 9 February 1993 Malmö, Sweden
4:06.03 Sievinen, JaniJani Sievinen  Finland 20 January 1996 Lappeenranta, Finland
4:05.59 Wouda, MarcelMarcel Wouda  Netherlands 1 February 1997 Gelsenkirchen, Germany
4:05.41 Wouda, MarcelMarcel Wouda  Netherlands 8 February 1997 Paris, France
4:04.24 Dunn, MatthewMatthew Dunn  Australia 24 September 1998 Perth, Australia
4:02.72 Johns, BrianBrian Johns  Canada 23 February 2003 Victoria, Canada
4:00.37 Cseh, LászlóLászló Cseh  Hungary 9 December 2005 Trieste, Italy
3:59.33 Cseh, LászlóLászló Cseh  Hungary 14 December 2007 Debrecen, Hungary
3:57.27 Cseh, LászlóLászló Cseh  Hungary 11 December 2009 Istanbul, Turkey
3:55.50 Lochte, RyanRyan Lochte  United States 16 December 2010 Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

Time Swimmer Date Place
5:46.6 United States Sylvia Ruuska 27 June 1958 Los Angeles, United States
5:43.7 United States Sylvia Ruuska 1 August 1958 Topeka, United States
5:41.1 United States Sylvia Ruuska 24 February 1959 Melbourne, Australia
5:40.2 United States Sylvia Ruuska 17 July 1959 Redding, United States
5:36.5 United States Donna de Varona 15 July 1960 Indianapolis, United States
5:34.5 United States Donna de Varona 11 August 1961 Philadelphia, United States
5:29.7 United States Donna de Varona 2 June 1962 Los Altos, United States
5:27.4 United States Sharon Finneran 26 July 1962 Osaka, Japan
5:24.7 United States Donna de Varona 26 July 1962 Osaka, Japan
5:21.9 United States Sharon Finneran 28 July 1962 Osaka, Japan
5:16.5 United States Donna de Varona 10 March 1964 Lima, Peru
5:14.9 United States Donna de Varona 30 August 1964 New York City, United States
5:11.7 United States Claudia Kolb 9 July 1967 Santa Clara, United States
5:09.7 United States Claudia Kolb 1 August 1967 Winnipeg, Canada
5:08.2 United States Claudia Kolb 19 August 1967 Philadelphia, United States
5:04.7 United States Claudia Kolb 24 August 1968 Los Angeles, United States
5:02.97 Australia Gail Neall 9 July 1972 Munich, West Germany
5:01.10 East Germany Angela Franke 18 August 1973 Utrecht, Netherlands
4:57.51 East Germany Gudrun Wegner 6 September 1973 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
4:52.42 East Germany Ulrike Tauber 21 August 1974 Vienna, Austria
4:52.20 East Germany Ulrike Tauber 7 June 1975 Wittenberg, West Germany
4:48.79 East Germany Birgit Treiber 1 June 1976 East Berlin, East Germany
4:42.77 East Germany Ulrike Tauber 24 July 1976 Montreal, Canada
4:40.83 United States Tracy Caulkins 23 August 1978 West Berlin, West Germany
4:39.96 East Germany Petra Schneider 30 March 1980 Leningrad, Soviet Union
4:38.44 East Germany Petra Schneider 27 May 1980 Magdeburg, East Germany
4:36.29 East Germany Petra Schneider 26 July 1980 Moscow, Soviet Union
4:36.10 East Germany Petra Schneider 1 August 1982 Guayaquil, Ecuador
4:34.79 China Chen Yan 13 October 1997 Shanghai, PR China
4:33.59 Ukraine Yana Klochkova 16 September 2000 Sydney, Australia
4:32.89 United States Katie Hoff 1 April 2007 Melbourne, Australia
4:31.46 Australia Stephanie Rice 22 March 2008 Sydney, Australia
4:31.12 United States Katie Hoff 29 June 2008 Omaha, United States
4:29.45 Australia Stephanie Rice 10 August 2008 Beijing, China
4:28.43 China Ye Shiwen 28 July 2012 London, United Kingdom
4:26.36 Hungary Katinka Hosszú 6 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4:29.00 Guohong, DaiDai Guohong China China 2 December 1993 Short Course Worlds Palma de Mallorca, Spain
4:27.83 Klochkova, YanaYana Klochkova Ukraine Ukraine 20 January 2002 World Cup meet Paris, France
4:26.52 Coventry, KirstyKirsty Coventry Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 9 April 2008 Short Course Worlds Manchester, United Kingdom
4:25.87 Smit, JuliaJulia Smit United States USA 28 November 2008 Canada Cup Toronto, Canada
4:25.06 Belmonte, MireiaMireia Belmonte Spain Spain 14 December 2008 Short Course Europeans Rijeka, Croatia
4:22.80 Meaklim, KathrynKathryn Meaklim South Africa South Africa 22 November 2009 World Cup meet Singapore
4:21.04 Smit, JuliaJulia Smit United States USA 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom
4:20.85 Hosszú, KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary 11 Aug 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [2]
4:20.83 Hosszú, KatinkaKatinka Hosszú  Hungary 28 Aug 2014 World Cup Doha, Qatar [3]
4:19.86 Belmonte, MireiaMireia Belmonte Spain Spain 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [4]
4:19.46 Hosszú, KatinkaKatinka Hosszú Hungary Hungary 2 December 2015 European Championships Netanya, Israel [5]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Swimming Men's 400m Individual Medley Results". Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad. 2008-08-10. 
  2. ^ "Women's 400m Individual medley Result". Omega Timing. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Women's 400m Individual medley Result". Omega Timing. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Women's 400m IM Results". Omega Timing. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Katinka Hosszu's World Record Highlights Sizzling Day 1 Prelims at 2015 Euro SCs". Swimming World Magazine. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.