World record progression 4 × 50 metres medley relay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This article includes the world record progression for the 4×50 metres medley relay and it shows the chronological history of world record times in that competitive short course swimming event. The 4×50 metres medley relay is a medley race in which each of four swimmers on a team swims a 50-metre leg of the relay, each swimming a different stroke, in the following sequence:

  1. Backstroke (this can only be the first stroke, due to the necessity of starting this leg in the pool rather than by diving in);
  2. Breaststroke;
  3. Butterfly; and
  4. Freestyle ("freestyle" means any stroke other than backstroke, breaststroke or butterfly – most swimmers use the front crawl).

Swimming world records are recognized by and maintained by FINA ("Fédération Internationale de Natation"), the international competitive swimming and aquatics federation that overseas the sport in international competition. World records in the medley relay event were first recognized by FINA in 1953. The long course (50-metre pool) world records are historically older than the short course (25-metre pool) records. FINA amended its regulations governing the recognition of world records in 1956; specifically, FINA mandated that only record times that were contested in 50-metre (or 55-yard) pools were eligible for recognition after that time.[1] The short-course world records have been separately recognized since 1991. On July 25, 2013 FINA Technical Swimming Congress voted to allow world records in the long course mixed 400 free relay and mixed 400 medley relay, as well as in six events in short course meters: the mixed 200 medley and 200 free relays, as well as the men's and women's 200 free relays and the men's and women's 200 medley relays.[2] In October 2013 FINA decided to establish "standards" before something can be recognized as the first world record in these events.[3] But later on March 13, 2014 FINA has officially ratified the eight world records set by Indiana University swimmers at the IU Relay Rally held on September 26, 2013 in Bloomington.[4]

It is possible to set an individual world record in the 50 metres backstroke by swimming the backstroke first leg of the 4×50-metre medley relay, except in the mixed relay.[5] Swimming the other three legs of the medley relay cannot qualify as world records as FINA criteria require a "static start" for world record recognition – swimming relay exchanges are characterized as "dynamic".

Men[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 1:50.07 United States Indiana University Hoosiers 26 September 2013 IU Fall Frenzy Bloomington, United States [6][7]
2 1:33.65 h  Italy 12 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [8]
3 1:32.38 '#' [9]  Russia 12 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [10]
4 1:32.83  Italy 12 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [11]
5 1:32.78 h  Russia 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [12][13]
6 1:30.51  Brazil 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [14]
7 1:30.44  Russia 17 December 2017 European Championships Copenhagen, Denmark [15]
8 1:30.14  Italy 3 November 2021 European Championships Kazan, Russia [16]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Women[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 2:04.34 United States Indiana University Hoosiers 26 September 2013 IU Fall Frenzy Bloomington, United States [17][18]
2 1:45.92 h  Denmark 15 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [19]
3 1:44.67 '#' [20]  Russia 15 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [21]
4 1:44.81  Denmark 15 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [22]
5 1:44.04  Denmark 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [23]
6 1:43.27
 United States 7 December 2016 World Championships Windsor, Canada [24]
7 1:42.38
 United States 12 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [25]
8 1:42.38 =  Sweden 17 December 2021 World Championships Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates [26]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Mixed[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 1:49.87 United States Indiana University Hoosiers 26 September 2013 IU Fall Frenzy Bloomington, United States [27][28]
2 1:47.61 United States Iowa University 28 September 2013 Water Carnival Ann Arbor, United States [29]
3 1:41.70  Russia 12 October 2013 World Cup Moscow, Russia [30]
4 1:39.54  France 20 October 2013 World Cup Doha, Qatar [31]
5 1:39.08 h  Australia 5 November 2013 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [32]
6 1:38.02  Australia 5 November 2013 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [33]
7 1:37.84  Australia 9 November 2013 World Cup Tokyo, Japan [34]
8 1:37.63 '#' [35]  Russia 13 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [36]
9 1:37.17
 United States 21 December 2013 Duel in the Pool Glasgow, United Kingdom [37]
10 1:36.40
 United States 13 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [38]
11 1:36.22  Russia 5 December 2019 European Championships Glasgow, United Kingdom [39]
12 1:36.18
 Netherlands 7 November 2021 European Championships Kazan, Russia [40]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

All-time top 10 by country[edit]

Men[edit]

  • Correct as of November 2021
Pos Time Swimmer Nationality Date Venue Ref
1 1:30.14 Michele Lamberti (22.62), Nicolò Martinenghi (25.14), Marco Orsi (22.17), Lorenzo Zazzeri (20.21)  Italy 2 November 2021 Kazan [41]
2 1:30.44 Kliment Kolesnikov (22.83), Kirill Prigoda (25.26), Aleksandr Popkov (22.11), Vladimir Morozov (20.24)  Russia 17 December 2017 Copenhagen
3 1:30.51 Guilherme Guido (23.42), Felipe França Silva (25.33), Nicholas Santos (21.68), César Cielo (20.08)  Brazil 4 December 2014 Doha [42]
4 1:30.90  United States 15 December 2018 Hangzhou
5 1:31.25  France 4 December 2014 Doha [43]
6 1:31.80  Germany 15 December 2018 Hangzhou
7 1:32.06  Belarus 17 December 2017 Copenhagen
8 1:32.10  Hungary 8 December 2019 Glasgow
9 1:32.16 Stan Pijnenburg (23.80), Arno Kamminga (25.48), Jesse Puts (22.56), Thom de Boer (20.32)  Netherlands 2 November 2021 Kazan [44]
10 1:32.30  Great Britain 4 December 2014 Doha [45]

Women[edit]

  • Correct as of November 2021
Pos Time Swimmer Nationality Date Venue Ref
1 1:42.38  United States 12 December 2018 Hangzhou
Louise Hansson (25.91), Sophie Hansson (29.07), Sarah Sjöström (23.96), Michelle Coleman (23.44)  Sweden 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [46]
3 1:42.69  Netherlands 12 December 2009 Istanbul
4 1:44.04  Denmark 5 December 2014 Doha
5 1:44.16 Kylie Masse (25.92), Sydney Pickrem (29.89), Maggie Mac Neil (24.85), Kayla Sanchez (23.50)  Canada 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [47]
6 1:44.19 Maria Kameneva (26.42)
Nika Godun (29.47)
Arina Surkova (24.49)
Daria Klepikova (23.81)
 Russia 4 November 2021 Kazan [48]
7 1:44.31  China 12 December 2018 Hangzhou
8 1:44.46 Silvia Scalia (26.59)
Arianna Castiglioni (29.36)
Elena di Liddo (24.97)
Silvia di Pietro (23.54)
 Italy 4 November 2021 Kazan [49]
9 1:44.85  Poland 8 December 2019 Glasgow
10 1:44.90  Japan 12 December 2018 Hangzhou

Mixed[edit]

  • Correct as of November 2021
Pos Time Swimmer Nationality Date Venue Ref
1 1:36.18 Kira Toussaint (25.99), Arno Kamminga (25.54), Maaike de Waard (24.50), Thom de Boer (20.15)  Netherlands 7 November 2021 Kazan [50]
2 1:36.22 Kliment Kolesnikov (22.67), Vladimir Morozov (25.40), Arina Surkova (24.94), Maria Kameneva (23.21)  Russia 5 December 2019 Glasgow [51]
3 1:36.39 Michele Lamberti (22.72), Nicoló Martinenghi (25.13), Elena di Liddo (25.09), Silvia di Pietro (23.45)  Italy 7 November 2021 Kazan [52]
4 1:36.40 Olivia Smoliga (25.85), Michael Andrew (25.75), Kelsi Dahlia (24.74), Caeleb Dressel (20.09)  United States 13 December 2018 Hangzhou [53]
5 1:37.74  Belarus 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [54]
6 1:37.75  France 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [55]
7 1:37.83  Germany 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [56]
8 1:37.97 Gustav Hökfelt (23.85), Erik Persson (26.13), Sara Junevik (24.96), Sarah Sjöström (23.03)  Sweden 7 November 2021 Kazan [57]
9 1:38.02 Mathias Rysgaard (23.98), Tobias Bjerg (25.51), Jeanette Ottesen (25.04), Pernille Blume (23.49)  Denmark 5 December 2019 Glasgow [58]
10 1:38.22  Poland 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [59]

All-time top 25[edit]

Men[edit]

  • Correct as of November 2021
Pos Time Swimmer Nationality Date Venue Ref
1 1:30.14 Michele Lamberti (22.62), Nicolò Martinenghi (25.14), Marco Orsi (22.17), Lorenzo Zazzeri (20.21)  Italy 2 November 2021 Kazan [60]
2 1:30.44 Kliment Kolesnikov (22.83), Kirill Prigoda (25.26), Aleksandr Popkov (22.11), Vladimir Morozov (20.24)  Russia 17 December 2017 Copenhagen
3 1:30.51 Guilherme Guido (23.42), Felipe França Silva (25.33), Nicholas Santos (21.68), César Cielo (20.08)  Brazil 4 December 2014 Doha [61]
Kliment Kolesnikov (22.76), Kirill Strelnikov (25.62), Andrey Minakov (21.76), Vladimir Morozov (20.37)  Russia 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [62]
Shaine Casas (23.11), Nic Fink (25.13), Tom Shields (21.75), Ryan Held (20.52)  United States 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [63]
6 1:30.78 Lorenzo Mora (23.24), Nicolò Martinenghi (25.30), Matteo Rivolta (21.95), Lorenzo Zazzeri (20.29)  Italy 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [64]
7 1:30.79 Kliment Kolesnikov (22.58), Oleg Kostin (25.51), Wladimir Morozov (22.18), Vladislav Grinev (20.52)  Russia 2 November 2021 Kazan [65]
8 1:30.90  United States 15 December 2018 Hangzhou
9 1:31.25  France 4 December 2014 Doha [66]
10 1:31.54  Italy 15 December 2018 Hangzhou
11 1:31.71  Italy 6 December 2015 Netanya [67]
12 1:31.80  Russia 10 December 2009 Istanbul [68]
 Germany 15 December 2018 Hangzhou
14 1:31.83  United States 4 December 2014 Doha [69]
15 1:31.91 Gabriel Fantoni (22.84), João Gomes Júnior (25.52), Vinicius Lanza (22.45), Gabriel Santos (21.10)  Brazil 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [70]
16 1:32.02  Germany 10 December 2009 Istanbul [71]
17 1:32.06  Belarus 17 December 2017 Copenhagen
18 1:32.08  Russia 10 December 2009 Istanbul
19 1:32.10  Hungary 8 December 2019 Glasgow
20 1:32.13  France 10 December 2009 Istanbul [72]
21 1:32.15  Russia 4 December 2014 Doha [73]
22 1:32.16 Stan Pijnenburg (23.80), Arno Kamminga (25.48), Jesse Puts (22.56), Thom de Boer (20.32)  Netherlands 2 November 2021 Kazan [74]
23 1:32.17  Italy 10 December 2009 Istanbul [75]
 Russia 6 December 2015 Netanya [76]
25 1:32.30  Great Britain 4 December 2014 Doha [77]

Women[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021.
Pos Time Swimmer Nationality/ Club Date Venue Ref
1 1:42.38  United States 12 December 2018 Hangzhou
2 1:42.38 Louise Hansson (25.91), Sophie Hansson (29.07), Sarah Sjöström (23.96), Michelle Coleman (23.44)  Sweden 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [78]
3 1:42.69  Netherlands 12 December 2009 Istanbul
4 1:43.61 Rhyan White (26.33), Lydia Jacoby (29.62), Claire Curzan (24.56), Abbey Weitzeil (23.10)  United States 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [79]
6 1:44.04  Denmark 5 December 2014 Doha
7 1:44.16 Kira Toussaint (26.08), Kim Busch (30.59), Maaike de Waard (24.51), Ranomi Kromowidjojo (22.85)  Netherlands 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [80]
Kylie Masse (25.92), Sydney Pickrem (29.89), Maggie Mac Neil (24.85), Kayla Sanchez (23.50)  Canada 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [81]
9 1:44.19 Maria Kameneva (26.42)
Nika Godun (29.47)
Arina Surkova (24.49)
Daria Klepikova (23.81)
 Russia 4 November 2021 Kazan [82]
10 1:44.31  China 12 December 2018 Hangzhou
11 1:44.32 Hanna Rosvall (26.57)
Emelie Fast (29.96)
Sara Junevik (24.85)
Sarah Sjöström (22.94)
 Sweden 4 November 2021 Kazan [83]
12 1:44.43  Sweden 17 December 2017 Copenhagen
Wan Letian (26.41), Tang Qianting (28.96), Yu Yiting (25.28), Cheng Yujie (23.78)  China 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [84]
14 1:44.46 Silvia Scalia (26.59)
Arianna Castiglioni (29.36)
Elena di Liddo (24.97)
Silvia di Pietro (23.54)
 Italy 4 November 2021 Kazan [85]
15 1:44.50 Katharine Berkoff (25.88), Emily Escobedo (30.32), Claire Curzan (24.87), Kate Douglass (23.43)  United States 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [86]
16 1:44.51 Maria Kameneva (26.32), Nika Godun (29.56), Arina Surkova (24.63), Rozaliya Nasretdinova (24.00)  Russia 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [87]
17 1:44.67 Daria Ustinova (27.57)
Yuliya Yefimova (28.30)
Svetlana Chimrova (25.15)
Rozaliya Nasretdinova (23.65)
 Russia 15 December 2013 Herning [88]
18 1:44.68 Kira Toussaint (25.91)
Kim Busch (30.20)
Maaike de Waard (24.58)
Valerie van Roon (23.99)
 Netherlands 4 November 2021 Kazan [89]
19 1:44.85  Poland 8 December 2019 Glasgow
20 1:44.90  Japan 12 December 2018 Hangzhou
21 1:44.92  Italy 8 December 2019 Glasgow
22 1:44.93 Paulina Peda (26.91)
Dominika Sztandera (29.59)
Alicja Tchórz (25.32)
Katarzyna Wasick (23.11)
 Poland 4 November 2021 Kazan [90]
23 1:44.96 Maria Kameneva (26.22)
Nika Godun (30.11)
Arina Surkova (24.70)
Daria S. Ustinova (23.93)
 Russia 8 December 2019 Glasgow [91]
25 1:45.16 Alicja Tchórz, Dominika Sztandera, Klaudia Naziębło, Kornelia Fiedkiewicz  POL Juvenia Wrocław 16 December 2020 Olsztyn

Mixed[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021
Pos Time Swimmer Nationality Date Venue Ref
1 1:36.18 Kira Toussaint (25.99), Arno Kamminga (25.54), Maaike de Waard (24.50), Thom de Boer (20.15)  Netherlands 7 November 2021 Kazan [92]
2 1:36.20 Kira Toussaint (26.21), Arno Kamminga (25.40), Ranomi Kromowidjojo (24.36), Thom de Boer (20.23)  Netherlands 18 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [93]
3 1:36.22 Kliment Kolesnikov (22.67), Vladimir Morozov (25.40), Arina Surkova (24.94), Maria Kameneva (23.21)  Russia 5 December 2019 Glasgow [94]
4 1:36.39 Michele Lamberti (22.72), Nicoló Martinenghi (25.13), Elena di Liddo (25.09), Silvia di Pietro (23.45)  Italy 7 November 2021 Kazan [95]
5 1:36.40 Olivia Smoliga (25.85), Michael Andrew (25.75), Kelsi Dahlia (24.74), Caeleb Dressel (20.09)  United States 13 December 2018 Hangzhou [96]
6 1:36.42 Kliment Kolesnikov (22.47), Oleg Kostin (25.58), Arina Surkova (24.88), Maria Kameneva (23.49)  Russia 7 November 2021 Kazan [97]
7 1:37.04 Shaine Casas (23.16), Nic Fink (25.82), Claire Curzan (24.85), Abbey Weitzeil (23.21)  United States 18 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [98]
8 1:37.12 Kira Toussaint (25.87), Arno Kamminga (25.53), Joeri Verlinden (22.48), Femke Heemskerk (23.24)  Netherlands 5 December 2019 Glasgow [99]
9 1:37.26  Italy 4 December 2014 Doha [100]
10 1:37.29 Lorenzo Mora (23.28), Nicolò Martinenghi (25.60), Elena Di Liddo (24.91), Silvia Di Pietro (23.50)  Italy 18 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [101]
11 1:37.44 Pavel Samusenko (22.95), Kirill Strelnikov (26.02), Arina Surkova (25.14), Maria Kameneva (23.33)  Russia 18 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [102]
12 1:37.46  Great Britain 4 December 2014 Doha [103]
13 1:37.63  Russia 13 December 2013 Herning
14 1:37.71  Netherlands 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [104]
15 1:37.74  Belarus 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [105]
Shaine Casas (23.15), Nic Fink (25.70), Kate Douglass (24.60), Katharine Berkoff (24.29)  United States 18 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [106]
17 1:37.75  France 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [107]
18 1:37.83  Germany 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [108]
19 1:37.84  Australia Tokyo
20 1:37.90  Italy 4 December 2014 Doha [109]
21 1:37.97 Gustav Hökfelt (23.85), Erik Persson (26.13), Sara Junevik (24.96), Sarah Sjöström (23.03)  Sweden 7 November 2021 Kazan [110]
Grigori Pekarski (23.59), Ilya Shymanovich (24.93), Anastasiya Shkurdai (25.23), Nastassia Karakouskaya (24.22)  Belarus 18 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [111]
23 1:37.99 Pavel Samusenko (23.05), Andrei Nikolaev (26.33), Arina Surkova (24.94), Rozaliya Nasretdinova (23.67)  Russia 18 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [112]
24 1:38.02 Mathias Rysgaard (23.98), Tobias Bjerg (25.51), Jeanette Ottesen (25.04), Pernille Blume (23.49)  Denmark 5 December 2019 Glasgow [113]
25 1:38.03  Denmark 14 December 2017 Copenhagen [114]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Craig Lord, "A Time of Change for World Records," SwimVortex.com (28 May 2013). Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  2. ^ "FINA Swimming Rules 2013 - 2017 incl. World Record Application Form" (PDF). FINA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  3. ^ Craig Lord (3 October 2013). "FINA To Set World Best Standards For Mixed Relays". swimvortex.com. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  4. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Ryan Murphy's Blistering Backstroke Leads USA to Mixed 400 Medley Relay World Record at 2015 FINA World Championships". Swimming World Magazine. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Indiana Posts Eight New Relay World Records at Fall Frenzy". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  7. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  8. ^ "2013 European Short Course Swimming Championships Day 1 Heats Results" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  9. ^ unratified, Vitaly Melnikov was suspended in May 2015 for doping use
  10. ^ "4x50 m Medley - Men Final" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  11. ^ "4x50 m Medley - Men Final" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  12. ^ FINA (4 December 2014). "12th FINA World Swimming Championships (25m) Doha (QAT) 2014: Men's 4x50m Medley Relay Heats Results Summary". Omega Timing. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  13. ^ Shivakumar, Varun (4 December 2014). "Russia Breaks 4x50 Medley Relay World Record At Short Course World Championships". SwimSwam. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  14. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 17 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  16. ^ LEN (3 November 2021). "2021 European Short Course Swimming Championships Kazan (RUS): Results 4x50m Medley Relay Men Final". Microplus Informatica. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Indiana Posts Eight New Relay World Records at Fall Frenzy". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  18. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  19. ^ "2013 European Short Course Swimming Championships Day 4 Heats Results" (PDF). Microplus Informatica. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  20. ^ unratified, Yuliya Efimova was suspended on May 13, 2014 for doping use
  21. ^ "4x50 m Medley - Women Final" (PDF). Microplus Informatica. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  22. ^ "2013 European Short Course Swimming Championships Day 4 Finals Results" (PDF). Microplus Informatica. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  23. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  24. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  25. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results". Omega Timing. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  26. ^ FINA (17 December 2021). "15th FINA World Swimming Championships 2021 Abu Dhabi (UAE): Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results". Omega Timing. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  27. ^ "Indiana Posts Eight New Relay World Records at Fall Frenzy". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  28. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  29. ^ "Two Short Course Meter World Records During Water Carnival". Swimming World Magazine. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  30. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  31. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  32. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Heats Result". Omega Timing. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  33. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  34. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 9 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  35. ^ unratified, Yuliya Efimova was suspended on May 13, 2014 for doping use, Vitaly Melnikov was suspended in May 2015 for doping use
  36. ^ "Russia Clips Mixed 200 Medley Relay World Record; Second Mark for Yuliya Efimova". Swimming World Magazine. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  37. ^ "Duel in the Pool: Team USA Uses World Record in Tiebreaker Mixed Relay to Win 132-131". Swimming World Magazine. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  38. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results". Omega Timing. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  39. ^ "Mixed 4 x 50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
  40. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  41. ^ "Men's 4x50m Freestyle Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  42. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  43. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  44. ^ "Men's 4x50m Freestyle Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  45. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  46. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  47. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  48. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  49. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  50. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  51. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  52. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  53. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results". Omega Timing. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  54. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  55. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  56. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  57. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  58. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  59. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  60. ^ "Men's 4x50m Freestyle Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  61. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  62. ^ "Men's 4x50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  63. ^ "Men's 4x50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  64. ^ "Men's 4x50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  65. ^ "Men's 4x50m Freestyle Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  66. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  67. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 6 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  68. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  69. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  70. ^ "Men's 4x50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  71. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  72. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  73. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  74. ^ "Men's 4x50m Freestyle Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  75. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  76. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 6 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  77. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
  78. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  79. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  80. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  81. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  82. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  83. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  84. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  85. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  86. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Heats Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  87. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  88. ^ "Women, 4 x 50m Medley, Final, Open". swimrankings.net. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  89. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  90. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  91. ^ "Women's 4 x 50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  92. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  93. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  94. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  95. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  96. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results". Omega Timing. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  97. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  98. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  99. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  100. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  101. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  102. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  103. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  104. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  105. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  106. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Heats Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  107. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  108. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  109. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  110. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  111. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  112. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Heats Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 18 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  113. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 5 December 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  114. ^ "4x50m Medley - Mixed Final Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 14 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.