World record progression 4 × 50 metres medley relay

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This article includes the world record progression for the 4×50 metres medley relay and it shows the chronological history of world record times in that competitive short course swimming event. The 4×50 metres medley relay is a medley race in which each of four swimmers on a team swims a 50-metre leg of the relay, each swimming a different stroke, in the following sequence:

  1. Backstroke (this can only be the first stroke, due to the necessity of starting this leg in the pool rather than by diving in);
  2. Breaststroke;
  3. Butterfly; and
  4. Freestyle ("freestyle" means any stroke other than backstroke, breaststroke or butterfly – most swimmers use the front crawl).

Swimming world records are recognized by and maintained by FINA ("Fédération Internationale de Natation"), the international competitive swimming and aquatics federation that overseas the sport in international competition. World records in the medley relay event were first recognized by FINA in 1953. The long course (50-metre pool) world records are historically older than the short course (25-metre pool) records. FINA amended its regulations governing the recognition of world records in 1956; specifically, FINA mandated that only record times that were contested in 50-metre (or 55-yard) pools were eligible for recognition after that time.[1] The short-course world records have been separately recognized since 1991. On July 25, 2013 FINA Technical Swimming Congress voted to allow world records in the long course mixed 400 free relay and mixed 400 medley relay, as well as in six events in short course meters: the mixed 200 medley and 200 free relays, as well as the men's and women's 200 free relays and the men's and women's 200 medley relays.[2] In October 2013 FINA decided to establish "standards" before something can be recognized as the first world record in these events.[3] But later on March 13, 2014 FINA has officially ratified the eight world records set by Indiana University swimmers at the IU Relay Rally held on September 26, 2013 in Bloomington.[4]

It is possible to set an individual world record in the 50 metres backstroke by swimming the backstroke first leg of the 4×50-metre medley relay, except in the mixed relay.[5] Swimming the other three legs of the medley relay cannot qualify as world records as FINA criteria require a "static start" for world record recognition – swimming relay exchanges are characterized as "dynamic".

Men[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 1:50.07 United States Indiana University Hoosiers 26 September 2013 IU Fall Frenzy Bloomington, United States [6][7]
2 1:33.65 h  Italy 12 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [8]
3 1:32.38 '#' [9]  Russia 12 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [10]
4 1:32.83  Italy 12 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [11]
5 1:30.51  Brazil 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [12]
6 1:30.44  Russia 17 December 2017 European Championships Copenhagen, Denmark [13]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Women[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 2:04.34 United States Indiana University Hoosiers 26 September 2013 IU Fall Frenzy Bloomington, United States [14][15]
2 1:45.92 h  Denmark 15 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [16]
3 1:44.67 '#' [17]  Russia 15 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [18]
4 1:44.81  Denmark 15 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [19]
5 1:44.04  Denmark 5 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [20]
6 1:43.27
 United States 7 December 2016 World Championships Windsor, Canada [21]
7 1:42.38
 United States 12 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [22]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Mixed[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 1:49.87 United States Indiana University Hoosiers 26 September 2013 IU Fall Frenzy Bloomington, United States [23][24]
2 1:47.61 United States Iowa University 28 September 2013 Water Carnival Ann Arbor, United States [25]
3 1:41.70  Russia 12 October 2013 World Cup Moscow, Russia [26]
4 1:39.54  France 20 October 2013 World Cup Doha, Qatar [27]
5 1:39.08 h  Australia 5 November 2013 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [28]
6 1:38.02  Australia 5 November 2013 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [29]
7 1:37.84  Australia 9 November 2013 World Cup Tokyo, Japan [30]
8 1:37.63 '#' [31]  Russia 13 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [32]
9 1:37.17
 United States 21 December 2013 Duel in the Pool Glasgow, United Kingdom [33]
10 1:36.40
 United States 13 December 2018 World Championships Hangzhou, China [34]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

References[edit]

  1. ^ Craig Lord, "A Time of Change for World Records," SwimVortex.com (28 May 2013). Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  2. ^ "FINA Swimming Rules 2013 - 2017 incl. World Record Application Form" (PDF). FINA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  3. ^ Craig Lord (3 October 2013). "FINA To Set World Best Standards For Mixed Relays". swimvortex.com. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  4. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Ryan Murphy's Blistering Backstroke Leads USA to Mixed 400 Medley Relay World Record at 2015 FINA World Championships". Swimming World Magazine. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Indiana Posts Eight New Relay World Records at Fall Frenzy". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  7. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  8. ^ "2013 European Short Course Swimming Championships Day 1 Heats Results" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  9. ^ unratified, Vitaly Melnikov was suspended in May 2015 for doping use
  10. ^ "4x50 m Medley - Men Final" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  11. ^ "4x50 m Medley - Men Final" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  13. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results" (PDF). Microplus Timing. 17 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Indiana Posts Eight New Relay World Records at Fall Frenzy". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  15. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  16. ^ "2013 European Short Course Swimming Championships Day 4 Heats Results" (PDF). Microplus Informatica. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  17. ^ unratified, Yuliya Efimova was suspended on May 13, 2014 for doping use
  18. ^ "4x50 m Medley - Women Final" (PDF). Microplus Informatica. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  19. ^ "2013 European Short Course Swimming Championships Day 4 Finals Results" (PDF). Microplus Informatica. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  20. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  21. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  22. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results". Omega Timing. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  23. ^ "Indiana Posts Eight New Relay World Records at Fall Frenzy". Swimming World Magazine. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  24. ^ "FINA Goes Back in Time to Ratify Indiana Hoosier Swims as World Records". Swimming World Magazine. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  25. ^ "Two Short Course Meter World Records During Water Carnival". Swimming World Magazine. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  26. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  27. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  28. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Heats Result". Omega Timing. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  29. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  30. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 9 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  31. ^ unratified, Yuliya Efimova was suspended on May 13, 2014 for doping use, Vitaly Melnikov was suspended in May 2015 for doping use
  32. ^ "Russia Clips Mixed 200 Medley Relay World Record; Second Mark for Yuliya Efimova". Swimming World Magazine. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  33. ^ "Duel in the Pool: Team USA Uses World Record in Tiebreaker Mixed Relay to Win 132-131". Swimming World Magazine. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  34. ^ "Mixed 4×50m Medley Relay Final Results". Omega Timing. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.