World record progression 50 metres backstroke

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Graphic data for World Record Progression in Men and Women Swimming 50m-100m-200m Long and Short Course Butterfly-Backstroke-Breaststroke-Freestyle

This is a listing of the history of the World Record for the 50 backstroke swimming event. Swimming World Records are maintained by FINA, the international sports federation which oversees the sport. World Records are recognized only in meter-courses: long course (50m) and short course (25m). Like the other 50s of stroke (i.e. 50 breaststroke, 50 butterfly), World Record status/monitoring for this event first began in the 1990s.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 25.13 Jeff Rouse  United States 15 Apr 1993 Robert Burns Invitational Edinburgh, United Kingdom
1 24.99 (tt) Lenny Krayzelburg  United States 28 Aug 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia
2 24.80 Thomas Rupprath  Germany 27 Jul 2003 World Championships Barcelona, Spain
3 24.47 (h) † Liam Tancock  Great Britain 2 Apr 2008 British Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom [1]
4 24.33 Randall Bal  United States 5 Dec 2008 Dutch Swimming Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [2]
5 24.08 (sf) Liam Tancock  Great Britain 1 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
6 24.04 Liam Tancock  Great Britain 2 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
7 24.00 Kliment Kolesnikov  Russia 4 Aug 2018 European Championships Glasgow, United Kingdom [3]
8 23.93 sf Kliment Kolesnikov  Russia 17 May 2021 European Championships Budapest, Hungary [4][5]
9 23.80 Kliment Kolesnikov  Russia 18 May 2021 European Championships Budapest, Hungary
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 25.10 Daichi Suzuki  Japan 10 Feb 1990 World Cup Bonn, Germany [6]
# 24.66 Alexander Popov  Russia 13 Mar 1994 World Cup Desenzano, Italy
2 24.60 Franck Schott  France 26 Mar 1994 World Cup Paris, France
3 24.37 h Jeff Rouse  United States 12 Feb 1995 World Cup Sheffield, United Kingdom
4 24.25 Chris Renaud  Canada 28 Feb 1997 CIAU Championships St. Catharines, Canada
5 24.13 Thomas Rupprath  Germany 11 Dec 1998 European 25m Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom
5= 24.13 Matt Welsh  Australia 2 Sep 1999 Australia 25m Nationals Canberra, Australia
6 24.12 Neil Walker  United States 18 Nov 1999 World Cup College Park, United States
7 24.11 Matt Welsh  Australia 14 Jan 2000 World Cup Hobart, Australia
8 24.04 h Neil Walker  United States 13 Mar 2000 Short Course Worlds Athens, Greece
9 23.42 sf Neil Walker  United States 13 Mar 2000 Short Course Worlds Athens, Greece
10 23.31 Matt Welsh  Australia 2 Sep 2002 Australia 25m Nationals Melbourne, Australia
11 23.27 Thomas Rupprath  Germany 10 Dec 2004 European 25m Championships Vienna, Austria [7]
12 23.24 Robert Hurley  Australia 26 Oct 2008 World Cup Sydney, Australia [citation needed]
13 23.05 Peter Marshall  United States 12 Nov 2008 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [8]
14 22.87 Randall Bal  United States 15 Nov 2008 World Cup Berlin, Germany [9]
15 22.75 Peter Marshall  United States 17 Oct 2009 World Cup Durban, South Africa [10]
16 22.73 Peter Marshall  United States 11 Nov 2009 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [11]
17 22.61 Peter Marshall  United States 22 Nov 2009 World Cup Singapore [12]
18 22.22 Florent Manaudou  France 6 Dec 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [13]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 29.00 Sandra Völker  Germany 24 May 1997 Mare Nostrum Monte Carlo, Monaco
2 28.78 sf Sandra Völker  Germany 12 Jun 1999 Mare Nostrum Monte Carlo, Monaco
3 28.71 Sandra Völker  Germany 1 Aug 1999 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey
4 28.69 Nina Zhivanevskaya  Spain 8 Apr 2000 Spain Spring Nationals Madrid, Spain
5 28.67 Mai Nakamura  Japan 25 Apr 2000 Japan Championships Tokyo, Japan
6 28.25 h Sandra Völker  Germany 17 Jun 2000 Germany Championships Berlin, Germany
7 28.19 Janine Pietsch  Germany 25 May 2005 Germany Championships Berlin, Germany
8 28.16 sf Leila Vaziri  United States 28 Mar 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia
8= 28.16 Leila Vaziri  United States 29 Mar 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia
9 28.09 Li Yang  China 19 Oct 2007 World Military Games Hyderabad, India
10 28.00 r Hayley McGregory  United States 7 Mar 2008 Texas Senior Circuit Championships Austin, United States
11 27.95 sf Emily Seebohm  Australia 22 Mar 2008 Australia Championships Sydney, Australia
12 27.67 Sophie Edington  Australia 23 Mar 2008 Australia Championships Sydney, Australia [14]
12= 27.67 Zhao Jing  China 9 Apr 2009 China Championships Shaoxing, China [15]
13 27.61 Daniela Samulski  Germany 26 Jun 2009 Germany Championships Berlin, Germany [16]
14 27.39 (sf) Daniela Samulski  Germany 29 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
15 27.38 (sf) Anastasia Zuyeva  Russia 29 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
16 27.06 Zhao Jing  China 30 Jul 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
17 26.98 Liu Xiang  China 21 Aug 2018 Asian Games Jakarta, Indonesia [17]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 28.47 Lei Xue  China 9 Jan 1993 World Cup Beijing, China
1 28.33 Sandra Völker  Germany 16 Feb 1993 World Cup Sheffield, United Kingdom
2 27.64 Xiuyu Bai  China 13 March 1994 World Cup Desenzano, Italy
3 27.27 Sandra Völker  Germany 13 Dec 1998 European Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom [18]
4 27.25 r Haley Cope  United States 18 Mar 2000 NCAA Division I Championships Indianapolis, United States [19]
5 26.83 Li Hui  China 2 Dec 2001 World Cup Shanghai, China [18]
6 26.50 Sanja Jovanović  Croatia 15 Dec 2007 European Championships Debrecen, Hungary
7 26.37 Sanja Jovanović  Croatia 13 Apr 2008 World Championships Manchester, United Kingdom [20]
8 26.23 Sanja Jovanović  Croatia 13 Dec 2008 European Championships Rijeka, Croatia
9 26.17 Marieke Guehrer  Australia 6 Nov 2009 World Cup Moscow, Russia
10 26.08 h Zhao Jing  China 10 Nov 2009 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [21]
11 25.82 Zhao Jing  China 10 Nov 2009 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [22]
12 25.70 Sanja Jovanović  Croatia 12 Dec 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [23]
13 25.67 Etiene Medeiros  Brazil 7 Dec 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [24]
14 25.60 Kira Toussaint  Netherlands 14 Nov 2020 ISL Semifinal 1 Budapest, Hungary [25]
14= 25.60 Kira Toussaint  Netherlands 18 Dec 2020 Amsterdam Christmas Meet Amsterdam, Netherlands [26]
15 25.27 Maggie Mac Neil  Canada 20 Dec 2021 World Championships Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates [27]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

All-time top 25[edit]

Men long course[edit]

  • Correct as of October 2021[28]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 23.80  Kliment Kolesnikov (RUS) 18 May 2021 Budapest [29]
2 24.04  Liam Tancock (GBR) 2 August 2009 Italy
3 24.07  Camille Lacourt (FRA) 12 August 2010 Hungary
4 24.12  Robert Glință (ROU) 3 August 2018 Great Britain
5 24.23  Mark Nikolaev (RUS) 11 April 2019 Russia
6 24.24  Junya Koga (JPN) 2 August 2009 Italy
 Ryan Murphy (USA) 27 July 2018 United States
8 24.29  Vladimir Morozov (RUS) 3 August 2018 Great Britain
9 24.31  Justin Ress (USA) 27 July 2018 United States
10 24.32  Shane Ryan (IRL) 3 August 2018 Great Britain
11 24.33  Randall Bal (USA) 5 December 2008 Netherlands
12 24.34  Johannes Zandberg (RSA) 2 August 2009 Italy
13 24.39  Michael Andrew (USA) 21 June 2019 Italy
14 24.42  Xu Jiayu (CHN) 8 April 2017 China
15 24.43  Zane Waddell (RSA) 28 July 2019 South Korea
16 24.44  Daniel Orzechowski (BRA) 24 April 2012 Brazil
17 24.45  Jeremy Stravius (FRA) 3 August 2013 Spain
18 24.47  Hugo González (ESP) 18 May 2021 Budapest [30]
19 24.48  Aschwin Wildeboer (ESP) 1 August 2009 Italy
20 24.49  Guilherme Guido (BRA) 1 August 2009 Italy
 Evgeny Rylov (RUS) 28 July 2019 South Korea
 Apostolos Christou (GRE) 17 May 2021 Budapest [31]
23 24.52  David Plummer (USA) 25 June 2013 United States
24 24.53  Matt Grevers (USA) 27 July 2018 United States
25 24.54  Ben Treffers (AUS) 1 April 2014 Australia
 Dmitry Maltsev (RUS) 11 April 2019 Russia

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 24.54:

  • Kliment Kolesnikov also swam 23.93 (2021), 24.00 (2018), 24.08 (2021), 24.23 (2021), 24.25 (2018, 2021), 24.35 (2019), 24.40 (2018), 24.46 (2018), 24.51 (2019), 24.52 (2018).
  • Liam Tancock also swam 24.08 (2009), 24.47 (2008), 24.50 (2011), 24.52 (2010).
  • Camille Lacourt also swam 24.23 (2015), 24.27 (2015), 24.30 (2017), 24.30 (2010), 24.35 (2017), 24.36 (2011), 24.37 (2014), 24.39 (2013), 24.42 (2013), 24.46 (2009), 24.52 (2009).
  • Junya Koga also swam 24.28 (2014), 24.29 (2009), 24.36 (2015), 24.44 (2017), 24.46 (2014), 24.50 (2015), 24.51 (2017), 24.53 (2017), 24.54 (2017).
  • Vladimir Morozov also swam 24.35 (2018), 24.40 (2019), 24.43 (2018, 2019), 24.52 (2014), 24.53 (2019).
  • Justin Ress also swam 24.41 (2017), 24.46 (2018), 24.47 (2018), 24.48 (2019), 24.52 (2019).
  • Michael Andrew also swam 24.45 (2019), 24.49 (2018), 24.49 (2018), 24.53 (2019), 24.53 (2019), 24.58 (2019).
  • Zane Waddell also swam 24.46 (2019), 24.48 (2019), 24.54 (2019).
  • Xu Jiayu also swam 24.47 (2019), 24.48 (2017).
  • Aschwin Wildeboer also swam 24.50 (2009).
  • Evgeny Rylov also swam 24.52 (2017), 24.52 (2017).
  • Robert Glință also swam 24.42 (2021), 24.51 (2021), 24.53 (2019).
  • Ryan Murphy also swam 24.53 (2019).
  • Jeremy Stravius also swam 24.54 (2013).
  • Matt Grevers also swam 24.54 (2013).

Men short course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021[32]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 22.22  Florent Manaudou (FRA) 6 December 2014 Doha [33]
2 22.47  Kliment Kolesnikov (RUS) 3 November 2021 Kazan [34]
3 22.49  Mark Nikolaev (RUS) 28 December 2021 Saint Petersburg [35]
4 22.53  Ryan Murphy (USA) 25 November 2021 Eindhoven [36]
5 22.55  Guilherme Guido (BRA) 26 October 2019 Budapest
6 22.58  Evgeny Rylov (RUS) 14 December 2018 Hangzhou [37]
7 22.61  Coleman Stewart (USA) 28 August 2021 Naples [38]
 Peter Marshall (USA) 22 November 2009 Singapore
9 22.62  Michele Lamberti (ITA) 3 November 2021 Kazan [39]
10 22.70  Jiayu Xu (CHN) 3 November 2018 Hangzhou
11 22.74  Stanislav Donets (RUS) 26 November 2010 Netherlands
 Robert Glință (ROM) 3 November 2021 Kazan [40]
13 22.76  Christian Diener (GER) 18 October 2020 Budapest
 Shane Ryan (IRL) 14 December 2018 Hangzhou [37]
15 22.81  Junya Koga (JPN) 8 December 2016 Windsor
 Pavel Samusenko (RUS) 3 November 2021 Kazan [41]
17 22.82  Pavel Sankovich (BLR) 19 November 2017 Singapore
18 22.84  Gabriel Fantoni (BRA) 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [42]
19 22.85  Jérémy Stravius (FRA) 27 August 2016 France
 Thomas Rupprath (GER) 11 December 2009 Istanbul
 Gerhard Zandberg (RSA) 15 November 2009 Berlin
22 22.87  Randall Bal (USA) 16 November 2008 Germany
 Apostolos Christou (GRE) 2 November 2021 Kazan [43]
24 22.88  Eugene Godsoe (USA) 20 December 2013 Great Britain
25 22.91  Mitchell Larkin (AUS) 26 November 2015 Australia

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 22.91:

  • Ryan Murphy also swam 22.54 (2020), 22.56 (2021), 22.63 (2018, 2021), 22.73 (2018), 22.75 (2020), 22.76 (2020), 22.79 (2021), 22.80 (2020), 22.83 (2020), 22.85 (2020), 22.87 (2018).
  • Kliment Kolesnikov also swam 22.57 (2021), 22.64 (2019), 22.75 (2019), 22.76 (2021), 22.77 (2018), 22.82 (2018), 22.83 (2017), 22.87.
  • Evgeny Rylov also swam 22.59 (2021), 22.68 (2018), 22.76 (2020), 22.80 (2020).
  • Guilherme Guido also swam 22.60 (2021, 2021), 22.68 (2018), 22.73 (2021), 22.75 (2018), 22.77 (2019), 22.79 (2018), 22.82 (2019), 22.86 (2020), 22.88 (2020, 2021, 2021), 22.89 (2020, 2020), 22.90 (2020).
  • Michele Lamberti also swam 22.65 (2021), 22.79 (2021), 22.91 (2021).
  • Mark Nikolaev also swam 22.70 (2021).
  • Jiayu Xu also swam 22.71 (2018), 22.87 (2018), 22.91 (2018).
  • Peter Marshall also swam 22.73 (2009), 22.75 (2009), 22.86 (2009), 22.90 (2008).
  • Stanislav Donets also swam 22.76 (2009), 22.79 (2009), 22.80 (2009), 22.86 (2009).
  • Coleman Stewart also swam 22.76 (2020), 22.84 (2020).
  • Shane Ryan also swam 22.82 (2021), 22.86 (2020), 22.91 (2020).
  • Pavel Sankovich also swam 22.84 (2017).
  • Christian Diener also swam 22.84 (2021).
  • Junya Koga also swam 22.85 (2016), 22.88 (2009).

Women long course[edit]

  • Correct as of October 2021[44]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 26.98  Liu Xiang (CHN) 21 August 2018 Indonesia
2 27.06  Zhao Jing (CHN) 30 July 2009 Rome
3 27.10  Kira Toussaint (NED) 10 April 2021 Eindhoven
4 27.11  Fu Yuanhui (CHN) 6 August 2015 Kazan
5 27.14  Etiene Medeiros (BRA) 27 July 2017 Budapest
6 27.16  Kaylee McKeown (AUS) 16 May 2021 Sydney [45]
7 27.19  Kathleen Dawson (GBR) 18 May 2021 Budapest [46]
8 27.21  Georgia Davies (GBR) 4 August 2018 Great Britain
9 27.23  Daniela Samulski (GER) 30 July 2009 Rome
 Aliaksandra Herasimenia (BLR) 27 July 2017 Budapest
 Anastasia Fesikova (RUS) 4 August 2018 Great Britain
12 27.28  Gao Chang (CHN) 30 July 2009 Rome
13 27.33  Olivia Smoliga (USA) 25 July 2019 Gwangju
14 27.37  Emily Seebohm (AUS) 27 July 2017 Budapest
15 27.39  Analia Pigrée (FRA) 3 August 2021 Las Palmas [47]
16 27.42  Mimosa Jallow (FIN) 4 August 2018 Great Britain
17 27.48  Kathleen Baker (USA) 26 July 2017 Budapest
18 27.49  Minna Atherton (AUS) 29 January 2016 Australia
19 27.51  Sophie Edington (AUS) 29 July 2009 Rome
 Aya Terakawa (JPN) 11 April 2013 Japan
 Natalie Coughlin (USA) 19 June 2015 United States
 Holly Barratt (AUS) 26 July 2017 Budapest
 Daria Vaskina (RUS) 25 July 2019 Gwangju
24 27.55  Wang Xueer (CHN) 8 April 2017 China
27 July 2017 Budapest
25 27.57  Fran Halsall (GBR) 21 May 2016 Great Britain

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 27.57:

  • Fu Yuanhui also swam 27.15 (2017), 27.16 (2018), 27.18 (2015), 27.19 (2017), 27.21 (2017), 27.22 (2013), 27.36 (2017), 27.39 (2013), 27.40 (2013), 27.51 (2014), 27.55 (2013, 2015).
  • Etiene Medeiros also swam 27.18 (2017), 27.26 (2015), 27.36 (2019), 27.37 (2014), 27.38 (2015), 27.41 (2015), 27.44 (2019).
  • Kira Toussaint also swam 27.18 (2021), 27.22 (2021), 27.36 (2021), 27.37 (2020), 27.49 (2019, 2020).
  • Georgia Davies also swam 27.23 (2018), 27.46 (2018), 27.49 (2017), 27.56 (2014).
  • Zhao Jing also swam 27.29 (2013).
  • Kathleen Dawson also swam 27.29 (2021), 27.46 (2021).
  • Anastasia Fesikova also swam 27.31 (2009, 2018), 27.37 (2018), 27.38 (2009), 27.49 (2018), 27.54 (2012).
  • Liu Xiang also swam 27.35 (2019), 27.36 (2020), 27.40 (2018), 27.56 (2017).
  • Gao Chang also swam 27.38 (2009), 27.45 (2010).
  • Kaylee McKeown also swam 27.38 (2021), 27.41 (2021), 27.45 (2021), 27.46 (2021), 27.52 (2021), 27.57 (2020).
  • Daniela Samulski also swam 27.39 (2009).
  • Aliaksandra Herasimenia also swam 27.40 (2016), 27.53 (2016), 27.54 (2017), 27.57 (2009).
  • Olivia Smoliga also swam 27.43 (2018).
  • Emily Seebohm also swam 27.47 (2015), 27.49 (2015), 27.51 (2017), 27.57 (2015).
  • Kathleen Baker also swam 27.50 (2017).
  • Aya Terakawa also swam 27.53 (2013).
  • Wang Xueer also swam 27.55 (2017, 2017).
  • Holly Barratt also swam 27.57 (2017).

Women short course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021[48]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 25.27  Maggie Mac Neil (CAN) 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [49]
2 25.60  Kira Toussaint (NED) 14 November 2020 Budapest
18 December 2020 Amsterdam
3 25.62  Kylie Masse (CAN) 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [50]
4 25.67  Etiene Medeiros (BRA) 4 December 2014 Doha
5 25.70  Sanja Jovanović (CRO) 12 December 2009 Istanbul
6 25.74  Olivia Smoliga (USA) 16 October 2020 Budapest
7 25.81  Minna Atherton (AUS) 26 October 2020 Budapest
8 25.82  Zhao Jing (CHN) 10 November 2009 Stockholm
9 25.83  Emily Seebohm (AUS) 7 December 2014 Doha
 Louise Hansson (SWE) 19 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [51]
11 25.88  Katharine Berkoff (USA) 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [52]
12 25.92  Gao Chang (CHN) 27 February 2010 Tokyo
13 25.95  Katinka Hosszú (HUN) 16 December 2017 Denmark
14 25.96  Analia Pigrée (FRA) 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [53]
15 25.97  Maaike de Waard (NED) 19 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [54]
16 25.98  Ali DeLoof (USA) 9 September 2021 Naples
 Marieke Guehrer (AUS) 10 November 2009 Stockholm
18 25.99  Caroline Pilhatsch (AUT) 15 December 2018 Hangzhou
 Holly Barratt (AUS) 26 October 2019 Budapest
20 26.00  Beryl Gastaldello (FRA) 7 December 2019 United Kingdom
 Kaylee McKeown (AUS) 27 November 2020 Brisbane
22 26.03  Aleksandra Urbanczyk (POL) 19 December 2015 Poland
23 26.05  Aya Terakawa (JPN) 23 February 2013 Japan
 Anastasiya Shkurdai (BLR) 4 December 2021 Eindhoven [55]
25 26.06  Fu Yuanhui (CHN) 15 December 2018 Hangzhou

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 26.06:

  • Kira Toussaint also swam 25.62 (2020), 25.64 (2020), 25.73 (2020), 25.75 (2019, 2020), 25.79 (2020, 2021), 25.81 (2021), 25.83 (2020), 25.84 (2019), 25.89 (2021), 25.91 (2021), 25.96 (2020), 25.99 (2021), 26.04 (2018, 2019).
  • Olivia Smoliga also swam 25.75 (2020), 25.83 (2020), 25.85 (2020), 25.88 (2018), 25.89 (2019, 2020), 25.93 (2020), 25.97 (2018).
  • Etiene Medeiros also swam 25.82 (2016), 25.95 (2018), 25.99 (2014), 26.00 (2016), 26.03 (2014).
  • Maggie MacNeil also swam 25.84 (2021), 25.92 (2021), 25.98 (2021).
  • Kylie Masse also swam 25.84 (2021), 25.92 (2021), 25.96 (2021), 25.97 (2021).
  • Louise Hansson also swam 25.86 (2021), 25.91 (2021).
  • Emily Seebohm also swam 25.87 (2014), 26.05 (2018).
  • Zhao Jing also swam 25.95 (2012).
  • Minna Atherton also swam 25.95 (2021), 25.99 (2019), 26.05 (2019).
  • Katinka Hosszu also swam 25.96 (2014), 25.99 (2016).
  • Maaike de Waard also swam 25.99 (2021).
  • Gao Chang also swam 26.00 (2010).
  • Holly Barratt also swam 26.04 (2018).
  • Analia Pigrée also swam 26.05 (2021).


References[edit]

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