World record progression 50 metres breaststroke

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Graphic data for World Record Progression in Men and Women Swimming 50m-100m-200m Long and Short Course Butterfly-Backstroke-Breaststroke-Freestyle

World records in the 50-metre breaststroke competitive swimming event are recorded for men and women in 50-metre pools (long course) and 25-metre pools (short course).

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 27.61 Alexander Dzhaburiya  Ukraine 27 April 1996 Ukraine Olympic Trials Kharkov, Ukraine
1 27.49 Anthony Robinson  United States 29 March 2001 USA Nationals & World Championship Trials Austin, United States
2 27.39 tt Ed Moses  United States 31 March 2001 USA Nationals & World Championship Trials Austin, United States
3 27.18 Oleg Lisogor  Ukraine 2 August 2002 European Championships Berlin, Germany [1]
4 27.06 sf Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 18 April 2009 South African Championships Durban, South Africa [2]
5 26.89 sf Felipe França  Brazil 8 May 2009 Brazil Championships (Maria Lenk) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [3]
6 26.74 sf Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 28 July 2009 World Aquatics Championships Rome, Italy
7 26.67 Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 29 July 2009 World Aquatics Championships Rome, Italy
8 26.62 sf, # [4] Adam Peaty  Great Britain 18 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [5]
8= 26.62 h Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 4 August 2015 World Championships Kazan, Russia [6]
9 26.42 sf Adam Peaty  Great Britain 4 August 2015 World Championships Kazan, Russia [7]
10 26.10 h Adam Peaty  Great Britain 25 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [8]
11 25.95 sf Adam Peaty  Great Britain 25 July 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [9]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 27.29 Dmitri Volkov  Russia 16 Mar 1991 World Cup Bonn, Germany
1 27.00 Mark Warnecke  Germany 18 Feb 1995 World Cup Gelsenkirchen, Germany
2 26.97 Mark Warnecke  Germany 8 Feb 1997 World Cup Paris, France
2= 26.97 Mark Warnecke  Germany 21 Jan 1998 World Cup Sydney, Australia
2= 26.97 Mark Warnecke  Germany 28 Mar 1998 World Cup Paris, France
3 26.70 Mark Warnecke  Germany 11 Dec 1998 European Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom [10]
4 26.28 Ed Moses  United States 22 Jan 2002 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [11]
5 26.20 Oleg Lisogor  Ukraine 26 Jan 2002 World Cup Berlin, Germany [12]
6 26.17 Oleg Lisogor  Ukraine 21 Jan 2006 World Cup Berlin, Germany [13]
7 26.08 Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 8 Nov 2008 World Cup Moscow, Russia [14]
8 25.94 Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 11 Nov 2008 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [15]
9 25.43 Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 8 Aug 2009 South African Championships Pietermaritzburg, South Africa [16]
10 25.25 Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 14 Nov 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [17]
10= 25.25 Ilya Shymanovich  Belarus 7 Nov 2021 European Championships Kazan, Russia [18]
11 24.95 Emre Sakçı  Turkey 27 December 2021 Turkish Championships Gaziantep, Turkey [19]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 30.95 Penelope Heyns  South Africa 1 Aug 1998 Goodwill Games New York, NY, United States
1 30.83 tt Penelope Heyns  South Africa 29 Aug 1999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia
2 30.57 sf Zoë Baker  Great Britain 30 Jul 2002 Commonwealth Games Manchester, United Kingdom
3 30.45 Jade Edmistone  Australia 31 Jul 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada
4 30.31 h Jade Edmistone  Australia 30 Jan 2006 AUS Nationals & Commonwealth Games Trials Melbourne, Australia [20]
5 30.23 Amanda Reason  Canada 8 Jul 2009 CAN World Championship Trials Montreal, Canada [21]
6 30.09 Yuliya Yefimova  Russia 2 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [22]
7 29.95 tt Jessica Hardy  United States 6 Aug 2009 US Open Time Trials Federal Way, United States [23]
8 29.80 Jessica Hardy  United States 7 Aug 2009 US Open Time Trials Federal Way, United States [24]
9 29.78 h Yuliya Yefimova  Russia 3 Aug 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [25]
10 29.48 sf Rūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 3 Aug 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [25]
11 29.40 Lilly King  United States 30 Jul 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary [26]
12 29.30 sf Benedetta Pilato  Italy 22 May 2021 European Championships Budapest, Hungary [27][1]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 31.22 Peggy Hartung  Germany 1 Feb 1992 World Cup Paris, France
1 31.11 Han Xue  China 7 Jan 1996 World Cup Hong Kong, Hong Kong
2 30.98 Han Xue  China 11 Jan 1996 World Cup Beijing, China
3 30.88 Han Xue  China 29 Jan 1997 World Cup Glasgow, United Kingdom
4 30.77 Han Xue  China 2 Feb 1997 World Cup Gelsenkirchen, Germany
5 30.60 (tt) Penelope Heyns  South Africa 26 Sep 1999 South African Championships Durban, South Africa [28]
6= 30.56 Li Wei  China 3 Dec 2001 World Cup Shanghai, China [29]
6= 30.56 Luo Xuejuan  China 3 Dec 2001 World Cup Shanghai, China [29]
6= 30.56 Emma Igelström  Sweden 13 Dec 2001 European Championships Antwerp, Belgium
7 30.53 Zoë Baker  Great Britain 4 Jan 2002 South African Championships Durban, South Africa
8 30.51 Zoë Baker  Great Britain 15 Jan 2002 World Cup Imperia, Italy
9 30.47 Luo Xuejuan  China 17 Jan 2002 World Cup Paris, France [30]
10 30.43 Emma Igelström  Sweden 23 Jan 2002 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [31]
11 30.31 Zoë Baker  Great Britain 27 Jan 2002 World Cup Berlin, Germany
12 30.24 Emma Igelström  Sweden 14 Mar 2002 Swedish Championships Gothenburg, Sweden [32]
13 29.96 Emma Igelström  Sweden 2 Apr 2002 World Championships Moscow, Russia [33]
14 29.90 Jade Edmistone  Australia 26 Sep 2004 Australian Championships Brisbane, Australia [34]
15 29.58 Jessica Hardy  United States 10 Apr 2008 World Championships Manchester, United Kingdom [35]
16 29.45 Jessica Hardy  United States 17 Oct 2009 World Cup Durban, South Africa
17 29.36 Jessica Hardy  United States 7 Nov 2009 World Cup Moscow, Russia
18 28.96 (h) Jessica Hardy  United States 11 Nov 2009 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden [36]
19 28.80 Jessica Hardy  United States 14 Nov 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [37]
28.71 (invalidated)[38][39] Yulia Yefimova  Russia 10 Nov 2013 World Cup Tokyo, Japan [40]
20 28.64 Alia Atkinson  Jamaica 26 Oct 2016 World Cup Tokyo, Japan [41]
21 28.56 Alia Atkinson  Jamaica 6 Oct 2018 World Cup Budapest, Hungary [42]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

All-time top 25[edit]

Men long course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021[43]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 25.95  Adam Peaty (GBR) 25 July 2017 Hungary
2 26.33  Felipe Lima (BRA) 9 June 2019 Monaco
3 26.39  Nicolò Martinenghi (ITA) 2 April 2021 Riccione
4 26.42  João Gomes Júnior (BRA) 21 April 2019 Brazil
5 26.46  Ilya Shymanovich (BLR) 23 April 2021 Brest
6 26.54  Cameron van der Burgh (RSA) 25 July 2017 Hungary
7 26.70  Damir Dugonjič (SLO) 4 August 2015 Kazan
 Fabio Scozzoli (ITA) 23 July 2019 Gwangju
9 26.72  Kirill Prigoda (RUS) 24 July 2019 Gwangju
10 26.74  Christian Sprenger (AUS) 1 April 2014 Australia
11 26.75  Felipe França Silva (BRA) 21 April 2019 Brazil
12 26.76  Kevin Cordes (USA) 4 August 2015 Kazan
13 26.78  Kirill Strelnikov (RUS) 5 April 2021 Russia
14 26.80  Arno Kamminga (NED) 9 April 2021 Eindhoven
15 26.82  Michael Houlie (RSA) 4 July 2019 Italy
 Jan Kozakiewicz (POL) 21 May 2021 Budapest
17 26.83  Hendrik Feldwehr (GER) 28 July 2009 Rome
 Caba Siladi (SRB) 30 March 2019 Hungary
 Michael Andrew (USA) 13 June 2021 Omaha [44]
 Hüseyin Emre Sakçı (TUR) 29 December 2021 Gaziantep [45]
20 26.86  Mark Gangloff (USA) 29 July 2009 Rome
 Yan Zibei (CHN) 23 July 2019 Gwangju
24 July 2019 Gwangju

Men short course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021[46]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 24.95  Emre Sakçı (TUR) 27 December 2021 Gaziantep [47]
2 25.25  Cameron van der Burgh (RSA) 14 November 2009 Berlin
 Ilya Shymanovich (BLR) 7 November 2021 Kazan [18]
4 25.37  Nicolo Martinenghi (ITA) 6 November 2021 Kazan [48]
5 25.41  Adam Peaty (GBR) 22 November 2020 Budapest [49]
6 25.45  Roland Schoeman (RSA) 14 November 2009 Berlin
7 25.49  Kirill Prigoda (RUS) 22 November 2020 Budapest [50]
8 25.51  Vladimir Morozov (RUS) 4 December 2019 Glasgow
9 25.53  Nic Fink (USA) 21 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [51]
10 25.62  Fabio Scozzoli (ITA) 13 December 2017 Copenhagen
23 November 2019 London
11 25.63  Felipe França Silva (BRA) 7 December 2014 Doha
12 25.80  Felipe Lima (BRA) 16 December 2018 Hangzhou
 João Gomes Júnior (BRA) 21 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [52]
14 25.84  Arno Kamminga (NED) 4 December 2019 Glasgow
15 25.85  Peter Stevens (SLO) 11 December 2016 Windsor
 Simone Cerasuolo (ITA) 30 November 2021 Riccione [53]
17 25.87  Fabian Schwingenschlögl (GER) 15 December 2018 Hangzhou
18 25.90  Oleg Kostin (RUS) 12 November 2018 Kazan
19 25.91  Yasuhiro Koseki (JPN) 17 October 2021 Tokyo [54]
20 25.99  Ian Finnerty (USA) 16 November 2019 College Park
21 26.01  Caeleb Dressel (USA) 22 November 2020 Budapest [55]
22 26.02  Michael Andrew (USA) 26 October 2020 Budapest

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 25.72:

  • Emre Sakçı also swam 25.29 (2020), 25.38 (2021), 25.39 (2021), 25.43 (2020), 25.50 (2020), 25.54 (2020), 25.57 (2020).
  • Ilya Shymanovich also swam 25.39 (2020), 25.41 (2020, 2021), 25.43 (2021), 25.47 (2021), 25.48 (2020), 25.53 (2021), 25.55 (2020, 2021), 25.56 (2021), 25.57 (2020), 25.59 (2020), 25.60 (2021), 25.64 (2020, 2021), 25.68 (2020), 25.72 (2020).
  • Cameron van der Burgh also swam 25.41 (2018), 25.43 (2009), 25.49 (2017), 25.58 (2009), 25.63 (2009, 2017), 25.64 (2016), 25.68 (2013), 25.70 (2017).
  • Adam Peaty also swam 25.48 (2020), 25.50 (2020), 25.70 (2017, 2020).
  • Nicolo Martinenghi also swam 25.54 (2021), 25.55 (2021).
  • Roland Schoeman also swam 25.58 (2009), 25.65 (2013), 25.68 (2013).
  • Kirill Prigoda also swam 25.68 (2017), 25.72 (2017).
  • Nic Fink also swam 25.68 (2021), 25.72 (2021).
  • Felipe França Silva also swam 25.70 (2009), 25.71 (2014).
  • Fabio Scozzoli also swam 25.72 (2013).

Women long course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021[56]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 29.30  Benedetta Pilato (ITA) 22 May 2021 Budapest [57]
2 29.40  Lilly King (USA) 30 July 2017 Budapest
3 29.48  Ruta Meilutyte (LTU) 3 August 2013 Spain
4 29.52  Yuliya Yefimova (RUS) 4 August 2013 Barcelona
5 29.71  Molly Hannis (USA) 13 January 2018 United States
6 29.80  Jessica Hardy (USA) 7 August 2009 United States
4 August 2013 Spain
7 29.88  Lara Van Niekerk (RSA) 20 December 2021 Pretoria [58]
8 29.95  Breeja Larson (USA) 4 August 2013 Barcelona
9 29.99  Katie Meili (USA) 30 July 2017 Budapest
10 30.04  Imogen Clark (GBR) 8 August 2018 London
11 30.05  Jennie Johansson (SWE) 9 August 2015 Russia
12 30.06  Arianna Castiglioni (ITA) 26 June 2021 Italy
13 30.11  Rebecca Soni (USA) 2 August 2009 Italy
 Alia Atkinson (JAM) 9 August 2015 Russia
15 30.16  Sarah Katsoulis (AUS) 2 August 2009 Italy
16 30.17  Valentina Artemyeva (RUS) 25 April 2009 Russia
17 30.19  Ida Hulkko (FIN) 23 May 2021 Budapest [59]
18 30.20  Chelsea Hodges (AUS) 16 April 2021 Gold Coast [60]
19 30.21†  Tatjana Schoenmaker (RSA) 25 July 2021 Tokyo [61]
20 30.23  Amanda Reason (CAN) 8 July 2009 Canada
 Martina Carraro (ITA) 27 July 2019 South Korea
 Sarah Vasey (GBR) 23 May 2021 Budapest [62]
23 30.24  Leiston Pickett (AUS) 1 April 2011 Australia
24 30.31  Jade Edmistone (AUS) 30 January 2006 Australia
 Petra Chocová (CZE) 3 August 2013 Spain
 Sophie Hansson (SWE) 23 May 2021 Budapest [63]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 30.31:

  • Benedetta Pilato also swam 29.35 (2021), 29.50 (2021), 29.61 (2020), 29.62 (2021), 29.69 (2021), 29.75 (2021), 29.85 (2020), 29.91 (2021), 29.98 (2019, 2021), 30.00 (2019), 30.08 (2019), 30.13 (2019, 2021), 30.16 (2019), 30.17 (2019), 30.22 (2019), 30.24 (2019), 30.28 (2019).
  • Yuliya Yefimova also swam 29.57 (2017), 29.66 (2018), 29.73 (2017), 29.78 (2013), 29.81 (2018), 29.84 (2018, 2018), 29.88 (2013, 2017, 2017), 29.93 (2018, 2019), 29.95 (2017), 29.99 (2017, 2017), 30.04 (2017, 2019), 30.09 (2009), 30.12 (2013, 2019), 30.13 (2015), 30.14 (2015), 30.15 (2012, 2019), 30.17 (2018, 2019), 30.20 (2018), 30.22 (2018, 2021), 30.23 (2017), 30.24 (2009), 30.25 (2018, 2021), 30.26 (2019), 30.29 (2010), 30.30 (2013, 2018), 30.31 (2017).
  • Ruta Meilutyte also swam 29.59 (2013), 29.74 (2015), 29.86 (2013), 29.88 (2014, 2015), 29.89 (2014), 29.92 (2014), 29.96 (2013), 29.97 (2013), 29.98 (2015, 2016), 30.04 (2013), 30.07 (2013), 30.10 (2013), 30.11 (2013), 30.13 (2016), 30.14 (2014, 2015), 30.17 (2016), 30.18 (2017), 30.19 (2013), 30.20 (2017), 30.23 (2013), 30.27 (2015), 30.29 (2016).
  • Lilly King also swam 29.60 (2017), 29.62 (2018), 29.63 (2019), 29.66 (2017), 29.76 (2017), 29.80 (2017), 29.82 (2018), 29.84 (2019, 2019), 29.90 (2017), 29.96 (2017), 30.03 (2019), 30.16 (2018), 30.18 (2019), 30.22 (2016), 30.29 (2019).
  • Molly Hannis also swam 29.73 (2018), 29.97 (2018), 30.07 (2018), 30.19 (2017), 30.21 (2018), 30.24 (2017), 30.26 (2018).
  • Jessica Hardy also swam 29.90 (2013), 29.95 (2009), 29.99 (2013), 30.03 (2010), 30.12 (2014), 30.17 (2011), 30.19 (2011), 30.20 (2011, 2015), 30.21 (2014), 30.24 (2013), 30.25 (2015).
  • Katie Meili also swam 30.11 (2017), 30.12 (2017).
  • Alia Atkinson also swam 30.17 (2014), 30.19 (2018), 30.26 (2015), 30.27 (2015), 30.31 (2019).
  • Breeja Larson also swam 30.20 (2013).
  • Imogen Clark also swam 30.21 (2017), 30.24 (2017).
  • Jennie Johansson also swam 30.23 (2013), 30.30 (2015), 30.31 (2017).
  • Arianna Castiglioni also swam 30.15 (2021), 30.30 (2018).
  • Chelsea Hodges also swam 30.28 (2021).
  • Sarah Vasey also swam 30.30 (2017).

Women short course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2021[64]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 28.56  Alia Atkinson (JAM) 6 October 2018 Budapest
2 28.77  Lilly King (USA) 21 November 2020 Budapest
3 28.80  Jessica Hardy (USA) 14 November 2009 Berlin
4 28.81  Rūta Meilutytė (LTU) 3 December 2014 Doha
 Benedetta Pilato (ITA) 21 November 2020 Budapest
6 29.04  Molly Hannis (USA) 16 October 2020 Budapest
7 29.08  Yulia Yefimova (RUS) 31 August 2016 Berlin
8 29.09  Arianna Castiglioni (ITA) 25 September 2021 Naples
9 29.32  Imogen Clark (GBR) 13 November 2021 Eindhoven
10 29.33  Ida Hulkko (FIN) 5 November 2020 Budapest
11 29.34  Anastasia Gorbenko (ISR) 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [65]
12 29.37  Katie Meili (USA) 31 August 2016 Berlin
13 29.42  Nika Godun (RUS) 16 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [66]
14 29.50  Sarah Katsoulis (AUS) 22 November 2009 Singapore
15 29.51  Martina Carraro (ITA) 18 October 2020 Budapest
16 29.54  Jenna Laukkanen (FIN) 13 December 2017 Copenhagen
17 29.55  Janne Schäfer (GER) 15 November 2009 Berlin
 Sophie Hansson (SWE) 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [67]
19 29.57  Reona Aoki (JPN) 9 November 2020 Budapest
20 29.59  Mona McSharry (IRL) 17 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [68]

Annulled[edit]

  • Yulia Yefimovas World Record performance of 28.71 (Tokyo 2013[69]) was annulled due to doping offenses.

References[edit]

  • "Olympic and World Records". IOC. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  • (in Dutch) Zwemkroniek
  • (in Italian) Agenda Diana
  1. ^ "Second gold for Ukrainian Lisogor". Dawn. 2002-08-03. Retrieved 2008-04-13.
  2. ^ Lord, Craig (2009-04-18). "VD Burgh: WR Of 27.06 In 50 Breaststroke". swimnews.com. Retrieved 2009-04-18.
  3. ^ "Felipe França: WR Of 26.89 In 50 Breaststroke". bestswimming.com.br. 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
  4. ^ unratified due to no epo control
  5. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Semifinal Results" (PDF). Microplus Informatica. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Heats Results". Omega Timing. 4 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 4 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Heats Results". Omega Timing. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Semifinals Results". Omega Timing. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  10. ^ Men's SCM: Results from prelims of when Ed Moses bettered this mark show 26.70 by Mark Warnecke as the previous record.
  11. ^ Men's SCM: Results from prelims of when Oleg Lisogor bettered this mark show 26.28 by Ed Moses as the previous record. Results from the Stockholm meet where Moses swam the time also confirm.
  12. ^ Men's SCM: 26.20 results.
  13. ^ Lord, Craig (2006-01-21). "A night of records for Lisogor and Marshall". swimnews.com. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  14. ^ "FINA / ARENA Swimming World Cup 2008: Men's 50m Breaststroke Final" (PDF). Omega Timing. 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
  15. ^ "FINA / ARENA Swimming World Cup 2008: Men's 50m Breaststroke Final" (PDF). Omega Timing. 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
  16. ^ "South African Short Course Championships: Flash! Cameron van der Burgh Sets Two World Records, Roland Schoeman Lowers One". SwimmingWorld Magazine. 2009-08-08. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  17. ^ Lord, Craig (2009-11-14). "Berlin, Day 1: Fourth FINA/ARENA Swimming World Cup 2009 leg starts with six WR". Fina. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  18. ^ a b LEN (7 November 2021). "2021 European Short Course Swimming Championships Kazan (RUS): Results 50m Breaststroke Men Final". Microplus Informatica. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  19. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Final Results" (PDF). canli.tyf.gov.tr. 27 December 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  20. ^ Saltau, Chloe (2006-01-31). "Edmistone claims world record, despite the wobbles". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  21. ^ "Canadian Reason sets new breaststroke world record". Canwest News Service. 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  22. ^ Results: 2009 Worlds Women's 50m Breast Final, published by OmegaTiming.com, official timer for the 2009 Worlds, on 2009-08-02. Retrieved 2009-08-07
  23. ^ Hardy breaks world record in 50m breast, published by USA Swimming on 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2009-08-07
  24. ^ American Jessica Hardy sets 100 breast world mark, published by the Associated Press on 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2009-08-08
  25. ^ a b Video world record Barcelona
  26. ^ "Women's 50m Breaststroke Finals Results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  27. ^ "Women's 50m Breaststroke Semifinals Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 22 May 2021. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  28. ^ Women's SCM: Prelim results from the 2001 World Cup meet in Shanghai where Luo Xuejuan and Li Wei tied in a new World Record, indicate that the record they broke was 30.60 by Penny Heyns on this date.
  29. ^ a b Women's SCM: Luo Xuejuan and Li Wei tied to win the 2001 World Cup meet in Shanghai, China, in World Record time; results here.
  30. ^ Women's SCM: Results from January 2002 show Luo Xuejuan as holding the World Record at 30.47.
  31. ^ Women's SCM: Results from January 2002 show Emma Igelström as holding the World Record at 30.43.
  32. ^ Women's SCM: Results from the semifinals of the 2002 Short Course Worlds, where Emma Igelström set the record at 29.96, shows the previous mark as 30.24.
  33. ^ Women's SCM: The meet results showing Emma Igelström's 29.96 setting the record at 29.96 is online here.
  34. ^ Women's SCM: Jade Edmistone's 29.90 is the time Jessica Hardy bettered to set the World Record, per the event's result from Hardy's swim at the 2008 Short Course Worlds.
  35. ^ "Hardy sets 50 breaststroke world record at short-course worlds in Speedo suit". The International Herald Tribune. 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
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  37. ^ "Results Women's 50m Breaststroke" (PDF). OmegaTiming.com. 2009-11-11. Retrieved 2009-10-12.
  38. ^ unratified due to doping violation
  39. ^ 16 Monate Sperre für Doppel-Weltmeisterin Julia Efimova Swim, 13. Mai 2014, abgerufen am 29. Oktober 2014.
  40. ^ "Omega Timing - Results - FINA Swimming World Cup 2013 Tokyo 7/8 Tokyo Japan 11/9/2013 - 11/10/2013". OMEGA Timing. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  41. ^ "Results Women's 50m Breaststroke Final". OmegaTiming.com. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  42. ^ Sutherland, James. "ALIA ATKINSON LOWERS OWN SCM WORLD RECORD IN WOMEN'S 50 BREAST". SwimSwam. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
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  44. ^ "2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials - Wave II: Men's 100m Breaststroke Semifinals Results Summary". Omega Timing. 13 June 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  45. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Results" (PDF). canli.tyf.gov.tr. 29 December 2021. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  46. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Short Course All-Time Ranking". FINA. 19 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  47. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Final Results" (PDF). canli.tyf.gov.tr. 27 December 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  48. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Semifinals Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 6 November 2021. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  49. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Skin Race Round 1 Results" (PDF). omegatiming.com. 22 November 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  50. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Skin Race Round 1 Results" (PDF). omegatiming.com. 22 November 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  51. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 21 December 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  52. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Final Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 21 December 2021. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  53. ^ FIN (30 November 2021). "Campionato Italiano Assoluto Frecciarossa - V. 25m: Risulti 50 m Rana - Uomini" (in Italian). Microplus Informatica. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  54. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Final Results" (PDF). seiko.co.jp. 17 October 2021. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  55. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Skin Race Round 1 Results" (PDF). omegatiming.com. 22 November 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  56. ^ "Women's 50m Breaststroke Long Course All-Time Ranking". FINA. 19 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  57. ^ "Women's 50m Breaststroke Semifinals Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 22 May 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  58. ^ Retta Race (20 December 2021). "VAN NIEKERK HITS NEW SOUTH AFRICAN LCM 50 BREAST RECORD IN PRETORIA". SwimSwam. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  59. ^ "Women's 50m Breaststroke Finals Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 23 May 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  60. ^ Ben Dornan (15 April 2011). "2021 Australian Championships – Day 3 Finals Live Recap". swimswam.com. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  61. ^ "Women's 100m Breaststroke Heats Results" (PDF). olympics.com. 25 July 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  62. ^ "Women's 50m Breaststroke Finals Results" (PDF). microplustiming.com. 23 May 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
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