World record progression 50 metres butterfly

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Graphs of the progression of the World Records in all four strokes (50m, 100m and 200m distances).

This is a history of the progression of the World Record for the Swimming event: the 50 butterfly. It is a listing of the fastest-time-ever in the event, in both long course (50m) and short course (25m) swimming pool. These records are maintained/recognized by FINA,[1] which oversees international competitive swimming and Aquatics.

The World Records in the 50s of stroke are the youngest Swimming World Records; FINA first recognizing them in the 1990s.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 23.68 Denis Pankratov  Russia 10 Aug 1996 Meet of Champions Mulhouse, France
1 23.60 Geoff Huegill  Australia 14 May 2000 Australia Championships Sydney, Australia
2 23.44 (sf) Geoff Huegill  Australia 27 Jul 2001 World Championships Fukuoka, Japan
3 23.43 Matt Welsh  Australia 21 Jul 2003 World Championships Barcelona, Spain
4 23.30 Ian Crocker  United States 29 Feb 2004 Big 12 Time Trials Austin, United States [2]
5 23.01 (sf) Roland Schoeman  South Africa 24 Jul 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada
6 22.96 Roland Schoeman  South Africa 25 Jul 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada [3]
7 22.43 sf Rafael Muñoz  Spain 5 April 2009 Spain Nationals Málaga, Spain [4]
8 22.27 Andriy Govorov  Ukraine 1 July 2018 Sette Colli Trophy Rome, Italy [5]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 24.11 Marcel Gery  Canada 23 February 1990 World Cup Leicester, United Kingdom
2 24.05 Nils Rudolph  Germany 29 March 1991 World Cup Sheffield, United Kingdom
3 23.72 Mark Foster  Great Britain 13 February 1993 World Cup Gelsenkirchen, Germany [6]
3= 23.72 Mark Foster  Great Britain 19 March 1994 World Cup Gelsenkirchen, Germany
4 23.68 Mark Foster  Great Britain 22 March 1994 World Cup Sheffield, United Kingdom [7]
5 23.55 Mark Foster  Great Britain 11 February 1995 World Cup Sheffield, United Kingdom
6 23.45 Mark Foster  Great Britain 15 December 1995 - Sheffield, United Kingdom
7 23.35 Denis Pankratov  Russia 8 February 1997 World Cup Paris, France
8 23.30 Miloš Milošević  Croatia 12 December 1998 European 25m Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom
9 23.21 Michael Klim  Australia 5 September 1999 Australia 25m Championships Canberra, Australia
10 23.19 (h) Lars Frölander  Sweden 19 March 2000 Short Course Worlds Athens, Greece
11 23.11 (tt) Michael Klim  Australia 19 June 2000 AIS Canberra, Australia
12 22.87 Mark Foster  Great Britain 17 January 2001 World Cup Sheffield, United Kingdom
13 22.84 Geoff Huegill  Australia 7 December 2001 World Cup Melbourne, Australia
13= 22.84 Geoff Huegill  Australia 22 January 2002 World Cup Stockholm, Sweden
14 22.74 (h) Geoff Huegill  Australia 26 January 2002 World Cup Berlin, Germany
15 22.71 Ian Crocker  United States 10 October 2004 Short Course Worlds Indianapolis, United States
16 22.60 Kaio de Almeida  Brazil 17 December 2005 Brazil 25m Nationals Santos, Brazil
17 22.50 Matt Jaukovic  Australia 25 October 2008 World Cup Sydney, Australia [8]
18 22.29 Amaury Leveaux  France 6 December 2008 French 25m Championships Angers, France [9]
19 22.18 (h) Amaury Leveaux  France 14 December 2008 European 25m Championships Rijeka, Croatia [10]
20 21.80 Steffen Deibler  Germany 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [11]
21 21.75 Nicholas Santos  Brazil 6 October 2018 World Cup Budapest, Hungary [12]
21= 21.75 Szebasztián Szabó  Hungary 6 November 2021 European 25m Championships Kazan, Russia [13]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 26.54 Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands 18 Jun 1999 Netherlands Championships Amersfoort, Netherlands
2 26.39 Anna-Karin Kammerling  Sweden 1 Jul 1999 Sweden Championships Halmstad, Sweden
3 26.29 Anna-Karin Kammerling  Sweden 27 Jul 1999 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey
4 25.83 (h) Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands 20 May 2000 Mare Nostrum Monte Carlo, Monaco
5 25.64 (h) Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands 26 May 2000 Super Speedo Grand Prix Sheffield, United Kingdom
6 25.57 Anna-Karin Kammerling  Sweden 30 Jul 2002 European Championships Berlin, Germany
7 25.46 Therese Alshammar  Sweden 13 Jun 2007 Mare Nostrum Barcelona, Spain [14]
8 25.33 Marleen Veldhuis  Netherlands 19 April 2009 Swim Cup Amsterdam Amsterdam, Netherlands [15]
9 25.07 sf Therese Alshammar  Sweden 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [16]
10 24.43 Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 5 July 2014 Swedish Championships Borås, Sweden
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 27.54 Christiane Sievert  East Germany 10 Feb 1990 World Cup meet Bonn, Germany
2 26.73 Amy Van Dyken  United States 1 Feb 1995 World Cup meet Espoo, Finland
3 26.56 (h) Angela Kennedy  Australia 12 Feb 1995 World Cup meet Sheffield, United Kingdom
4 26.55 Misty Hyman  United States 19 Apr 1997 World SC Championships Gothenburg, Sweden
5 26.48 Jenny Thompson  United States 29 Nov 1997 Canada Open Toronto, Canada
6 26.05 (h) Jenny Thompson  United States 2 Dec 1998 World Cup meet College Station, United States
7 26.00 Jenny Thompson  United States 18 Nov 1999 World Cup meet College Park, United States
8 25.64 Anna-Karin Kammerling  Sweden 10 Dec 1999 European SC Championships Lisbon, Portugal [17]
9 25.60 Anna-Karin Kammerling  Sweden 15 Dec 2000 European SC Championships Valencia, Spain
10 25.36 Anna-Karin Kammerling  Sweden 25 Jan 2001 World Cup meet Stockholm, Sweden
11 25.33 Anna-Karin Kammerling  Sweden 12 Mar 2005 Sweden 25m Championships Gothenburg, Sweden
12 25.32 Felicity Galvez  Australia 11 Apr 2008 World SC Championships Manchester, United Kingdom [18]
13 25.31 Therese Alshammar  Sweden 12 Nov 2008 World Cup meet Stockholm, Sweden [19]
14 24.99 Marieke Guehrer  Australia 15 Nov 2008 World Cup meet Berlin, Germany [20]
15 24.75 Therese Alshammar  Sweden 17 Oct 2009 World Cup meet Durban, South Africa [21]
16 24.46 Therese Alshammar  Sweden 11 Nov 2009 World Cup meet Stockholm, Sweden [22]
17 24.38 Therese Alshammar  Sweden 22 Nov 2009 World Cup meet Singapore [23]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

All-time top 25[edit]

Men long course[edit]

  • Correct as of September 2022[24]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 22.27  Andrii Govorov (UKR) 1 July 2018 Rome
2 22.35  Caeleb Dressel (USA) 22 July 2019 Gwangju
3 22.43  Rafael Muñoz (ESP) 2 April 2009 Málaga
4 22.60  Nicholas Santos (BRA) 11 May 2019 Budapest
5 22.67  Milorad Čavić (SRB) 27 July 2009 Rome
6 22.70  Henrique Martins (BRA) 26 May 2017 Belo Horizonte
 Oleg Kostin (RUS) 22 July 2019 Gwangju
8 22.73  Matt Targett (AUS) 27 July 2009 Rome
9 22.75  Ben Proud (GBR) 24 July 2017 Budapest
10 22.76  César Cielo (BRA) 24 April 2012 Rio de Janeiro
11 22.79  Thomas Ceccon (ITA) 18 June 2022 Budapest [25]
 Michael Andrew (USA) 19 June 2022 Budapest [26]
13 22.84  Frédérick Bousquet (FRA) 22 April 2009 Montpellier
 Florent Manaudou (FRA) 2 August 2015 Kazan
15 22.85  Dylan Carter (TTO) 19 June 2022 Budapest [27]
16 22.88  Nyls Korstanje (NED) 11 August 2022 Rome [28]
17 22.90  Roland Schoeman (RSA) 26 July 2009 Rome
 Yauhen Tsurkin (BLR) 28 July 2013 Barcelona
 Szebasztián Szabó (HUN) 22 July 2019 Gwangju
 Maxime Grousset (FRA) 11 August 2022 Rome [29]
21 22.91  Bryan Lundquist (USA) 18 July 2009 Indianapolis
22 22.93  Jakob Andkjær (DEN) 27 July 2009 Rome
 Joseph Schooling (SGP) 23 July 2017 Budapest
24 22.94  Amaury Leveaux (FRA) 22 April 2009 Montpellier
25 22.96  Diogo Ribeiro (POR) 3 September 2022 Lima [30]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 22.96:

  • Andriy Govorov also swam 22.48 (2018), 22.53 (2018), 22.69 (2016, 2018), 22.73 (2016, 2018), 22.77 (2017, 2018), 22.80 (2019), 22.81 (2016), 22.82 (2018), 22.84 (2017, 2019), 22.85 (2018), 22.87 (2014, 2018, 2019), 22.89 (2018), 22.90 (2017, 2018), 22.91 (2019), 22.92 (2016, 2017), 22.94 (2016).
  • Caeleb Dressel also swam 22.57 (2019, 2022), 22.76 (2017), 22.79 (2022), 22.83 (2019), 22.84 (2019, 2022), 22.88 (2022), 22.89 (2017).
  • Nicholas Santos also swam 22.61 (2017), 22.73 (2022), 22.77 (2019, 2019), 22.78 (2022), 22.79 (2012, 2017, 2019), 22.80 (2017), 22.81 (2013), 22.83 (2022), 22.84 (2017), 22.90 (2015), 22.94 (2019), 22.95 (2013, 2017, 2020).
  • Rafael Muñoz also swam 22.68 (2009), 22.88 (2009), 22.90 (2009).
  • Milorad Čavić also swam 22.69 (2009), 22.75 (2009), 22.83 (2009), 22.93 (2009).
  • Oleg Kostin also swam 22.72 (2022), 22.74 (2019), 22.82 (2020), 22.88 (2019).
  • Ben Proud also swam 22.76 (2022), 22.78 (2018), 22.80 (2017), 22.81 (2022), 22.92 (2017), 22.93 (2014, 2018), 22.96 (2018).
  • Michael Andrew also swam 22.80 (2019), 22.87 (2022), 22.89 (2022), 22.90 (2022), 22.93 (2018), 22.94 (2019), 22.95 (2019).
  • Thomas Ceccon also swam 22.86 (2022), 22.88 (2022), 22.89 (2022).
  • Dylan Carter also swam 22.87 (2022).
  • Nyls Korstanje also swam 22.90 (2022).
  • César Cielo also swam 22.91 (2014).
  • Szebasztián Szabó also swam 22.91 (2022), 22.93 (2019), 22.96 (2020).
  • Frédérick Bousquet also swam 22.93 (2013).
  • Joseph Schooling also swam 22.95 (2017).
  • Roland Schoeman also swam 22.96 (2005).

Men short course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2022[31]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 21.75  Nicholas Santos (BRA) 6 October 2018 Budapest
 Szebasztián Szabó (HUN) 6 November 2021 Kazan [13]
3 21.80  Steffen Deibler (GER) 14 November 2009 Berlin
4 21.87  Roland Schoeman (RSA) 14 November 2009 Berlin
5 21.95  Chad Le Clos (RSA) 6 December 2014 Doha
6 21.96  Noè Ponti (SUI) 14 December 2022 Melbourne [32]
7 21.98  Dylan Carter (TRI) 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [33]
8 21.99  Tom Shields (USA) 9 October 2021 Budapest [34]
9 22.01  Teong Tzen Wei (SGP) 13 December 2022 Melbourne [35]
14 December 2022 Melbourne [36]
10 22.02  Matteo Rivolta (ITA) 20 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [37]
11 22.04  Caeleb Dressel (USA) 16 November 2020 Budapest [38]
12 22.07  Johannes Dietrich (GER) 13 December 2009 Istanbul
 Oleg Kostin (RUS) 9 November 2019 Kazan
14 22.08  Marcin Cieślak (POL) 18 December 2020 Olsztyn
15 22.09  Florent Manaudou (FRA) 23 November 2014 Montpellier
16 22.14  Marius Kusch (GER) 13 December 2022 Melbourne [39]
17 22.15  Daniel Zaitsev (EST) 14 December 2022 Melbourne [40]
18 22.17  Vladimir Morozov (RUS) 17 November 2018 Singapore
 Frederick Bousquet (FRA) 13 December 2009 Istanbul
20 22.18  Amaury Leveaux (FRA) 14 December 2008 Rijeka
 Ben Proud (GBR) 16 December 2017 Copenhagen
4 December 2021 Eindhoven [41]
22 22.19  Takeshi Kawamoto (JPN) 17 October 2020 Tokyo
 Thomas Ceccon (ITA) 5 November 2021 Kazan [42]
24 22.24  Kyle Chalmers (AUS) 23 October 2021 Doha [43]
25 22.25  Nyls Korstanje (NED) 3 July 2022 Amsterdam [44]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 22.25:

  • Nicholas Santos also swam 21.78 (2020, 2022), 21.80 (2021), 21.93 (2021), 21.98 (2021), 22.08 (2022), 22.09 (2021), 22.12 (2021).
  • Szebasztián Szabó also swam 21.86 (2020), 21.90 (2022), 21.97 (2021), 21.98 (2022), 22.00 (2021), 22.07 (2022), 22.11 (2021), 22.14 (2021), 22.22 (2021).
  • Chad Le Clos also swam 21.98 (2016), 22.09 (2022), 22.11 (2022).
  • Dylan Carter also swam 21.99 (2022), 22.02 (2022), 22.11 (2022), 22.14 (2022), 22.18 (2021), 22.25 (2021).
  • Noè Ponti also swam 22.01 (2022), 22.04 (2022).
  • Tom Shields also swam 22.09 (2021), 22.19 (2021), 22.22 (2021).
  • Oleg Kostin also swam 22.10 (2021).
  • Matteo Rivolta also swam 22.14 (2021), 22.20 (2021).
  • Marius Kusch also swam 22.17 (2022), 22.19 (2022).
  • Teong Tzen Wei also swam 22.18 (2022), 22.24 (2021).
  • Thomas Ceccon also swam 22.24 (2021).

Women long course[edit]

  • Correct as of August 2022[45]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 24.43  Sarah Sjöström (SWE) 5 July 2014 Borat
2 25.07  Therese Alshammar (SWE) 31 July 2009 Rome
3 25.11  Rikako Ikee (JPN) 10 June 2018 Canet
4 25.17  Mélanie Henique (FRA) 19 June 2021 Chartres [46]
5 25.20  Fran Halsall (GBR) 24 July 2014 Glasgow
6 25.24  Jeanette Ottesen (DEN) 3 August 2013 Barcelona
 Ranomi Kromowidjojo (NED) 13 March 2021 Amsterdam
8 25.28  Marleen Veldhuis (NED) 31 July 2009 Rome
9 25.31  Holly Barratt (AUS) 16 August 2019 Singapore
10 25.32  Zhang Yufei (CHN) 24 June 2022 Budapest [47]
11 25.33  Marie Wattel (FRA) 13 August 2022 Rome [48]
12 25.37  Lu Ying (CHN) 8 August 2015 Kazan
13 25.38  Torri Huske (USA) 23 June 2022 Budapest [49]
 Farida Osman (EGY) 24 June 2022 Budapest [50]
15 25.43  Claire Curzan (USA) 24 June 2022 Budapest [51]
16 25.47  Cate Campbell (AUS) 1 March 2018 Gold Coast
17 25.48  Marieke Guehrer (AUS) 1 August 2009 Rome
 Kelsi Dahlia (USA) 29 July 2017 Budapest
26 July 2018 Irvine
27 July 2019 Gwangju
19 25.50  Dara Torres (USA) 7 July 2009 Indianapolis
 Inge Dekker (NED) 10 April 2014 Dordrecht
 Emilie Beckmann (DEN) 5 March 2021 Vejle
22 25.53  Ingvild Snildal (NOR) 31 July 2009 Rome
 Arianna Vanderpool-Wallace (BAH) 24 July 2014 Glasgow
24 25.54  Madeline Groves (AUS) 7 April 2018 Gold Coast
25 25.56  Anastasiya Shkurdai (BLR) 1 July 2021 Brest [52]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 25.56:

  • Sarah Sjöström also swam 24.60 (2017), 24.69 (2015), 24.76 (2017), 24.79 (2019), 24.87 (2014), 24.90 (2017), 24.95 (2017, 2022), 24.96 (2015, 2017, 2022), 24.98 (2014), 24.99 (2016), 25.02 (2017, 2019), 25.05 (2022), 25.06 (2015), 25.07 (2015, 2016, 2018), 25.10 (2022), 25.11 (2018, 2018), 25.12 (2014, 2020), 25.13 (2022), 25.14 (2018), 25.15 (2016, 2017), 25.16 (2018), 25.18 (2016), 25.19 (2018), 25.21 (2022), 25.22 (2018), 25.23 (2014, 2015), 25.24 (2016), 25.25 (2017), 25.26 (2017, 2022), 25.27 (2016), 25.30 (2015, 2017, 2022), 25.32 (2019), 25.33 (2018), 25.34 (2019), 25.35 (2015, 2017), 25.37 (2016), 25.39 (2018, 2019), 25.41 (2015), 25.42 (2016, 2021), 25.43 (2015, 2018, 2022), 25.46 (2022), 25.48 (2019), 25.51 (2017, 2018), 25.52 (2014), 25.53 (2018), 25.55 (2016, 2019).
  • Mélanie Henique also swam 25.24 (2020), 25.30 (2021), 25.31 (2022), 25.41 (2022), 25.46 (2021), 25.52 (2020), 25.53 (2021).
  • Rikako Ikee also swam 25.25 (2018), 25.32 (2018), 25.46 (2017), 25.49 (2022), 25.53 (2018), 25.55 (2018), 25.56 (2021).
  • Jeanette Ottesen also swam 25.27 (2014, 2015), 25.29 (2012), 25.34 (2014, 2015), 25.41 (2014), 25.43 (2014), 25.44 (2016), 25.48 (2015), 25.49 (2014), 25.50 (2013, 2016), 25.51 (2015, 2015, 2015), 25.53 (2015), 25.56 (2013).
  • Ranomi Kromowidjojo also swam 25.30 (2021), 25.32 (2020), 25.35 (2019), 25.36 (2021), 25.38 (2017, 2020), 25.43 (2021), 25.53 (2013), 25.54 (2019), 25.57 (2017, 2019, 2022).
  • Marleen Veldhuis also swam 25.33 (2009).
  • Fran Halsall also swam 25.35 (2016), 25.36 (2014), 25.39 (2014), 25.48 (2016).
  • Farida Osman also swam 25.39 (2017), 25.46 (2022), 25.47 (2019), 25.48 (2018).
  • Zhang Yufei also swam 25.39 (2022), 25.54 (2022).
  • Lu Ying also swam 25.42 (2013).
  • Therese Alshammar also swam 25.44 (2009), 25.46 (2007), 25.50 (2010), 25.52 (2011).
  • Torri Huske also swam 25.45 (2022).
  • Cate Campbell also swam 25.49 (2019), 25.51 (2018), 25.56 (2018).
  • Claire Curzan also swam 25.49 (2022).
  • Marie Wattel also swam 25.50 (2019), 25.51 (2021), 25.56 (2019, 2022).
  • Inge Dekker also swam 25.55 (2014).

Women short course[edit]

  • Correct as of December 2022[53]
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue Ref
1 24.38  Therese Alshammar (SWE) 22 November 2009 Singapore
2 24.44  Ranomi Kromowidjojo (NED) 19 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [54]
3 24.50  Sarah Sjöström (SWE) 7 November 2021 Kazan [55]
4 24.55  Claire Curzan (USA) 19 December 2021 Abu Dhabi [56]
5 24.56  Melanie Henique (FRA) 5 December 2019 Glasgow
6 24.59  Inge Dekker (NED) 1 September 2014 Dubai
7 24.64  Maggie MacNeil (CAN) 14 December 2022 Melbourne [57]
 Torri Huske (USA) 14 December 2022 Melbourne [58]
9 24.69  Marieke Guehrer (AUS) 15 November 2009 Berlin
10 24.71  Jeanette Ottesen (DEN) 5 December 2014 Doha
 Rikako Ikee (JPN) 13 January 2018 Tokyo
 Zhang Yufei (CHN) 14 December 2022 Melbourne [59]
13 24.75  Beryl Gastaldello (FRA) 17 October 2020 Budapest
 Holly Barratt (AUS) 29 October 2021 Kazan [60]
15 24.80  Madeline Banic (USA) 22 November 2020 Budapest [61]
16 24.84  Arina Surkova (RUS) 23 November 2022 Kazan [62]
17 24.86  Kelsi Dahlia (USA) 21 November 2021 Eindhoven
18 24.90  Felicity Galvez (AUS) 17 December 2010 Dubai
19 24.92  Maaike de Waard (NED) 13 December 2022 Melbourne [63]
20 24.94  Emma McKeon (AUS) 29 October 2021 Kazan [64]
21 25.00  Hinkelien Schreuder (NED) 11 December 2009 Istanbul
22 25.03  Silvia Di Pietro (ITA) 6 November 2021 Kazan [65]
23 25.04  Sara Junevik (SWE) 13 December 2022 Melbourne [66]
24 25.07  Ai Soma (JPN) 16 October 2021 Tokyo
25 25.09  Anna Ntountounaki (GRE) 7 November 2021 Kazan [67]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 25.09:

References[edit]

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