World record progression 800 metres freestyle

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World Record Progression for the 800M Freestyle

The first world record in the men's 800 metres freestyle in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1908. In the short course (25 metres) swimming events the world's governing body recognizes world records since March 3, 1991.

Until the 1960s, a world record set in the slightly longer 880 yard race could be considered a world record in the 800 metres freestyle.

The first world record in the women's 800 metres freestyle in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1931. The women's 880 yard freestyle had been a FINA-recognised world record event since 1919. However, in 1931 FINA decreed that only performances from 1931 onward would be eligible for world record consideration in the 800 metres freestyle. Thus Helene Madison's 1930 world record of 11:41.2 in the 880 yard freestyle was not considered a world record in the 800 metres freestyle even though it was over a longer distance and substantially faster than Yvonne Godard's 1931 world record of 12:18.8 in the 800 metres freestyle. In 1933, Lenore Kight swam the 880 yard freestyle in 11:44.0, which FINA recognised as a world record in the 800 metres freestyle but not in the 880 yard freestyle. This irregularity was finally resolved in 1935, when Kight's 11:34.4 in the 880 yard freestyle broke the records for both the 880 yard freestyle and the 800 metres freestyle. [1] Because of this situation, the world records for the 880 yard freestyle for women from 1919 to 1930 are included below.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 11:25.4 (yd) Taylor, HenryHenry Taylor  Great Britain Jul 21, 1906 - Runcorn, United Kingdom
2 11:24.2 (yd) Ross, NormanNorman Ross  United States Jan 10, 1920 - Sydney, Australia
3 11:05.2 (yd) Charlton, BoyBoy Charlton  Australia Jan 13, 1923 - Sydney, Australia
4 10:51.8 (yd) Charlton, BoyBoy Charlton  Australia Jan 19, 1924 - Sydney, Australia
5 10:43.6 Borg, ArneArne Borg  Sweden Apr 11, 1924 - Honolulu, Hawaii
6 10:37.4 Borg, ArneArne Borg  Sweden Aug 25, 1925 - Harnäs, Sweden
7 10:32.0 (yd) Charlton, BoyBoy Charlton  Australia Jan 8, 1927 - Sydney, Australia
8 10:22.2 (yd) Weissmuller, JohnnyJohnny Weissmuller  United States Jul 27, 1927 - Honolulu, Hawaii
9 10:19.6 Taris, JeanJean Taris  France May 30, 1930 - Paris, France
10 10:17.2 Taris, JeanJean Taris  France Jun 9, 1931 - Cannes, France
11 10:16.6 Makino, ShozoShozo Makino  Japan Aug 30, 1931 - Osaka, Japan
12 10:15.6 Taris, JeanJean Taris  France Jun 21, 1932 - Cannes, France
13 10:08.6 Makino, ShozoShozo Makino  Japan Jun 25, 1933 - Tokyo, Japan
14 10:01.2 Makino, ShozoShozo Makino  Japan Sep 16, 1933 - Tokyo, Japan
15 9:55.8 Makino, ShozoShozo Makino  Japan Sep 15, 1934 - Tokyo, Japan
16 9:50.9 Smith, BillBill Smith  United States Jul 24, 1941 - Honolulu, Hawaii
17 9:45.6 Furuhashi, HironoshinHironoshin Furuhashi  Japan Jun 26, 1949 - Tokyo, Japan
18 9:45.0 Hashizume, ShiroShiro Hashizume  Japan Aug 16, 1949 - Los Angeles, United States
19 9:40.7 Furuhashi, HironoshinHironoshin Furuhashi  Japan Aug 16, 1949 - Los Angeles, United States
20 9:35.5 Furuhashi, HironoshinHironoshin Furuhashi  Japan Aug 16, 1949 - Los Angeles, United States
21 9:30.7 Konno, FordFord Konno  United States Jul 7, 1951 - Honolulu, Hawaii
22 9:15.7 Breen, GeorgeGeorge Breen  United States Oct 27, 1956 - New Haven, Connecticut, United States
23 9:17.7 (yd) Konrads, JohnJohn Konrads  Australia Jan 11, 1958 - Sydney, Australia
24 9:14.5 (yd) Konrads, JohnJohn Konrads  Australia Feb 22, 1958 - Melbourne, Australia
25 8:59.6 (yd) Konrads, JohnJohn Konrads  Australia Jan 10, 1959 - Sydney, Australia
26 8:51.5 Rose, MurrayMurray Rose  Australia Aug 26, 1962 - Los Altos, California, United States
27 8:47.4 Belits-Geiman, SemyonSemyon Belits-Geiman  Soviet Union Aug 3, 1966 - Kharkov, Soviet Union
28 8:47.3 Bennett, JohnJohn Bennett  Australia Jan 16, 1967 - Sydney, Australia
29 8:46.8 Mosconi, AlainAlain Mosconi  France Jul 5, 1967 - Monaco, Monaco
30 8:42.0 Luyce, FrancisFrancis Luyce  France Jul 21, 1967 - Dinard, France
31 8:34.3 Burton, MikeMike Burton  United States Sep 3, 1968 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, California, United States
32 8:28.8 Burton, MikeMike Burton  United States Aug 17, 1969 AAU Nationals Louisville, Kentucky, United States
33 8:28.6 Windeatt, GrahamGraham Windeatt  Australia Apr 3, 1971 NSW Combined High Schools Championships Sydney, Australia
34 8:23.8 Cooper, BradBrad Cooper  Australia Jan 12, 1972 NSW State Championships Sydney, Australia
35 8:17.60 Holland, StephenStephen Holland  Australia Aug 5, 1973 Pre World Championship meet Brisbane, Australia
36 8:16.27 Holland, StephenStephen Holland  Australia Sep 8, 1973 World Championships Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
37 8:15.88 Holland, StephenStephen Holland  Australia Jan 1, 1974 Commonwealth Games Christchurch, New Zealand
38 8:15.2 Holland, StephenStephen Holland  Australia Jan 17, 1975 QLD State Championships Brisbane, Australia
39 8:15.02 Holland, StephenStephen Holland  Australia Jan 25, 1975 New Zealand Games Christchurch, New Zealand
40 8:13.68 Shaw, TimTim Shaw  United States Jun 21, 1975 USA World Championship Trials Long Beach, California, United States
41 8:09.60 Shaw, TimTim Shaw  United States Jul 13, 1975 Pre World Championship meet Mission Viejo, California, United States
42 8:06.27 Holland, StephenStephen Holland  Australia Feb 27, 1976 AUS Olympic Trials Sydney, Australia
43 8:02.91 Holland, StephenStephen Holland  Australia Feb 29, 1976 AUS Olympic Trials Sydney, Australia
44 8:01.54 Hackett, BobbyBobby Hackett  United States Jun 21, 1976 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, California, United States
45 7:56.49 Salnikov, VladimirVladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Mar 23, 1979 URSvGDR Duel Minsk, Soviet Union
46 7:52.83 Salnikov, VladimirVladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Feb 14, 1982 URS Winter Nationals Moscow, Soviet Union
47 7:52.23 Salnikov, VladimirVladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Jul 14, 1983 Los Angeles International Los Angeles, United States [2]
48 7:50.64 Salnikov, VladimirVladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Jul 4, 1986 Goodwill Games Moscow, Soviet Union [2]
49 7:47.85 Perkins, KierenKieren Perkins  Australia Aug 25, 1991 Pan Pacific Championships Edmonton, Canada [3]
50 7:46.60 Perkins, KierenKieren Perkins  Australia Feb 16, 1992 NSW Age Group Championships Sydney, Australia [4]
51 7:46.00 Perkins, KierenKieren Perkins  Australia Aug 24, 1994 Commonwealth Games Victoria, BC, Canada [5]
52 7:41.59 Thorpe, IanIan Thorpe  Australia Mar 26, 2001 AUS Nationals & World Championship Trials Hobart, Australia [6]
53 7:39.16 Thorpe, IanIan Thorpe  Australia Jul 24, 2001 World Championships Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan [7]
54 7:38.65 Hackett, GrantGrant Hackett  Australia Jul 27, 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada [8]
55 7:32.12 Lin, ZhangZhang Lin  China Jul 29, 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WTB 7:38.90 Salnikov, VladimirVladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Feb 13, 1983 Festival Arena Bonn, Germany
1 7:38.75 Gross, MichaelMichael Gross  Germany Feb 3, 1985 Festival Arena Bonn, Germany
2 7:34.90 Perkins, KierenKieren Perkins  Australia Jul 25, 1993 Grand Prix Sydney, Australia
3 7:25.28 Hackett, GrantGrant Hackett  Australia Aug 3, 2001 Australian SC Championships Perth, Australia
4 7:23.42 Hackett, GrantGrant Hackett  Australia Jul 20, 2008 Victorian SC Championships Melbourne, Australia [9]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 13:19.0 (yd) Ederle, GertrudeGertrude Ederle  United States Aug 17, 1919 - Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
2 12:58.2 (yd) McGary, EthelEthel McGary  United States Aug 6, 1925 - Detroit, Michigan, United States
3 12:56.0 (yd) McGary, EthelEthel McGary  United States Aug 15, 1925 - Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
4 12:47.2 (yd) Norelius, MarthaMartha Norelius  United States Aug 7, 1926 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
5 12:17.8 (yd) Norelius, MarthaMartha Norelius  United States Jul 31, 1927 - Massapequa, New York, United States
6 12:03.8 (yd) McKim, JosephineJosephine McKim  United States Aug 10, 1929 - Honolulu, Hawaii
7 11:41.2 (yd) Madison, HeleneHelene Madison  United States Jul 6, 1930 - Long Beach, California, United States
8 12:18.8 Godard, YvonneYvonne Godard  France Jul 23, 1931 - Paris, France
9 11:44.0 (yd) Kight, LenoreLenore Kight  United States Jul 23, 1933 - Jones Beach, New York, United States
10 11:34.4 (yd) Kight, LenoreLenore Kight  United States Jul 21, 1935 - Manhattan Beach, California, United States
11 11:11.7 Hveger, RagnhildRagnhild Hveger  Denmark Jul 3, 1936 - Copenhagen, Denmark
12 10:52.5 Hveger, RagnhildRagnhild Hveger  Denmark Aug 13, 1941 - Copenhagen, Denmark
13 10:42.4 Gyenge, ValériaValéria Gyenge  Hungary Jun 28, 1953 - Budapest, Hungary
14 10:30.9 Crapp, LorraineLorraine Crapp  Australia Jan 14, 1956 - Sydney, Australia
15 10:27.3 Kok, MaryMary Kok  Netherlands Feb 16, 1957 - Durban, South Africa
16 10:17.7 (yd) Konrads, IlsaIlsa Konrads  Australia Jan 9, 1958 - Sydney, Australia
17 10:16.2 (yd) Konrads, IlsaIlsa Konrads  Australia Feb 20, 1958 - Melbourne, Australia
18 10:11.8 (yd) Konrads, IlsaIlsa Konrads  Australia Jun 13, 1958 - Townsville, Australia
19 10:11.4 (yd) Konrads, IlsaIlsa Konrads  Australia Feb 19, 1959 - Hobart, Australia
20 9:55.6 Cederqvist, JaneJane Cederqvist  Sweden Aug 17, 1960 - Uppsala, Sweden
21 9:51.6 House, CarolynCarolyn House  United States Aug 26, 1962 - Los Altos, California, United States
22 9:47.3 Caretto, PattyPatty Caretto  United States Jul 30, 1964 - Los Altos, California, United States
23 9:36.9 Finneran, SharonSharon Finneran  United States Sep 28, 1964 - Los Angeles, California, United States
24 9:35.8 Meyer, DebbieDebbie Meyer  United States Jul 9, 1967 Santa Clara Invitational Santa Clara, California, United States
25 9:22.9 Meyer, DebbieDebbie Meyer  United States Jul 29, 1967 Pan-American Games Winnipeg, Canada
26 9:19.0 Meyer, DebbieDebbie Meyer  United States Jul 21, 1968 - Los Angeles, California, United States
27 9:17.8 Meyer, DebbieDebbie Meyer  United States Aug 4, 1968 AAU Nationals Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
28 9:10.4 Meyer, DebbieDebbie Meyer  United States Aug 28, 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 9:10.36) Los Angeles, California, United States
29 9:09.1 Moras, KarenKaren Moras  Australia Mar 1, 1970 AUS Nationals Sydney, Australia
30 9:02.45 Moras, KarenKaren Moras  Australia Jul 18, 1970 Commonwealth Games Edinburgh, United Kingdom
31 8:59.4 Simmons, AnnAnn Simmons  United States Sep 10, 1971 USAvURSvGBR meet (elec. 8:59.37) Minsk, Soviet Union
32 8:58.1 Gould, ShaneShane Gould  Australia Dec 3, 1971 - Sydney, Australia
33 8:53.83 Harshbarger, JoJo Harshbarger  United States Aug 6, 1972 USA Olympic Trials Chicago, Illinois, United States
34 8:53.68 Rothhammer, KeenaKeena Rothhammer  United States Sep 3, 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
35 8:52.97 Calligaris, NovellaNovella Calligaris  Italy Sep 9, 1973 World Championships Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
36 8:50.1 Turrall, JenniferJennifer Turrall  Australia Jan 5, 1974 NSW State Championships Sydney, Australia
37 8:47.66 Harshbarger, JoJo Harshbarger  United States Aug 25, 1974 AAU Nationals Concord, California, United States
38 8:47.59 Harshbarger, JoJo Harshbarger  United States Aug 31, 1974 USAvGDR Duel Concord, California, United States
39 8:43.48 Turrall, JenniferJennifer Turrall  Australia Mar 31, 1975 Coca Cola International London, United Kingdom
40 8:40.68 Thümer, PetraPetra Thümer  East Germany Jun 4, 1976 GDR Olympic Trials East Berlin, East Germany
41 8:39.63 Babashoff, ShirleyShirley Babashoff  United States Jun 21, 1976 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, California, United States
42 8:37.14 Thümer, PetraPetra Thümer  East Germany Jul 25, 1976 Olympic Games Montreal, Canada
43 8:35.04 Thümer, PetraPetra Thümer  East Germany Jul 9, 1977 GDR Nationals & European Championship Trials Leipzig, East Germany
44 8:34.86 Ford, MichelleMichelle Ford  Australia Jan 6, 1978 KBI meet Brisbane, Australia
45 8:31.30 Ford, MichelleMichelle Ford  Australia Jan 21, 1978 NSW State Championships Sydney, Australia
46 8:30.53 Wickham, TraceyTracey Wickham  Australia Feb 21, 1978 AUS Nationals Brisbane, Australia
47 8:24.62 Wickham, TraceyTracey Wickham  Australia Aug 5, 1978 Commonwealth Games Edmonton, Canada
48 8:22.44 Evans, JanetJanet Evans  United States Jul 27, 1987 USA Nationals & Pan Pacific Trials Clovis, California, United States
49 8:19.53 Möhring, AnkeAnke Möhring  East Germany Aug 19, 1987 European Championships Strasbourg, France
50 8:17.12 Evans, JanetJanet Evans  United States Mar 22, 1988 USA Spring Nationals Orlando, Florida, United States
51 8:16.22 Evans, JanetJanet Evans  United States Aug 20, 1989 Pan Pacific Championships Tokyo, Japan
52 8:14.10 Adlington, RebeccaRebecca Adlington  Great Britain Aug 16, 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [10]
53 8:13.86 Ledecky, KatieKatie Ledecky  United States Aug 3, 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain
54 8:11.00 Ledecky, KatieKatie Ledecky  United States 22 June 2014 Woodlands Senior Invitational Meet Shenandoah, United States [11]
55 8:07.39 Ledecky, KatieKatie Ledecky  United States 8 August 2015 World Championships Kazan, Russia [12]
56 8:06.68 Ledecky, KatieKatie Ledecky  United States 17 January 2016 Arena Pro Swim Series Austin, United States [13]
57 8:04.79 Ledecky, KatieKatie Ledecky  United States 12 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [14]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 8:15.34 Strauss, AstridAstrid Strauss  East Germany Feb 7, 1987 Bonn Arena Festival Bonn, Germany [15]
[16][17]
1 8:15.15 Chen Hua  China Dec 2, 2001 World Cup Shanghai, China [16]
[18]
2 8:14.35 Yamada, SachikoSachiko Yamada  Japan Feb 4, 2002 Japan 25m Nationals Tokyo, Japan [18]
3 8:11.25 Manaudou, LaureLaure Manaudou  France Dec 9, 2005 European SC Championships Trieste, Italy
4 8:09.68 Ziegler, KateKate Ziegler  United States Oct 12, 2007 Alex Athletics Jubiläums Challenge Essen, Germany
5 8:08.00 Ziegler, KateKate Ziegler  United States Oct 14, 2007 Alex Athletics Jubiläums Challenge Essen, Germany [19]
6 8:04.53 Filippi, AlessiaAlessia Filippi  Italy Dec 12, 2008 2008 European Short Course Championships Rijeka, Croatia [20]
7 8:01.06 Muffat, CamilleCamille Muffat  France Nov 16, 2012 French Nationals Angers, France [21]
8 7:59.34 Belmonte, MireiaMireia Belmonte  Spain Aug 10, 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [22]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pat Besford, The Encyclopaedia of Swimming, London, St. Martin's Press, 1971.
  2. ^ a b "Goodwill Games given an uppercut". The Times. 1986-07-05. 
  3. ^ "Two world records fall; Swimming". The Times. 1991-08-27. 
  4. ^ "Swimming". The Guardian. 1992-02-17. p. 19. 
  5. ^ "Perkins in golden time warp; Commonwealth Games Victoria 94". The Times. 1994-08-26. p. 35. 
  6. ^ Ian Alcock (2001-03-26). "Swimming: Thorpe obliterates 800m barrier". The Independent. 
  7. ^ "Thorpe Sets Another Mark, Then Criticizes FINA". The New York Times. 2001-07-25. 
  8. ^ Cowley, Michael (2005-07-29). "Hackett steps out of Thorpe's shadow". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  9. ^ "Hackett on track after short course WR". Hanson Sports Media. 2008-07-22. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  10. ^ "Adlington storms to second gold". BBC Sport. 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  11. ^ "Katie Ledecky Smashes 800 Free World Record in Conroe, Texas". 22 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Women's 800m Freestyle Results". Omega Timing. 8 August 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Katie Ledecky Breaks Her Own World Record". 18 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  14. ^ "Katie Ledecky Breaks World Record in the 800 Freestyle". 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  15. ^ (scm-w) Women's 800 free results -- morning heats from the 2001 Shanghai World Cup meet, where CHEN Hua bettered Astrid Strauss's time in the final. (Note: The results from the Final shows Chen as having set and holding the World Record.)
  16. ^ a b (scm-w) Two World Records and One World Cup Record Bettered by Camillo Cametti, FINA Press Commission. Published by SwimNews on 2001-12-03; retrieved 2012-03-25.
  17. ^ "Davis leads record setters at swim meet". The Ottawa Citizen. Section C. 9 February 1987. p. 5. 
  18. ^ a b (scw-m) Japan's Yamada Breaks World Record for 800m Free Short Course by Hideki Moziuchi; published by Swimming World Magazine on 2002-04-02, retrieved 2012-03-25.
  19. ^ "Kate Ziegler lowers 800 free short course meter world record at German swim meet". Swimming World Magazine. 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  20. ^ Lord, Craig (2006-12-12). "Two WRs: Leveaux 45.12 100 Free; Filippi 8:04.53 800 Free". swimnews.com. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  21. ^ "Flash! Camille Muffat Shatters Short Course 800 Free World Record". swimmingworldmagazine.com. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 
  22. ^ "Women's 800m Freestyle Result". Omega Timing. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.