World record progression 800 metres freestyle

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World Record Progression for the 800M Freestyle

The first world record in the men's 800 metres freestyle in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1908. In the short course (25 metres) swimming events the world's governing body recognizes world records since March 3, 1991.

Until the 1960s, a world record set in the slightly longer 880 yard race could be considered a world record in the 800 metres freestyle.

The first world record in the women's 800 metres freestyle in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognised by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1931. The women's 880 yard freestyle had been a FINA-recognised world record event since 1919. However, in 1931 FINA decreed that only performances from 1931 onward would be eligible for world record consideration in the 800 metres freestyle. Thus Helene Madison's 1930 world record of 11:41.2 in the 880 yard freestyle was not considered a world record in the 800 metres freestyle even though it was over a longer distance and substantially faster than Yvonne Godard's 1931 world record of 12:18.8 in the 800 metres freestyle. In 1933, Lenore Kight swam the 880 yard freestyle in 11:44.0, which FINA recognised as a world record in the 800 metres freestyle but not in the 880 yard freestyle. This irregularity was finally resolved in 1935, when Kight's 11:34.4 in the 880 yard freestyle broke the records for both the 880 yard freestyle and the 800 metres freestyle. [1] Because of this situation, the world records for the 880 yard freestyle for women from 1919 to 1930 are included below.

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 11:25.4 (yd) Henry Taylor  Great Britain Jul 21, 1906 - Runcorn, United Kingdom
2 11:24.2 (yd) Norman Ross  United States Jan 10, 1920 - Sydney, Australia
3 11:05.2 (yd) Boy Charlton  Australia Jan 13, 1923 - Sydney, Australia
4 10:51.8 (yd) Boy Charlton  Australia Jan 19, 1924 - Sydney, Australia
5 10:43.6 Arne Borg  Sweden Apr 11, 1924 - Honolulu, Hawaii
6 10:37.4 Arne Borg  Sweden Aug 25, 1925 - Harnäs, Sweden
7 10:32.0 (yd) Boy Charlton  Australia Jan 8, 1927 - Sydney, Australia
8 10:22.2 (yd) Johnny Weissmuller  United States Jul 27, 1927 - Honolulu, Hawaii
9 10:19.6 Jean Taris  France May 30, 1930 - Paris, France
10 10:17.2 Jean Taris  France Jun 9, 1931 - Cannes, France
11 10:16.6 Shozo Makino  Japan Aug 30, 1931 - Osaka, Japan
12 10:15.6 Jean Taris  France Jun 21, 1932 - Cannes, France
13 10:08.6 Shozo Makino  Japan Jun 25, 1933 - Tokyo, Japan
14 10:01.2 Shozo Makino  Japan Sep 16, 1933 - Tokyo, Japan
15 9:55.8 Shozo Makino  Japan Sep 15, 1934 - Tokyo, Japan
16 9:50.9 Bill Smith  United States Jul 24, 1941 - Honolulu, Hawaii
17 9:45.6 Hironoshin Furuhashi  Japan Jun 26, 1949 - Tokyo, Japan
18 9:45.0 Shiro Hashizume  Japan Aug 16, 1949 - Los Angeles, United States
19 9:40.7 Hironoshin Furuhashi  Japan Aug 16, 1949 - Los Angeles, United States
20 9:35.5 Hironoshin Furuhashi  Japan Aug 16, 1949 - Los Angeles, United States
21 9:30.7 Ford Konno  United States Jul 7, 1951 - Honolulu, Hawaii
22 9:15.7 George Breen  United States Oct 27, 1956 - New Haven, Connecticut, United States
23 9:17.7 (yd) John Konrads  Australia Jan 11, 1958 - Sydney, Australia
24 9:14.5 (yd) John Konrads  Australia Feb 22, 1958 - Melbourne, Australia
25 8:59.6 (yd) John Konrads  Australia Jan 10, 1959 - Sydney, Australia
26 8:51.5 Murray Rose  Australia Aug 26, 1962 - Los Altos, California, United States
27 8:47.4 Semyon Belits-Geiman  Soviet Union Aug 3, 1966 - Kharkov, Soviet Union
28 8:47.3 John Bennett  Australia Jan 16, 1967 - Sydney, Australia
29 8:46.8 Alain Mosconi  France Jul 5, 1967 - Monaco, Monaco
30 8:42.0 Francis Luyce  France Jul 21, 1967 - Dinard, France
31 8:34.3 Mike Burton  United States Sep 3, 1968 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, California, United States
32 8:28.8 Mike Burton  United States Aug 17, 1969 AAU Nationals Louisville, Kentucky, United States
33 8:28.6 Graham Windeatt  Australia Apr 3, 1971 NSW Combined High Schools Championships Sydney, Australia
34 8:23.8 Brad Cooper  Australia Jan 12, 1972 NSW State Championships Sydney, Australia
35 8:17.60 Stephen Holland  Australia Aug 5, 1973 Pre World Championship meet Brisbane, Australia
36 8:16.27 Stephen Holland  Australia Sep 8, 1973 World Championships Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
37 8:15.88 Stephen Holland  Australia Jan 1, 1974 Commonwealth Games Christchurch, New Zealand
38 8:15.2 Stephen Holland  Australia Jan 17, 1975 QLD State Championships Brisbane, Australia
39 8:15.02 Stephen Holland  Australia Jan 25, 1975 New Zealand Games Christchurch, New Zealand
40 8:13.68 Tim Shaw  United States Jun 21, 1975 USA World Championship Trials Long Beach, California, United States
41 8:09.60 Tim Shaw  United States Jul 13, 1975 Pre World Championship meet Mission Viejo, California, United States
42 8:06.27 Stephen Holland  Australia Feb 27, 1976 AUS Olympic Trials Sydney, Australia
43 8:02.91 Stephen Holland  Australia Feb 29, 1976 AUS Olympic Trials Sydney, Australia
44 8:01.54 Bobby Hackett  United States Jun 21, 1976 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, California, United States
45 7:56.49 Vladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Mar 23, 1979 URSvGDR Duel Minsk, Soviet Union
46 7:52.83 Vladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Feb 14, 1982 URS Winter Nationals Moscow, Soviet Union
47 7:52.23 Vladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Jul 14, 1983 Los Angeles International Los Angeles, United States [2]
48 7:50.64 Vladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Jul 4, 1986 Goodwill Games Moscow, Soviet Union [2]
49 7:47.85 Kieren Perkins  Australia Aug 25, 1991 Pan Pacific Championships Edmonton, Canada [3]
50 7:46.60 Kieren Perkins  Australia Feb 16, 1992 NSW Age Group Championships Sydney, Australia [4]
51 7:46.00 Kieren Perkins  Australia Aug 24, 1994 Commonwealth Games Victoria, BC, Canada [5]
52 7:41.59 Ian Thorpe  Australia Mar 26, 2001 AUS Nationals & World Championship Trials Hobart, Australia [6]
53 7:39.16 Ian Thorpe  Australia Jul 24, 2001 World Championships Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan [7]
54 7:38.65 Grant Hackett  Australia Jul 27, 2005 World Championships Montreal, Canada [8]
55 7:32.12 Zhang Lin  China Jul 29, 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WTB 7:38.90 Vladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Feb 13, 1983 Festival Arena Bonn, Germany
1 7:38.75 Michael Gross  Germany Feb 3, 1985 Festival Arena Bonn, Germany
2 7:34.90 Kieren Perkins  Australia Jul 25, 1993 Grand Prix Sydney, Australia
3 7:25.28 Grant Hackett  Australia Aug 3, 2001 Australian SC Championships Perth, Australia
4 7:23.42 Grant Hackett  Australia Jul 20, 2008 Victorian SC Championships Melbourne, Australia [9]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1 13:19.0 (yd) Gertrude Ederle  United States Aug 17, 1919 - Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
2 12:58.2 (yd) Ethel McGary  United States Aug 6, 1925 - Detroit, Michigan, United States
3 12:56.0 (yd) Ethel McGary  United States Aug 15, 1925 - Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
4 12:47.2 (yd) Martha Norelius  United States Aug 7, 1926 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
5 12:17.8 (yd) Martha Norelius  United States Jul 31, 1927 - Massapequa, New York, United States
6 12:03.8 (yd) Josephine McKim  United States Aug 10, 1929 - Honolulu, Hawaii
7 11:41.2 (yd) Helene Madison  United States Jul 6, 1930 - Long Beach, California, United States
8 12:18.8 Yvonne Godard  France Jul 23, 1931 - Paris, France
9 11:44.0 (yd) Lenore Kight  United States Jul 23, 1933 - Jones Beach, New York, United States
10 11:34.4 (yd) Lenore Kight  United States Jul 21, 1935 - Manhattan Beach, California, United States
11 11:11.7 Ragnhild Hveger  Denmark Jul 3, 1936 - Copenhagen, Denmark
12 10:52.5 Ragnhild Hveger  Denmark Aug 13, 1941 - Copenhagen, Denmark
13 10:42.4 Valéria Gyenge  Hungary Jun 28, 1953 - Budapest, Hungary
14 10:30.9 Lorraine Crapp  Australia Jan 14, 1956 - Sydney, Australia
15 10:27.3 Mary Kok  Netherlands Feb 16, 1957 - Durban, South Africa
16 10:17.7 (yd) Ilsa Konrads  Australia Jan 9, 1958 - Sydney, Australia
17 10:16.2 (yd) Ilsa Konrads  Australia Feb 20, 1958 - Melbourne, Australia
18 10:11.8 (yd) Ilsa Konrads  Australia Jun 13, 1958 - Townsville, Australia
19 10:11.4 (yd) Ilsa Konrads  Australia Feb 19, 1959 - Hobart, Australia
20 9:55.6 Jane Cederqvist  Sweden Aug 17, 1960 - Uppsala, Sweden
21 9:51.6 Carolyn House  United States Aug 26, 1962 - Los Altos, California, United States
22 9:47.3 Patty Caretto  United States Jul 30, 1964 - Los Altos, California, United States
23 9:36.9 Sharon Finneran  United States Sep 28, 1964 - Los Angeles, California, United States
24 9:35.8 Debbie Meyer  United States Jul 9, 1967 Santa Clara Invitational Santa Clara, California, United States
25 9:22.9 Debbie Meyer  United States Jul 29, 1967 Pan-American Games Winnipeg, Canada
26 9:19.0 Debbie Meyer  United States Jul 21, 1968 - Los Angeles, California, United States
27 9:17.8 Debbie Meyer  United States Aug 4, 1968 AAU Nationals Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
28 9:10.4 Debbie Meyer  United States Aug 28, 1968 USA Olympic Trials (elec. 9:10.36) Los Angeles, California, United States
29 9:09.1 Karen Moras  Australia Mar 1, 1970 AUS Nationals Sydney, Australia
30 9:02.45 Karen Moras  Australia Jul 18, 1970 Commonwealth Games Edinburgh, United Kingdom
31 8:59.4 Ann Simmons  United States Sep 10, 1971 USAvURSvGBR meet (elec. 8:59.37) Minsk, Soviet Union
32 8:58.1 Shane Gould  Australia Dec 3, 1971 - Sydney, Australia
33 8:53.83 Jo Harshbarger  United States Aug 6, 1972 USA Olympic Trials Chicago, Illinois, United States
34 8:53.68 Keena Rothhammer  United States Sep 3, 1972 Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
35 8:52.97 Novella Calligaris  Italy Sep 9, 1973 World Championships Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
36 8:50.1 Jennifer Turrall  Australia Jan 5, 1974 NSW State Championships Sydney, Australia
37 8:47.66 Jo Harshbarger  United States Aug 25, 1974 AAU Nationals Concord, California, United States
38 8:47.59 Jo Harshbarger  United States Aug 31, 1974 USAvGDR Duel Concord, California, United States
39 8:43.48 Jennifer Turrall  Australia Mar 31, 1975 Coca Cola International London, United Kingdom
40 8:40.68 Petra Thümer  East Germany Jun 4, 1976 GDR Olympic Trials East Berlin, East Germany
41 8:39.63 Shirley Babashoff  United States Jun 21, 1976 USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, California, United States
42 8:37.14 Petra Thümer  East Germany Jul 25, 1976 Olympic Games Montreal, Canada
43 8:35.04 Petra Thümer  East Germany Jul 9, 1977 GDR Nationals & European Championship Trials Leipzig, East Germany
44 8:34.86 Michelle Ford  Australia Jan 6, 1978 KBI meet Brisbane, Australia
45 8:31.30 Michelle Ford  Australia Jan 21, 1978 NSW State Championships Sydney, Australia
46 8:30.53 Tracey Wickham  Australia Feb 21, 1978 AUS Nationals Brisbane, Australia
47 8:24.62 Tracey Wickham  Australia Aug 5, 1978 Commonwealth Games Edmonton, Canada
48 8:22.44 Janet Evans  United States Jul 27, 1987 USA Nationals & Pan Pacific Trials Clovis, California, United States
49 8:19.53 Anke Möhring  East Germany Aug 19, 1987 European Championships Strasbourg, France
50 8:17.12 Janet Evans  United States Mar 22, 1988 USA Spring Nationals Orlando, Florida, United States
51 8:16.22 Janet Evans  United States Aug 20, 1989 Pan Pacific Championships Tokyo, Japan
52 8:14.10 Rebecca Adlington  Great Britain Aug 16, 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [10]
53 8:13.86 Katie Ledecky  United States Aug 3, 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain
54 8:11.00 Katie Ledecky  United States 22 June 2014 Woodlands Senior Invitational Meet Shenandoah, United States [11]
55 8:07.39 Katie Ledecky  United States 8 August 2015 World Championships Kazan, Russia [12]
56 8:06.68 Katie Ledecky  United States 17 January 2016 Arena Pro Swim Series Austin, United States [13]
57 8:04.79 Katie Ledecky  United States 12 August 2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [14]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
WBT 8:15.34 Astrid Strauss  East Germany Feb 7, 1987 Bonn Arena Festival Bonn, Germany [15]
[16][17]
1 8:15.15 Chen Hua  China Dec 2, 2001 World Cup Shanghai, China [16]
[18]
2 8:14.35 Sachiko Yamada  Japan Feb 4, 2002 Japan 25m Nationals Tokyo, Japan [18]
3 8:11.25 Laure Manaudou  France Dec 9, 2005 European SC Championships Trieste, Italy
4 8:09.68 Kate Ziegler  United States Oct 12, 2007 Alex Athletics Jubiläums Challenge Essen, Germany
5 8:08.00 Kate Ziegler  United States Oct 14, 2007 Alex Athletics Jubiläums Challenge Essen, Germany [19]
6 8:04.53 Alessia Filippi  Italy Dec 12, 2008 2008 European Short Course Championships Rijeka, Croatia [20]
7 8:01.06 Camille Muffat  France Nov 16, 2012 French Nationals Angers, France [21]
8 7:59.34 Mireia Belmonte  Spain Aug 10, 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [22]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA; yd – set in a pool measured in yards;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

References[edit]

  • "Olympic and World Records". IOC. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  • (in Dutch) Zwemkroniek
  • (in Italian) Agenda Diana
  1. ^ Pat Besford, The Encyclopaedia of Swimming, London, St. Martin's Press, 1971.
  2. ^ a b "Goodwill Games given an uppercut". The Times. 1986-07-05.
  3. ^ "Two world records fall; Swimming". The Times. 1991-08-27.
  4. ^ "Swimming". The Guardian. 1992-02-17. p. 19.
  5. ^ "Perkins in golden time warp; Commonwealth Games Victoria 94". The Times. 1994-08-26. p. 35.
  6. ^ Ian Alcock (2001-03-26). "Swimming: Thorpe obliterates 800m barrier". The Independent.
  7. ^ "Thorpe Sets Another Mark, Then Criticizes FINA". The New York Times. 2001-07-25.
  8. ^ Cowley, Michael (2005-07-29). "Hackett steps out of Thorpe's shadow". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  9. ^ "Hackett on track after short course WR". Hanson Sports Media. 2008-07-22. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
  10. ^ "Adlington storms to second gold". BBC Sport. 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-16.
  11. ^ "Katie Ledecky Smashes 800 Free World Record in Conroe, Texas". 22 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  12. ^ "Women's 800m Freestyle Results". Omega Timing. 8 August 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Katie Ledecky Breaks Her Own World Record". 18 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  14. ^ "Katie Ledecky Breaks World Record in the 800 Freestyle". 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  15. ^ (scm-w) Women's 800 free results -- morning heats from the 2001 Shanghai World Cup meet, where CHEN Hua bettered Astrid Strauss's time in the final. (Note: The results from the Final shows Chen as having set and holding the World Record.)
  16. ^ a b (scm-w) Two World Records and One World Cup Record Bettered by Camillo Cametti, FINA Press Commission. Published by SwimNews on 2001-12-03; retrieved 2012-03-25.
  17. ^ "Davis leads record setters at swim meet". The Ottawa Citizen. Section C. 9 February 1987. p. 5.
  18. ^ a b (scw-m) Japan's Yamada Breaks World Record for 800m Free Short Course by Hideki Moziuchi; published by Swimming World Magazine on 2002-04-02, retrieved 2012-03-25.
  19. ^ "Kate Ziegler lowers 800 free short course meter world record at German swim meet". Swimming World Magazine. 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  20. ^ Lord, Craig (2006-12-12). "Two WRs: Leveaux 45.12 100 Free; Filippi 8:04.53 800 Free". swimnews.com. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  21. ^ "Flash! Camille Muffat Shatters Short Course 800 Free World Record". swimmingworldmagazine.com. 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
  22. ^ "Women's 800m Freestyle Result". Omega Timing. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.