Worsbrough

Coordinates: 53°31′N 1°28′W / 53.52°N 1.47°W / 53.52; -1.47
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Worsbrough
Worsbrough Dale – southern end of High Street
Worsbrough is located in South Yorkshire
Worsbrough
Worsbrough
Location within South Yorkshire
Population9,516 
OS grid referenceSE3406
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBARNSLEY
Postcode districtS
Dialling code01226
PoliceSouth Yorkshire
FireSouth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°31′N 1°28′W / 53.52°N 1.47°W / 53.52; -1.47

Worsbrough is a district to the south of Barnsley in the metropolitan borough of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England. Before 1974, Worsbrough had its own urban district council in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Much of Worsbrough is now part of Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council's, Worsbrough ward, although certain parts of the historic Worsbrough district, such as Birdwell, Rockley and Blacker Hill, currently lie within neighbouring council wards.

Geography[edit]

The Worsbrough district includes three parishes; St James's originally included the Suburbs of Worsbrough Bridge and Ward Green. St Thomas's included Worsbrough Dale, Swaithe and Bank End. St Mary's included Worsbrough Village, Birdwell, Blacker Hill, Worsbrough Park and Rockley.

Worsbrough Common estate is part of Barnsley Town area. It takes its name from the old common above Highstone Lane, which was the border betwixt Worsbrough and Barnsley. Although it takes it name from the old Worsbrough common, the modern Worsbro Common council estate was never part of the Worsbrough Urban District or Parish, but is part of Barnsley. Furthermore, approximately one third of the common ground and fields used to build the Kendray council estate was on land within the Worsbrough Urban District, which was later swallowed up by the County Borough of Barnsley after the estate was constructed.

Stainborough C.P. was formerly a sub division of the Worsbrough Urban District.

The River Dove flows through Worsbrough and the reservoir before joining the River Dearne . The A61 traverses this large valley, before passing through Birdwell and junction 36 of the M1, in the direction of Sheffield.

A railway line, the Worsbrough Branch line, linked to the former Woodhead Line, passed along the valley. It is now part of the Trans-Pennine Trail.

The Worsbrough Branch railway line was primarily a coal freight line and started at Aldham from Wath and ended at West Silkstone Junction, where it joined the Barnsley-Penistone line.

The Worsbrough Bank, sometimes referred to as the Worsbrough Incline, was a steep bank on the Worsbrough Branch of the Great Central Railway (GCR) freight-only line from Wath to Penistone, climbing for 7 miles (11 km), with a stretch of 3 miles (4.8 km) at a nominal gradient of 1 in 40 (2.5%). Sections of this incline also suffered from colliery subsidence, making it infamously difficult to restart a stalled train on these severe sections. The main traffic on the line was loaded trains carrying coal from the southern Yorkshire coalfields to Lancashire via the Woodhead Tunnel.

The LNER Class U1 was designed soley for the Worsbrough Branch line, prior to electrification in the early 1950s.

The Worsbrough Branch line was closed in 1981.

The only passenger railway station in the Worsbrough District was at Dovecliffe, on the South Yorkshire Railway's Barnsley to Sheffield line .The station was originally named Smithley for Darley Main & Worsborough. The road from Worsbrough Dale to Dovecliffe is called Station Road. The Station closed in 1953, but freight traffic on the line operated for Rockingham Colliery until the late 1960s and the nearby Barrow Colliery, until the mid 1980s. The line was closed in 1986.

The current Hallam Line and Penistone Line between Barnsley-Sheffield, both run through the Worsbrough area at Swaithe.




Landmarks[edit]

Worsbrough Country Park and Worsbrough Reservoir

Notable landmarks of Worsbrough include Houndhill, Wigfield Farm, Rockley Old Hall, Rockley Furnace, St Mary's Church, also Worsbrough Mill and Worsbrough Reservoir, which are within Worsbrough Country Park. There is also remnants of a canal which was a branch of the Dearne and Dove Canal.

Worsbrough Mill

The first record of a mill at Worsbrough was in the Domesday book of 1086, although the exact location of the mill along the River Dove is unknown. The oldest part of the mill standing today dates from about 1625 and forms the two storey stone building known as the Old Mill, which houses the waterwheel. Before the Mill House was built in the mid 18th century the miller and his family would have lived in the mill itself.

The Old Mill was probably modernised in the early 1820’s to improve its output, and in the 1840’s the New Mill was built next door. The machinery in the New Mill was powered by a steam engine and a third floor, where grain could be stored in bulk, was added.

In 1972 West Riding County Council began to restore the mill as a working museum.

The museum opened to the general public in 1976.


Worsbrough Country Park

At its heart are a sixty acre reservoir and a working watermill dating from the seventeenth century. The Park’s 240 acres, which are owned and managed by Barnsley Council, also have areas of reedbed, willow woodland, drier semi-natural woodland, hedgerows, and meadows rich in wildflowers.

More elevated land to the east of the A61 supports drier woodland – in particular Woolley Bank and Bell Bank Woods, at least parts of which have been identified as of ancient origin. Ash, Sessile Oak and Hawthorn are the most abundant native species and are joined by Sycamore, Sweet Chestnut and Beech. Despite the proximity of the main road, the heart of the woodland can be a quiet and tranquil place, noted for its bird-song and undisturbed woodland floor. Birds in the woodlands can include Goldcrest, Nuthatch, Treecreeper, Coal Tit, Greenfinch, Siskin, Jay and Great Spotted Woodpecker.

Hedgerows can hold Willow Warbler, Chiffchaff, Blackcap, House Sparrow, Robin and Wren and adjacent areas of farmland can have Goldfinch and Long-tailed Tit. Overhead may be seen Buzzard, Kestrel, Sparrowhawk and even the occasional Peregrine.

Worsbrough Reservoir

Built in 1793 for the Dove-Dearne Canal, the 60-acre reservoir holds 266,000 m³ of water. It is located inside the 240-acre Worsbrough Country Park, home to a wide range of wildlife and habitats and criss-crossed with pathways for walkers, while the reservoir itself is also home to a continuous stock of carp and other angling species, making it a popular fishing spot.

The reservoir supports a wide range of wildfowl including good numbers of Great Crested Grebe as well as Little Grebe, Coot, Moorhen, Pochard and Goosander. Other birds may include Grey Heron, Cormorant, Kingfisher and Grey Wagtail plus Black-headed, Common and Herring gulls. The western banks of the reservoir are beginning to silt up, creating an extensive reedbed and areas of exposed mud can, at times, have Green Sandpiper and Lapwing.

To its south and west, the reservoir is flanked by wet woodlands which extend along its two tributaries; the Brough Green Brook and Rockley Dike. These are dominated by Willow and Alder – often with a reedbed understorey- and can be home to Willow Tit.

History[edit]

Worsbrough dates back to the 7th century, and is listed within the wapentake of Staincross,Yorkshire, in the Domesday Book.[1]

In Wircesburg Gerneber and Haldene had five carucates of land and a half to be taxed where there may be four ploughs. Gamel and Chetelber now have it of Ilbert, themselves two ploughs, and four bordars, and one mill pays two shillings. Wood pasture half a mile long and half a mile broad. Value in King Edward's time four pounds, now thirty shillings.


The name 'Worsbrough' means 'Weorc's fortified place'.[2]

The historic centre of Worsbrough was what is now known as Worsbrough Village. It was colloquially referred to as Wusber/Wusper up until recent times, and is spelt as such on old maps.

Worsbrough was a largely farming and agricultural settlement prior to the Industrial revolution. During the industrial revolution there was a growing coal mining industry, plus iron foundries and several quarries across the Worsbrough District. The railway, canal system and better road links between Barnsley and Sheffield, also led to increased industry and migration to Worsbrough from other parts of the North, Britain and Ireland, and to the wider area as a whole.

Several coal mines in the industrial-era were located in Worsbrough, more so in the east of the area ,such as; Swaithe Main, Martin's Main, Worsbrough Park, Bell Ing, Kendall Green, Barrow, Mount Vernon, Edmunds Main and Darley Main.

With the rise of industry in the area and migration, came risks and due to unsafe and treacherous working conditions, many men and boys lost their lives, and families their breadwinners.

Several large pit disasters rocked the local community;

In 1849 , Seventy five men and boys lost their lives in the Darley Main Colliery disaster[3] , in Worsbrough Dale.

In 1862 another massive pit disaster occured this time at Edmunds Main Colliery. Fifty-nine men and boys died in the explosions.

Then, in 1875 at Swaithe Main Colliery, another explosion that led to the deaths of 143 men and boys, this was the biggest loss of life since the Oaks Disaster near Hoyle Mill, Barnsley.

There was several 'lesser' pit disasters in the Worsbrough area, including the 1907 Barrow Colliery disaster, among others.

Today there are several memorials to those who lost their lives in local pit disasters, at churchyards in the area.

Places of Worship[edit]

St Thomas & St James' Church
St Mary's Church

Church of England[edit]

The Worsbrough Dale (St Thomas) e parish covers the majority of the population of Worsbrough north of the river including Swaithe. It stretches up Hunningley Lane (B6100) as far as Birk Avenue.

Worsbrough Village (St Mary) church, south of the river near Worsbrough Hall and the parish covers most of the area of Worsbrough south of the river and includes Birdwell and most of the M1 between the river and junction 36.

St Thomas and St James' Church[edit]

On Bank End Road in Worsbrough Dale. The church was built in 1858 and consecrated in 1859. The Wentworth family of Wentworth Castle gave a donation of £2,000 and other people provided donations of smaller amounts or helped in other ways. The total cost of the church building was about £3,000.[4] Listed as Grade II by Historic England.

St Mary's Church[edit]

St Mary's Church is a Grade I listed building in Worsbrough Village.[5]

Church[edit]

Roman Catholic[edit]

Our Lady & St James' RC Church

On West Street (B6100). Our Lady and St James Church. Built 1902 by T. H. and F. Healey of Bradford. Listed as Grade II by Historic England.[6]

Community Church[edit]

Community Church

On High Street. The east elevation bears the inscriptions "AD 1903" and "Ebenezer Wesleyan Reform". There are also foundation stones either side of the doorway inscribed with "EBENEZER CHAPEL 1854". This suggests that the chapel was built in 1854 and extended upwards in 1903.[7]

Education[edit]

The Barnsley Academy, before 2006 known as the Elmhirst School, provides secondary education to the area. It moved to a new site on Farm Road. Primary schools include Birdwell Primary School, Ward Green Primary School, The Mill Academy (formerly St Edmunds Primary School, before amalgamation of Our Ladys RC Primary and Lobwood Infant School),[8] Bank End Primary Academy and Worsbrough St Mary's C of E Primary School. Worsbrough St Mary's C of E Primary School closed on 31 December 2007 as a consequence of falling pupil numbers. Other schools in the area now closed, were, Worsbrough Dale Junior & Infants, Blacker Hill Primary, Worsbrough High School (formerly Whitecross).

Sport and recreation[edit]

Worsbrough Bridge Athletic F.C. are based in Worsbrough, next to the River Dove and currently play in the Northern Counties East Football League. The Trans Pennine Trail runs through Worsbrough along the path of a disused railway line. Outdoor bowls can be played at High Street Bowling Club in Worsbrough Dale and Kendal Vale Bowling Club in Worsbrough Bridge. Adjacent to Worsbrough Bridge Athletic F.C. and Kendal Vale Bowling Club is Worsbrough Bridge Cricket Club who compete in the Yorkshire Cricket Southern Premier League. Worsbrough Bridge Cricket Club are based next to the River Dove and play in divisions 3 and 8 of the YCSPL.

Arts[edit]

The Worsbrough Mystery Plays are held at St Mary's Church. Worsbrough Brass are the local brass band.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Arthur Scargill, b. 1938 — trade unionist, born in Worsbrough, still lives in the area
  • Mick McCarthy, b. 1959 — professional international footballer and manager, born and bred in Worsbrough Bridge
  • Steve Agnew — local born professional footballer
  • Nicky Eaden — local born professional footballer
  • Kathy Staff — actress, lived for several years in Rockley; a regular attendee of St Mary's Church in Worsbrough Village
  • Jack Charlton — lived locally during the 1970s and 1980s
  • Nick Crowe artist was born in Birdwell

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Open Domesday Online: Worsborough, accessed 20 November 2018.
  2. ^ Eilert Ekwall, Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p. 535.
  3. ^ "Dreadful Explosion At The Darley Main Colliery, Near Barnsley". Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury. 3 February 1849. p. 3. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  4. ^ "St Thomas History" (PDF). Heritage Inspired Project. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1315083)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Church of Our Lady and St James (1151051)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 August 2023.
  7. ^ "Community Church Dates". Waymarking.com. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  8. ^ "The Edmunds Primary School: Links". GOV.UK. Retrieved 27 April 2020.

External links[edit]