Wouldn't It Be Nice

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"Wouldn't It Be Nice"
Wouldn't It Be Nice.png
Single by the Beach Boys
from the album Pet Sounds
B-side"God Only Knows"
ReleasedJuly 18, 1966 (1966-07-18)
RecordedJanuary 22 – April 1966
StudioGold Star and Columbia, Hollywood
Genre
Length2:33
LabelCapitol
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Brian Wilson
The Beach Boys singles chronology
"Sloop John B"
(1966)
"Wouldn't It Be Nice"
(1966)
"Good Vibrations"
(1966)
Licensed audio
"Wouldn't It Be Nice" on YouTube
Audio sample

"Wouldn't It Be Nice" is a song by the American rock band the Beach Boys and the opening track from their 1966 album Pet Sounds. Written by Brian Wilson, Tony Asher, and Mike Love, it is distinguished for its sophisticated Wall of Sound-style arrangement and refined vocal performances, and is regarded among the band's finest songs. With its juxtaposition of joyous-sounding music and melancholic lyrics, it is considered a formative work of power pop,[4] and with respect to musical innovation, progressive pop.[3]

The song was inspired by Wilson's confused infatuations for his sister-in-law, who projected an "innocent aura" that he wished to capture in "Wouldn't It Be Nice". Lyrically, the song describes a young couple who feel empowered by their monogamous relationship and fantasize about the romantic freedom they would earn as adults. It subverted past Beach Boys songs, which had normally celebrated material possessions and casual flings, and its themes pervade the rest of the album.

Wilson produced the record between January and April 1966 with his band and 16 studio musicians who variously played drums, timpani, glockenspiel, trumpet, saxophones, accordions, guitars, pianos, and upright bass. The harp-like instrument heard in the introduction is a 12-string mando-guitar plugged directly into the recording console. One section of the song engages in a ritardando, a device that is rarely used in pop music. The band struggled to sing the multiple vocal parts to Wilson's satisfaction, and the song ultimately took longer to record than any other track on the album.

"Wouldn't It Be Nice" was released as a single in July and peaked at number 8 on the Billboard Hot 100. It has occasionally appeared in the soundtracks of films such as the 1989 documentary Roger & Me, where it was used to underscore visuals of economic devastation. As of 2021, it is listed among the thousand-most highest rated songs of all time on Acclaimed Music.

Background[edit]

"Wouldn't It Be Nice" is one of the eight songs that Brian Wilson and Tony Asher wrote for the Pet Sounds album. Wilson's (since-discredited) 1991 memoir suggested that he was inspired to write the song after having sexual fantasies about the Honeys' singer Diane Rovell, his sister-in-law.[7][8][9] While discussing the song, Asher supported that Wilson was "definitely infatuated by her" and "this innocent aura that she seemed to possess. Brian was really just so naive."[10] Wilson repeatedly brought up the subject while they composed the songs on Pet Sounds, as Asher remembered, "He'd stop in the middle of writing a song or a conversation or whatever and start going on about Diane, about how innocent, sweet, and beautiful she was. I’d be thinking, 'Huh! Your wife’s in the next room, and you’re talking about her sister!'"[11]

It was one of only two songs on Pet Sounds in which Asher wrote words to a melody that Wilson had already finalized, the other being "You Still Believe in Me".[12] According to Asher, "Over a period of days, Brian kept saying that he was working on a melody, but he didn't want to play it for me until he had the structure finished. One day, he said, 'It's done.'"[13] Wilson had decided on its subject matter: the "innocence of ... being too young to get married", a topic that "seemed to be immensely appealing to him."[14] Asher said that, after he had begun writing the lyrics, Wilson started "microanalyzing the individual words" to Asher's annoyance.[13] Following Asher's complaints, Wilson agreed to let Asher take a tape of the song home and write the words alone.[13] Asher then returned with a set of lyrics, which the pair refined.[15] It was a less integrated and collaborative process than the one for the songs they wrote afterward.[13]

Mike Love's co-writing credit was not officially recognized until 1994, when he successfully sued for writing credits on 35 Beach Boys songs, including "Wouldn't It Be Nice". During the proceedings, Love's attorney proposed that, since Love had not been physically present when Asher and Wilson were writing the song, it may have been possible that Wilson consulted Love by telephone during occasional bathroom breaks. Asher later said it was an "absurd" argument.[16] Asked in a 1996 interview to enumerate Love's contributions, Asher responded, "None, whatsoever."[17] However, under oath, he stated that it consisted of the line "good night my baby / sleep tight, my baby" and possible minor vocal arrangement.[18]

Lyrics[edit]

I can remember in "Wouldn't It Be Nice" that we'd both had the experience of being too young to have what the rest of the world would call a serious relationship with a girl and yet wanting to be able to have it taken seriously. ... it was autobiographical from the point of view of both of us. We were writing about what we both knew and had experienced.

Tony Asher, 1996[19]

The lyrics describe a young couple fantasizing about the romantic freedom they would earn as adults,[20] including the benefits of being able to "hold each other close the whole night through" and to "say goodnight and stay together".[21] As Asher explained, "It's a song that people who are young and in love can appreciate and respond to, because it revolves around the things they've always wanted to do: live together, sleep together, wake up together—do everything together. [20]

In a 1976 radio interview, Wilson said the song expresses "the need to have the freedom to live with somebody ... The idea is, the more we talk about it, the more we want it, but let's talk about it anyway. Let's talk it over, let's talk about what we might have if we really got down to it."[18][22] In 1996, he reflected, "'Wouldn't It Be Nice' was not a real long song, but it's a very 'up' song. It expresses the frustrations of youth, what you can't have, what you really want and you have to wait for it."[23]

Wilson had previously written a song with similar subject matter, "We'll Run Away", on All Summer Long (1964). He had also produced a rendition of the doo-wop standard "I'm So Young" for The Beach Boys Today! (1965).[24][nb 1] Journalist Nick Kent felt that, although Wilson had captured similar "teen angst dialogue" before: "This time [he] was out to eclipse these previous sonic soap operas, to transform the subject's sappy sentiments with a God-like grace so that the song would become a veritable pocket symphony."[24] Musicologist Phillip Lambert called the themes "a significant twist" on the lyrics of Wilson's past songs, "which fantasized about material possessions ... feats of physical skill ... and one-night stands ... Now the young lovers just want to be monogamous and draw strength and happiness from each other, 'in the kind of world where we belong.'"[21]

Composition[edit]

"Wouldn't It Be Nice" begins with an eight-beat introduction in the key of A major. Following a single drum hit, the song shifts to the remote flat submediant key of F.[26] Classical composer John Adams called this key change "nothing new in the classical or jazz world, but appearing here in the context of a standard rock-and-roll song, it felt novel and fresh. More than any other songwriter of that era, Brian Wilson understood the value of harmonic surprise."[27]

The verse bass line was inspired by the Ronettes' "Be My Baby" (1963). Asked about the song's bass line, Wilson, explained, "It's just a feel you get. I sort of feel my way through the line. I can't explain how it's done, in terms of words. [The verses are] similar to the Phil Spector-type bass. It's a one-note walking bass that goes [singing with triplet feel:] 'Bom-buh-bum-bah, bom-buh-bum-bah...' It keeps going one scale tone up ['bah'], then down like a walking bass."[28]

The next section modulates down a minor third, to D major, and contains the return of a melodic figure from the intro.[29][nb 2] After this section, the song repeats the end of the verse melody,[21] but this time engages in a decrescendo and ritardando, a device that doesn't often appear in pop music, but does in classical music.[31] At the end, the song returns to its original tempo and fades out.[21]

Recording[edit]

Backing track[edit]

Instrumental tracking for "Wouldn't It Be Nice" began at 7:00 p.m. on January 22, 1966 at Gold Star Studios.[7] Wilson produced the session with engineer Larry Levine.[7] The calliope-like instrument heard in the opening bars is an electric 12-string guitar plugged directly into the recording console.[32][nb 3] Due to recording logistics, this created an unusual situation in which the player had to perform the instrument in the control room, away from the rest of the musicians, who could not hear his playing in the regular recording space. The exception was drummer Hal Blaine, who wore headphones and was tasked with signaling the other musicians to play on cue.[35] All of the instruments were played live in a continuous take, with no overdubs.[36]

Much of the track's rhythmic accompaniment was provided by two accordions playing a shuffle beat in a manner similar to the band's "California Girls" (1965).[37] Wilson recalled, "I had two accordion players playing at once, both playing the same thing and it just rang through the room, in the booth, and everyone was saying, 'What is that sound?'"[7] During the second bridge, the players performed a technique known as a "triple bellow shake" to make the accordions sound like a violin.[37]

Some of the charts that Wilson handed to his musicians were written in different keys from each other. Session musician Lyle Ritz, who was playing in D, mistook the arrangement as an error, as he recalled: "[The] rest of the band was in another key. I knew that was wrong. So during a break, I looked at everybody else's music to see if it was a mistake. Because you can't do that. But he [Brian] pulled it off."[38] After recording 21 takes of the instrumental track,[33] the session concluded at 11:30 p.m. with a lead vocal overdub by Wilson.[7] Wilson did not use Gold Star for any other song on the album except "I Just Wasn't Made for These Times".[39]

Vocals and mixdown[edit]

The one song that sticks out in my mind the most is "Wouldn't It Be Nice." Brilliant parts. It was hard to sing without getting tears in your eyes. We all seem to remember singing it a lot. Many times. Many days.

Carl Wilson, 1996[40]

The vocal sessions for Pet Sounds were the most challenging of the group's career, and their performance on "Wouldn't It Be Nice" took longer to record than any other track on the album, as Wilson's bandmates struggled to sing the multiple vocal parts to his satisfaction.[41] Al Jardine later said that the challenge of meeting Wilson's standards on the song "was painful beyond belief for all of us."[42] Carl Wilson remembered, "We really tried to make a good album. We wanted to take another step. 'Wouldn't It Be Nice' was the track that really brought that hope to all of us. We did at least ten sessions on that one, and it still wasn't right. I still think we sang it a little rushed."[43]

Mike Love, who affectionately nicknamed Brian "the Stalin of the studio" during these sessions,[42] said, "We did one passage of 'Wouldn't It Be Nice' close to 30 times—and some of the tries were nearly perfect! But Brian was looking for something more than the actual notes or the blend: he was reaching for something mystical—out of the range of hearing."[44] Bruce Johnston similarly likened Wilson to General Patton.[42] In his recollection, "We re-recorded our vocals for 'Wouldn't It Be Nice' so many times that the rhythm was never right. We'd slave ... singing this thing and then Brian would say, 'No it's not right! It's just not right!'"[43]

On February 16, Wilson created a rough mono mix of the song at United Western Recorders.[45] Another mono mix with different, incomplete vocals was made on March 11, using the eight-track console at Columbia Studio.[46] Further vocal overdubs were taped on March 10, followed by more rough mixes on March 22.[47] The final round of vocal overdubs were recorded at Columbia on April 11 and shortly thereafter.[34] According to Brian, "One of the features of this record is that Dennis sings [his harmony parts] in a special way, cupping his hands. I had thought for hours of the best way to achieve the sound and Dennis dug the idea because he knew it would work."[48] Love developed the "Good night ... " couplet during the studio sessions.[13]

Like other tracks on the album, "Wouldn't It Be Nice" contains a prominent technical flaw in the final mix, in which an audible tape splice is heard between the chorus and Love's vocal entrance in the bridge.[49] The error was mended on the track's 1996 stereo mix created by Mark Linett for The Pet Sounds Sessions. Linett explained, "The abrupt edit ... was an edit that took an older mix with Mike Love singing and put it in the bridge. I didn't figure that out for years!"[50] The 1996 stereo mix features Wilson singing the bridge because the tape with Love's singing was not available.[51]

Release[edit]

"Wouldn't It Be Nice" was first released on May 14, 1966 as the opening track on Pet Sounds.[52] In his self-described "unbiased" review of the album for Record Mirror, Norman Jopling said that the song "starts off prettily, and develops into a complicated ponderous beat number taken at a reasonably fast tempo. It slows down half-way through but brightens up again, and the lyric is pleasant. But not exceptional Beach Boys."[53] Billboard's terse review of the album, published uncharacteristically late,[52] highlighted the track for its "strong single potential".[54]

On July 18, the song was issued in the U.S. with the B-side "God Only Knows" as the third single from Pet Sounds.[55] In other countries, "Wouldn't It Be Nice" was issued as the B-side of "God Only Knows".[55] It debuted on the US Billboard Hot 100 at number 26 on August 20, and it peaked at number 8 on September 17.[56] Also in September, it peaked at number four in Canada and number two in Australia.[57] In October, it peaked at number 12 in New Zealand.[58]

Live performances[edit]

External video
video icon "Wouldn't It Be Nice" (Live in London)
video icon "Wouldn't It Be Nice" (The Beach Boys In Concert)

The Beach Boys adopted the song into their live performances, typically with Al Jardine handling the lead vocal originally sung by Wilson. They did not initially incorporate the tempo change into the live arrangement, and instead skipped that section entirely, as can be heard on the 1968 recording released on the live album Live in London (1970).[59] In 1971, this version was released as a single, issued between "Cool, Cool Water" and "Long Promised Road".[60] By the early 1970s, the group had begun playing the whole song in their live arrangement, as demonstrated on 1973's The Beach Boys in Concert.[59]

Recognition and legacy[edit]

Writing in his 2012 book Fifty Sides of the Beach Boys, biographer Mark Dillon describes "Wouldn't It Be Nice" as perhaps the band's "most gloriously innocent song" and one of Wilson's "most adventurous" arrangements.[61] Kent declared the harmonies to be "so complex they seemed to have more in common with a Catholic Mass than any cocktail lounge acappella doo-wop."[24]

The song was influential to the development of the power pop style. Author Michael Chabon named it as a "founding document" of the genre, citing its "sadness and yearning ... smuggled into the melody, the harmonies, the lyrics, and even the title, which marks the broken place, the gap between the wish and the world."[4] Writing for Cleveland, Troy L. Smith said that it was one of the Pet Sounds tracks that "established the group as the forefathers of progressive pop", characterizing it as "a Wall of Sound style single that contains some of the best harmonizing in the history of music."[62] Furthermore, he said that the song "was the first taste of progressive pop that would be picked up by the Beatles and the likes of Supertramp, Queen and others moving forward."[3]

Among the artists that have afforded praise to "Wouldn't It Be Nice", Zooey Deschanel performed the song regularly at concerts with her band She & Him and said, "On the surface, it's a really well-crafted pop song, but then it has so many layers: production-wise, songwriting-wise, and lyrically. It's a perfect record."[63] She added that her mind was "blown" by the vocals-only track included on The Pet Sounds Sessions box set.[64] Singer Taylor Swift selected it as the song she would play for walking down the aisle in the event that she would ever get married.[39] A 1977 live rendition by Alex Chilton – in which he jokingly introduces it as "a song by Charlie Manson" – was included on the posthumous release Ocean Club '77 (2015).[65]

As of 2021, it is listed as the 965th highest rated song of all time on Acclaimed Music.[66] In 2006, Pitchfork ranked it number seven on its list of "The 200 Best Songs of the 1960s". Contributor Joe Tangari wrote in its entry: "'Wouldn’t It Be Nice' has everything you love about the Beach Boys in spades ... It’s the ultimate starry-eyed teenage symphony to God, and it perfectly captures the earnest devotion we only seem capable of in a small window of years."[67] In 2008, Popdose staff members ranked it the 22nd-best single of the previous 50 years, writing that "no other song ... so perfectly captures the idea of innocent love."[68] National Review ranked it number five on a 2006 list of the greatest politically conservative rock songs, where it was described as "pro-abstinence and pro-marriage".[2]

Cultural responses[edit]

The song has occasionally appeared in the soundtracks of films such as Shampoo (1975), 50 First Dates (2004), and It's Complicated (2009).[39] In the 1989 documentary Roger & Me, it was used to underscore visuals of the economic devastation caused by the closure of several auto plants in Flint, Michigan.[39] Critic Anthony Kaufman highlighted the scene as an especially effective piece of "ironic counterpoint".[69] The band's film-themed compilation Still Cruisin' (1988) included the song for its appearance in The Big Chill (1983),[70] although the compilers accidentally used an alternate mix of the track with a different vocal take.[citation needed]

In 1990, the political cartoon strip Doonesbury ran a controversial story arc involving the character Andy Lippincott and his terminal battle with AIDS. It concludes with Lippincott expressing his admiration for Pet Sounds and, in the last panels, depicts the character's death while listening to "Wouldn't It Be Nice", as well as his last written words, the line "Brian Wilson is God" scrawled on a notebook (a reference to the line "Clapton is God"). According to cultural theorist Kirk Curnett in 2012, the panel "remains one of the most iconic in Doonesbury's forty-three year history, often credit[ed] with helping humanize AIDS victims when both gay and straight sufferers were severely stigmatized."[71][nb 4] Curnett also noted that while "[i]t may overstate the case to describe [the song] as a gay anthem", it had been used at recent LGBT rallies.[73]

Personnel[edit]

Per band archivist Craig Slowinski.[34]

The Beach Boys

Session musicians (also known as "the Wrecking Crew")

Technical staff

  • Larry Levine – engineer (instrumental session)
  • Ralph Valentin – engineer (vocal session)
  • Don T. — second engineer (vocal session)

Charts[edit]

Weekly charts
Chart (1966) Peak
position
Australia Go-Set National Top 40[57] 2
Canada RPM Top Singles[57] 4
New Zealand Singles Chart[58] 12
U.S. Billboard Hot 100[74] 8
U.S. Cash Box Top 100[75] 7
US Record World [76] 5
Year-end charts
Chart (1966) Rank
U.S. (Joel Whitburn's Pop Annual)[77] 101
Weekly charts
Chart (1975) Peak
position
U.S. Billboard Bubbling Under the Hot 100[78] 103

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
United Kingdom (BPI)[79] Gold 400,000double-dagger

double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ The same album included "Don't Hurt My Little Sister", another song inspired by Wilson's infatuation with his sister-in-laws.[25]
  2. ^ The same key change occurs in "Let's Go Away for Awhile", another Wilson composition from Pet Sounds.[30]
  3. ^ Some sources mistake this as a harp.[33] It is actually a mando-guitar, a specialized electric 12-string guitar.[34]
  4. ^ Comic book artist Ty Templeton said that the song "made me sob like a baby for years because of Andy's relationship to that song. It no longer belongs to Brian Wilson and the Beach Boys ... It’s Andy's."[72]

Citations

  1. ^ Adams 2011, p. 41.
  2. ^ a b Miller, John J. (May 26, 2006). "Rockin' the Right: The 50 greatest conservative rock songs". National Review. Archived from the original on February 7, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c Smith, Troy L. (February 28, 2018). "250 greatest Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Songs: Part 3 (#150-101)". Cleveland. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Chabon, Michael. "Tragic Magic: Reflections on Power Pop". Archived from the original on April 11, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
  5. ^ Scott, Jason (November 22, 2019). "Behind The Song: The Beach Boys, "Wouldn't It Be Nice"". American Songwriter.
  6. ^ Carlin, Peter Ames (September 5, 2008). "That Lucky Old Brian Wilson". Oregon Live.
  7. ^ a b c d e Badman 2004, p. 111.
  8. ^ Dillon 2012, p. 104.
  9. ^ Lambert 2007, pp. 233–234.
  10. ^ Kent 2009, p. 18.
  11. ^ Carlin 2006, p. 76.
  12. ^ Granata 2003, pp. 54, 91.
  13. ^ a b c d e Granata 2003, p. 91.
  14. ^ Kent 2009, pp. 17–18.
  15. ^ Dillon 2012, p. 105.
  16. ^ Carlin 2006, p. 278.
  17. ^ Asher, Tony (4 April 1996). "Tony Asher Interview" (Interview). Interviewed by Mike Wheeler. Cabin Essence. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  18. ^ a b Elliott, Brad (August 31, 1999). "Pet Sounds Track Notes". beachboysfanclub.com. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  19. ^ "Interview with Tony Asher". The Pet Sounds Sessions (Booklet). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records. 1997.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  20. ^ a b Granata 2003, p. 90.
  21. ^ a b c d Lambert 2007, p. 234.
  22. ^ Fornatale, Pete (November 3, 1976). "Interview with Brian Wilson" (MP3). NY Radio Archive. WNEW-FM 102.7.
  23. ^ "Interview with Brian Wilson". The Pet Sounds Sessions (Booklet). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records. 1997.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  24. ^ a b c Kent 2009, p. 17.
  25. ^ Bolin, Alice (July 8, 2012). "The Beach Boys Are Still Looking at an Impossible Future". PopMatters.
  26. ^ Adams 2011, p. 40.
  27. ^ Adams 2011, pp. 40–41.
  28. ^ Turner, Dale (June–July 2000). "The Low Down on the Low End". Bassics.
  29. ^ Lambert 2007, pp. 227, 234.
  30. ^ Lambert 2007, p. 227.
  31. ^ Dillon 2012, p. 110.
  32. ^ Granata 2003, pp. 145, 149.
  33. ^ a b Dillon 2012, p. 106.
  34. ^ a b c Slowinski, Craig. "Pet Sounds LP". beachboysarchives.com. Endless Summer Quarterly. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  35. ^ Granata 2003, p. 145.
  36. ^ Linett, Mark (1997). "Notes on Recording and Mixing". The Pet Sounds Sessions (Booklet). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records.
  37. ^ a b Granata 2003, pp. 145–147.
  38. ^ "Musician Comments: Lyle Ritz". The Pet Sounds Sessions (Booklet). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records. 1997.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  39. ^ a b c d Dillon 2012, p. 109.
  40. ^ "Comments by Carl Wilson". The Pet Sounds Sessions (Booklet). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records. 1997.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  41. ^ Granata 2003, pp. 168, 172.
  42. ^ a b c Love 2016, p. 131.
  43. ^ a b Badman 2004, p. 126.
  44. ^ Granata 2003, p. 168.
  45. ^ Badman 2004, p. 117.
  46. ^ Badman 2004, p. 120.
  47. ^ Badman 2004, pp. 120, 122.
  48. ^ Granata 2003, p. 172.
  49. ^ Granata 2003, pp. 179–180.
  50. ^ Granata 2003, p. 223.
  51. ^ Granata 2003, pp. 223–224.
  52. ^ a b Badman 2004, p. 134.
  53. ^ Jopling, Norman (July 2, 1966). "The Beach Boys: Pet Sounds (Capitol)". Record Mirror.
  54. ^ Billboard's Review Panel (May 28, 1966). "Album Reviews". Billboard. Vol. 78 no. 21. p. 68. Retrieved 19 April 2016.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  55. ^ a b Badman 2004, p. 142.
  56. ^ Badman 2004, pp. 142, 144.
  57. ^ a b c Badman 2004, p. 145.
  58. ^ a b Badman 2004, p. 156.
  59. ^ a b Dillon 2012, p. 107.
  60. ^ Badman 2004.
  61. ^ Dillon 2012, pp. 105–106.
  62. ^ Smith, Troy L. (May 24, 2016). "50 greatest album-opening songs". cleveland.com.
  63. ^ Dillon 2012, pp. 107, 110.
  64. ^ Dillon 2012, p. 108.
  65. ^ Valish, Frank (August 10, 2015). "Reissued and Revisited: Alex Chilton Alex Chilton: Ocean Club '77 (Norton)". Under the Radar.
  66. ^ "The Beach Boys Wouldn't It Be Nice". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  67. ^ "The 200 Best Songs of the 1960s". Pitchfork. August 18, 2006. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
  68. ^ Popdose Staff (November 24, 2008). "The Popdose 100: Our Favorite Singles of the Last 50 Years". Popdose.
  69. ^ Strachan, Jessica (August 24, 2011). "Film critic labels Michael Moore's 'Roger & Me' as one of the most 'politically effective' films". Michigan Live. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
  70. ^ Still Cruisin' (Liner notes). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records. 1989.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  71. ^ Lambert 2016, pp. 20–21.
  72. ^ Lambert 2016, p. 20.
  73. ^ Lambert 2016, pp. 20, 30.
  74. ^ Badman 2004, p. 144.
  75. ^ "Cash Box Top 100 9/10/66". Tropicalglen.com. 1966-09-10. Archived from the original on 2015-05-30. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  76. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2015). The Comparison Book Billboard/Cash Box/Record World 1954-1982. Sheridan Books. ISBN 978-0-89820-213-7.
  77. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1999). Pop Annual. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. ISBN 0-89820-142-X.
  78. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2015). The Comparison Book. Menonomee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-89820-213-7.
  79. ^ "British single certifications – Beach Boys – Wouldn't It Be Nice". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved November 20, 2020.

Bibliography

External links[edit]