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Woven fabric

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Plain weave

Woven fabric is any textile formed by weaving. Woven fabrics are often created on a loom, and made of many threads woven on a warp and a weft. Technically, a woven fabric is any fabric made by interlacing two or more threads at right angles to one another.[1] Woven fabrics can be made of natural fibers, synthetic fibers, or a mixture of both, such as cotton and polyester.

Woven fabrics are used for clothing, garments, decorations, furniture, carpets and other uses.

Production Process -[edit]

Yarn Preparation: Yarns are spun and prepared with specific properties tailored for either the warp (longitudinal yarns) or the weft (transverse yarns).

Warping: The warp yarns are arranged on a beam to prepare for weaving.

Weaving: During weaving, the weft yarn passes over and under the warp yarns in various patterns. The primary types of weaves are plain weave, twill weave, and satin weave.

Finishing: After weaving, the fabric undergoes several finishing processes, which might include bleaching, dyeing, printing, and treatments to enhance performance characteristics like water resistance or shrinkage prevention.[2]


Woven fabrics only stretch diagonally on the bias directions (between the warp and weft directions), unless the threads used are elastic. Woven fabric cloth usually frays at the edges, unless techniques are used to counter it, such as the use of pinking shears or hemming. Different companies use textiles differently to create products.

Fabrics that are woven do not stretch as easily as knitted fabrics, which can make them advantageous for many uses.

Closely woven fabric is more durable and keeps it shape better. Woven fabric is constructed with two threads, horizontal and vertical. The horizontal threads are called the weft and the vertical threads are called the warp. The warp and weft can be woven together in different variations of the three basic weaves; plain, twill and satin. These varieties can be shaped into dresses, tops, coats, etc.

How to choose wabric for dress

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Woven Fabrics". Textile School. 16 March 2011.
  2. ^ "Weaving Basics". CottonWorks™. Retrieved 2024-04-15.

External links[edit]