Heanton Punchardon

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Heanton Punchardon
StAugustine'sChurch HeantonPunchardon Devon.JPG
St Augustine's Church, Heanton Punchardon
Heanton Punchardon is located in Devon
Heanton Punchardon
Heanton Punchardon
Heanton Punchardon shown within Devon
Population 2,406 2011 census[1]
OS grid reference SS5035
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARNSTAPLE
Postcode district EX31
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Devon
51°05′41″N 4°08′36″W / 51.09464°N 4.14346°W / 51.09464; -4.14346Coordinates: 51°05′41″N 4°08′36″W / 51.09464°N 4.14346°W / 51.09464; -4.14346

Heanton Punchardon is a village, civil parish and former manor, anciently part of Braunton Hundred. It is situated directly east-southeast of the village of Braunton, in North Devon. The parish lies on the north bank of the estuary of the River Taw and it is surrounded, clockwise from the north, by the parishes of Braunton, Marwood, Ashford and across the estuary, Fremington.[2] The population was 418 in 1801 and 404 in 1901.[a] Its largest localities are Wrafton and Chivenor. The surrounding area is also an electoral ward with a total population at the 2011 census of 2,673.[3]

St Augustine's Church[edit]

The parish is within Barnstaple Deanery for ecclesiastical purposes.[4] The parish church is dedicated to St Augustine, who brought Christianity to England. It is a Grade I listed building and has three listed monuments in its churchyard.[5] Parts date to about the 13th century. It has a bell-tower at the west end, with embattled parapet with crocketted corner pinnacles. The nave contains Tudor arched doorways and a five-bay arcade. The sundial over the south porch, dated 1795, is by John and Thomas Berry.

An ornate Easter Sepulchre tomb in the chancel is to Richard Coffin (1456–1523), Sheriff of Devon in 1511. The church has monuments to the Ballyman family and to the Basset family, lords of the manor, situated in the Basset Chapel, at the east end of the north aisle, now almost fully occupied by the organ.

Commonwealth War Graves[edit]

Heanton Punchardon is one mile from the Chivenor and during World War II, the parish church, St. Augustine's churchyard was enlarged to accommodate a war graves plot on new ground. The churchyard contains two burials of the First World War and 85 from the Second World War. It also has 38 post-war Royal Air Force burials and one Italian war grave. In total it has 126 active military personnel graves.

Heanton Court[edit]

Heanton Court, former manor house of Heanton Punchardon, viewed from south at Penhill Point across the estuary of the River Taw at low tide
Heanton Court looking north-west across the River Taw estuary: Left, 1796 watercolour by Rev. John Swete; Right, similar view photographed from Penhill Point 2014

Heanton Court, the former manor house of the Manor of Heanton Punchardon, is a grade II listed building[6] situated on the north shore-line of the River Taw estuary, about a mile south-east of the parish church. Rev. John Swete described the house in spring 1796 as "the seat of Col. Basset" and wrote of it that "The house exhibits itself handsomely though its situation (like that of Lord Heathfield's on the Exe [i.e. Nutwell]) seems to be too contiguous to the water. Nearly opposite to it was a large track of marsh and sand..." He later made a copy of a painting by William Payne, c. 1790,[b][7] The house as painted by Swete in about 1797 is essentially as it survives today, retaining its battlements and corner towers. It is currently used as a public house and hotel, known in 2015 as the Braunton Inn.

Historic estates[edit]

Wrafton[edit]

51°09′N 04°15′W / 51.150°N 4.250°W / 51.150; -4.250
Wrafton is a large hamlet narrowly separated by a small field from edge of the main local town centre, that of Braunton to the west. It is the location of Wrafton Laboratories, the division of over-the-counter preparations and contract medications producer Perrigo UK, manufacturer for Bayer UK of Germolene.[8] Perrigo bought Wrafton Laboratories in 2001.[9] The Tarka Trail follows the course of the dismantled railway through Wrafton.

Chivenor[edit]

Main article: RAF Chivenor

51°05′N 04°09′W / 51.083°N 4.150°W / 51.083; -4.150
Chivenor was an estate within the parish and is immediately to the south of the village, which has a considerable military personnel only housing estate. Until 1970 the Chivenor part of the village had the first station after the still active Barnstaple station on the now-closed Ilfracombe Branch Line.[10]

Notable residents[edit]

Among those who rest in the churchyard is the poet Edward Capern (1819–1894), known as the Rural Postman (poet) of Bideford.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Figures for other years are available on the local studies website.[full citation needed]
  2. ^ Payne's watercolours of c. 1790 are published in Payne's Devon, and Swete's copy is held by the Devon Record Office, ref 564M/F11/7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics - Area: Heanton Punchardon (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Map of Devon Parishes" (PDF). Devon County Council. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics – Area: Heanton Punchardon (Ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 March 2017. 
  4. ^ See typescript Church Notes by B. F. Cresswell, arranged by deaneries, held in the Westcountry Studies Library
  5. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1107743)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "Heanton Court Barton - Heanton Punchardon - Devon - England". British Listed Buildings. 1985-11-14. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  7. ^ Gray, Todd & Rowe, Margery (Eds.), Travels in Georgian Devon: The Illustrated Journals of the Reverend John Swete, 1789–1800, Vol.3, Tiverton, 1999, pp. 95–6
  8. ^ Who makes Germolene Antiseptic Cream?, Bayer UK, March 2001.Accessed: 27 January 2010.
  9. ^ Perrigo UK History, Perrigo UK, Undated.Accessed: 27 January 2010.
  10. ^ Barnstaple to Ilfracombe Railway 1874–1970, Explore Braunton project, Undated.Accessed: 27 January 2010.

External links[edit]