|Atlantic wreckfish, Polyprion americanus|
See table for genera and species.
The wreckfish are a family, Polyprionidae, of perciform fish.
They are deep-water marine fish and can be found on the ocean bottom, where they inhabit caves and shipwrecks (thus their common name). Their scientific name is from Greek poly meaning "many" and prion meaning "saw", a references to their prominent spiny fins. They stay together in schools of at least five.
Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) are a long-lived commercial species in the Mediterranean, the south-eastern Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean.
The fish is commonly known as chernia in Spanish-speaking Latin America, and as cherne in Portugal.
The six species in two genera are:
|Genus||Binomial name and author||Common name|
Oken (ex Cuvier) 1817
|P. americanus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)||Atlantic wreckfish|
|P. moeone Phillipps, 1927||Bass groper|
|P. oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster, 1801)||Hapuku|
|P. yanezi de Buen, 1959|
|S. doederleini Lindberg & Krasyukova, 1969|
|S. gigas Ayres, 1859||Giant sea bass|
- Sedberry, George R.; et al. (1999). "Wreckfish Polyprion americanus in the North Atlantic: fisheries, biology, and management of a widely distributed and long-lived fish" (PDF). American Fisheries Society Symposium. 23: 27–50. Retrieved 5 April 2015.