Ulmus × hollandica 'Wredei'

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Ulmus × hollandica cultivar
RN Ulmus hollandica Wredei (stadspark groningen).JPG
'Wredei', Stadspark, Groningen.
Hybrid parentage U. glabra × U. minor
Cultivar 'Wredei'
Origin Germany

The hybrid elm cultivar Ulmus × hollandica 'Wredei', also known as Ulmus × hollandica 'Dampieri Aurea', originated as a sport of the cultivar 'Dampieri' at the Alt-Geltow Arboretum, near Potsdam, Germany, in 1875.[1][2]

Description[edit]

The tree is fastigiate when young,[3] but like its parent 'Dampieri' can become more spreading with age.[4] It has broad, crinkled leaves clustered on short shoots; when these are young they are suffused yellow, but as the tree ages they revert to green.

Pests and diseases[edit]

'Wredei' is susceptible to Dutch elm disease.

Cultivation[edit]

Commonly known as the Golden Elm, 'Wredei' is currently one of the most popular elms on sale in Europe owing to its colourful foliage and modest size. In the UK, the TROBI Champion is at Blaker's Park, Brighton, measuring 17 m high and 57 cm d.b.h. in 2009, when the leaf colour was reverting to green.[5]

Etymology[edit]

The tree is named for Joseph Wrede (1831–1912), Royal Horticultural Inspector at the Royal State Nursery, Alt-Geltow, Potsdam, and curator of the Alt-Geltow Arboretum.[6]

Synonymy[edit]

  • Ulmus campestris 'Wredei' Hort. ex Lauche, Deutsch. Dendr. 347 (1880).
  • Ulmus carpinifolia var. Dampieri f. Wredei Juhlke
  • Ulmus dampieri 'Wredei': Krüssmann, in Parey's Blumengartn, ed. 2.1: 519, 1958.
  • Ulmus dampieri var. Wredei: Juhlke [2], in Hamburg Gart.- & Blumenzeit, 33: 485, 1877.
  • Ulmus Dippeliana f. Wredei (Hort.) Schneider, Illustriertes Handbuch der Laubholzkunde, 1:218, fig. 136p, 1904.
  • Ulmus × hollandica 'Dampieri Aurea'
  • Ulmus montana var. Dampieri aurea Wrede ex Jaeger & Beissner , Ziergeh. ed. 2, 403 (1884).
  • Ulmus montana var. Dampieri Wredei Ruempler, Gartenbau-Lex. 930(1890). - Rehder in Miller's Deutsch Gartn.-Zeit. 13: 160, fig. (1898).
  • Ulmus montana var. fastigiata aurea Hort. ex Nicholson Kew Hand-list Trees Shrubs, 2: 141 (1896).
  • Ulmus scabra var. Dampieri var. Wredei (Juhlke) Hartwig Illustrirtes Gehölzbuch 393 (1892).
  • Ulmus nitens f. Wredei Rehder in Mitteilungen der Deutschen dendrologischen gesellschaft 24(1915): 218 (1916).
  • Ulmus foliacca var. Wredei Rehder in Bailey, Stand. Cvcl. Hort. 6: 3413 (1917).
  • Ulmus Wreedi aurea: Leach, ex Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society of London, 16: lxi, 1893.

Accessions[edit]

North America
Europe
Australasia

Nurseries[edit]

Widely available.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elwes, Henry John; Henry, Augustine (1913). The Trees of Great Britain & Ireland. 7. p. 1894. 
  2. ^ Green, Peter Shaw (1964). "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus". Arnoldia. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. 24 (6–8): 41–80. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  3. ^ esveld.nl [1]
  4. ^ Photograph of 'Wredei' beginning to lose its fastigiate outline
  5. ^ a b Johnson, Owen (ed.) (2003). Champion Trees of Britain & Ireland. Whittet Press, ISBN 978-1-873580-61-5
  6. ^ Gartenkultur in Brandenburg und Berlin. Herausgegeben vom Ministerium für LUR des Landes Brandenburg.
  7. ^ U. carpinifolia 'Wredei' at Moreton Arboretum, Tree Family Ulmaceae