Wrestling at the Summer Olympics

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Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Wrestling pictogram.svg
Governing body FILA
Events 18 (men: 12; women: 6)
Games

Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.[1] When the modern Olympic Games resumed in Athens in 1896, wrestling (in the form of Greco-Roman wrestling) became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women's competition was introduced in 2004.

In February 2013, the IOC voted to drop wrestling from the Summer Olympic programme, effective 2020; the president of the sport's governing body FILA (now United World Wrestling) resigned after a subsequent motion of no confidence. Following changes in leadership, and revisions to the programme for 2016 (including rule changes and additional women's competitions), wrestling successfully campaigned to be readmitted to the Summer Olympic programme.

Removal and reinstatement[edit]

In an effort to control the size and costs of the Summer Olympics, and make the Games "relevant to sports fans of all generations", the IOC evaluated the Olympic event programme in place for the 2016 Summer Olympics, and voted on 25 "core" sports that would comprise the programme of the 2020 Summer Olympics. One vacancy was to be left open for a new sport. In February 2013, IOC members voted to remove wrestling from the Olympic programme; The New York Times cited several potential factors in the decision, including the lack of universally-known talent unlike other sports, and concern for the lack of women's competitions in wrestling (having only introduced women's freestyle competitions in 2004). FILA (now United World Wrestling), the governing body of Olympic wrestling, immediately criticized the decision. The organization cited wrestling's long-standing history as an Olympic event, which dates as far back as the ancient Olympic Games.[2][3][4]

The decision resulted in immediate backlash; Armen Nazaryan and Sagid Murtazaliev both returned gold medals to the IOC in protest, while Nazaryan also staged a hunger strike until the 2013 European Wrestling Championships.[5] FILA president Raphaël Martinetti resigned after a vote of non-confidence by the organization's staff.[6]

Martinetti was replaced as acting president by Nenad Lalovic. Under his leadership, the organization began to make changes to its Olympic programme for 2016, including rule changes designed to make bouts faster and encourage more aggression, as well as additional women's weight classes. These changes were intended to help improve audience interest, and address the shortcomings that likely led to the removal of the sport; wrestling joined baseball/softball, as well as squash, on a final shortlist of three sports to be included in the core Olympic programme for 2020.[2] On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be reinstated in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024.[7] [8] Lalović was largely credited for his role in the reinstatement; he remarked that "normally this is done in a few years, we did it in a few months. It was a question of our survival."[9][10]

Events[edit]

Men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Greco-Roman light flyweight X X X X X X X 7
Greco-Roman flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Greco-Roman middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 20
Greco-Roman heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Greco-Roman super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman open X 1
Freestyle light flyweight X X X X X X X X 8
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
Events 1 0 7 9 5 10 13 13 14 14 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 14 14 14 12 12

Women[edit]

Event 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle welterweight X X 2
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle light heavyweight X X 2
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X 5
Events 4 4 4 6 6

Participating nations[edit]

The following nations have taken part in the wrestling competition. The numbers in the table indicate the number of competitors sent to that year's Olympics (X means qualified wrestlers for the next Olympics).

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)   7 8 5 8 8 5 1 7
 Albania (ALB)   1 1 2 3
 Algeria (ALG)   3 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 8
 American Samoa (ASA)   1 1 1 3
 Argentina (ARG)   5 8 5 2 3 4 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 15
 Armenia (ARM)   8 8 7 9 7 8 6
 Australia (AUS)   1 3 1 3 4 4 15 9 8 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 9 11 1 4 1 3 22
 Austria (AUT)   8 2 1 7 5 3 4 7 4 1 4 2 5 7 5 2 3 1 1 19
 Azerbaijan (AZE)   8 9 7 16 13 14 6
 Bahrain (BRN)   1 1
 Belarus (BLR)   16 14 10 9 11 7 6
 Belgium (BEL)   4 1 12 17 13 11 9 8 3 5 3 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 18
 Bohemia (BOH)   4 4 2
 Bolivia (BOL)   1 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)   1 1
 Brazil (BRA)   2 1 1 1 1 5 6
 Bulgaria (BUL)   8 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 11 8 13 12 9 11 15
 Cambodia (CAM)   1 1 2
 Cameroon (CMR)   6 5 4 1 1 1 3 7
 Canada (CAN)   1 1 5 5 6 5 9 4 2 4 7 9 15 13 11 13 14 4 7 10 9 8 22
 Central African Republic (CAF)   1 1
 Chile (CHI)   1 1
 China (CHN)   7 11 8 5 5 9 16 8 13 9
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)   1 4 1 3
 Colombia (COL)   1 4 1 3 1 1 3 3 5 9
 Croatia (CRO)   1 1 2 1 4
 Cuba (CUB)   3 3 7 9 10 15 15 13 12 12 12 10 12
 Cyprus (CYP)   1 1 2
 Czech Republic (CZE)   3 3 2 1 1 1 6
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)   10 9 6 2 13 3 3 5 4 6 10 5 8 9 7 15
 Denmark (DEN)   11 9 10 11 7 3 5 5 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 18
 Dominican Republic (DOM)   2 1 1 1 4
 East Germany (GDR)   10 17 12 9 8 5
 Ecuador (ECU)   2 1 1 2 2 5
 Egypt (EGY)   1 2 4 3 13 12 4 4 4 4 10 5 3 1 2 3 7 13 10 19
 El Salvador (ESA)   1 1 1 3
 Estonia (EST)   4 8 6 1 8 4 4 3 1 2 3 11
 Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)   1 1
 Finland (FIN)   4 37 18 24 13 10 13 15 16 10 14 10 9 10 7 8 11 12 7 5 4 2 1 2 3 25
 France (FRA)   6 17 23 13 5 10 11 10 2 9 3 4 5 5 2 8 9 9 2 3 6 9 6 2 24
 The Gambia (GAM)   3 1
 Georgia (GEO)   8 13 12 10 13 11 6
 Germany (GER) 1   1 14 6 5 14 8 17 11 10 9 7 4 7 14
 Great Britain (GBR) 1   53 12 10 14 6 2 6 16 6 4 6 6 4 6 7 6 7 7 1 1 1 1 23
 Greece (GRE) 2   1 5 2 3 2 4 5 3 2 3 5 8 9 4 5 10 5 11 10 7 18 3 2 1 25
 Guam (GUM)   1 1 1 1 1 1 6
 Guatemala (GUA)   3 5 4 1 1 1 6
 Guinea (GUI)   2 1
 Guinea-Bissau (GBS)   1 1 1 1 2 2 6
 Haiti (HAI)   1 1
 Honduras (HON)   1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 1   7 10 12 6 5 12 12 12 8 10 10 13 18 18 19 18 17 11 8 9 9 7 8 24
 Iceland (ISL)   1 1
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)   9 1
 India (IND)   2 3 6 4 7 5 8 4 8 6 8 7 6 1 1 7 3 5 8 19
 Indonesia (INA)   2 1
 Iran (IRI)   8 8 12 9 14 17 15 16 10 11 13 12 13 12 14
 Iraq (IRQ)   1 1 9 3 5 1 6
 Ireland (IRL)   1 1 4 2 1 5
 Israel (ISR)   2 1 2 4 1 3 3 1 8
 Italy (ITA)   1 6 8 17 5 6 10 11 14 5 16 5 5 7 8 6 7 4 5 4 2 6 2 1 2 25
 Ivory Coast (CIV)   1 1
 Japan (JPN)   1 1 7 5 5 8 16 16 15 20 20 20 20 16 12 8 13 10 13 10 20
 Jordan (JOR)   2 1
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)   11 11 12 16 15 12 6
 Kenya (KEN)   4 1
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)   4 6 8 5 4 7 6
 Latvia (LAT)   6 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 9
 Lebanon (LBN)   5 4 6 2 2 1 1 1 1 9
 Lithuania (LTU)   1 3 2 3 4 2 1 7
 Luxembourg (LUX)   2 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 8
 Macedonia (MKD)   3 2 2 1 4
 Madagascar (MAD)   1 1
 Malta (MLT)   2 2 2
 Mauritania (MTN)   2 4 2
 Mauritius (MRI)   1 1
 Mexico (MEX)   2 4 5 1 4 4 12 9 2 2 5 4 2 7 1 2 1 17
 Moldova (MDA)   6 4 2 2 2 3 6
 Mongolia (MGL)   8 8 13 13 13 9 7 4 4 6 6 8 10 13
 Morocco (MAR)   5 4 3 4 5 5 4 5 2 3 10
 Namibia (NAM)   1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED)   9 3 9 8 6 4 3 1 1 1 10
 New Zealand (NZL)   1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 10
 Nicaragua (NCA)   1 1
 Nigeria (NGR)   1 3 6 5 4 2 1 2 4 7 10
 North Korea (PRK)   2 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 5 4 10
 Norway (NOR)   1 9 7 7 7 1 3 6 7 1 4 1 3 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 24
 Pakistan (PAK)   6 7 6 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 10
 Palau (PLW)   1 2 1 3
 Panama (PAN)   1 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 9
 Peru (PER)   4 2 2 1 5 1 1 1 8
 Philippines (PHI)   1 1 1 3 4 4 3 2 8
 Poland (POL)   2 4 3 5 12 5 12 18 14 20 18 13 11 9 9 9 4 8 18
 Portugal (POR)   2 1 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 1 10
 Puerto Rico (PUR)   5 3 2 4 5 1 3 2 8
 Republic of China (ROC)   1 1
 Romania (ROU)   5 7 4 7 10 12 20 19 20 10 4 11 10 5 5 8 2 5 18
 Russia (RUS)   4 11 20 16 18 18 16 17 8
 Samoa (SAM)   2 1 2
 Senegal (SEN)   4 5 3 4 4 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 12
 Serbia (SRB)   2 1 3 3
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)   1 1
 Slovakia (SVK)   4 4 3 2 4
 South Africa (RSA)   1 1 2 3 5 4 3 1 1 1 1 11
 South Korea (KOR)   4 1 3 4 13 8 4 11 14 19 16 15 10 9 11 9 5 17
 Soviet Union (URS)   16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 9
 Spain (ESP)   4 4 1 2 3 9 10 2 3 1 1 11
 Sweden (SWE)   9 34 13 13 9 13 14 16 1 10 12 9 7 7 8 8 11 10 8 7 5 7 5 6 7 25
 Switzerland (SUI)   4 12 11 13 12 5 12 3 3 9 1 2 4 4 2 4 2 1 1 19
 Syria (SYR)   2 2 17 3 8 3 2 7
 Tajikistan (TJK)   1 4 2 4 4
 Tunisia (TUN)   2 3 3 3 4 1 3 8 4 9
 Turkey (TUR)   5 6 11 16 15 13 16 15 16 16 11 16 13 15 13 12 12 13 13 14 20
 Turkmenistan (TKM)   1 1 2
 Ukraine (UKR)   17 16 16 16 13 11 6
 Unified Team (EUN)   20 1
 United States (USA)   42 6 2 18 14 7 7 7 8 8 15 16 16 16 19 20 19 20 20 20 16 17 17 17 14 24
 United Team of Germany (EUA)   5 15 14 3
 Uzbekistan (UZB)   10 11 7 8 8 8 6
 Venezuela (VEN)   3 2 1 6 2 2 3 7 9 9
 Vietnam (VIE)   5 1 1 2 4
 Virgin Islands (ISV)   4 1
 West Germany (FRG)   11 17 15 14 17 5
 Yemen (YEM)   3 1 2
 Yugoslavia (YUG)   2 5 5 3 2 5 4 8 10 6 10 9 2 13
Nations 4 1 14 18 19 26 29 18 29 28 36 30 44 39 45 49 41 35 44 69 59 75 55 66 59 71 67
Competitors 5 42 115 170 152 229 166 79 200 207 215 167 338 270 296 388 331 266 267 429 370 401 314 342 344 344 344 288
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

All-time medal table – 1896–2016[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 62 31 23 116
2  United States (USA) 54 43 35 132
3  Japan (JPN) 32 20 17 69
4  Russia (RUS) 30 11 15 63
5  Turkey (TUR) 29 18 16 56
6  Sweden (SWE) 28 27 31 86
7  Finland (FIN) 26 28 29 83
8  Hungary (HUN) 19 16 19 54
9  Bulgaria (BUL) 16 32 21 69
10  South Korea (KOR) 11 11 14 36
11  Iran (IRI) 9 14 20 43
12  Cuba (CUB) 9 6 7 22
13  Romania (ROU) 7 8 18 33
14  Italy (ITA) 7 4 10 21
15  Unified Team (EUN) 6 5 5 16
16  Poland (POL) 5 9 12 26
17  Estonia (EST) 5 2 4 11
18  Germany (GER) 4 12 9 25
19  Azerbaijan (AZE) 4 7 11 22
20  Yugoslavia (YUG) 4 6 6 16
21  France (FRA) 4 4 10 18
22  Switzerland (SUI) 4 4 6 14
23  Canada (CAN) 3 7 7 17
24  Ukraine (UKR) 3 5 6 14
25  Georgia (GEO) 3 4 11 18
26  Great Britain (GBR) 3 4 10 17
27  North Korea (PRK) 3 2 5 10
28  Uzbekistan (UZB) 3 2 3 8
29  China (CHN) 2 3 5 10
30  Armenia (ARM) 2 3 3 8
31  East Germany (GDR) 2 3 2 7
 Egypt (EGY) 2 3 2 7
33  Norway (NOR) 2 2 2 6
34  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 7 7 15
35  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 5 9 15
36  United Team of Germany (EUA) 1 5 3 9
37  West Germany (FRG) 1 4 4 9
38  Greece (GRE) 1 3 7 11
39  Serbia (SRB) 1 0 0 1
40  Belarus (BLR) 0 4 7 11
41  Mongolia (MGL) 0 4 5 9
42  Denmark (DEN) 0 3 6 9
43  Belgium (BEL) 0 3 0 3
44  India (IND) 0 1 4 5
45  Lebanon (LIB) 0 1 2 3
 Australia (AUS) 0 1 2 3
47  Lithuania (LTU) 0 1 1 2
48  Syria (SYR) 0 1 0 1
 Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
 Latvia (LAT) 0 1 0 1
51  Austria (AUT) 0 0 2 2
 Colombia (COL) 0 0 2 2
53  Macedonia (MKD) 0 0 1 1
 Pakistan (PAK) 0 0 1 1
 Moldova (MDA) 0 0 1 1
 Tunisia (TUN) 0 0 1 1
Total 407 405 459 1271

All-time medal table – Greco-Roman – 1896–2012[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 34 16 10 60
2  Finland (FIN) 23 21 19 63
3  Sweden (SWE) 20 17 19 56
4  Hungary (HUN) 16 10 10 36
5  Turkey (TUR) 11 5 6 22
6  Russia (RUS) 10 2 6 18
7  Bulgaria (BUL) 9 14 8 31
8  South Korea (KOR) 7 2 6 15
9  Romania (ROU) 6 8 13 27
10  Poland (POL) 5 8 6 19
11  Italy (ITA) 5 4 9 18
12  Germany (GER) 4 9 5 18
13  Japan (JPN) 4 5 3 12
14  United States (USA) 3 6 6 15
15  Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 5 4 12
16  Cuba (CUB) 3 4 2 9
17  Unified Team (EUN) 3 3 3 9
18  Iran (IRI) 3 1 1 5
19  Estonia (EST) 3 0 4 7
20  Egypt (EGY) 2 2 2 6
21  East Germany (GDR) 2 1 1 4
21  Norway (NOR) 2 1 1 4
23  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 6 4 11
24  Greece (GRE) 1 3 5 9
25  West Germany (FRG) 1 3 1 5
26  France (FRA) 1 2 3 8
27  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 2 2 5
28  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 2 1 4
29  Ukraine (UKR) 1 1 1 3
30  Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 0 1 2
31  Armenia (ARM) 1 0 0 1
32  United Team of Germany (EUA) 0 4 3 7
33  Denmark (DEN) 0 2 6 8
34  Belarus (BLR) 0 2 3 5
35  China (CHN) 0 1 4 5
36  Georgia (GEO) 0 1 2 3
36  Lebanon (LIB) 0 1 2 3
38  Lithuania (LTU) 0 1 1 2
39  Latvia (LAT) 0 1 0 1
39  Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
41  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
41  Moldova (MDA) 0 0 1 1
41  North Korea (PRK) 0 0 1 1
41  Switzerland (SUI) 0 0 1 1
Total 174 175 175 523

All-time medal table – Freestyle – 1904–2012[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 49 37 28 114
2  Soviet Union (URS) 28 15 13 56
3  Japan (JPN) 24 12 14 50
4  Turkey (TUR) 17 11 8 36
5  Russia (RUS) 15 6 7 28
6  Sweden (SWE) 8 10 8 26
7  Finland (FIN) 8 7 10 25
8  Bulgaria (BUL) 7 17 11 35
9  Iran (IRI) 5 12 16 33
10  South Korea (KOR) 4 9 7 20
11  Switzerland (SUI) 4 4 5 13
12  Great Britain (GBR) 3 4 10 17
13  Hungary (HUN) 3 4 7 14
14  Azerbaijan (AZE) 3 2 4 9
15  North Korea (PRK) 3 2 3 8
16  Unified Team (EUN) 3 2 2 7
17  Canada (CAN) 2 6 6 14
18  Ukraine (UKR) 2 3 5 10
19  France (FRA) 2 2 5 9
20  Uzbekistan (UZB) 2 2 2 6
21  China (CHN) 2 2 0 4
22  Cuba (CUB) 2 1 4 7
23  Estonia (EST) 2 1 0 3
24  Germany (GER)[11] 1 3 3 2
25  Yugoslavia (YUG) 1 1 2 4
26  Romania (ROU) 1 0 4 5
26  Georgia (GEO) 1 0 4 5
28  Italy (ITA) 1 0 0 1
29  Mongolia (MGL) 0 4 5 9
30  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 0 3 3 6
31  Belgium (BEL) 0 3 0 3
32  East Germany (GDR) 0 2 1 3
33  Poland (POL) 0 1 4 4
34  West Germany (FRG) 0 1 3 4
34  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 1 3 4
34  India (IND) 0 1 3 4
37  Australia (AUS) 0 1 2 3
38  Belarus (BLR) 0 1 1 2
39  Armenia (ARM) 0 1 0 1
39  Norway (NOR) 0 1 0 1
39  Syria (SYR) 0 1 0 1
39  Tajikistan (TJK) 0 1 0 1
43  Greece (GRE) 0 0 2 2
44  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
44  Colombia (COL) 0 0 1 1
44  Macedonia (MKD) 0 0 1 1
44  Pakistan (PAK) 0 0 1 1
44  Slovakia (SVK) 0 0 1 1
Total 193 193 205 591

Source: Wrestling Freestyle Olympics Medal Table at olympicmedals.com

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Equipment and History". 
  2. ^ a b Hamilton, Tracee (2013-09-08). "Wrestling, IOC make right moves in getting sport back on 2020 Olympics program". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  3. ^ Longman, Jeré (2013-02-12). "Olympics Moves to Drop Wrestling in 2020". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  4. ^ "Wrestling to be dropped from 2020 Olympic Games". BBC Sport. 
  5. ^ "Bulgaria wrestling coach Armen Nazaryan on hunger strike". BBC Sport. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2018-05-26. 
  6. ^ "International Wresting President forced to quit after Olympic shock". Inside the Games. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  7. ^ "Wrestling, baseball/softball and squash shortlisted by IOC for 2020 as five fail to make cut". 
  8. ^ "Wrestling added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". IOC. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  9. ^ KAROLOS GROHMANN (8 September 2013). "Wrestling wins vote and will be part of 2020 Tokyo Olympics". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2013-09-08. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Wrestling gets reinstated for 2020 Olympics". Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  11. ^ Includes the  United Team of Germany (EUA)