Wrestling at the Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Wrestling pictogram.svg
IOC Discipline CodeWRE
Governing bodyUWW
Events18 (men: 12; women: 6)
Games

Since the Olympic Games began in Athens in 1896, wrestling (in the form of Greco-Roman wrestling) became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women's competition was introduced in 2004.

In 2013, the IOC voted to drop wrestling from the Summer Olympic programme. The president of the sport's governing body, FILA (now United World Wrestling), resigned after a subsequent motion of no confidence, and several of the FILA leadership followed suit. Following these and revisions to the programme for 2016 (including rule changes and additional women's competitions), wrestling successfully campaigned to be readmitted to the Summer Olympic program.

Summary[edit]

Games Year Events Best Nation
1 1896 1  Germany
2
3 1904 7  United States
4 1908 9  Great Britain
5 1912 5  Finland
6
7 1920 10  Finland
8 1924 13  Finland
9 1928 13  Finland
10 1932 14  Sweden
11 1936 14  Sweden
12
13
14 1948 16  Turkey
15 1952 16  Soviet Union
16 1956 16  Soviet Union
Games Year Events Best Nation
17 1960 16  Turkey
18 1964 16  Japan
19 1968 16  Japan
20 1972 20  Soviet Union
21 1976 20  Soviet Union
22 1980 20  Soviet Union
23 1984 20  United States
24 1988 20  Soviet Union
25 1992 20  Unified Team
26 1996 20  Russia
27 2000 16  Russia
28 2004 18  Russia
29 2008 18  Russia
30 2012 18  Russia
31 2016 18  Russia
32 2020 18  Japan

Removal and reinstatement[edit]

In an effort to control the size and costs of the Summer Olympics, and make the Games "relevant to sports fans of all generations", the IOC evaluated the Olympic event programme in place for the 2016 Summer Olympics, and voted on 25 "core" sports that would comprise the programme of the 2020 Summer Olympics (which was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic).[1] One vacancy was to be left open for a new sport. In February 2013, IOC members voted to remove wrestling from the Olympic programme; The New York Times cited several potential factors in the decision, including the lack of universally-known talent unlike other sports, and concern for the lack of women's competitions in wrestling (having only introduced women's freestyle competitions in 2004). FILA (now United World Wrestling), the governing body of Olympic wrestling, immediately criticized the decision. The organization cited wrestling's long-standing history as an Olympic event, which dates as far back as the ancient Olympic Games.[2][3][4]

The decision resulted in immediate backlash; Armen Nazaryan and Sagid Murtazaliev both returned gold medals to the IOC in protest, while Nazaryan also staged a hunger strike until the 2013 European Wrestling Championships.[5] FILA president Raphaël Martinetti resigned after a vote of non-confidence by the organization's staff.[6]

Martinetti was replaced as acting president by Nenad Lalović. Under his leadership, the organization began to make changes to its Olympic programme for 2016, including rule changes designed to make bouts faster and encourage more aggression, as well as additional women's weight classes. These changes were intended to help improve audience interest, and address the shortcomings that likely led to the removal of the sport; wrestling joined baseball/softball, as well as squash, on a final shortlist of three sports to be included in the core Olympic programme for 2020.[2] On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be reinstated in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024.[7] [8] Lalović was largely credited for his role in the reinstatement; he remarked that "normally this is done in a few years, we did it in a few months. It was a question of our survival."[9][10]

Events[edit]

Men[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Greco-Roman light flyweight X X X X X X X 7
Greco-Roman flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 23
Greco-Roman lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Greco-Roman middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Greco-Roman light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 20
Greco-Roman heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Greco-Roman super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
Greco-Roman open X 1
Freestyle light flyweight X X X X X X X X 8
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle featherweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle lightweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Freestyle welterweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Freestyle light heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 18
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
Freestyle super heavyweight X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
Total 1 0 7 9 5 10 13 13 14 14 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 14 14 14 12 12

Women[edit]

Event 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Freestyle flyweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle bantamweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle welterweight X X 2
Freestyle middleweight X X X X X 5
Freestyle light heavyweight X X 2
Freestyle heavyweight X X X X X 5
Total 4 4 4 6 6

Participating nations[edit]

The following nations have taken part in the wrestling competition. The numbers in the table indicate the number of competitors sent to that year's Olympics (X means qualified wrestlers for the next Olympics).

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)   7 8 5 8 8 5 1 7
 Albania (ALB)   1 1 2 3
 Algeria (ALG)   3 2 2 2 1 3 3 3 8 9
 American Samoa (ASA)   1 1 1 3
 Argentina (ARG)   5 8 5 2 3 4 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 16
 Armenia (ARM)   8 8 7 9 7 8 6 7
 Australia (AUS)   1 3 1 3 4 4 15 9 8 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 9 11 1 4 1 3 22
 Austria (AUT)   8 2 1 7 5 3 4 7 4 1 4 2 5 7 5 2 3 1 1 19
 Azerbaijan (AZE)   8 9 7 16 13 14 7 7
 Bahamas (BAH)   2 1
 Bahrain (BRN)   1 1
 Belarus (BLR)   16 14 10 9 11 8 8 7
 Belgium (BEL)   4 1 12 17 13 11 9 8 3 5 3 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 18
 Bohemia (BOH)   4 4 2
 Bolivia (BOL)   1 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)   1 1
 Brazil (BRA)   2 1 1 1 1 5 3 7
 Bulgaria (BUL)   8 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 20 11 8 13 12 9 11 7 16
 Cambodia (CAM)   1 1 2
 Cameroon (CMR)   6 5 4 1 1 1 3 1 8
 Canada (CAN)   1 1 5 5 6 5 9 4 2 4 7 9 15 13 11 13 14 4 7 10 9 8 4 23
 Central African Republic (CAF)   1 1
 Chile (CHI)   1 1 2
 China (CHN)   7 11 8 5 5 9 16 8 13 11 10
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)   1 4 1 3
 Colombia (COL)   1 4 1 3 1 1 3 3 5 3 10
 Croatia (CRO)   1 1 2 1 2 5
 Cuba (CUB)   3 3 7 9 10 15 15 13 12 12 12 10 12 13
 Cyprus (CYP)   1 1 2
 Czech Republic (CZE)   3 3 2 1 1 1 1 7
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)   10 9 6 2 13 3 3 5 4 6 10 5 8 9 7 15
 Denmark (DEN)   11 9 10 11 7 3 5 5 5 4 3 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 1 19
 Dominican Republic (DOM)   2 1 1 1 4
 East Germany (GDR)   10 17 12 9 8 5
 Ecuador (ECU)   2 1 1 2 2 2 6
 Egypt (EGY)   1 2 4 3 13 12 4 4 4 4 10 5 3 1 2 3 7 13 10 8 20
 El Salvador (ESA)   1 1 1 3
 Estonia (EST)   4 8 6 1 8 4 4 3 1 2 3 2 12
 Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)   1 1
 Finland (FIN)   4 37 18 24 13 10 13 15 16 10 14 10 9 10 7 8 11 12 7 5 4 2 1 2 3 2 26
 France (FRA)   6 17 23 13 5 10 11 10 2 9 3 4 5 5 2 8 9 9 2 3 6 9 6 2 2 25
 The Gambia (GAM)   3 1
 Georgia (GEO)   8 13 12 10 13 11 7 7
 Germany (GER) 1   1 14 6 5 14 8 17 11 10 9 7 4 7 7 15
 Great Britain (GBR) 1   53 12 10 14 6 2 6 16 6 4 6 6 4 6 7 6 7 7 1 1 1 1 23
 Greece (GRE) 2   1 5 2 3 2 4 5 3 2 3 5 8 9 4 5 10 5 11 10 7 18 3 2 1 2 26
 Guam (GUM)   1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
 Guatemala (GUA)   3 5 4 1 1 1 6
 Guinea (GUI)   2 1 2
 Guinea-Bissau (GBS)   1 1 1 1 2 2 2 7
 Haiti (HAI)   1 1
 Honduras (HON)   1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 1   7 10 12 6 5 12 12 12 8 10 10 13 18 18 19 18 17 11 8 9 9 7 8 6 25
 Iceland (ISL)   1 1
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)   9 1 2
 India (IND)   2 3 6 4 7 5 8 4 8 6 8 7 6 1 1 7 3 5 8 7 20
 Indonesia (INA)   2 1
 Iran (IRI)   8 8 12 9 14 17 15 16 10 11 13 12 13 12 11 15
 Iraq (IRQ)   1 1 9 3 5 1 6
 Ireland (IRL)   1 1 4 2 1 5
 Israel (ISR)   2 1 2 4 1 3 3 1 8
 Italy (ITA)   1 6 8 17 5 6 10 11 14 5 16 5 5 7 8 6 7 4 5 4 2 6 2 1 2 2 26
 Ivory Coast (CIV)   1 1
 Japan (JPN)   1 1 7 5 5 8 16 16 15 20 20 20 20 16 12 8 13 10 13 10 12 21
 Jordan (JOR)   2 1
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)   11 11 12 16 15 12 11 7
 Kenya (KEN)   4 1
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)   4 6 8 5 4 7 9 7
 Kosovo (KOS)   1 1
 Latvia (LAT)   6 2 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 10
 Lebanon (LBN)   5 4 6 2 2 1 1 1 1 9
 Lithuania (LTU)   1 3 2 3 4 2 1 1 8
 Luxembourg (LUX)   2 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 8
 North Macedonia (MKD)   3 2 2 1 1 5
 Madagascar (MAD)   1 1
 Malta (MLT)   2 2 2
 Mauritania (MTN)   2 4 2
 Mauritius (MRI)   1 1
 Mexico (MEX)   2 4 5 1 4 4 12 9 2 2 5 4 2 7 1 2 1 1 18
 Moldova (MDA)   6 4 2 2 2 3 2 7
 Mongolia (MGL)   8 8 13 13 13 9 7 4 4 6 6 8 10 9 14
 Morocco (MAR)   5 4 3 4 5 5 4 5 2 3 1 11
 Namibia (NAM)   1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED)   9 3 9 8 6 4 3 1 1 1 10
 New Zealand (NZL)   1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 10
 Nicaragua (NCA)   1 1
 Nigeria (NGR)   1 3 6 5 4 2 1 2 4 7 5 11
 North Korea (PRK)   2 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 5 4 10
 Norway (NOR)   1 9 7 7 7 1 3 6 7 1 4 1 3 5 2 5 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 24
 Pakistan (PAK)   6 7 6 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 10
 Palau (PLW)   1 2 1 3
 Panama (PAN)   1 3 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 9
 Peru (PER)   4 2 2 1 5 1 1 1 1 9
 Philippines (PHI)   1 1 1 3 4 4 3 2 8
 Poland (POL)   2 4 3 5 12 5 12 18 14 20 18 13 11 9 9 9 4 8 6 19
 Portugal (POR)   2 1 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 1 10
 Puerto Rico (PUR)   5 3 2 4 5 1 3 2 1 9
 Republic of China (ROC)   1 1
 Romania (ROU)   5 7 4 7 10 12 20 19 20 10 4 11 10 5 5 8 2 5 5 19
 Russia (RUS)   4 11 20 16 18 18 16 17 17 9
 Samoa (SAM)   2 1 2
 San Marino (SMR)   1 1
 Senegal (SEN)   4 5 3 4 4 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 13
 Serbia (SRB)   2 1 3 4 4
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)   1 1
 Slovakia (SVK)   4 4 3 2 1 5
 South Africa (RSA)   1 1 2 3 5 4 3 1 1 1 1 11
 South Korea (KOR)   4 1 3 4 13 8 4 11 14 19 16 15 10 9 11 9 5 2 18
 Soviet Union (URS)   16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 9
 Spain (ESP)   4 4 1 2 3 9 10 2 3 1 1 11
 Sweden (SWE)   9 34 13 13 9 13 14 16 1 10 12 9 7 7 8 8 11 10 8 7 5 7 5 6 7 3 26
 Switzerland (SUI)   4 12 11 13 12 5 12 3 3 9 1 2 4 4 2 4 2 1 1 1 20
 Syria (SYR)   2 2 17 3 8 3 2 7
 Tajikistan (TJK)   1 4 2 4 4
 Tunisia (TUN)   2 3 3 3 4 1 3 8 4 10 10
 Turkey (TUR)   5 6 11 16 15 13 16 15 16 16 11 16 13 15 13 12 12 13 13 14 9 21
 Turkmenistan (TKM)   1 1 2
 Ukraine (UKR)   17 16 16 16 13 11 10 7
 Unified Team (EUN)   20 1
 United States (USA)   42 6 2 18 14 7 7 7 8 8 15 16 16 16 19 20 19 20 20 20 16 17 17 17 14 15 25
 United Team of Germany (EUA)   5 15 14 3
 Uzbekistan (UZB)   10 11 7 8 8 8 8 7
 Venezuela (VEN)   3 2 1 6 2 2 3 7 9 9
 Vietnam (VIE)   5 1 1 2 4
 Virgin Islands (ISV)   4 1
 West Germany (FRG)   11 17 15 14 17 5
 Yemen (YEM)   3 1 2
 Yugoslavia (YUG)   2 5 5 3 2 5 4 8 10 6 10 9 2 13
Nations 4 1 14 18 19 26 29 18 29 28 36 30 44 39 45 49 41 35 44 69 59 75 55 66 59 71 67 61
Competitors 5 42 115 170 152 229 166 79 200 207 215 167 338 270 296 388 331 266 267 429 370 401 314 342 344 344 344 288
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

All-time medal table – 1896–2020[edit]

Sources:[11][12]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)623123116
2 United States (USA)554439138
3 Japan (JPN)37221776
4 Russia (RUS)31111456
5 Turkey (TUR)29181966
6 Sweden (SWE)28273186
7 Finland (FIN)26282983
8 Hungary (HUN)20171956
9 Bulgaria (BUL)16322371
10 Iran (IRI)11152147
11 South Korea (KOR)11111436
12 Cuba (CUB)1161027
13 Romania (ROU)781934
14 Italy (ITA)741122
15 Unified Team (EUN)65516
16 Germany (GER)5131129
17 Poland (POL)591327
18 Estonia (EST)52411
19 Azerbaijan (AZE)481325
20 Ukraine (UKR)46818
21 Yugoslavia (YUG)46616
22 France (FRA)441018
23 Switzerland (SUI)44715
24 Norway (NOR)4228
25 ROC4048
26 Canada (CAN)37717
27 Georgia (GEO)361019
28 Great Britain (GBR)341017
29 North Korea (PRK)32510
30 China (CHN)25815
31 Armenia (ARM)2439
32 Egypt (EGY)2338
33 East Germany (GDR)2327
34 Uzbekistan (UZB)2248
35 Czechoslovakia (TCH)17715
36 Kazakhstan (KAZ)151117
37 United Team of Germany (EUA)1539
38 West Germany (FRG)1449
39 Greece (GRE)13711
40 Serbia (SRB)1012
41 Belarus (BLR)07714
42 Mongolia (MGL)04610
43 Denmark (DEN)0369
44 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0336
45 Belgium (BEL)0303
 Russian Empire (RU1)0303
47 India (IND)0257
48 Australia (AUS)0123
 Lebanon (LIB)0123
50 Lithuania (LTU)0112
51 Latvia (LAT)0101
 Mexico (MEX)0101
 Nigeria (NGR)0101
 Puerto Rico (PUR)0101
 Slovakia (SVK)0101
 Syria (SYR)0101
 Tajikistan (TJK)0101
58 Austria (AUT)0022
 Colombia (COL)0022
60 Czech Republic (CZE)0011
 Moldova (MDA)0011
 North Macedonia (MKD)0011
 Pakistan (PAK)0011
 San Marino (SMR)0011
 Spain (ESP)0011
 Tunisia (TUN)0011
Totals (66 nations)4284285001356

All-time medal table – Greco-Roman – 1896–2020[edit]

Sources:[11]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)34161060
2 Sweden (SWE)20172158
3 Finland (FIN)18211958
4 Hungary (HUN)17131141
5 Russia (RUS)123722
6 Turkey (TUR)116825
7 Bulgaria (BUL)914932
8 Cuba (CUB)95216
9 South Korea (KOR)72716
10 Romania (ROU)681327
11 Italy (ITA)64919
12 Poland (POL)58821
13 Germany (GER)410822
14 Japan (JPN)47415
15 Iran (IRI)4149
16 United States (USA)36615
17 Yugoslavia (YUG)35412
18 Unified Team (EUN)3339
19 Estonia (EST)3148
20 Armenia (ARM)2338
 Egypt (EGY)2338
22 Ukraine (UKR)2327
23 France (FRA)2259
24 Norway (NOR)2125
25 East Germany (GDR)2114
26 Czechoslovakia (TCH)16411
27 Greece (GRE)1359
28 Georgia (GEO)1348
29 West Germany (FRG)1315
30 Azerbaijan (AZE)1247
31 Kazakhstan (KAZ)1225
32 ROC1023
33 Serbia (SRB)1012
 Uzbekistan (UZB)1012
35 United Team of Germany (EUA)0437
36 Denmark (DEN)0369
37 Russian Empire (RU1)0303
38 Belarus (BLR)0257
39 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0213
40 China (CHN)0156
41 Lebanon (LIB)0123
42 Lithuania (LTU)0112
43 Latvia (LAT)0101
 Mexico (MEX)0101
45 Austria (AUT)0011
 Czech Republic (CZE)0011
 Moldova (MDA)0011
 North Korea (PRK)0011
 Switzerland (SUI)0011
Totals (49 nations)199201225625

All-time medal table – Freestyle men's, women's – 1904–2020[edit]

Sources:[12]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)523833123
2 Japan (JPN)33151361
3 Soviet Union (URS)28151356
4 Russia (RUS)198734
5 Turkey (TUR)18121141
6 Sweden (SWE)8101028
7 Finland (FIN)871025
8 Bulgaria (BUL)7181439
9 Iran (IRI)7141738
10 South Korea (KOR)49720
11 Switzerland (SUI)44614
12 Canada (CAN)37717
13 Azerbaijan (AZE)36918
14 Great Britain (GBR)341017
15 Hungary (HUN)34815
16 North Korea (PRK)3249
17 Unified Team (EUN)3227
18 ROC3025
19 China (CHN)2439
20 Georgia (GEO)23611
 Ukraine (UKR)23611
22 France (FRA)2259
23 Cuba (CUB)21811
24 Estonia (EST)2103
 Norway (NOR)2103
26 Germany (GER)1337
27 Uzbekistan (UZB)1236
28 Yugoslavia (YUG)1124
29 United Team of Germany (EUA)1102
30 Romania (ROU)1067
31 Italy (ITA)1023
32 Belarus (BLR)0527
33 Mongolia (MGL)04610
34 Kazakhstan (KAZ)03912
35 Belgium (BEL)0303
36 India (IND)0257
37 East Germany (GDR)0213
38 Poland (POL)0156
39 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0134
 West Germany (FRG)0134
41 Australia (AUS)0123
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)0123
43 Armenia (ARM)0101
 Nigeria (NGR)0101
 Puerto Rico (PUR)0101
 Slovakia (SVK)0101
 Syria (SYR)0101
 Tajikistan (TJK)0101
49 Colombia (COL)0022
 Greece (GRE)0022
51 Austria (AUT)0011
 North Macedonia (MKD)0011
 Pakistan (PAK)0011
 San Marino (SMR)0011
 Spain (ESP)0011
 Tunisia (TUN)0011
Totals (56 nations)229227275731

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Joint Statement from the International Olympic Committee and the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b Hamilton, Tracee (2013-09-08). "Wrestling, IOC make right moves in getting sport back on 2020 Olympics program". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  3. ^ Longman, Jeré (2013-02-12). "Olympics Moves to Drop Wrestling in 2020". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  4. ^ "Wrestling to be dropped from 2020 Olympic Games". BBC Sport.
  5. ^ "Bulgaria wrestling coach Armen Nazaryan on hunger strike". BBC Sport. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  6. ^ "International Wresting President forced to quit after Olympic shock". Inside the Games. Retrieved 2018-03-16.
  7. ^ "Wrestling, baseball/softball and squash shortlisted by IOC for 2020 as five fail to make cut".
  8. ^ "Wrestling added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". IOC. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  9. ^ KAROLOS GROHMANN (8 September 2013). "Wrestling wins vote and will be part of 2020 Tokyo Olympics". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
  10. ^ "Wrestling gets reinstated for 2020 Olympics". Retrieved 2016-08-15.
  11. ^ a b "Olympic Analytics - Medals by Countries". olympanalyt.com. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  12. ^ a b "Olympic Analytics - Medals by Countries". olympanalyt.com. Retrieved 2022-01-31.