Wrestlingworth

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Wrestlingworth
St Peter's - geograph.org.uk - 1239922.jpg
St Peter's church
Wrestlingworth is located in Bedfordshire
Wrestlingworth
Wrestlingworth
Location within Bedfordshire
Population591 
OS grid referenceTL259476
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSANDY
Postcode districtSG19
Dialling code01767
PoliceBedfordshire
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°06′47″N 0°09′43″W / 52.113°N 0.162°W / 52.113; -0.162Coordinates: 52°06′47″N 0°09′43″W / 52.113°N 0.162°W / 52.113; -0.162

Wrestlingworth is a rural village in the Central Bedfordshire district of the county of Bedfordshire, England about 13 miles (21 km) east of the county town of Bedford. Wrestlingworth incorporates the hamlet of Water End, some half mile to the south of the village centre. At the 2011 census date it had a population of 591.[1] It is in the civil parish of Wrestlingworth and Cockayne Hatley.

It serves as a commuter village for Cambridge, Stevenage and London. Amenities in the village include a pre-school group and a Church of England VC Lower School. Wrestlingworth has a number of listed buildings including the Church of St Peter, and the centre of the village is a Conservation Area.

Community groups in the village often meet at the Grade I listed 17th-century pub, The Chequers. These include the local Women's Institute, the Goodwill Fund, the Walking and Wildlife Group, The Bowls Club and the Pre-School support group.

Geography[edit]

Wrestlingworth lies 2.5 miles (4 km) east south-east of Potton and 13.5 miles (22 km) south-west of Cambridge. The eastern parish boundary borders Cambridgeshire.

Elevation

The village centre is 41 metres (135 ft) above sea level. The land falls to 28 metres (92 ft) in the south-east corner of the parish. The highest point is in Cockayne Hatley Wood at 91 metres (299 ft).[2]

Landscape

Natural England has designated the area as part of The Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire Claylands (NCA 88). Central Bedfordshire Council has classified the landscape as Dunton Clay Vale. Not technically a 'vale', it is used here to mean a transitional landscape between a valley and a plateau. Medium to large fields of cereal crops dominate. The limited woodland cover and incomplete or unhedged roads reveal an open, undulating landscape. Former hedgerow lines are marked in places by trees.[3]

Geology, soil type and land use

The majority of the parish is arable farmland but there are also a number of paddocks for horses, cattle and sheep grazing. Most of the parish lies on boulder clay but there is a small strip of gault running through Wrestlingworth village centre.[4] The whole parish has highly fertile lime-rich loamy and clayey soils with slightly impeded drainage.[5]

Lousy Bush, a small 0.6 hectares (1 acre) nature reserve is at a former gravel pit to the south-west of the village. It is registered as common land and owned by the Parish Council.[6]

The night sky and light pollution

Light pollution is the level of radiance (night lights) shining up into the night sky. The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) divides the level of night sky brightness into 9 bands with band 1 being the darkest i.e. with the lowest level of light pollution and band 9 the brightest and most polluted. Wrestlingworth is in bands 3 and 4 with darker sky surrounding, particularly looking north-east.[7][8]

Public footpaths and bridleways

A public footpath from Water End links with bridleways to Biggleswade via Lousy Bush, The Lodge, Dunton Fen, Sunderland Hall Farm and West Sunderland Farm.

History[edit]

Wrestlingworth is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. However, by the mid-12th century two manor houses – Kendale's and Hereford's - are recorded as the village which was being established along the banks of a tributary of the River Cam. Historic names were Wrastlingewurde in the 12th century and Wrestlingforth in the 17th and 18th centuries.[9]

The Church of St. Peter was established in about 1300. Graves from the Great Plague are still clearly visible in St. Peter's churchyard, together with low set ‘leper’ windows.

More information on the Lords of the Wrestlingworth Manors and St. Peter's Church can be found on the British History website.

Population growth in Wrestlingworth since 1801
YearPop.±%
1801330—    
1841487+47.6%
1881638+31.0%
1921433−32.1%
1961393−9.2%
2001#736+87.3%
[10] # including Cockayne Hatley

There used to be a post office/shop and a local convenience store but now there is just a hairdressers and a public house, The Chequers.[11]

The last woman to be publicly hanged in England[edit]

In the 1840s, notoriety hit the village when the case of the murderer Sarah Dazley came to the fore. By the age of 25, Dazley had poisoned two husbands and a child. She was about to marry a third husband when villagers warned him of her past and subsequent investigations took place. These commenced with exhumation of the bodies and a Coroner's Inquest which was held in The Chequers Pub. Traces of arsenic were found and several local residents gave evidence against Dazley during her trial at Bedford Assizes.[12]

At the end of the case, Dazley was found guilty and sentenced to be hanged outside Bedford Gaol. She was the last woman to be publicly hanged in England and it is said that the entire Wrestlingworth community walked or rode over to Bedford to see the event.

Governance[edit]

Wrestlingworth & Cockayne Hatley Parish Council has seven elected members and meets bi-monthly at the Memorial Hall. Wrestlingworth is part of Potton ward for elections to the Central Bedfordshire Unitary Authority.

Prior to 1894, Wrestlingworth was administered as part of the Hundred of Biggleswade. From 1894 until 1974 the village was in Biggleswade Rural District and from 1974 to 2009 in Mid Bedfordshire District.

Wrestlingworth was in the Mid Bedfordshire parliamentary constituency until 1997. Now in North East Bedfordshire, the elected member is Richard Fuller of the Conservative Party.

Public services[edit]

Wrestlingworth is in the Potton Public Water Supply Zone (RW50). The water supplied by Anglian Water comes from groundwater boreholes and is chloraminated and classed as hard.[13]

The Eastern Power Area of UK Power Networks is the distribution network operator for electricity.[14] There is no mains gas supply.[15]

The nearest general hospitals are Bedford (Bedford Hospital NHS Trust), Lister Hospital, Stevenage (East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust) and Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge (Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust). Ambulance services are provided by the East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust. Bedfordshire Fire and Rescue Service and Bedfordshire Police cover the village.

The closest public library is at Potton.

Public transport[edit]

Centrebus (South) runs bus route no. 188 south to Biggleswade and Hitchin (journey time 50 minutes) and to Potton and Sandy. The service is normally two hourly, daytime only, Monday to Saturday.[16] Ivel Sprinter runs bus route no. 3 to Cambridge each Wednesday.

The nearest railway stations are Biggleswade and Sandy.

Notable people[edit]

  • Sydney Beaumont, a former professional football player and manager, runner and cricketer was born in Wrestlingworth.

References[edit]

  1. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Wrestlingworth Built-up area (E34000114)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Wrestlingworth: elevation". Route Calculator. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  3. ^ "5G. Dunton Clay Vale" (PDF). Central Bedfordshire. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Sheet 204. Geological Survey of England & Wales". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Soilscapes Viewer". LandIS - Land Information System. Cranfield University. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Nature Reserve". Parish Walking and Wildlife Group. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  7. ^ "Night Blight 2016: Mapping England's Light Pollution and Dark Skies". Campaign to Protect Rural England. CPRE. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  8. ^ "SG18 postcode". Nightblight map. CPRE. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  9. ^ Page, William (1908). A History of the County of Bedford Vol. 2. London. p. 255. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  10. ^ "BEDFORDSHIRE POPULATION FIGURES 1801 – 2011" (PDF). Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service Archives. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Wrestlingworth and Cockayne Hatley Neighbourhood Plan 2016-2031" (PDF). Wrestlingworth and Cockayne Hatley Parish Council. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  12. ^ http://vcp.e2bn.org/case_studies/case11232-sarah-dazley-murder.html
  13. ^ "Drinking Water Quality Information". Anglian Water. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Check if you're in our area". UK Power Networks. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  15. ^ "The non-gas map". The non-gas map. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  16. ^ "188 - Hitchin - Biggleswade - Wrestlingworth - Potton - Sandy". Bus Times. Retrieved 20 August 2019.

External links[edit]