Wright County, Iowa

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Wright County
Wright County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Wright County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°43′59″N 93°44′08″W / 42.7331°N 93.7356°W / 42.7331; -93.7356
Country United States
State Iowa
FoundedJanuary 15, 1851
Named forSilas Wright
SeatClarion
Largest cityEagle Grove
Area
 • Total582 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Land580 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Water1.8 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total12,943
 • Density22/sq mi (8.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewrightcounty.iowa.gov

Wright County is a county in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 12,943.[1] The county seat is Clarion.[2] The county organization became effective in January 1851, and is believed to be named either after Silas Wright, a governor of New York, or Joseph Albert Wright, a governor of Indiana.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 582 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 580 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.3%) is covered by water.[4] The terrain is generally undulating. The county is intersected by the Boone and Iowa Rivers[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18702,392
18805,062111.6%
189012,057138.2%
190018,22751.2%
191017,951−1.5%
192020,34813.4%
193020,216−0.6%
194020,038−0.9%
195019,652−1.9%
196019,447−1.0%
197017,294−11.1%
198016,319−5.6%
199014,269−12.6%
200014,3340.5%
201013,229−7.7%
202012,943−2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[10]
Population of Wright County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 12,943 in the county, with a population density of 22.2002/sq mi (8.5715/km2). 93.48% of the population reported being of one race. There were 6,260 housing units, of which 5,404 were occupied.[1]

Wright County Racial Composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (NH) 10,107 78.1%
Black or African American (NH) 73 0.6%
Native American (NH) 15 0.12%
Asian (NH) 67 0.52%
Pacific Islander (NH) 8 0.06%
Other/Mixed (NH) 279 2.2%
Hispanic or Latino 2,394 18.5%

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 13,229 in the county, with a population density of 22.7803/sq mi (8.7955/km2). There were 6,529 housing units, of which 5,625 were occupied.[12]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Wright County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 14,334 people, 5,940 households, and 3,938 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 6,559 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.93% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 2.90% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 4.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,940 households, out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.50% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 21.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,197, and the median income for a family was $44,043. Males had a median income of $29,398 versus $21,222 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,247. About 4.20% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.70% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary[edit]

School districts include:[14]

Former school districts:[15]

These three school districts in Wright County have or had high schools in the county: Clarion-Goldfield-Dows Community School District K-12 Enrollment 954 Eagle Grove Community School District K-12 Enrollment 836 Belmond-Klemme Community School District K-12 Enrollment 793

Tertiary[edit]

Iowa State University maintains an extension office in Clarion. Iowa Central Community College in Fort Dodge, North Iowa Area Community College in Mason City, and Ellsworth Community College in Iowa Falls are all within driving distance of Wright County. Iowa Central Community College began offering ICN Polycom classes in Clarion and Eagle Grove in 2015.

Politics[edit]

Wright County has, like many counties in Iowa, been a swing state for the majority of its history. The county has voted for the winning candidate in 21 out of the 25 presidential elections in the 20th Century. However, in 2000, the county was won by Republican George W. Bush and has voted for the party in all presidential elections since.

United States presidential election results for Wright County, Iowa[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,136 66.13% 1,996 31.92% 122 1.95%
2016 3,800 63.06% 1,896 31.46% 330 5.48%
2012 3,349 53.35% 2,836 45.17% 93 1.48%
2008 3,198 50.01% 3,102 48.51% 95 1.49%
2004 3,631 54.99% 2,930 44.37% 42 0.64%
2000 3,384 53.41% 2,796 44.13% 156 2.46%
1996 2,473 41.50% 2,912 48.87% 574 9.63%
1992 2,708 40.63% 2,776 41.65% 1,181 17.72%
1988 2,658 43.90% 3,353 55.38% 43 0.71%
1984 3,675 54.81% 2,980 44.44% 50 0.75%
1980 3,936 55.07% 2,645 37.01% 566 7.92%
1976 3,544 48.67% 3,637 49.95% 101 1.39%
1972 4,278 59.73% 2,780 38.82% 104 1.45%
1968 4,299 56.95% 2,969 39.33% 281 3.72%
1964 2,831 36.13% 4,998 63.78% 7 0.09%
1960 5,386 56.34% 4,159 43.50% 15 0.16%
1956 5,512 58.70% 3,865 41.16% 13 0.14%
1952 6,566 67.12% 3,186 32.57% 31 0.32%
1948 3,810 48.85% 3,866 49.56% 124 1.59%
1944 3,916 47.86% 4,232 51.72% 35 0.43%
1940 4,443 47.52% 4,871 52.10% 36 0.39%
1936 3,311 38.01% 5,177 59.44% 222 2.55%
1932 3,262 39.14% 4,922 59.06% 150 1.80%
1928 5,020 65.79% 2,547 33.38% 63 0.83%
1924 4,323 57.40% 501 6.65% 2,707 35.94%
1920 5,739 81.04% 1,205 17.01% 138 1.95%
1916 2,599 68.22% 1,135 29.79% 76 1.99%
1912 805 22.64% 765 21.52% 1,985 55.84%
1908 2,498 72.34% 866 25.08% 89 2.58%
1904 2,795 77.38% 695 19.24% 122 3.38%
1900 2,990 75.07% 891 22.37% 102 2.56%
1896 2,992 71.39% 1,138 27.15% 61 1.46%

Media[edit]

Several small newspapers are published in Wright County, including the Wright County Monitor, serving Clarion and Dows, the Eagle Grove Eagle, and the Belmond Independent.

Wright County Fair[edit]

The first Wright County Fair was held in Clarion. The old fairgrounds were located where Clarion's USA Healthcare Center stands today. the Clarion Fair ran until 1924; it was held in Goldfield in 1925, and moved to its present location in Eagle Grove in 1926; it was later retitled as the Wright County District Junior Fair. Entries are open to children in Hamilton, Humboldt, Webster, Hardin, Franklin, and Wright Counties.[17]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Wright County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Eagle Grove City 3,601
2 Clarion City 2,810
3 Belmond City 2,463
4 Goldfield City 634
5 Dows (partially in Franklin County) City 521
6 Woolstock City 144
7 Rowan City 123
8 Galt City 26

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Wright County Archived 2007-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Wright. II. A N. central county of Iowa" . The American Cyclopædia.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 5, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Wright County, Iowa".
  12. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Wright County, IA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 21, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022. - Text list
  15. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Wright County, IA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2022. - Text list
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  17. ^ Wright County District Junior Fair

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°43′59″N 93°44′08″W / 42.73306°N 93.73556°W / 42.73306; -93.73556