Wright T-3 Tornado

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T-3 Tornado
Wright T-3 USAF.jpg
Wright T-3 on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force
Type V-12 aircraft piston engine
National origin United States
Manufacturer Wright Aeronautical
First run 1923

The Wright T-3 Tornado, also given the USAF designation Wright V-1950 was an American liquid-cooled aircraft piston engine, designed in the early 1920s.[1]


The T-3 was the third in the line of 'T' (Tornado) series engines developed by Wright Aeronautical on the lines of the Wright-Hisso engines produced during the First World War using monobloc cylinder blocks and gear driven overhead camshafts. The T-1 of 1921 had a power output of 500 hp (373 kW), and went into production as the T-2 in 1922 with an increase in power to 525 hp (391 kW). The T-3 and T-3A appeared from 1923 producing 575 hp (429 kW) with the final development, the T-4, producing 675 hp (503 kW) by December of that year. Wright attempted to build a racing version of the T rated at 700 hp (522 kW) to rival the Curtiss D-12, but this was not pursued.[2]


Specifications (T-3)[edit]

Data from Gunston.[2]

General characteristics

  • Type: V-12 aircraft piston engine
  • Bore: 5.75 in. (146mm)
  • Stroke: 6.25 in. (158.8mm)
  • Displacement: 1,947.54 cu in (31.9 L)
  • Dry weight: 1,000 lb (453.6 kg)


  • Cooling system: Water-cooled


See also[edit]

Related lists


  1. ^ USAF Museum - Wright T-3 factsheet Retrieved: 15 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b Gunston 1989, p. 179.
  • Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopaedia of Aero Engines. Cambridge, England. Patrick Stephens Limited, 1989. ISBN 1-85260-163-9