Writers' Museum

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The Scottish Writers' Museum located at Lady Stair's Close in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Writers' Museum sign

The Writers’ Museum, housed in Lady Stair’s House at the Lawnmarket, on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, presents the lives of three of the foremost Scottish writers: Robert Burns, Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson.

Run by the City of Edinburgh Council, the collection includes portraits, works and personal objects.

Beside the museum lies the Makars' Court, the country's emerging national literary monument.

Lady Stair's House[edit]

The current building is a clever faux-medieval masterpiece by Stewart Henbest Capper dating from 1892.[1] It was presented by the Earl of Roseberry (who probably commissioned the work) to the city for use as a museum in 1907. Only then did it acquire the name of "Lady Stairs House".[2]

It incorporates replicas (not originals) of various carved stones probably from the earlier building. The house it replaced was demolished in 1890.

Lady Stair's House (3 Lady Stair's Close, 477 Lawnmarket) is located within Lady Stair's Close, just off the Lawnmarket. The original house was built in 1622 for Sir William Gray of Pittendrum. The lintel over the entrance is dated 1622 and carries the initials WG and GS, for William Gray and Geida (or Egidia) Smith, his wife (sister of Provost John Smith of Grothill), and the inscription "FEARE THE LORD AND DEPART FROM EVILL". The building was initially known as Lady Gray's House and the close known as Lady Gray's Close.[3]

The tenement is now named after the Gray's granddaughter: the society beauty Lady Stair, Elizabeth, Dowager Countess of Stair (née Elizabeth Dundas), the widow of John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair. She purchased the building in 1719.

In the 1890's the original building was inherited by Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, a descendant of Lady Stair's first husband. The rebuilding of 1892 includes nothing of the original building other than unseen basement areas.

In 1907, the Earl gave the house to the royal burgh of Edinburgh, for use as a municipal museum.[4]

Lady Stair's House is designated a Category A listed building by Historic Environment Scotland.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: S H Capper
  2. ^ Edinburgh and District: Ward Lock Travel Guide 1930
  3. ^ The Closes and Wynds of Edinburgh: The Old Edinburgh Club
  4. ^ "Site Record for Edinburgh, Lawnmarket, Lady Stair's Close, Lady Stair's House NT27SE 64". Canmore. Edinburgh: Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  5. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Lawnmarket, Lady Stair's Close, Lady Stair's House  (Category A) (LB29231)". Retrieved 25 March 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°56′59″N 3°11′37″W / 55.9497°N 3.1937°W / 55.9497; -3.1937