Wrocław Główny railway station

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Wrocław Główny
Polish State Railways Deutsche Bahn
Premium
Wrocław Główny at night
The renovated English neo-Gothic station building
Other namesBreslau Hauptbahnhof (pre-1945)
LocationPiłsudskiego 105
50-085 Wrocław
Przedmieście Świdnickie/Huby, Wrocław
Poland
Coordinates51°05′56″N 17°02′11″E / 51.0988°N 17.0365°E / 51.0988; 17.0365Coordinates: 51°05′56″N 17°02′11″E / 51.0988°N 17.0365°E / 51.0988; 17.0365
Owned byPKP S.A. (main building)
PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe S.A. (platforms and tunnels)
Operated by
Platforms6
Tracks11
Train operatorsPKP Intercity
Polregio
Koleje Dolnośląskie
Connections
  • PKP Intercity: EIP, EIC, IC, TLK
  • Polregio: REG
  • Koleje Dolnośląskie: D1, D3, D6, D7, D8, D9, D10, D11, D16, D25, D28, D29, D99
  • Trams: 0L, 0P, 4, 8, 9, 15, 31, 32
  • Buses: A, K, N, 106, 110, 112, 113, 114, 120, 122, 125, 145, 146, 148, 206, 240, 241, 242, 243, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 253, 255, 257, 259, 325, 602, 612
Construction
ArchitectWilhelm Grapow
Architectural styleEnglish neo-Gothic
Other information
Websitepkp.pl/pl/dworce
History
Opened12 October 1857; 163 years ago (1857-10-12)
Passengers
58,000 per day[1]
Services
Preceding station   Koleje Dolnośląskie   Following station
TerminusD1
TerminusD3
toward Rawicz
TerminusD6
D7
toward Krotoszyn
TerminusD8
toward Trzebnica
TerminusD9
toward Lichkov
TerminusD10
TerminusD11
toward Głogów
TerminusD16
TerminusD25
TerminusD28
toward Adršpach
TerminusD29
TerminusD99
Preceding station   Leo Express   Following station
Terminus   Leo Express   Lichkov
toward Praha hlavní nádraží
Location
Wrocław Główny is located in Wrocław
Wrocław Główny
Wrocław Główny
Location within Wrocław
Wrocław Główny is located in Poland
Wrocław Główny
Wrocław Główny
Location within Poland
Wrocław Główny is located in Europe
Wrocław Główny
Wrocław Główny
Location within Europe

Wrocław Główny, is the largest and most important passenger train station in the city of Wrocław, in southwestern Poland. Situated at the junction of several important routes, it is the largest railway station in the Lower Silesia Voivodeship, as well as in Poland in terms of the number of passengers serviced.

In 2018, the station served over 21,200,000 passengers.[1]

Structure[edit]

Railway station square

The main gate is located north of the station, on Piłsudski street (Polish: ulica Piłsudskiego), with two additional entrances located at either end of the main hall. The back gate is located on the far side of the tracks, in the south facing Sucha street. The station has six parallel platforms (platforms I through IV with two tracks, platform V with one track and one short one, platform VI with one track). Each has two subway exits, which lead to the main hall. Since all platforms and tracks are above the street level, the tunnels are located at the same level as outside pavements.

History[edit]

Dobry wieczór we Wrocławiu (Good evening in Wrocław) neon in front of the station (designed in 1960)
The interior of the station

The station was built in 1855–1857, as the starting point of the Oberschlesische Eisenbahn (Upper Silesian Railway), as well as the line from Breslau to Glogau via Posen. It replaced the earlier complex of the Oberschlesischer Bahnhof (Upper Silesian Railway Station, built 1841–1842). Its designer was the royal Prussian architect Wilhelm Grapow, and in the mid-19th century, it was located near the southern outskirts of the city, as the areas to the south had not yet been urbanized.

The original concourse was located where the passenger hall now is and was adjacent to the station yard. When construction finished in the mid-19th century, the station only had one platform, but the platform hall was some 200 meters long, and it was regarded as one of the biggest structures of this kind in Europe. By the entrances were luggage lockers, telephone, and telegraph facilities. In the station complex were a restaurant and three waiting rooms (1st, 2nd, and 3rd class). There was also a special room and a separate hallway for VIPs.

In the late 19th century, when the government of the German Empire heavily invested in railway construction, the station was extended. Prices of real estate around the station grew, as the city began to develop southwards. In 1899, the construction of five new platforms began, four of them covered by a large roof. The number of passenger platforms within the station grew to 13 and all were elevated. The façade of the main hall was remodeled in 1899–1904.

During World War II, Polish resistance from the group Zagra-Lin successfully attacked a Nazi troop transport on the station on 23 April 1943. A commemorative plate honoring their actions was placed after Nazi Germany was defeated and Breslau, together with Silesia, was incorporated into Poland,[2][3][4][5] its German population expelled. After the war, Breslau Central (Breslau Hauptbahnhof) was renamed Wroclaw Central (Wrocław Główny).

On 8 January 1967, the popular Polish actor Zbigniew Cybulski died on platform 3.[6] Cybulski was trying to jump into a train that was already departing, but fell instead under its wheels. On the 30th anniversary of this event, Andrzej Wajda unveiled a plaque on the platform in memory of Cybulski.

In 2010–2012 the station was extensively refurbished for the Euro 2012 championships.[7]

Train services[edit]

Main Hall of the station

Train services are operated by PKP Intercity, Polregio and Koleje Dolnośląskie.

Until mid-December 2014 the station was also served by EuroCity "Wawel", which used to run once daily between Berlin Hauptbahnhof and Wrocław Główny, formerly even further to Kraków Główny.

Long Distance International[edit]

Railway lines stemming from or ending at the station[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kolejowego, Urząd Transportu. "Wrocław, Poznań, Warszawa - największe dworce kolejowe w Polsce". Urząd Transportu Kolejowego (in Polish). Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  2. ^ Wywiad, sabotaż, dywersja:polski ruch oporu w Berlinie, 1939-1945 Juliusz Pollack page 141 Ludowa Spółdzielnia Wydawnicza, 1991
  3. ^ Jak Polacy żołnierzy w Breslau zabili Gazeta Wrocławska 2010-05-21
  4. ^ Wojskowy przeglad historyczny , Volume 40, Issues 3-4 1995 page 264
  5. ^ Historia Wrocławia: Od twierdzy fryderycjańskiej do twierdzy hitlerowskiej Cezary Buśko, Włodzimierz Suleja, Teresa Kulak, Wydawnictwo Dolnoślaskie, 2001 , page 334
  6. ^ "Wyborcza.pl". wroclaw.wyborcza.pl. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  7. ^ "Renowacja dworca kolejowego Wrocław Główny ze stropami zespolonymi Cofrastra®". constructalia.arcelormittal.com. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  8. ^ a b "Poland". Nightjet. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  9. ^ SYMBIO, Leo Express &. "Wrocław - Prague | Leo Express". www.leoexpress.com. Retrieved 2020-11-10.

External links[edit]