Wronger than wrong
Wronger than wrong is a statement that equates two errors when one of the errors is clearly more wrong than the other. It was described by Michael Shermer as Asimov's axiom. The mistake was discussed in Isaac Asimov's book of essays The Relativity of Wrong as well as in a 1989 article of the same name in the Fall 1989 issue of the Skeptical Inquirer:
When people thought the Earth was flat, they were wrong. When people thought the Earth was spherical, they were wrong. But if you think that thinking the Earth is spherical is just as wrong as thinking the Earth is flat, then your view is wronger than both of them put together.
Asimov explained that science is both progressive and cumulative. Even though scientific theories are later proven wrong, the degree of their wrongness attenuates with time as they are modified in response to the mistakes of the past. For example, data collected from satellite measurements show, to a high level of precision, how the Earth's shape differs from a perfect sphere or even an oblate spheroid or a geoid.
According to John Jenkins, who reviewed The Relativity of Wrong, the title essay of Asimov's book is the one "which I think is important both for understanding Asimov's thinking about science and for arming oneself against the inevitable anti-science attack that one often hears – [that] theories are always preliminary and science really doesn't 'know' anything."
- Shermer M (November 2006). "Wronger Than Wrong". Scientific American. 295 (5): 40. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1106-40.
- Asimov, Isaac. The Relativity of Wrong. ISBN 1-55817-169-X (paperback, 1989); ISBN 1-57566-008-3 (paperback reissue, 1996).
- Asimov Isaac (Fall 1989). "Wronger Than Wrong". The Skeptical Inquirer.
- "Welcome to Jenkins' Spoiler-Laden Guide to Isaac Asimov's The Relativity of Wrong". 26 February 2006.