Wu Guanzheng

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wu.
Wu Guanzheng
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
In office
November 2002 – November 2007
Deputy He Yong
Preceded by Wei Jianxing
Succeeded by He Guoqiang
Personal details
Born August 1938
Nationality Chinese
Political party Chinese Communist Party
Wu Guanzheng
Traditional Chinese 吳官正
Simplified Chinese 吴官正

Wu Guanzheng (born August 1938) is a former Chinese politician and one of the major leaders of the Communist Party of China during the administration of Hu Jintao. He served on the Politburo Standing Committee, the country's top ruling body, from 2002 to 2007. During that time he also served as the Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China, the party's anti-graft body. He had a lengthy political career, having served as mayor of Wuhan, Governor then Party Secretary of Jiangxi, then party chief of Shandong. Wu retired in 2007 and left public life.


Wu was born in Yugan County, Jiangxi province. He joined the Communist Party of China in March 1963. Wu graduated from the department of thermal engineering at Beijing's Tsinghua University in 1968, where he studied thermal measurement and automated controls. He was then sent to Wuhan during the Cultural Revolution to work as a shop floor technician at the Gedian Chemical Engineering factory, where he was promoted to supervisor a few years later.[1]

Wu served as the mayor of Wuhan from 1983 to 1986. He became the governor of his native province Jiangxi in 1986 after the removal of Ni Xiance by the provincial People's Congress. He was later promoted to Jiangxi party chief and served between 1995 to 1997. He moved to Shandong in 1997 to become the party chief of the province and was made a full member of the Politburo the same year. It was said that Zeng Qinghong, a major confidant of then party General Secretary and President Jiang Zemin, was fond of Wu's work, and recommended him for further elevation, resulting in his promotion to the Politburo in 1997.[2]

Thereafter, Wu was known to have cultivated good relationships with both Jiang Zemin and his putative successor Hu Jintao. Wu and Hu graduated in the same year, both of them alumni of Tsinghua University. Some sources considered him to be Hu's ally, while other consider him to be Jiang's. As a result, he was sometimes included in the list of people in the Shanghai clique. In 2002, Wu joined the Politburo Standing Committee as the head of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the party's anti-graft agency. Wu was seen as an easy compromise candidate since he had "cross-factional appeal".[1]

In 2009, a judge in Spain's Audiencia Nacional indicted Wu and four other officials for genocide against Falun Gong, though later legislation was passed limiting the impact of the ruling.[3]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Ni Xiance
Governor of Jiangxi
1986 – 1995
Succeeded by
Shu Shengyou
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mao Zhiyong
Secretary of CPC Jiangxi Committee
1995 – 1997
Succeeded by
Shu Huiguo
Preceded by
Zhao Zhihao
Secretary of CPC Shandong Committee
1997 – 2002
Succeeded by
Zhang Gaoli
Preceded by
Wei Jianxing
Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
2002 – 2007
Succeeded by
He Guoqiang