Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery

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Coordinates: 25°8′3″N 121°37′0″E / 25.13417°N 121.61667°E / 25.13417; 121.61667

Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery
Traditional
Simplified
Mandarin Wǔzhǐ Shān Guójūn Shìfàn Gōngmù
Literally Wuzhi Mountain National Military Model Public Cemetery
Wuchih Mountain Military Cemetery.jpg
Wuchih (Wuzhi) Mountain Military Cemetery
Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery is located in Taiwan
Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery
Details
Established 1982[1]
Location Xizhi, New Taipei City
Country Taiwan Taiwan
Type National
Style Military
Owned by
Size 225.7 ha (78 ha useable)[1]
Number of graves 9,236[1]
Website afrc.mnd.mil.tw/cemetery/default.aspx
Find a Grave Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery

The Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery (Chinese: 五指山國軍示範公墓; literally: "Wuzhi Mountain National Military Model Public Cemetery", sometimes romanized as Wuchih) is Taiwan's most prominent military cemetery. The cemetery is located on Wuzhi Mountain (五指山) at an elevation of 699 metres (2,293 ft)[2] in Xizhi, New Taipei City and borders Taipei City's Neihu District and Yangmingshan National Park. The cemetery has a wide open view ranging from the Taipei 101 over at Taipei's Xinyi District to the Keelung Harbor.[2]

History[edit]

General Chiang Wei-kuo, the adopted son of Chiang Kai-shek, conceived and designed the cemetery.[citation needed] Prior to the construction of the cemetery, the land was used as a golf course.[2] Planning for the cemetery started in April 1980, with construction starting on March 20, 1981; the cemetery opened on March 29, 1982.[1]

A four-story columbarium named the Memorial Palace (忠靈殿) was opened on January 20, 2002 after two years of construction. It has a total capacity of 19,537 niches[3] on the four named floors:[4]

  1. 吉地廳; Jí De Tīng; "Auspicious Hall"
  2. 乾黃廳; Gān Huáng Tīng; "Dry Yellow Hall"
  3. 九玄廳; Jiǔ Xuán tīng; "Nine Mysteries Hall"
  4. 浩天廳; Hào Tiān tīng; "Good Heaven Hall"

Issues[edit]

Capacity[edit]

Although the cemetery has nearly 226 hectares total area, the terrain and building codes restrict interment to only 78 ha of the land.[5] As of 2004, the cemetery, which has 9,236 grave plots, is nearly full;[6] further deceased military officials will need to be cremated and their ashes stored in the columbarium.

Chiang family[edit]

In 2004, Chiang Fang-liang made a request to inter the bodies of Chiang Kai-shek and his son, Chiang Ching-kuo at Wuzhi.[6] However, the plan did not receive universal support from the Chiang family, and despite the completion of their tombs at Wuzhi,[7] Chiang Kai-shek and his son remain at Cihu and Touliao, respectively.[8]

Notable interments[edit]

Most are senior generals who served under KMT from mainland China or dignitaries

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "緣起沿革" [Origin History]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  (Chinese)
  2. ^ a b c "Origin & Revolution". Republic of China Military Cemetery. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "The Palace". Republic of China Military Cemetery. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "忠靈殿" [Memorial Palace]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  (Chinese)
  5. ^ "示範公墓" [National Military Model Public Cemetery Profile]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  (Chinese)
  6. ^ a b c Chang, Yun-ping; Chuang, Jimmy (July 9, 2004). "Generalissimo to be buried in Taiwan". Taipei Times. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ Saunders, Richard (November 13, 2008). "Hiking up to Plum Blossom Hill". The China Post. Taipei. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ Matten, Marc Andre (December 9, 2011). "The Chiang Kai-Shek Memorial Hall in Taipei: A Contested Place of Memory". In Matten, Marc Andre. Places of Memory in Modern China: History, Politics, and Identity. pp. 56–57. ISBN 978-9004219014. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ Wang, Flora (December 10, 2007). "Chiang seeks help on mausoleums". Taipei Times. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "二級上將" [Superior General Second Class (General)/Superior Admiral (Admiral)]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  (Chinese)
  11. ^ a b c "部長‧副部長" [Minister · Deputy Minister]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  (Chinese)
  12. ^ a b "一級上將" [Superior General First Class (General of the Army)/General Admiral (Admiral of the fleet)]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  (Chinese)
  13. ^ "總統" [President]. Armed Forces Reserve Command, Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  (Chinese)